Methods in Muscle Biology is a comprehensive laboratory guide that details the methods used in the study of muscle biology. The techniques included embrace cell, developmental, and molecular biology, as well asphysiology, neurobiology, and medical research.
Many of the difficulties that meat and animal scientists face when attempting to address specific problems—such as stress susceptibility and poor meat quality in swine—stem from a lack of understanding of the underlying biological mechanisms that drive muscle growth, metabolism, and its conversion to meat. This book provides current knowledge about skeletal muscle and meat, and serves as a platform for further investigation of specific technical issues. Applied Muscle Biology and Meat Science outlines the tremendous strides made in the field of muscle biology in recent years, particularly pertaining to the understanding of the mechanisms that control skeletal muscle growth and development. With a distinguished international team of contributors, this text discusses the impact these factors have on meat production and quality with worldwide applicability. This state-of-the-science reference covers a wide range of topics in muscle biology and meat science, including genetic selection, muscle structure and development, muscle protein turnover and meat tenderization, meat quality, collagen, color, lipid, and meat safety. With approximately 85 illustrations and tables, the text focuses on biological changes and the appropriate management techniques for meat animals. Given recent developments in energy costs and distribution and changes in the commodities markets driven by the demand for biofuels, the challenges for animal production agriculture will only increase. This valuable text furthers understanding of the underlying biological mechanisms that are related to animal and meat production--an understanding that will play an integral role in solving today’s industry challenges.
This book is a collection of principles and current practices in omics research, applied to skeletal muscle physiology and disorders. The various sections are categorized according to the level of biological organization, namely, genomics (DNA), transcriptomics (RNA), proteomics (protein), and metabolomics (metabolite). With skeletal muscle as the unifying theme, and featuring contributions from leading experts in this traditional field of research, it highlights the importance of skeletal muscle tissue in human development, health and successful ageing. It also discusses other fascinating topics like developmental biology, muscular dystrophies, exercise, insulin resistance and atrophy due to disuse, ageing or other muscle diseases, conveying the vast opportunities for generating new hypotheses as well as testing existing hypotheses by combining high-throughput techniques with proper experiment designs, bioinformatics and statistical analyses. Presenting the latest research techniques, this book is a valuable resource for the physiology community, particularly researchers and grad students who want to explore the new opportunities for omics technologies in basic physiology research.
|Author||: Neil Spurway,Henning Wackerhage|
|Publisher||: Elsevier Health Sciences|
|Release Date||: 2006|
|ISBN 10||: 0443100772|
|Pages||: 273 pages|
This title is directed primarily towards health care professionals outside of the United States. It starts with the origin of life and ends with the mechanisms that make muscles adapt to different forms of training. In between, it considers how evidence has been obtained about the extent of genetic influence on human capacities, how muscles and their fibres are studied for general properties and individual differences, and how molecular biological techniques have been combined with physiological ones to produce the new discipline of molecular exercise physiology. This is the first book on such topics written specifically for modules in exercise and sport science at final year Hons BSc and taught MSc levels.
|Author||: Robert M. Miura|
|Publisher||: American Mathematical Soc.|
|Release Date||: 1986-12-31|
|ISBN 10||: 9780821897102|
|Pages||: 234 pages|
Currently the outstanding problem in muscle contraction is determining the mechanism for the sliding of actin and myosin filaments. This volume contains papers based on lectures presented at the Seventeenth Annual Symposium on Some Mathematical Questions in Biology which was held in conjunction with the Annual Meeting of the AAAS. The six papers deal with overlapping areas of muscle physiology: cross-bridge dynamics (the mechanism currently receiving most attention), as well as distinctions between striated and cardiac muscles and the control of muscular contractions by action potentials. Focusing on both experimental techniques and theoretical underpinnings, the authors present the recent technological advances that provide an improved database for obtaining a better understanding of the biochemical mechanics and developing better mathematical models. In the first article Dr. Hugh E. Huxley reviews current studies of muscle systems which use X-ray diffraction and electron-microscopic analysis. Dr. Even Eisenberg describes how ATP hydrolysis drives muscle contraction via the action of myosin cross-bridges. The next two papers contain mathematical studies of muscle contraction. Dr. Michael Propp uses a thermodynamic formalism to predict the physiological properties of muscle. Drs. H. Michael Lacker and Charles S. Peskin develop a mathematical method for working backwards to determine uniquely microscopic properties of the cross-bridges. Drs. John W. Krueger and Katsuhiko Tsujioka use light diffraction observations to develop a quantitative understanding of cardiac function from properties of the myofibril and elements of the cross-bridge cycle. In the concluding paper, Dr. Robert S. Eisenberg reviews the current work on the electrical control mechanisms in excitation-contraction coupling which lead to muscle contraction.
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. Presents the proceedings of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory inaugural meeting of the Northwest Symposium for Systems Biology, held October 17-18, 2002, in Richland, Washington.
|Author||: George Milbry Gould|
|Release Date||: 1899|
|Pages||: 1633 pages|
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This biology text is written to match exactly the specification for teaching Advanced Biology from September 2000. Specification B is the updated version of the old NEAB syllabus. There are two student books, one for AS and one for A2.
