nanocomposite structures and dispersions

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Nanocomposite Structures and Dispersions
Author : Ignac Capek
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2019-07-20
ISBN 10 : 0444637559
Pages : 458 pages

Nanocomposite Structures and Dispersions deals with the preparation of gelled, branched and crosslinked nanostructured polymers in the solution free radical polymerization and controlled/living radical polymerization and polymer and composite nanoparticles and nanostructures in disperse systems, the kinetics of direct and inverse disperse polymerizations (microemulsion, miniemulsion, emulsion, dispersion and suspension polymerization), the bottom-up approach building of functionalized nanoparticles, modelling of radical microemulsion polymerization, the characterization of traditional and non-traditional polymer dispersions, the collective properties of nanomaterials and their (bio)applications. This book is designed to bridge that gap and offers several unique features. First, it is written as an introduction to and survey of nanomaterials with a careful balance between basics and advanced topics. Thus, it is suitable for both beginners and experts, including graduate and upper-level undergraduate students. Second, it strives to balance the colloidal aspects of nanomaterials with physical principles. Third, the book highlights nanomaterial based architectures including composite or hybrid conjugates rather than only isolated nanoparticles. A number of ligands have been utilized to biodecorate the polymer and composite nanocarriers. Finally, the book provides an in depth discussion of important examples of reaction mechanisms of bottom-up building of functionalized nanoparticles, or potential applications of nanoarchitectures, ranging from physical to chemical and biological systems. Free radical (controlled) polymerization, branching, crosslinking and gelling Kinetics and mechanism of polymer nanoparticles formation Modelling of radical polymerization in disperse systems Polymer, composite and metal nanoparticles, nanostructures and nanomaterials Smart nanostructures, biodecorated particles, nanocarriers and therapeutics

Clay-Containing Polymer Nanocomposites
Author : Suprakas Sinha Ray
Publisher : Newnes
Release Date : 2013-04-01
ISBN 10 : 0444594604
Pages : 416 pages

Clay-Containing Polymer Nanocomposites covers everything from fundamental understanding to real applications of clay-containing polymer nanocomposites, including environmental considerations. The book's coverage of fundamentals and generalities, in addition to in-depth coverage of polymer layered silicate nanocomposites, make it a valuable companion for beginners in the field as well as more seasoned researchers. This book provides a rare coherent approach to this class of materials. This title is ideal for polymer and material scientists, researchers, and engineers, including under- and post-graduate students who are interested in this exciting field of research. This book will also help industrial researchers and R&D managers who want to bring advanced polymeric material based products into the market. Details crystallization behavior and kinetics to aid in applications such as injection molding Covers melt-state rheological properties, aiding understanding of the processability of materials Presents applications and market potential, supporting R&D managers who want to bring advanced polymeric material-based products into the market.

Spectroscopy of Polymer Nanocomposites
Author : Sabu Thomas,Didier Rouxel,Deepalekshmi Ponnamma
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 2016-02-16
ISBN 10 : 0323413919
Pages : 498 pages

Spectroscopy of Polymer Nanocomposites covers all aspects of the spectroscopic characterization of polymer nanocomposites. More than 25 spectroscopy characterization techniques – almost all used in materials science – are treated in the book, with discussion of their potentialities and limitations. By comparing the techniques with each other and presenting the techniques together with their specific application areas, the book provides scientists and engineers the information needed for solving specific problems and choosing the right technique for analyzing the material structure. From this, the dispersion structure of fillers, property relations and filler-polymer interactions can be determined, and, ultimately, the right materials can be chosen for the right applications. Besides the techniques and structure-property relations, aspects covered include: phase segregation of filler particles, filler agglomeration and deagglomeration, filler dispersion, filler-polymer interactions, surfaces and interfaces. The book also examines recent developments, as well as unresolved issues and new challenges, in the characterization of surfaces and interfaces in polymer nanocomposites. This handpicked selection of topics, and the combined expertise of contributors from industry, academia, government and private research organizations across the globe, make this survey an outstanding reference source for anyone involved in the field of polymer nanocomposites in academia or industry. Provides comprehensive coverage of spectroscopy techniques for analyzing polymer nanocomposites Enables researchers and engineers to choose the right technique and make better materials decisions in research and a range of industries Presents the fundamentals, information on structure-property relations, and all other aspects relevant for understanding spectroscopic analyses of nanoreinforced polymers and their applications

