microbiome stimulants for crops mechanisms and applications

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Microbiome Stimulants for Crops
Author : James White,Ajay Kumar,Samir Droby
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2021-04-15
ISBN 10 : 9780128221228
Pages : 550 pages
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Microbiome Stimulants for Crops: Mechanisms and Applications provides the latest developments in the real-world development and application of these crop management alternatives in a cost-effective, yield protecting way. The current excitement and interest in utilizing the plant microbiome as a safe crop management alternative or supplement to chemical fertilizers and other agrochemicals may allow farmers to more sustainably produce crops at reduced cost with less environmental degradation. This interest has led to growth of an industry based on applications of microbes in agriculture, with many companies developing products that involve microbes, or biostimulants that affect the plant microbiome. Limited resources detailing how microbes or biostimulants function to promote plant growth has led many companies create incorrect mechanisms of action for microbes and biostimulants, however. Highlighting the relevant scientific knowledge of the functioning of microbe inoculants and biostimulants, this book provides a single volume resource designed to address questions of research, development and application. Including insights into recent legislative efforts in the Europe and the United States Microbiome Stimulants for Crops supports the field by providing information regarding mechanisms and practical information needed to support the growing microbial inoculant and biostimulant industry, and further to focus scientific research toward areas where more investigation is needed. Provides methods for finding and testing endophytic and growth promotional microbes Explains the mechanisms of microbes and other biostimulant function in promoting plant growth Evaluates methods for treatments of plants with microbes and microbiome stimulants Identifies areas for new research

Microbiomes and Plant Health
Author : Manoj Kumar Solanki,Prem Lal Kashyap,Rizwan Ali Ansari,Baby Kumari
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-09-14
ISBN 10 : 0128226013
Pages : 518 pages
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Microbiomes and Plant Health: Panoply and Their Applications includes the most recent advances in phytobiome research. The book emphasizes the use of modern molecular tools such as smart delivery systems for microbiol inoculation, next-generation sequencing, and genome mapping. Chapters discuss a variety of applications and examples, including the sugarcane microbiome, rhizoengineering, nutrient recycling, sustainable agricultural practices and bio-potential of herbal medicinal plants. Written by a range of experts with real-world practical insights, this title is sure to be an essential read for plant and soil microbiologists, phytopathologists, agronomists, and researchers interested in sustainable forestry and agriculture practices. Offers readers a one-stop resource on the topic of plant and soil microbiome and their applications in plant disease, sustainable agriculture, soil health and medicinal plants Addresses the role of phytobiome to combat biotic and abiotic factors Emphasizes the use of modern molecular tools such as smart delivery systems for microbial inoculation, next-generation sequencing and genome mapping

New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Author : Jay Prakash Verma,Catriona Macdonald,Vijai Kumar Gupta,Appa Rao Podile
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-09-02
ISBN 10 : 0444643265
Pages : 236 pages
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New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering: Phytomicrobiome for Sustainable Agriculture provides a comprehensive overview of the phytomicrobiome and a holistic approach for its various mechanisms, including plant growth, nutrient content, crop yield improvement, soil fertility, and health management. This book explores the genus- and species-specific endophytic microbes for developing an efficient indigenous microbial consortium for enhancing the productivity of sustainable agriculture. An essential resource for students, researchers, and scientists in the fields of biotechnology, microbiology, agronomy, and the plant protection sciences, New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering: Phytomicrobiome for Sustainable Agriculture highlights the plant growth-promoting activities of the phytomicrobiome and focuses on both its basic and applied aspects and the significant role they play in plant protection. Emphasizes up-to-date research on sustainability, proteomics and genomics, and functional and molecular mechanisms of plant-microbe-soil interactions Covers multidisciplinary features of plant microbiology, plant physiology, soil science, and sustainable agriculture Includes the significance of microbial secondary metabolites for enhancing plant growth attributes Focuses on the most recent developments in biotechnology to enhance the action of the phytomicrobiome as an alternative to chemical fertilizers for agriculture and forestry