Each of the student books offers full and accurate coverage of the AQA specification for separate award science. The organisation of the books allows you to see at a glance exactly what you've covered and where. In addition, the books offer:- integrated
The hagfishes comprise a uniform group of some 60 species inhabiting the cool or deep parts of the oceans of both hemispheres. They are considered the most primitive representatives of the group of craniate chordates, which - apart from the hagfishes that show no traces of verte brae -includes all vertebrate animals. Consequently the hagfishes have played and still playa central role in discussions concerning the evolution of the vertebrates. Although most of the focus on hagfishes may be the result of their being primitive, it should not be forgotten that, at the same time, they are specialized animals with a unique way of life that is interesting in its own right. It is now more than 30 years since a comprehensive treatise on hagfishes was published. The Biology of Myxine, edited by Alf Brodal and Ragnar Fange (Universitetsforlaget, Oslo, 1963), provided a wealth of information on the biology of hagfishes, and over the years remained a major source of information and inspiration to students of hagfishes.
A reference book containing an alphabetical list of biology terms, with information given for each term, including meaning, explanation and specific examples.
Almost a quarter of a century has elapsed since Cellular Biology of the Uterus, the predecessor of the present volume, was planned. During that period, especially in the decade since the publication of the last edition of Biology of the Uterus, new information in the field has been so voluminous as to require major revisions of most of the chapters, the addition of several new chapters, and the collaboration of a second editor to facilitate the selection of appropriate experts as authors. As in prior editions, a balance has been struck between classical biology and modem biochemistry and biophysics. The inclusion of basic histological and embryo logical information provides a necessary, though often lacking, background for the protein chemist and molecular biologist and a bridge between the cell biologist and clinician. Thus, major practical problems in human reproduction, such as the genesis of endometrial carcinoma and the cause of the initiation of labor, may be approached on a firm scientific footing. The current edition deals primarily with the biology of the uterus itself (comparative and human) rather than placentation or pregnancy and thus is a synthesis of data derived from many techniques, both conventional and modem. As it is clearly beyond the competence of anyone scientist to prepare such a text on the basis of personal knowledge and experience, the aid of 22 distinguished scientists was enlisted.
In considering ways that physics has helped advance biology and medicine, what typically comes to mind are the various tools used by researchers and clinicians. We think of the optics put to work in microscopes, endoscopes, and lasers; the advanced diagnostics permitted through magnetic, x-ray, and ultrasound imaging; and even the nanotools, that allow us to tinker with molecules. We build these instruments in accordance with the closest thing to absolute truths we know, the laws of physics, but seldom do we apply those same constants of physics to the study of our own carbon-based beings, such as fluidics applied to the flow of blood, or the laws of motion and energy applied to working muscle. Instead of considering one aspect or the other, Handbook of Physics in Medicine and Biology explores the full gamut of physics’ relationship to biology and medicine in more than 40 chapters, written by experts from the lab to the clinic. The book begins with a basic description of specific biological features and delves into the physics of explicit anatomical structures starting with the cell. Later chapters look at the body's senses, organs, and systems, continuing to explain biological functions in the language of physics. The text then details various analytical modalities such as imaging and diagnostic methods. A final section turns to future perspectives related to tissue engineering, including the biophysics of prostheses and regenerative medicine. The editor’s approach throughout is to address the major healthcare challenges, including tissue engineering and reproductive medicine, as well as development of artificial organs and prosthetic devices. The contents are organized by organ type and biological function, which is given a clear description in terms of electric, mechanical, thermodynamic, and hydrodynamic properties. In addition to the physical descriptions, each chapter discusses principles of related clinical diagnostic methods and technological aspects of therapeutic applications. The final section on regenerative engineering, emphasizes biochemical and physiochemical factors that are important to improving or replacing biological functions. Chapters cover materials used for a broad range of applications associated with the replacement or repair of tissues or entire tissue structures.
In the last several years, the development of reagents that recognize smooth muscle-specific proteins has enabled researchers to identify smooth muscle cells (SMC) in tissue undergoing both differentiation and repair. These developments have led to increased research on SMC. The latest volume in the Biology of the Extracellular Matrix Series takes a current and all-encompassing look at this growing area of research. Devoted entirely to the subject of SMC, the book covers a diversity of topics-from SMC architecture and contractility to differentiation and gene expression in development. It also examines the proliferation and replication of SMC and its role in pharmacology and vascular disease. A must for cell, developmental, and molecular biologists, this book also will appeal to cardiologists, pathologists, and biomedical researchers interested in smooth muscle cells. Presents a molecular, genetic, and developmental perspective of the vas smooth muscle cell Overview sections highlight key points of chapters, including the clinical relevance of the research and expectations for future study Appeals to both the basic biologist and to the biomedical researcher of vascular disease