multifunctional structures and materials

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Integrated Design of Multiscale, Multifunctional Materials and Products
Author : David L. McDowell,Jitesh Panchal,Hae-Jin Choi,Carolyn Seepersad,Janet Allen,Farrokh Mistree
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release Date : 2009-09-30
ISBN 10 : 9780080952208
Pages : 392 pages

Integrated Design of Multiscale, Multifunctional Materials and Products is the first of its type to consider not only design of materials, but concurrent design of materials and products. In other words, materials are not just selected on the basis of properties, but the composition and/or microstructure iw designed to satisfy specific ranged sets of performance requirements. This book presents the motivation for pursuing concurrent design of materials and products, thoroughly discussing the details of multiscale modeling and multilevel robust design and provides details of the design methods/strategies along with selected examples of designing material attributes for specified system performance. It is intended as a monograph to serve as a foundational reference for instructors of courses at the senior and introductory graduate level in departments of materials science and engineering, mechanical engineering, aerospace engineering and civil engineering who are interested in next generation systems-based design of materials. First of its kind to consider not only design of materials, but concurrent design of materials and products Treatment of uncertainty via robust design of materials Integrates the "materials by design approach" of Olson/Ques Tek LLC with the "materials selection" approach of Ashby/Granta Distinquishes the processes of concurrent design of materials and products as an overall systems design problem from the field of multiscale modeling Systematic mathematical algorithms and methods are introduced for robust design of materials, rather than ad hoc heuristics--it is oriented towards a true systems approach to design of materials and products

Smart Composites
Author : Rani Elhajjar,Valeria La Saponara,Anastasia Muliana
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2013-12-14
ISBN 10 : 1439895910
Pages : 430 pages

Smart Composites: Mechanics and Design addresses the current progress in the mechanics and design of smart composites and multifunctional structures. Divided into three parts, it covers characterization of properties, analyses, and design of various advanced composite material systems with an emphasis on the coupled mechanical and non-mechanical behaviors. Part one includes analyses of smart materials related to electrically conductive, magnetostrictive nanocomposites and design of active fiber composites. These discussions include several techniques and challenges in manufacturing smart composites and characterizing coupled properties, as well as the analyses of composite structures at various length and time scales undergoing coupled mechanical and non-mechanical stimuli considering elastic, viscoelastic (and/or viscoplastic), fatigue, and damage behaviors. Part two is dedicated to a higher-scale analysis of smart structures with topics such as piezoelectrically actuated bistable composites, wing morphing design using macrofiber composites, and multifunctional layered composite beams. The analytical expressions for characterization of the smart structures are presented with an attention to practical application. Finally, part three presents recent advances regarding sensing and structural health monitoring with a focus on how the sensing abilities can be integrated within the material and provide continuous sensing, recognizing that multifunctional materials can be designed to both improve and enhance the health-monitoring capabilities and also enable effective nondestructive evaluation. Smart Composites: Mechanics and Design is an essential text for those interested in materials that not only possess the classical properties of stiffness and strength, but also act as actuators under a variety of external stimuli, provide passive and active response to enable structural health monitoring, facilitate advanced nondestructive testing strategies, and enable shape-changing and morphing structures.

Multifunctional Materials for Tribological Applications
Author : Robert J. K. Wood
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2015-04-06
ISBN 10 : 9814463914
Pages : 388 pages

An important aspect of engineering surfaces is that they need to be multifunctional as designs of machine components require cheaper, lighter, smarter, longer-wearing, and more environmentally friendly surfaces that see applications that are hotter, faster, highly pressurized, and exposed to other increasingly hostile environments. This can be achieved by use of modern advanced materials and coatings, which now usually are coated systems. This is a challenging area as usually there is antagonism between obtaining low friction and low wear as well as between high corrosion resistance and low wear. This book covers the increasingly important aspect for engineering surfaces to be multifunctional with a focus on tribological applications. It captures the state of the art regarding the emerging needs for multifunctional surface design for controlling wear, friction, and corrosion, as well as having decorative, self-healing, and/or self-sensing capabilities. It focuses on coatings and materials that include CVD diamond, diamond-like carbon, and multilayered and functionally graded systems for a range of engineering applications including machine tools, orthopedic joints, aero-engines/gas turbines, automotive engines, glass windows and walls, and offshore and marine sectors. It is a unique book as it discusses a range of wet- and dry-deposited coatings and multifunctional materials not often seen in one publication. It allows the reader to understand a wide range of design concepts and what is possible to achieve by current surface engineering techniques.

