Microbial Pesticides: Biological Resources, Production and Application provides a concise and accessible introduction on the history of microbial pesticides, their impact on global ecology, human society and economies, as well as a thorough and tangible description of the state-of-the-art technologies available for the production, application, limitations and long–term viability of these bio-products. Information is listed per biological group (i.e., virus, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, microsporidia and microbial metabolites), and is supported by sound scientific data. The book is copiously illustrated, with original pictures clarifying the most common techniques and protocols utilized in microbiological biocontrol technology. Finally, images of all biological active ingredients currently used in commercially produced formulations, as well as laboratory developed formulations, are illustrated and listed in detailed tables for prompt access. Provides a concise and accessible introduction to the history of microbial pesticides and their impact on global ecology, human society and economies Offers a thorough and tangible description of state-of-the-art technologies surrounding the production, application, limitations and long-term viability of bio-products Reports current regulatory measures and protocols used to assess host range and collateral impact(s) of microbial formulations based on virus, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, microsporidia and microbial metabolites Features lists by biological group (i.e., virus, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, microsporidia and microbial metabolites) Links sound scientific data and concise, accessible language
Biological pesticides are increasingly finding therr place in IPM and increasing numbers of products are making therr way to the marketplace. Particularly in China, Latin America and Australia, implementation is proceeding on a large scale. However, in the USA and Europe, registration procedures for insect pathogens to be used for insect control have been established that requrre low levels of risk, resulting in costs of retarding the implementation of microbial agents. This book provides a review of the state of the art of studies on the envrronmental impact of microbial insecticides. It originates from a Society for Invertebrate Pathology Microbial Control Division Symposium .. Assessment of envrronmental safety of biological insecticides", organised in collaboration with the EU-ERBIC research project (FAIR5-CT97-3489). This symposium was initiated by Heikki Hokkanen and Chris Lomer, and was held at the SIP Annual Meeting in 2001 in The Netherlands. The emphasis in this book is on large scale use of microbial agents for insect control, demonstrating how this use has been proceeding with minimal envrron mental impact. This book is intended to be of use to regulatory authorities in determining whether further studies in eertain areas are necessary and how to conduct them if needed, or whether sufficient information has been collected already to permit fuH registration of many of these biological control agents.
|Author||: Vijay Veer,Reji Gopalakrishnan|
|Release Date||: 2016-02-15|
|ISBN 10||: 8132227042|
|Pages||: 258 pages|
This book looks closely at herbal product development and commercialisation. In spite of an ever-growing demand, there is a dearth of safe and effective herbal products that meet consumers’ expectations. Therefore, this book takes it upon itself to elaborate on the development process of herbal insecticides, repellents and biomedicines from a commercialisation point of view. The introductory chapters deal with the various strategies for disease vector control and provide an overview of herbal biomedicines. The subsequent chapter describes plants with mosquito larvicidal activity, including a comprehensive list of lethal concentrations against different mosquito species. The chapter on Himalayan plants discusses potential botanical insecticide sources and their chemical constituents before delving into the topic of natural insecticides of microbial origin and their efficacy against mosquitoes. Plant-derived insecticides belonging to different chemical classes and the extraction, purification and characterisation of bioactive compounds are illustrated, as well. The recent technological advances in the formulation of microbial, biochemical and botanical insecticides are also reviewed. Three chapters focus on important medicinal plants useful for treating human ailments, with special reference to the traditional healing practices of northeastern India. This is followed by a chapter on the production, use and safety of biopharmaceuticals and edible, plant-based vaccines. The intellectual property issues related to herbal products in India including patents, trademarks, geographical indications, trade secrets and traditional knowledge resources are plainly examined. The book ends with a chapter on the herbal product registration process in India, wherein the data requirements for registration, clinical efficacy trials, toxicity studies, quality control, packaging and labelling are clearly explained. In conclusion, this book is a step-by-step guide for the development of safe, effective and commercially viable herbal insecticides, repellents and biomedicines.
Special edition of the Federal Register, containing a codification of documents of general applicability and future effect ... with ancillaries.
|Author||: Mary Jane Angelo|
|Release Date||: 2016-03-03|
|ISBN 10||: 1317026179|
|Pages||: 364 pages|
Although concerns over the ecological impacts of pesticides gave rise to the environmental movement of the late 1960s and 1970s, since that time, pesticide use and its effects have been largely ignored by the law and by legal scholars. This book addresses this omission by providing a unique and serious treatment of the significance of pesticide issues in environmental law and takes an ecological perspective on the legal issues. Dealing with a wide range of questions relating to pests and pesticides, the book focuses primarily on agricultural pesticide use as the largest contaminator in the US. It also examines the legacy of past pesticide use and analyzes how recent developments in ecological science can inform the law and increase our understanding of ecology. Interdisciplinary in its approach, the book will be of interest to academics, lawyers, scientists and environmental and agricultural professionals.