Silica and Clay Dispersed Polymer Nanocomposites
Author : Md Rezaur Rahman
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2018-06-13
ISBN 10 : 0081021305
Pages : 300 pages

The production of ‘polymer nanocomposites’ has recently gained considerable attention from both the academic and industrial community, especially in the area of nanoscience. This is mainly due to their enhanced improvements in physico-mechanical, thermal and barrier properties compared to micro and more conventional composites. Their nanoscale dimensions, biodegradable character, cost-effectiveness and sustainability have constituted a stimulus for this increasing interest. Currently there is no limit to the possibility of applications. However, despite all this progress, it is still difficult to achieve uniform dispersion between the filler and the matrix, as agglomerations form far too easily and the production of polymer nanocomposites with high mechanical and thermal properties is still limited. The authors of this proposed book, are of the opinion, that with the increase in scientific publications and the rapid progress in processing possibilities to produce nanocomposites based on various nanoscale fillers (silica/clay), a book that collects all of these scientific findings in one place would be timely and of great interest to both students and scientific researchers, who are concerned with the production, and application of nanocomposites as new innovative materials. The authors aim is to present the latest research findings on the fabrication, properties and applications of nanofillers as reinforcement in polymer nanocomposites. Particular emphasis will be placed on the introduction of various nanofillers (silica/clay) into different elastomeric polymer matrices that will enhance the properties of these materials and their applications. The book will provide an up-to-date review of major innovations in the field and act as a reference for future research in materials science and engineering, which is highly topical due to the demand to produce more sustainable and eco-friendly innovative advanced materials from elastomeric polymers. Emphasis on silica/clay as outstanding reinforcing potential in elastomeric polymer matrices Up-to-date on the most relevant innovations in the field of silica/clay nanocomposites and their extensive applications in advanced material science Establishes the most suitable fabrication methods, properties and applications as a solid foundation in materials science and engineering disciplines Includes the incorporation of dual nanofillers that significantly improve the properties of nanocomposites

Author : Subbarayan Sivasankaran
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2019-01-23
ISBN 10 : 1789850118
Pages : 230 pages

To have unimaginably outstanding useful properties (physical, mechanical, electrical, optical, chemical, and magnetic) in a single material design is a highly challenging task in the material science community, which can be achieved through nanocomposites. These nanocomposites can be produced from all conventional materials, which include polymers, metals/alloys, and ceramics, by modifying their internal structures. Due to modification of the structures of all kinds of conventional materials, at either the nano or ultra-fine level, the materials exhibit superior performance, which is a boon for all fields of science. In general, nanocomposite materials can be manufactured by solid-state processing techniques, liquid metallurgy, ex-situ and in-situ powder metallurgy, and other basic science synthesis routes. Furthermore, the possibility of making environmentally friendly materials is also possible with nanotechnology. Therefore, to investigate and demonstrate developments in the field of nanocomposites, this book is targeted at all the scientific personnel working in this field.

Structural Nanocomposites
Author : James Njuguna
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-11-29
ISBN 10 : 3642403220
Pages : 269 pages

Advancements in the nanotechnology industry promise to offer improvements in capabilities across a spectrum of applications. This is of immense strategic importance to the high performance sector which has historically leveraged technological advances. The use of polymer nanocomposites in structures have several predictable impacts on structural design and applications, primarily by providing a safer, faster, and eventually cheaper transportation in the future. This books comprises reviews on the state-of-the-art, new research results, perspectives of future developments, and innovative applications relevant to structural materials, engineering structures, nanocomposites, modelling and simulations, and their related application areas.

Polymer-Layered Silicate and Silica Nanocomposites
Author : Y.C. Ke,P. Stroeve
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2005-07-13
ISBN 10 : 9780080457581
Pages : 398 pages

Polymer-Layered Silicate and Silica Nanocomposites includes advanced materials and nanocomposites based on silica and layered silicates obtained from resources in China. Using nanotechnology, these inorganic materials can be filled, in-situ polymerised and combined with polymers with nanoscale dispersions. In this book, many practical examples are presented to show how to prepare the nanocomposites. Several kinds of polymer (PET,PBT,PE,PP,etc.)-layered silicate and silica nanocomposites are prepared and investigated based on our research works, inventions and applications. They are prepared and modified aiming at their applications to such fields as, functional films, barrier materials, coatings, and engineering plastics. Their structure-property relationship, especially the nano effects from them are investigated under different techniques to show how the critical load of the inorganic phase has the effect on the final properties of the nanocomposite materials. Obviously, this new generation of materials has revolutionary effects on the traditional materials or industry as petroleum. Some of the prospects of them are thus included. Focus on the inorganic phase, which is of wide practical and industrial significance Dealing with many first report of the nanoeffect, nanostructure and its functional properties Especially, it covers the particle assembly and self-assemble by interaction with polymer matrix