New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Author : Ali Asghar Rastegari,Ajar Nath Yadav,Neelam Yadav
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-05-16
ISBN 10 : 012820527X
Pages : 366 pages
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New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering: Trends of Microbial Biotechnology for Sustainable Agriculture and Biomedicine Systems: Diversity and Functional Perspectives describes how specific techniques can be used to generalize the metabolism of bacteria that optimize biologic improvement strategies and bio-transport processes. Microbial biotechnology focuses on microbes of agricultural, environmental, industrial, and clinical significance. This volume discusses several methods based on molecular genetics, systems, and biology of synthetic, genomic, proteomic, and metagenomics. Recent developments in our understanding of the role of microbes in sustainable agriculture and biotechnology have created a highly potential research area. The soil and plant microbiomes have a significant role in plant growth promotion, crop yield, soil health and fertility for sustainable developments. The microbes provide nutrients and stimulate plant growth through different mechanisms, including solubilization of phosphorus, potassium, and zinc; biological nitrogen fixation; production of siderophore, ammonia, HCN and other secondary metabolites which are antagonistic against pathogenic microbes. This new book provides an indispensable reference source for engineers/bioengineers, biochemists, biotechnologists, microbiologists, agrochemists, and researchers who want to know about the unique properties of this microbe and explore its sustainable agriculture future applications. Introduces the principles of microbial biotechnology and its application in plant growth and soil health for sustainable agriculture Explores various plant microbiomes and their beneficial impact on plant growth for crop improvement Explains the mechanisms of plant-microbe interaction and plant growth promotion Includes current applications of microbial consortium for enhance production of crop in eco-friendly manners

Microbial Endophytes
Author : Dr. Ajay Kumar,Radhakrishnan E.K
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2020-03-05
ISBN 10 : 012822665X
Pages : 418 pages
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Microbial Endophytes: Functional Biology and Applications focuses on endophytic bacteria and fungi, including information on foundational endophytes and the latest advances in relevant genomics, proteomics and nanotechnological aspects. The book provides insights into the molecular aspects of plant endophytes and their interactions and applications, also exploring the potential commercialization of endophytic microorganisms and their use as bio fertilizers, in biocontrol, and as bioactive compounds for other sustainable applications. Coverage of important and emerging legal considerations relevant to those working to implement these important bacteria in production processes is also included. Presents discussion on entry, colonization and the distribution of endophytic microorganisms Explores the phyto immunological functions of endophytic microorganisms Provides genomic insights on plant endophyte interaction Identifies bio-commercial aspects of microbial endophytes for sustainable agriculture, including potential legal issues and IPR in microbial research

Biostimulants in Agriculture
Author : Youssef Rouphael,Giuseppe Colla
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release Date : 2020-03-24
ISBN 10 : 2889635589
Pages : 329 pages
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Microbiomes and Plant Health
Author : Manoj Kumar Solanki,Prem Lal Kashyap,Rizwan Ali Ansari,Baby Kumari
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-09-14
ISBN 10 : 0128226013
Pages : 518 pages
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Microbiomes and Plant Health: Panoply and Their Applications includes the most recent advances in phytobiome research. The book emphasizes the use of modern molecular tools such as smart delivery systems for microbiol inoculation, next-generation sequencing, and genome mapping. Chapters discuss a variety of applications and examples, including the sugarcane microbiome, rhizoengineering, nutrient recycling, sustainable agricultural practices and bio-potential of herbal medicinal plants. Written by a range of experts with real-world practical insights, this title is sure to be an essential read for plant and soil microbiologists, phytopathologists, agronomists, and researchers interested in sustainable forestry and agriculture practices. Offers readers a one-stop resource on the topic of plant and soil microbiome and their applications in plant disease, sustainable agriculture, soil health and medicinal plants Addresses the role of phytobiome to combat biotic and abiotic factors Emphasizes the use of modern molecular tools such as smart delivery systems for microbial inoculation, next-generation sequencing and genome mapping

Microbial Endophytes
Author : Ajay Kumar,Vipin Kumar Singh
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2019-09-27
ISBN 10 : 0128187255
Pages : 409 pages
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Microbial Endophytes: Prospects for Sustainable Agriculture discusses the practical and theoretical aspects regarding the use of endophytic microorganisms in agriculture, providing insights on the biotechnological applications associated with long-term crop production. Chapters deal with the various aspects of endophytic microorganisms, including isolation, enumeration, characterization procedures, diversity analysis, and their role as biofertilizer, biocontrol agent and microbial inoculants. Framed to discuss the present and future potential of microbial endophytes in biotic and abiotic stress management, bioremediation, bioactive compounds production, and in nanotechnology, this book provides a single-volume resource that will be valuable to academics and researchers interested in microbiology, agricultural sciences and biotechnology. Explores aspects of sustainable agriculture by using endophytic microorganism such as bacteria, fungi and actinobacteria Presents insights into the use of endophytes as biofertilizer and biocontrol agents in sustainable agriculture Relates endophyte organisms and nano-technology

