This book is aimed to cover the phylogenetic and functional ecology with special reference to ecological shifts. I hope this book may benefit the students, fellow professors, and resource managers studying plant sciences. Since the topics stated in this book are not new but the issues and technologies mentioned were new to me, I expect that they will be new and equally advanced for the readers too. I encourage the readers to get out into the field to identify plants and to dig out the anthropogenic and social activities effecting plants to come along with the development of plant ecology; to rise and serve the topic of the enormous number of plants facing extinction; and to relish themselves and make some effort to contribute something to the world.
|Author||: R.N. Kharwar,R.S. Upadhyay,N.K. Dubey,Richa Raghuwanshi|
|Release Date||: 2014-06-11|
|ISBN 10||: 8132218019|
|Pages||: 610 pages|
The roles of microbes in agriculture, industry and environment have been the point of interest since long time for their potential exploitation. Although only a fraction of microbial diversity was accessed by microbiologists earlier for harnessing them owing to limited techniques available. The molecular techniques have opened new vistas to access the wide field of the unexplored microbes and their exploitation for useful genes and novel metabolites. Sincere efforts have been made in biotechnology using microbes leading to improve our life with respect to agriculture and people health. This comprehensive volume covers different aspects of microbial biotechnology and its management in sustainable agriculture for food security and improved human health. The book comprises four sections: Endophytes and Mycorrhizae, Microbial Diversity and Plant Protection, Microbial Functions and Biotechnology, and Microbes and the Environment, which contain 53 chapters. The book examines the aspects on endophytes and mycorrhizae, bioactive compounds, growth promoting microorganisms, disease management with emphasis on biocontrol, genetics of disease resistance, microbial enzymes, advances in potential of microbes and their industrial as well as pharmaceutical applications. In addition, the use of botanicals, and the etiology and management of medicinal and aromatic plants in the post harvest management have been reviewed in greater depth for the benefit of teaching and research community. The biotechnological developments using microbe potential have enabled us combat the environment and human health problems worldwide in ecofriendly manner. We are sure that this volume will be highly useful to all those concerned with fungi, bacteria, viruses and their biology, including environmental and public health officers and professionals in the field of interest. The volume is an exhaustive coverage of almost all the aspects of microbial biology and biotechnology.
Recent progress in plant molecular biology has revolutionized seed technology. With the enhancement of the classical properties of seeds by genetic engineering, we have seeds that produce esoteric oils, plastics, novel starches, and more. Emerging work on seed proteins, their genes - and our understanding of seed biosynthesis - has increased enormously. Seed Technology and Its Biological Basis covers the most current advances in seed development and regulation. Edited by a renowned seed biologist with a team assembled from the most respected laboratories worldwide, Seed Technology and Its Biological Basis illustrates the commercial value of seeds as a major resource. The editors provide a sweeping overview of the current state-of-the-art in seed technology and its biological basis. The book is invaluable to researchers and professionals in both the industrial and academic sectors. The chapter authors come from such institutions as: University of Reading, United Kingdom University of Bristol, United Kingdom Washington State University, Pullman, USA University of California, Berkeley, USA CSIRO, Canberra City, Australia University of Calgary, Canada The Ohio State University, USA Germains, King's Lynn, United Kingdom BC Research, Vancouver, Canada Haywards Heath, West Sussex, United Kingdom
|Author||: Dhananjaya Pratap Singh,Harikesh Bahadur Singh,Ratna Prabha|
|Release Date||: 2016-02-22|
|ISBN 10||: 813222647X|
|Pages||: 343 pages|
How to achieve sustainable agricultural production without compromising environmental quality, agro-ecosystem function and biodiversity is a serious consideration in current agricultural practices. Farming systems’ growing dependency on chemical inputs (fertilizers, pesticides, nutrients etc.) poses serious threats with regard to crop productivity, soil fertility, the nutritional value of farm produce, management of pests and diseases, agro-ecosystem well-being, and health issues for humans and animals. At the same time, microbial inoculants in the form of biofertilizers, plant growth promoters, biopesticides, soil health managers, etc. have gained considerable attention among researchers, agriculturists, farmers and policy makers. The first volume of the book Microbial Inoculants in Sustainable Agricultural Productivity - Research Perspectives highlights the efforts of global experts with regard to various aspects of microbial inoculants. Emphasis is placed on recent advances in microbiological techniques for the isolation, characterization, identification and evaluation of functional properties using biochemical and molecular tools. The taxonomic characterization of agriculturally important microorganisms is documented, along with their applications in field conditions. The book exploresthe identification, characterization and diversity analysis of endophytic microorganisms in various crops including legumes/ non-legumes, as well as the assessment of their beneficial impacts in the context of promotingplant growth. Moreover, it provides essential updates onthe diversity and role of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) and arbuscular mycorrhizal mycorrhizal fungi (AMF). Further chaptersexamine in detailbiopesticides, thehigh-density cultivation of bioinoculants in submerged culture, seed biopriming strategies for abiotic and biotic stress tolerance, andPGPR as abio-control agent. Given its content,the book offers a valuable resource for researchers involved in research and development concerningPGPR, biopesticides and microbial inoculants.