Nanocomposites and Polymers with Analytical Methods
Author : John Cuppoletti
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2011-08-09
ISBN 10 : 9533073527
Pages : 418 pages

This book contains 16 chapters. In the first part, there are 8 chapters describing new materials and analytic methods. These materials include chapters on gold nanoparticles and Sol-Gel metal oxides, nanocomposites with carbon nanotubes, methods of evaluation by depth sensing, and other methods. The second part contains 3 chapters featuring new materials with unique properties including optical non-linearities, new materials based on pulp fibers, and the properties of nano-filled polymers. The last part contains 5 chapters with applications of new materials for medical devices, anodes for lithium batteries, electroceramics, phase change materials and matrix active nanoparticles.

Polymer Nanocomposites for Dielectrics
Author : Katie Zhong,Bin Li
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2017-01-12
ISBN 10 : 1315340828
Pages : 208 pages

Polymers have been used as dielectric materials owing to their light weight, great flexibility, and processability as well as high insulation properties. To enhance their performance for various desired dielectric applications, fabrication of polymeric nanocomposites is believed to be one of the most effective approaches. By controlling the nanomaterial dispersion and interfacial structures with the polymer matrices in nanocomposites, dielectric properties can be tailored for specific applications. This book reviews representative polymer nanocomposite systems, focusing on the roles of nanodispersion, interfacial structures, and properties of polymer matrix materials in the dielectric properties and energy storage performance. The book reviews various dielectric relaxation models applicable to the analysis of polymer nanocomposites. It compiles the recent progress in new dielectric polymer nanocomposites based on biomaterials and hybrid nanomaterial systems for advanced dielectric applications.

Nano-Surface Chemistry
Author : Morton Rosoff
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2001-09-27
ISBN 10 : 0824741439
Pages : 720 pages

Containing more than 2600 references and over 550 equations, drawings, tables, photographs, and micrographs, This book describes hierarchical assemblies in biology and biological processes that occur at the nanoscale across membranes and at interfaces. It covers recurrent themes in nanocolloid science, including self-assembly, construction of supramolecular architecture, nanoconfinement and compartmentalization, measurement and control of interfacial forces, novel synthetic materials, and computer simulation. The authors reviews surface forces apparatus measurements of two-dimensional organized ensembles at solid-liquid interfaces.

Manufacturing of Nanocomposites with Engineering Plastics
Author : Vikas Mittal
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2015-06-25
ISBN 10 : 1782423214
Pages : 320 pages

Manufacturing of Nanocomposites with Engineering Plastics collates recent research findings on the manufacturing, properties, and applications of nanocomposites with engineering plastics in one comprehensive volume. The book specifically examines topics of engineering plastics, rheology, thermo-mechanical properties, wear, flame retardancy, modeling, filler surface modification, and more. It represents a ready reference for managers and scholars working in the areas of polymer and nanocomposite materials science, both in industry and academia, and provides introductory information for people new to the field. Provides a comprehensive review of the most recent research findings A single one-stop ready reference that assimilates knowledge on the development of nanocomposites with engineering plastics Contributions from leading experts in the field Provides examples of applications that will help with material selection Chapters are designed to provide not only introductory information, but also to lead the reader to more advanced characterization tools

Progress in Rubber Nanocomposites
Author : Sabu Thomas,Hanna J Maria
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2016-10-27
ISBN 10 : 0081004281
Pages : 596 pages

Progress in Rubber Nanocomposites provides an up-to-date review on the latest advances and developments in the field of rubber nanocomposites. It is intended to serve as a one-stop reference resource to showcase important research accomplishments in the area of rubber nanocomposites, with particular emphasis on the use of nanofillers. Chapters discuss major progress in the field and provide scope for further developments that will have an impact in the industrial research area. Global leaders and researchers from industry, academia, government, and private research institutions contribute valuable information. A one-stop reference relating to the processing and characterization of rubber nanocomposites Presents the morphological, thermal, and mechanical properties that are discussed in detail Contains key highlights in the form of dedicated chapters on interphase characterization, applications, and computer simulation