|Author||: Lawrence P. Abrahamson|
|Release Date||: 1973|
|Pages||: 3 pages|
Modern agriculture is being transformed by the genetic alteration of seeds, animals, and microorganisms, a process that has produced such products as Flavr Savr tomatoes and crops resistant to specific insects or herbicides. Agricultural Biotechnology and the Environment is the first comprehensive overview of the ongoing transformation of agriculture, exploring the impact of genetic engineering from scientific, social, ethical, and ecological perspectives. Sheldon Krimsky and Roger Wrubel detail the impact the new generation of products is expected to have on agricultural practice and the environment and assess the degree to which current trends in biotechnology match earlier expectations. They also analyze the social and political response to innovations resulting from genetic technology.
Registration requirements and safety considerations for microbial pest control agents; Ecological overview: potential impact of microbial insecticides; Safety of microbial insecticides to vertebrates; Safety of microbial insecticides to nontarget invertebrates.
Annotation Papers from the Eighth Symposium on [title] held in Bal Harbour, FL, Oct. 1987. Twenty-three contributions present the latest in the field in both scientific (academic) and applied (industrial) technology. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.
|Publisher||: OECD Publishing|
|Release Date||: 2014-09-03|
|ISBN 10||: 9264221778|
|Pages||: 88 pages|
This Best Practices Guidance addresses compliance and enforcement issues as they relate to pesticides and associated health and environmental risks. The objective of this document is to provide guidance for promoting and monitoring compliance and for assessing and mitigating risks of non-compliance.
Introductory remarks. Bacterial pesticides. Viral pesticides. Fungus pathogens as pesticides. Biocontrol by protozoa pathogens. Microbial herbicides. Registration of microbial and viral pesticides.
Biotechnology has a significant impact on both medicine and agriculture. With the introduction of new products to the marketplace, the safety of those products is of paramount importance. New safety evaluation strategies are now employed to ensure that the consumer is adequately protected. This book describes those strategies and addresses some of
|Author||: Doris F. Paris|
|Release Date||: 1975|
|Pages||: 45 pages|
Analytical Methods for Pesticides, Plant Growth Regulators, and Food Additives, Volume 1: Principles, Methods, and General Applications provides information on analytical techniques useful for the determination of pesticides, plant growth regulators, and food additives. The book discusses the potential hazard of minute residues to human and animal health; the principles of formulation and residue analyses; and the principles of food additive analysis. The text also describes the extraction and clean-up procedures; and the principles of toxicological testing methods. The methods for pesticide analysis in meat products; and the formulation and residue analysis in government laboratories are also considered. The book further tackles other methods, such as spectrophotometric methods, chromatography, isotope methods, enzymatic methods; and bioassay. Agricultural toxicologists and people studying pesticides and food additives will find the text invaluable.
|Author||: James R. Fuxa|
|Release Date||: 1998|
|Pages||: 329 pages|
|Publisher||: OECD Publishing|
|Release Date||: 2014-09-03|
|ISBN 10||: 9264221646|
|Pages||: 51 pages|
This document examines the establishment of acceptable limits of microbiological contamination in microbial pest control products.
Association between insects and nonpathogenic mocroorganisms. Amicrobial and microbial agents. Bacterial infections. Bacillaceae. Other bacterial infections. DNA-viral infections. Baculoviridae. Other DNA-viralinfections. RNA-viral infections: Reoviridae. Other RNA-viral infections. Fungal infections. Protozoan infections: zoomastigina, rhizopoda, and ciliophora. Protozoan infectiosn: apicomplexa, microspora. Nematodes, nematomorphs, and plantyhelminthes. Host resistance. Microbial control. Epizootiology.
|Author||: Francis A. Gunther|
|Publisher||: Springer Science & Business Media|
|Release Date||: 2012-12-06|
|ISBN 10||: 146126197X|
|Pages||: 144 pages|
Worldwide concern in scientific, industrial, and governmental com munities over traces of toxic chemicals in foodstuffs and in both abiotic and biotic environments has justified the present triumvirate of specialized publications in this field: comprehensive reviews, rapidly published progress reports, and archival documentations. These three publications are integrated and scheduled to provide in international communication the coherency essential for nonduplicative and current progress in a field as dynamic and complex as environmentaI contamination and toxicology. Until now there has been no journal or other publication series reserved exclusively for the diversified literature on "toxic" chemicals in our foods, our feeds, our geographical surroundings, our domestic animals, our wild life, and ourselves. Around the world immense efforts and many talents have been mobilized to technical and other evaluations of natures, locales, magnitudes, fates, and toxicology of the persisting residues of these chemicals loosed upon the world. Among the sequelae of this broad new emphasis has been an inescapable need for an articulated set of authorita tive publications where one could expect to find the latest important world literature produced by this emerging area of science together with documentation of pertinent ancillary legislation.