New Challenges in Seed Biology - Basic and Translational Research Driving Seed Technology combines different aspects of basic and translational research in seed biology. A collection of eight chapters written by seed biology experts from the field of seed physiology, ecology, molecular biology, biochemistry, and seed technology was gathered. We hope that this book will attract the attention of researchers and technologists from academia and industry, providing points for interactive and fruitful discussion on this fascinating topic.
Sound formulation is a vital aspect of microbial products used to protect plants from pests and diseases and to improve plant performance. Formulation of Microbial Biopesticides is an in-depth treatment of this vitally important subject. Written by experts and carefully edited, this important title brings together a huge wealth of information for the first time within the covers of one book. The book is broadly divided into five sections, covering principles of formulation, organisms with peroral and contact modes of action, organisms with the power of search, and future trends. Each section contains comprehensive chapters written by internationally acknowledged experts in the areas covered; the book also includes three very useful appendices, cataloguing formulation additives, spray application criteria and terminology. This outstanding book is a vitally important reference work for anyone involved in the formulation of microbial biopesticides and should find a place on the shelves of agriculture and plant scientists, microbiologists and entomologists working in academic and commercial agrochemical situations, and in the libraries of all research establishments and companies where this exciting subject is researched, studied or taught.
V. 1: microbial processes. V. 2: fermentation technology.
The basis of biocontrol (in microbiology, ecology and plantpathology) is described and many examples of control measures in commercial use or development are given
|Author||: Anthony R. M. Coates|
|Publisher||: Cambridge University Press|
|Release Date||: 2003-06-02|
|ISBN 10||: 9781139437844|
|Pages||: 329 pages|
All cellular life-forms can exist in replicating and non-replicating states. Organisms replicate only when the conditions are beneficial, and when not replicating they concentrate on survival of these environmental stresses. Many bacteria, harmful to humans, survive the period of infection in a low growth state. This 2003 book addresses the basic science of microbial dormancy and low growth states, putting this in the context of human medicine. Such fundamental topics as bacterial growth and non-growth, culturability and viability are covered, as well as survival of the host's immune response, and inter-bacterial signalling. Following this introduction, more medically focused topics are discussed, namely antibiotic resistance arising during stationary phase, biofilms, the bacteria which cause gastric ulcers and tuberculosis as the classic persistent bacterial infection. This book will interest graduate students and researchers in medical microbiology, immunology and infectious disease medicine who are interested in bacterial dormancy in relation to disease.