Fundamentals of Polymer-Clay Nanocomposites
Author : Gary W. Beall,Clois E. Powell
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2011-07-07
ISBN 10 : 1139500759
Pages : 329 pages

Written for graduate students, researchers, and practitioners, this book provides a complete introduction to the science, engineering, and commercial applications of polymer-clay nanocomposites. Starting with a discussion of general concepts, the authors define specific terms used in the field, providing newcomers with a strong foundation to the area. The physical and mechanical properties of polymer-clay nanocomposites are then described, with chapters on thermodynamics and kinetics, engineering properties, barrier properties, and flame retardancy. Mechanisms underpinning observed effects, such as UV resistance, solvent resistance, and hardness, are also explained. In-depth discussions of clay and clay surface treatment, fabrication, and characterization of nanocomposites are provided, and particular emphasis is placed on the proper use and interpretation of analytical techniques, helping readers to avoid artifacts in their own work. With commercial applications discussed throughout, and experimental results connected with theory, this is an ideal reference for those working in polymer science.

Multifunctionality of Polymer Composites
Author : Klaus Friedrich,Ulf Breuer
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 2015-05-21
ISBN 10 : 0323265030
Pages : 996 pages

Multi-Functionality of Polymer Composites: Challenges and New Solutions brings together contributions from experts in the field of multifunctionality, presenting state-of-the-art discussion of this exciting and rapidly developing field, thus key enabling technologies for future applications. The text will enable engineers and materials scientists to achieve multifunctionality in their own products using different types of polymer matrices and various nano- and micro-sized fillers and reinforcements, including, but not limited to, carbon nanotubes and graphene. In addition, technologies for the integration of active materials such as shape memory alloys are discussed. The latest developments in a wide range of applications, including automotive/aerospace, electronics, construction, medical engineering, and future trends are discussed, making this book an essential reference for any researcher or engineer hoping to stay ahead of the curve in this high-potential area. Provides information on composites and their inherent engineering advantages over traditional materials. Presents state-of-the-art information on this exciting and rapidly developing field, enabling engineers and materials scientists to achieve multi-functionality in their own products. Includes the latest developments in a wide range of applications, including automotive/aerospace, electronics, construction, and medical engineering. An essential reference for any researcher or engineer hoping to stay ahead of the curve in this high-potential area.

Carbon-based Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental and Energy Applications
Author : Ahmad Fauzi Ismail,Pei Sean Goh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2018-03-28
ISBN 10 : 0128135751
Pages : 632 pages

Carbon-Based Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental and Energy Applications provides the fundamental physico-chemical characterizations of recently explored carbon-based polymer nanocomposites, such as carbon nanotubes, graphene and its derivatives, nanodiamond, fullerenes and other nano-sized carbon allotropes. The book also covers the applications of carbon-based polymer nanocomposite in the environmental and energy fields. Topics range from the various approaches that have been explored and developed for the fabrication of carbon-based polymer nanocomposite, to their applications in tackling environmental and energy related issues. Provides a clear picture of the current state-of-the-art and future trends in carbon-based polymer nanomaterials Explains the interactions between nanofiller-polymer matrices and mechanisms related to applications in environmental pollution and energy shortage Includes computational and experimental studies of the physical and chemical properties of carbon-based polymer nanocomposites Features chapters written by world leading experts

Polymer Nanocomposites for Dielectrics
Author : Katie Zhong,Bin Li
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2017-01-12
ISBN 10 : 1315340828
Pages : 208 pages

Polymers have been used as dielectric materials owing to their light weight, great flexibility, and processability as well as high insulation properties. To enhance their performance for various desired dielectric applications, fabrication of polymeric nanocomposites is believed to be one of the most effective approaches. By controlling the nanomaterial dispersion and interfacial structures with the polymer matrices in nanocomposites, dielectric properties can be tailored for specific applications. This book reviews representative polymer nanocomposite systems, focusing on the roles of nanodispersion, interfacial structures, and properties of polymer matrix materials in the dielectric properties and energy storage performance. The book reviews various dielectric relaxation models applicable to the analysis of polymer nanocomposites. It compiles the recent progress in new dielectric polymer nanocomposites based on biomaterials and hybrid nanomaterial systems for advanced dielectric applications.

