This text encourages the reader to interactively learn each muscle function by encouraging them to shade muscles on skeletal outlines, text and observe muscle functions and apply muscle function knowledge to clinical settings. Chapters describe the anatomical terminology and movements, the muscle types and how they move. Subsequent chapters describe the muscles of the body in the order of the joints that they operate.
"Discusses human musculature, what can go wrong, how to treat those diseases and injuries, and how to stay health"--Provided by publisher.
Smart materials are the way of the future in a variety of fields, from biomedical engineering and chemistry to nanoscience, nanotechnology, and robotics. Featuring an interdisciplinary approach to smart materials and structures, Artificial Muscles: Applications of Advanced Polymeric Nanocomposites thoroughly reviews the existing knowledge of ionic polymeric conductor nanocomposites (IPCNCs), including ionic polymeric metal nanocomposites (IPMNCs) as biomimetic distributed nanosensors, nanoactuators, nanotransducers, nanorobots, artificial muscles, and electrically controllable intelligent polymeric network structures. Authored by one of the founding fathers of the field, the book introduces fabrication and manufacturing methods of several electrically and chemically active ionic polymeric sensors, actuators, and artificial muscles, as well as a new class of electrically active polymeric nanocomposites and artificial muscles. It also describes a few apparatuses for modeling and testing various artificial muscles to show the viability of chemoactive and electroactive muscles. The authors present the theories, modeling, and numerical simulations of ionic polymeric artificial muscles’ electrodynamics and chemodynamics. In addition, they feature current industrial and medical applications of IPMNCs. By covering the fabrication techniques of and novel developments in advanced polymeric nanocomposites, this book provides a solid foundation in the subject while stimulating further research.
Although the study of Jewish identity has generated a growing body of work, the topic of sport has received scant attention in Jewish historiography. Emancipation through Muscles redresses this balance by analyzing the pertinence of sports to such issues as race, ethnicity, and gender in Jewish history and by examining the role of modern sport within European Jewry. The accomplishments of Jews in the intellectual arena and their notable presence among Nobel Prize recipients have often overshadowed their achievements in sports. The pursuit of sports among Jews in Europe was never a marginal phenomenon, however. In the first third of the twentieth century numerous Jewish sport organizations were founded throughout Europe, and prowess in the realm called muscle Jewry by the Zionists was a symbol of widespread pride among European Jews. Some Jewish teams were remarkably successful: the legendary Austrian soccer champion Hakoah Vienna was arguably the most visible Jewish presence in interwar Vienna, and many readers will be surprised to learn that outstanding soccer teams such as Ajax Amsterdam and Tottenham Hotspur are still considered Jewish teams. The contributors to this volume, an international group of scholars from a variety of fields, explore the diverse relationships between Jews and modern sports in Europe.
Presents a comprehensive, easy-to-follow yoga program that includes postures, breathing exercises, and relaxation techniques intended to strengthen readers' inner as well as physical qualities, especially flexibility and a sense of balance. Original. IP.
Provides readers with a detailed understanding of the different facets of muscle physiology. Examines motoneuron and muscle structure and function. It is intended for those need to know about skeletal muscle--from undergraduate and graduate students gaining advanced knowledge in kinesiology to physiotherapists, physiatrists, and other professionals whose work demands understanding of muscle form and function.
|Author||: William Sands Cox|
|Release Date||: 1831|
|Pages||: 12 pages|
Breathing is usually automatic and without conscious effort; yet our breathing is a complex motor function requiring the coordinated activation of a number of respiratory muscles that span from our heads to our abdomen. Some of our respiratory muscles serve to pump air into and out of our lungs (ventilation). These pump muscles act on the thoracic and abdominal walls and are all skeletal muscles. Other respiratory muscles in our bodies control the caliber of the passageway for air to enter our lungs. These airway muscles include skeletal muscles of the head (e.g., tongue and suprahyoid muscles) and neck (infrahyoid, pharyngeal and laryngeal muscles), as well as smooth muscles that line our trachea and bronchi down to the alveoli where gas exchange occurs. This book provides an overview of the anatomy and physiology of our respiratory muscles, including their neural control. This book also includes an overview of the basic structure and function of both skeletal and smooth muscles. The two basic types of respiratory muscles (skeletal and smooth muscle) vary considerably in the organization of their contractile proteins and the underlying mechanisms that lead to force generation and contraction, including their neural control.
Like a finely tuned machine, the human body is an awe-inspiring marvel worthy of further investigation. In addition to highlighted content-area vocabulary and photographs, some books feature a lab activity as well.