Functional Importance of the Plant Microbiome
Author : Sharon Lafferty Doty
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-09-21
ISBN 10 : 3319658972
Pages : 111 pages
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This book addresses all the major mechanisms by which endophytes are thought to impact plant growth and health. A unique aspect of this publication is that it is multidisciplinary, covering plant microbiology, plant physiology, fungal and bacterial endophytes, plant biochemistry, and genomics. Just as research on the mammalian microbiome has demonstrated its importance for overall health of the host, the plant microbiota is essential for plant health in natural environments. Endophytes, the microorganisms living fully within plants, can provide a multitude of benefits to the host including N-fixation, P solubilization, increased photosynthetic efficiency and water use efficiency, stress tolerance, pathogen resistance, and overall increased growth and health. A variety of culturable endophytes have been isolated and shown to be mutualistic symbionts with a broad range of plant species. These studies point to the functional importance of the microbiota of plants and suggest the potential for tailoring plant microbiota for improved vigor and yields with reduced inputs. This review covers the major benefits of microbial endophytes to plants and discusses the implications of using symbiosis as an alternative to chemical inputs for agriculture, forestry, and bioenergy.

Advances in Plant Microbiome and Sustainable Agriculture
Author : Ajar Nath Yadav
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9811532087
Pages : 329 pages
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Plant Microbiomes for Sustainable Agriculture
Author : Ajar Nath Yadav,Joginder Singh,Ali Asghar Rastegari,Neelam Yadav
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-03-06
ISBN 10 : 3030384535
Pages : 482 pages
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This book encompasses the current knowledge of plant microbiomes and their potential biotechnological application for plant growth, crop yield and soil health for sustainable agriculture. The plant microbiomes (rhizospheric, endophytic and epiphytic) play an important role in plant growth, development, and soil health. Plant and rhizospheric soil are a valuable natural resource harbouring hotspots of microbes, and it plays critical roles in the maintenance of global nutrient balance and ecosystem function. The diverse group of microbes is key components of soil–plant systems, where they are engaged in an intense network of interactions in the rhizosphere/endophytic/phyllospheric. The rhizospheric microbial diversity present in rhizospheric zones has a sufficient amount of nutrients release by plant root systems in form of root exudates for growth, development and activities of microbes. The endophytic microbes are referred to those microorganisms, which colonize in the interior of the plant parts, viz root, stem or seeds without causing any harmful effect on host plant. Endophytic microbes enter in host plants mainly through wounds, naturally occurring as a result of plant growth, or through root hairs and at epidermal conjunctions. Endophytes may be transmitted either vertically (directly from parent to offspring) or horizontally (among individuals). The phyllosphere is a common niche for synergism between microbes and plant. The leaf surface has been termed as phyllosphere and zone of leaves inhabited by microorganisms as phyllosphere. The plant part, especially leaves, is exposed to dust and air currents resulting in the establishments of typical flora on their surface aided by the cuticles, waxes and appendages, which help in the anchorage of microorganisms. The phyllospheric microbes may survive or proliferate on leaves depending on extent of influences of material in leaf diffuseness or exudates. The leaf diffuseness contains the principal nutrients factors (amino acids, glucose, fructose and sucrose), and such specialized habitats may provide niche for nitrogen fixation and secretions of substances capable of promoting the growth of plants. The microbes associated with plant as rhizospheric, endophytic and epiphytic with plant growth promoting (PGP) attributes have emerged as an important and promising tool for sustainable agriculture. PGP microbes promote plant growth directly or indirectly, either by releasing plant growth regulators; solubilization of phosphorus, potassium and zinc; biological nitrogen fixation or by producing siderophore, ammonia, HCN and other secondary metabolites which are antagonistic against pathogenic microbes. The PGP microbes belong to different phylum of archaea (Euryarchaeota); bacteria (Acidobacteria, Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Deinococcus-Thermus, Firmicutes and Proteobacteria) and fungi (Ascomycota and Basidiomycota), which include different genera namely Achromobacter, Arthrobacter, Aspergillus, Azospirillum, Azotobacter, Bacillus, Beijerinckia, Burkholderia, Enterobacter, Erwinia, Flavobacterium, Gluconoacetobacter, Haloarcula, Herbaspirillum, Methylobacterium, Paenibacillus, Pantoea, Penicillium, Piriformospora, Planomonospora, Pseudomonas, Rhizobium, Serratia and Streptomyces. These PGP microbes could be used as biofertilizers/bioinoculants at place of chemical fertilizers for sustainable agriculture. The aim of “Plant Microbiomes for Sustainable Agriculture” is to provide the current developments in the understanding of microbial diversity associated with plant systems in the form of rhizospheric, endophytic and epiphytic. The book is useful to scientist, research and students related to microbiology, biotechnology, agriculture, molecular biology, environmental biology and related subjects.