Materials Research to Meet 21st-Century Defense Needs
Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Materials Advisory Board,Committee on Materials Research for Defense After Next
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2003-03-25
ISBN 10 : 0309087007
Pages : 330 pages

In order to achieve the revolutionary new defense capabilities offered by materials science and engineering, innovative management to reduce the risks associated with translating research results will be needed along with the R&D. While payoff is expected to be high from the promising areas of materials research, many of the benefits are likely to be evolutionary. Nevertheless, failure to invest in more speculative areas of research could lead to undesired technological surprises. Basic research in physics, chemistry, biology, and materials science will provide the seeds for potentially revolutionary technologies later in the 21st century.

Revolutionizing Aircraft Materials and Processes
Author : Spiros Pantelakis,Konstantinos Tserpes
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-03-11
ISBN 10 : 303035346X
Pages : 403 pages

This book addresses the emerging needs of the aerospace industry by discussing recent developments and future trends of aeronautic materials. It is aimed at advancing existing materials and fostering the ability to develop novel materials with less weight, increased mechanical properties, more functionality, diverse manufacturing methods, and recyclability. The development of novel materials and multifunctional materials has helped to increase efficiency and safety, reduce costs, and decrease the environmental foot print of the aeronautical industry. In this book, integral metallic structures designed by disruptive concepts, including topology optimization and additive manufacturing, are highlighted.

Advanced Lightweight Multifunctional Materials
Author : Pedro Costa,Carlos M Costa,Senentxu Lanceros-Mendez
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2020-12-08
ISBN 10 : 0128185023
Pages : 550 pages

Advanced Lightweight Multifunctional Materials presents the current state-of-the-art on multifunctional materials research, focusing on different morphologies and their preparation and applications. The book emphasizes recent advances on these types of materials as well as their application. Chapters cover porous multifunctional materials, thermochromic and thermoelectric materials, shape memory materials, piezoelectric multifunctional materials, electrochromic and electrorheological, soft materials, magnetic and photochromic materials, and more. The book will be a valuable reference resource for academic researchers and industrial engineers working in the design and manufacture of multifunctional materials, composites and nanocomposites. Provides detailed information on design, modeling and structural applications Focuses on characteristics, processing, design and applications Discusses the main types of lightweight multifunctional materials and processing techniques, as well as the physico-chemical insights that can lead to improved performance

Shape-Memory Polymers and Multifunctional Composites
Author : Jinsong Leng,Shanyi Du
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2010-05-25
ISBN 10 : 9781420090208
Pages : 383 pages

Admired for their extraordinary stimuli-sensitive behavior and shape-changing capabilities, shape-memory polymers (SMPs) and multifunctional composites are among the most important smart materials. They continue to be widely applied in many diverse fields to create things such as self-deployable spacecraft structures, morphing structures, SMP foams, smart textiles, and intelligent medical devices. Written by renowned authors, Shape-Memory Polymers and Multifunctional Composites is a broad overview of the systematic progress associated with this emerging class of materials. The book presents an overview of SMPs and a detailed discussion of their structural, thermo-mechanical, and electrical properties, and their applications in fields including aeronautics, astronautics, biomedicine, and the automotive industry. Covering topics ranging from synthesis procedures to ultimate applications, this is a sound instructional text that serves as a guide to smart materials and offers an in-depth exploration of multifunctional SMPs and SMP composites, outlining their important role in the materials field. In each chapter, industry experts discuss different key aspects of novel smart materials, from their properties and fabrication to the actuation approaches used to trigger shape recovery. This comprehensive analysis explores the different functions of SMPs, the fundamentals behind them, and the ways in which polymers may reshape product design in general.