Elaborate on the concept of cells using this science inquiry card and lesson. Using vibrant, engaging images for science exploration allows all students to make connections and relate science concepts to new situations.
|Author||: Elliott Coues|
|Release Date||: 1887|
|Pages||: 48 pages|
Muscles and Meridians is a unique book that breaks new conceptual ground in the realm of human movement. Exploring the connection between evolutionary biology and Chinese meridians, the volume offers a novel and effective system of diagnosis and treatment of common musculoskeletal disorders. Describes a new model of human movement - the Contractile Field model Offers a rare and serious attempt to look at whole person movement patterns – akin to ‘Anatomy Trains’ but with a stronger link to vertebrate evolution and development Suggests that much of our endemic back and leg pain is due to a loss of ease in postures that are ‘archetypal’ to mankind Offers a profound new understanding of the world’s oldest medical map, the Chinese meridian map
|Author||: Steven Green|
|Publisher||: Elsevier Health Sciences|
|Release Date||: 2012-02-28|
|ISBN 10||: 145574283X|
|Pages||: 640 pages|
The intrinsic muscles of the hand account for about 50% of grip strength and allow fine motor control. This issue will serve as a concise and comprehensive source of information on this muscle group, and procedures for treatment for chronic and traumatic problems in this group.
A thorough acquaintance with human anatomy is a valuable asset for artists wishing to master figure drawing. This single-volume treatment combines separate treatises on drawing muscles and bones. Each page features multiple illustrations, accompanied by extensive descriptions offering lucid explanations of bone and muscle placement, function, and artistic re-creation.
How much of a person's body weight is made up of muscle? Can you learn to control your heart rate using your mind? How does taking steroids affect muscles—and why are steroids dangerous? What causes hiccups? The answers to these puzzling questions—and 97 more—are revealed in this thought-provoking book about muscles. From basic information on how muscles work to more complex issues such as how diseases and injuries affect muscles, science expert Faith Hickman Brynie provides authoritative information about the human muscular system.
|Author||: Gerta Vrbová,Olga Hudlicka,Kristin Schaefer Centofanti|
|Publisher||: Springer Science & Business Media|
|Release Date||: 2008-04-19|
|ISBN 10||: 9781402082337|
|Pages||: 118 pages|
The first evidence that electrical changes can cause muscles to contract was p- vided by Galvani (1791). Galvani’s ideas about ‘animal electricity’ were explored during the 19th and 20th century when it was firmly established that ‘electricity’ is one of the most important mechanisms used for communication by the nervous system and muscle. These researches lead to the development of ever more soph- ticated equipment that could either record the electrical changes in nerves and muscles, or elicit functional changes by electrically stimulating these structures. It was indeed the combination of these two methods that elucidated many of the basic principles about the function of the nervous system. Following these exciting findings, it was discovered that electrical stimulation and the functions elicited by it also lead to long-term changes in the properties of nerves and particularly muscles. Recent findings help us to understand the mec- nisms by which activity induced by electrical stimulation can influence mature, fully differentiated cells, in particular muscles, blood vessels and nerves. Electrically elicited activity determines the properties of muscle fibres by activating a sequence of signalling pathways that change the gene expression of the muscle. Thus, elect- cal activity graduated from a simple mechanism that is used to elicit muscle c- traction, to a system that could induce permanent changes in muscles and modify most of its characteristic properties.
|Author||: Radomir Cihak|
|Publisher||: Springer Science & Business Media|
|Release Date||: 2013-04-17|
|ISBN 10||: 3662090813|
|Pages||: 194 pages|
The aim of the present publication is to summarize the results of studies of ontogenesis of the skeleton and muscles of the human hand and foot. Our primary interest in studying the muscles arose from observations of variations, in which a new form of the anomalous muscle in the popliteal fossa had been described (Cihak, 1954; Hnevkovsky and Cihak, 1957) and in which changes of muscle forms in the congenitally malformed extremity had also been studied (Brlickova and Cihak, 1956). The desire to clarify muscle variations by means of the onto genesis led to a study of ontogenesis of single muscles. During observation of the embryonic pectoralis major special muscle bundles were primarily observed, which could be homologised with the sphincter colli muscle of lower Mammals. Further observation revealed that this muscle (concordantly with its phylo genetic development) gradually develops in the course of human ontogenesis from a small primordium to its maximal extent and becomes reduced thereafter and finally disappears, still during the embryonic period (Cihak, 1957). This study was decisive for the further development of our theme, since it demonstra tes, how consistently in the development of the locomotor apparatus the rule of recapitulation is asserted and how this can be employed in developmental studies of muscles.