Current Trends in Microbial Biotechnology for Sustainable Agriculture
Author : Ajar Nath Yadav
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9811569495
Pages : 329 pages
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Microbial Endophytes
Author : Charles W. Bacon,James White
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2000-02-25
ISBN 10 : 9780824788315
Pages : 500 pages
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Examining intercellular infections in certain plant species that lead to a symbiotic relationship between the host and its endophytic microbes, this volume demonstrates the ability of many types of endosymbionts, acting as a unit with hosts to better survive, compete and reproduce. Practical applications of such endophytes are also discussed, for example, pharmaceutical developments and agricultural management.

Microbial Root Endophytes
Author : Barbara J.E. Schulz,Christine J.C. Boyle,Thomas N. Sieber
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2007-05-24
ISBN 10 : 3540335269
Pages : 367 pages
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This is the first book dedicated to the interactions of non-mycorrhizal microbial endophytes with plant roots. The phenotypes of these interactions can be extremely plastic, depending on environmental factors, nutritional status, genetic disposition and developmental stages of the two partners. This book explores diversity, life history strategies, interactions, applications in agriculture and forestry, methods for isolation, cultivation, and both conventional and molecular methods for identification and detection of these endophytes.

Microbial Biotechnology
Author : Bhima Bhukya,Anjana Devi Tangutur
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2017-03-16
ISBN 10 : 1771883332
Pages : 448 pages
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The new volume takes an interdisciplinary look at current technical challenges and recent developmental trends in microbial biotechnology. It covers an avalanche of new information available through research by focusing on a broad spectrum of issues on different microorganisms and their recent applications and implications in agriculture, soil science and forestry, industry, and public health and medicine. Microbes present in our immediate environment have a direct or indirect influence leading to either a harmful or beneficial effect. Microbial Biotechnology: Technological Challenges and Developmental Trends is divided into four major sections that focus on Part I: Antimicrobial Agents: Role and Applications in Medicine and Health Care Part II: Role of Microorganisms in Agriculture and Plant Biotechnology Part III: Microbial Enzymes and Their Potential Industrial Applications Part IV: Microorganisms in Environment: Role and Industrial Applications Topic include organic chemistry, biomass conversion, optimal production processes for different microbes, screening methods, and application of omics approaches such as (meta) genomics, proteomics, and metabolomics, or other biotechnology tools, to provide a deeper understanding of the microbial-based new and emerging products, trends, processes, and technologies. The chapters present unbiased original research results on microbes by incorporating case studies wherever appropriate. Providing research findings applicable to the development of new methodologies, applications, and technologies, the book will be a valuable resource for people working in various fields of microbiology.

Improvement of Crops in the Era of Climatic Changes
Author : Parvaiz Ahmad,Mohd Rafiq Wani,Mohamed Mahgoub Azooz,Lam-Son Phan Tran
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-11-12
ISBN 10 : 1461488303
Pages : 397 pages
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Current trends in population growth hint that global food production is unlikely to gratify future demands under predicted climate change scenarios unless the rates of crop improvement are accelerated. Crop production faces numerous challenges, due to changing environmental conditions and evolving needs for new plant-derived materials. These challenges come at a time when the plant sciences are witnessing remarkable progress in understanding fundamental processes of plant growth and development. Drought, heat, cold and salinity are among the major abiotic stresses that often cause a series of morphological, physiological, biochemical and molecular alterations which adversely affect plant growth, development and productivity, consequently posing a serious challenge for sustainable food production in large parts of the world, particularly in emerging countries. This emphasizes the urgency of finding better ways to translate new advances in plant science into concrete successes in agricultural production. To overcome the pessimistic influence of abiotic stresses and to maintain the food security in the face of these challenges, new, improved and tolerant crop varieties, contemporary breeding techniques, and cavernous understanding of the mechanisms that counteract detrimental climate changes are indubitably needed to sustain the requisite food supply. In this context, Improvement of Crops in the Era of Climatic Changes, Volume 1 provides a state-of-the-art guide to recent developments that aid in the understanding of plant responses to abiotic stresses and lead to new horizons vis-à-vis prime strategies for translating current research into applied solutions to create strong yields and overall crop improvement under such unfavourable environments. Written by a diverse group of internationally famed scholars, Improvement of Crops in the Era of Climatic Changes, Volume 1 is a brief yet all-inclusive resource that is immensely advantageous for researchers, students, environmentalists, soil scientists, professionals, and many others in the quest of advancement in this flourishing field of research.