Tribology of Polymeric Nanocomposites
Author : Klaus Friedrich,Alois K. Schlarb
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release Date : 2013-05-14
ISBN 10 : 0444594647
Pages : 832 pages

Tribology of Polymeric Nanocomposites provides a comprehensive description of polymeric nanocomposites, both as bulk materials and as thin surface coatings, and provides rare, focused coverage of their tribological behavior and potential use in tribological applications. Providing engineers and designers with the preparation techniques, friction and wear mechanisms, property information and evaluation methodology needed to select the right polymeric nanocomposites for the job, this unique book also includes valuable real-world examples of polymeric nanocomposites in action in tribological applications. Provides a complete reference to polmer nanocomposite material use in tribology from preparation through to selection and use. Explains the theory through examples of real-world applications, keeping this high-level topic practical and accessible. Includes contributions from more than 20 international tribology experts to offer broad yet detailed coverage of this fast-moving field.

Nanoparticle Technology Handbook
Author : Makio Naito,Masuo Hosokawa,Toyokazu Yokoyama,Kiyoshi Nogi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2007-10-19
ISBN 10 : 9780080558028
Pages : 644 pages

Nanoparticle technology, which handles the preparation, processing, application and characterisation of nanoparticles, is a new and revolutionary technology. It becomes the core of nanotechnology as an extension of the conventional Fine Particle / Powder Technology. Nanoparticle technology plays an important role in the implementation of nanotechnology in many engineering and industrial fields including electronic devices, advanced ceramics, new batteries, engineered catalysts, functional paint and ink, Drug Delivery System, biotechnology, etc.; and makes use of the unique properties of the nanoparticles which are completely different from those of the bulk materials. This new handbook is the first to explain complete aspects of nanoparticles with many application examples showing their advantages and advanced development. There are handbooks which briefly mention the nanosized particles or their related applications, but no handbook describing the complete aspects of nanoparticles has been published so far. The handbook elucidates of the basic properties of nanoparticles and various nanostructural materials with their characterisation methods in the first part. It also introduces more than 40 examples of practical and potential uses of nanoparticles in the later part dealing with applications. It is intended to give readers a clear picture of nanoparticles as well as new ideas or hints on their applications to create new materials or to improve the performance of the advanced functional materials developed with the nanoparticles. * Introduces all aspects of nanoparticle technology, from the fundamentals to applications. * Includes basic information on the preparation through to the characterization of nanoparticles from various viewpoints * Includes information on nanostructures, which play an important role in practical applications.

Biopolymer Nanocomposites
Author : Alain Dufresne,Sabu Thomas,Laly A. Pothan
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2013-07-18
ISBN 10 : 1118609905
Pages : 696 pages

Sets forth the techniques needed to create a vast array of useful biopolymer nanocomposites Interest in biopolymer nanocomposites is soaring. Not only are they green and sustainable materials, they can also be used to develop a broad range of useful products with special properties, from therapeutics to coatings to packaging materials. With contributions from an international team of leading nanoscientists and materials researchers, this book draws together and reviews the most recent developments and techniques in biopolymer nano-composites. It describes the preparation, processing, properties, and applications of bio- polymer nanocomposites developed from chitin, starch, and cellulose, three renewable resources. Biopolymer Nanocomposites features a logical organization and approach that make it easy for readers to take full advantage of the latest science and technology in designing these materials and developing new products and applications. It begins with a chapter reviewing our current understanding of bionanocomposites. Next, the book covers such topics as: Morphological and thermal investigations of chitin-based nanocomposites Applications of starch nanoparticle and starch-based bionanocomposites Spectroscopic characterization of renewable nanoparticles and their composites Nanocellulosic products and their applications Protein-based nanocomposites for food packaging Throughout the book, detailed case studies of industrial applications underscore the unique challenges and opportunities in developing and working with biopolymer nanocomposites. There are also plenty of figures to help readers fully grasp key concepts and techniques. Exploring the full range of applications, Biopolymer Nanocomposites is recommended for researchers in a broad range of industries and disciplines, including biomedical engineering, materials science, physical chemistry, chemical engineering, and polymer science. All readers will learn how to create green, sustainable products and applications using these tremendously versatile materials.

Fundamentals, Properties, and Applications of Polymer Nanocomposites
Author : Joseph H. Koo
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2016-10-31
ISBN 10 : 1107029961
Pages : 697 pages

Discusses polymer nanocomposites composed of a family of polymeric materials whose properties are capable of being tailored to meet specific applications.