The suggestion for a symposium on microbial ecology was first put forward by Professor J.A.R. Miles in 1972. After gaining support from the New Zealand Microbiological Society and the Royal Society of New Zealand. a national committee with international represen tatives and a local committee were formed. Sponsorship was obtained from UNEP, UNESCO, ICRO and IOMS. IUBS and ICOME and the culmina tion was the First International Microbial Ecology Symposium in 1977 attended by over 400 scientists from 30 countries. Certain facets of microbial ecology have been studied for over a century, but the recognition of microbial ecology as a discipline has come relatively recently. The National Committee decided that all aspects of microbial ecology should be discussed at the Sym posium. The local organising committee, therefore. invited papers on the ecology of microorganisms and viruses associated with plants and animals, as well as microorganisms associated with soil and water and with general environmental problems. Of the 240 papers presented. only a selection is published here. It is hoped that they will be of interest particularly to those who could not attend. The vol ume stands as a tribute to the fore sight of John Miles in instigating the symposium and who retires this year from the Microbiology Department of the University of Otago where he has had a distinguished career. May his interest in microbial ecology long continue.
|Author||: Emad Shalaby|
|Publisher||: BoD – Books on Demand|
|Release Date||: 2017-01-11|
|ISBN 10||: 9535128590|
|Pages||: 328 pages|
Marine organisms have been under research for the last decades as a source for different active compounds with various biological activities and application in agriculture, pharmacy, medicine, environment, and industries. Marine polysaccharides from these active compounds are used as antibacterial, antiviral, antioxidant, anti-inflammation, bioremediations, etc. During the last three decades, several important factors that control the production of phytoplankton polysaccharides have been identified such as chemical concentrations, temperature, light, etc. The current book includes 14 chapters contributed by experts around the world; the chapters are categorized into three sections: Marine Polysaccharides and Agriculture, Marine Polysaccharides and Biological Activities, and Marine Polysaccharides and Industries.
Horticultural Reviews present state-of-the-art reviews on topics in horticultural sciences. The emphasis is on applied topics including the production of fruits, vegetables, nut crops, and ornamental plants of commercial importance. It is a serial that appears in the form of one hardbound volume per year.
|Author||: R C Ray|
|Publisher||: CRC Press|
|Release Date||: 2006-01-10|
|Pages||: 570 pages|
Annotation In agriculture, microbial biotechnology covers a wide array of subjects ranging from biofertilizers to biological control of pests and diseases; from biological N2-fixation to lignocellulose degradation; from production of biomass and biofuels to genetically engineered plants. Similarly, microbial biotechnology in aquaculture touches several aspects such as biofilms, bioprocessing of biomaterials (metabolites, enzymes, proteins, exopolysaccharides, etc.), application of biofertilizers, probiotics, bio-remediation of contaminated water, etc. This book is an attempt to highlight the significant aspects of the vast subject area like application of microbial biotechnology in agriculture and aquaculture.
|Release Date||: 1993|
|Pages||: 306 pages|
Advances in Microbial Ecology was established by the International Com mittee on Microbial Ecology (ICOME) as a vehicle for the publication of critical reviews selected to reflect current trends in the ever-expanding field of microbial ecology. Most of the chapters found in Advances in Microbial Ecology have been solicited by the Editorial Board. Individuals are encouraged, however, to submit outlines of unsolicited contributions to any member of the Editorial Board for consideration for inclusion in a subsequent volume of Advances. Contributions are expected to be in depth, even provocative, reviews of topical interest relating to the ecology of microorganisms. With the publication of Volume 8 of Advances we welcome to the panel of contributors Martin Alexander, the founding editor of this series, who discusses the range of natural constraints on nitrogen fixation in agri cultural ecosystems. Ecological aspects of cellulose degradation are dis cussed by L. G. Ljungdahl and K. -E. Eriksson, and of heavy metal responses in microorganisms by T. Duxbury. In his chapter, A. Lee con siders the gastrointestinal tract as an ecological system, and comments on the possibility of manipulating this system. The complex interactions among aerobic and anaerobic sulfur-oxidizing bacteria are discussed in terms of natural habitats and chemostat culture by J. G. Kuenen, L. Rob ertson, and H. van Gemerden. Finally, J. A. Robinson presents the advantages and limitations in the use of nonlinear regression analysis in determining microbial kinetic parameters in ecological situations. K. C. Marshall, Editor R. M. Atlas B. B.
Socity benefits from microorganismsin man ways. They are necessarfor the production of breads, cheese, bear, antibiotics, vaccines, vitamins, enzymes and many other important products. Microorganisms are indispensible components of our ecosystems. Indeed moderen biotechnology rests upon a solid mocrobiological foundation.