Multi-Functional Materials and Structures IV
Author : Narongrit Sombatsompop,Debes Bhattacharyya,Karen Hoi Yan Cheung
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release Date : 2013-08-30
ISBN 10 : 3038261521
Pages : 820 pages

Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). The main focuses collection of 184 peer reviewed papers was to cover all aspects of materials, including advanced and functional materials, composites and applications, green and biomaterials, smart and intelligent materials and structures, processing and engineering of materials, natural and synthetic fiber composites and materials for specific applications. The papers are grouped as follows: I. Advanced Composites and their Applications; II. Bio-materials and Biomimetic Materials; III. Intelligent Processing of Materials and Structures; IV. Nano-Materials, -Sensors and –Actuators; V. Engineering and Structural Materials; VI. Smart Materials and Structures; VII. Tribology (Surface Engineering); VIII. Materials for Fuel Cells and Solar Cells; IX. Natural Fiber Composites; X. Synthetic Fiber Composites; XI. Construction and Building Materials; XII. Soft Materials; XIII. Functional Materials; XIV. Materials Processing, Modeling and Technology; XV. Green Materials; XVI. Others.

Carbon Nanotube Enhanced Aerospace Composite Materials
Author : A. Paipetis,V. Kostopoulos
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-09-14
ISBN 10 : 9400742452
Pages : 376 pages

The well documented increase in the use of high performance composites as structural materials in aerospace components is continuously raising the demands in terms of dynamic performance, structural integrity, reliable life monitoring systems and adaptive actuating abilities. Current technologies address the above issues separately; material property tailoring and custom design practices aim to the enhancement of dynamic and damage tolerance characteristics, whereas life monitoring and actuation is performed with embedded sensors that may be detrimental to the structural integrity of the component. This publication explores the unique properties of carbon nanotubes (CNT) as an additive in the matrix of Fibre Reinforced Plastics (FRP), for producing structural composites with improved mechanical performance as well as sensing/actuating capabilities. The successful combination of the CNT properties and existing sensing actuating technologies leads to the realization of a multifunctional FRP structure. The current volume presents the state of the art research in this field. The contributions cover all the aspects of the novel composite systems, i.e. modeling from nano to macro scale, enhancement of structural efficiency, dispersion and manufacturing, integral health monitoring abilities, Raman monitoring, as well as the capabilities that ordered carbon nanotube arrays offer in terms of sensing and/or actuating in aerospace composites.

Nano-sized Multifunctional Materials
Author : N.A
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2018-11-20
ISBN 10 : 0128139358
Pages : 289 pages

Nano-sized Multifunctional Materials: Synthesis, Properties and Applications explores how materials can be down-scaled to nanometer-size in order to tailor and control properties. These advanced, low-dimensional materials, ranging from quantum dots and nanoparticles, to ultra-thin films develop multifunctional properties. As well as demonstrating how down-scaling to nano-size can make materials multifunctional, chapters also show how this technology can be applied in electronics, medicine, energy and in the environment. This fresh approach in materials research will provide a valuable resource for materials scientists, materials engineers, chemists, physicists and bioengineers who want to learn more on the special properties of nano-sized materials. Outlines the major synthesis chemical process and problems of advanced nanomaterials Shows how multifunctional nanomaterials can be practically used in biomedical area, nanomedicine, and in the treatment of pollutants Demonstrates how the properties of a variety of materials can be engineered by downscaling them to nano size

Adaptronics and Smart Structures
Author : Hartmut Janocha
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-11-11
ISBN 10 : 3662038196
Pages : 438 pages

Adaptronics is the term encompassing technical fields that have become known internationally under the names "smart materials", "intelligent structures", and "smart structures". Adaptronics contributes to the optimisation of systems and products. It bridges the gap between material and system or product, and incorporates the search for multi-functional materials and elements and their integration in systems or structures. The authors of this book have taken on the task of displaying the current state of the art in this fascinating field. The system components, actuators, sensors and controllers, technical fundamentals, materials, design rules and practical solutions are all described. Selected sample applications are also presented and current development trends are demonstrated.

Multifunctional Metallic Hollow Sphere Structures
Author : Christian Augustin
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2009-10-04
ISBN 10 : 3642004911
Pages : 258 pages

Multifunctional Metallic Hollow Sphere Structures are an emerging new material category, belonging like metal foams to the class cellular metals. Thanks to their advantageous mechanical and sound absorbing properties, Multifunctional Metallic Hollow Sphere Structures are very promising for various applications and our technological knowledge makes them ready for industrial usage. This reference gives a complete overview on this new materials class, the fundamentals, the applications and the perspective for future use. It provides the foundations for a profound understanding (production and processing), their physical properties (surface properties and stalility) and applicaltion (in particular for sound absorption and chemical adsorption in structural parts). The book is written for material scientists, product designers and developers as well as academic researches and scientists.