Microorganisms for Sustainable Environment and Health
Author : Pankaj Chowdhary,Abhay Raj,Digvijay Verma,Yusuf Akhter
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-07-21
ISBN 10 : 0128190043
Pages : 534 pages
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Microorganisms for Sustainable Environment and Health covers hazardous pollutants released from natural as well as anthropogenic activities and implications on environmental and human health. This book serves as a valuable source of basic knowledge and recent developments in the clean technologies and pollution-associated diseases and abnormalities in the context of microorganisms. Focused on current solutions to various environmental problems in the field of bioremediation, it provides a detailed knowledge on the various types of toxic environmental pollutants discharged from different sources, their toxicological effects in environments, humans, animals and plants as well as their biodegradation and bioremediation approaches. This book helps environmental scientists and microbiologists learn about existing environmental problems and suggests ways to control or contain their effects by employing various treatment approaches. Provides information on waste treatment approaches using microbes Includes applications in biofuel and bioenergy production Covers green belt development, hydroponics, phytoremediation, wetland treatment technology, and common effluent treatment plants (CETPs) Discusses dissemination of antibiotic resistance among pathogenic microbes and strategies to combat multi-drug resistance (MDR)

Microbiology
Author : Nina Parker,OpenStax,Mark Schneegurt,AnhHue Thi Tu,Brian M. Forster,Philip Lister
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2016-05-30
ISBN 10 : 9781938168147
Pages : 1301 pages
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"Microbiology covers the scope and sequence requirements for a single-semester microbiology course for non-majors. The book presents the core concepts of microbiology with a focus on applications for careers in allied health. The pedagogical features of the text make the material interesting and accessible while maintaining the career-application focus and scientific rigor inherent in the subject matter. Microbiology's art program enhances students' understanding of concepts through clear and effective illustrations, diagrams, and photographs. Microbiology is produced through a collaborative publishing agreement between OpenStax and the American Society for Microbiology Press. The book aligns with the curriculum guidelines of the American Society for Microbiology."--BC Campus website.

Seed Endophytes
Author : Satish Kumar Verma,James Francis White, Jr
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2019-04-05
ISBN 10 : 3030105040
Pages : 507 pages
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This book focuses on the importance and roles of seed microbiomes in sustainable agriculture by exploring the diversity of microbes vectored on and within seeds of both cultivated and non-cultivated plants. It provides essential insights into how seeds can be adapted to enhance microbiome vectoring, how damaged seed microbiomes can be assembled again and how seed microbiomes can be conserved. Plant seeds carry not only embryos and nutrients to fuel early seedling growth, but also microbes that modulate development, soil nutrient acquisition, and defense against pathogens and other stressors. Many of these microbes (bacteria and fungi) become endophytic, entering into the tissues of plants, and typically exist within plants without inducing negative effects. Although they have been reported in all plants examined to date, the extent to which plants rely on seed vectored microbiomes to enhance seedling competitiveness and survival is largely unappreciated. How microbes function to increase the fitness of seedlings is also little understood. The book is a unique and important resource for researchers and students in microbial ecology and biotechnology. Further, it appeals to applied academic and industrial agriculturists interested in increasing crop health and yield.

Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR): Prospects for Sustainable Agriculture
Author : R. Z. Sayyed,M. S. Reddy,Sarjiya Antonius
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2019-06-27
ISBN 10 : 9811367906
Pages : 334 pages
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Sustainable increase in agricultural production while keeping the environmental quality, agro-ecosystem function and biodiversity is a real challenge in current agricultural practices. Application of PGPR can help in meeting the expected demand for increasing agricultural productivity to feed the world’s booming population. Global concern over the demerits of chemicals in agriculture has diverted the attention of researchers towards sustainable agriculture by utilizing the potential of Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR). Use of PGPR as biofertilizers, biopesticides, soil, and plant health managers has gained considerable agricultural and commercial significance. The book Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR): Prospects for Sustainable Agriculture has contributions in the form of book chapter from 25 eminent global researchers, that discusses about the PGPRs and their role in growth promotion of various crop plants, suppression of wide range of phytopathogens, their formulation, effect of various factors on growth and performance of PGPR, assessment of diversity of PGPR through microsatellites and role of PGPR in mitigating biotic and abiotic stress.This book will be helpful for students, teachers, researchers, and entrepreneurs involved in PGPR and allied fields. The book will be highly useful to researchers, teachers, students, entrepreneurs, and policymakers.