micro and nanostructured composite materials for neutron shielding applications

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Micro and Nanostructured Composite Materials for Neutron Shielding Applications
Author : Sajith Thottathil Abdulrahman,Sabu Thomas,Zakiah Ahmad
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2020-06-30
ISBN 10 : 0128194626
Pages : 450 pages

Micro- and Nanostructured Composite Materials for Neutron Shielding Applications presents recent developments and future possibilities for neutron shielding materials. Emphasis is placed on the correlation between the morphology, shielding mechanisms, and other desired properties, including their mechanical and thermal properties. The effect of neutron absorbing fillers, including their size on final properties is also examined, as are recent advancements in preparation, characterization and simulation techniques. Written by specialists in their respective fields, this comprehensive resource will help professionals and students understand the fundamentals of neutron shielding, as well as the properties of micro- and nanopolymer-based composites, concrete materials, alloy materials and metal-ceramic composites. Provides an up-to-date understanding of the fundamentals of shielding mechanisms, morphology and material property correlations Covers a broad range of micro and nano composite materials for neutron shielding Discusses recent advances surrounding the synthesis and processing of nanostructures and nanocomposite materials

Nanostructured Materials for the Detection of CBRN
Author : Janez Bonča,Sergei Kruchinin
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-07-11
ISBN 10 : 9402413049
Pages : 352 pages

This book includes topics in nanophysics, nanotechnology, nanomaterials, sensors, biosensors, security systems, and CBRN agents detection. There have been many significant advances in the past two years and some entirely new directions of research are just opening up. Recent developments in nanotechnology and measurement techniques now allow experimental investigation of the physical properties of nanostructured materials. The book presents new methods for the detection of chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) agents using chemical and biochemical sensors. Identification, protection and decontamination are the main scientific and technological responses for the modern challenges of CBRN agents.

Physics, Chemistry and Applications of Nanostructures
Author : Viktor Evgen?evich Borisenko
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2011
ISBN 10 : 9814343900
Pages : 631 pages

This book presents invited reviews and original short notes of recent results obtained in studies concerning the fabrication and application of nanostructures, which hold great promise for the new generation of electronic and optoelectronic devices. Governing exciting and relatively new topics such as fast-progressing nanoelectronics and optoelectronics, molecular electronics and spintronics, nanophotonics, nanosensorics and nanobiology as well as nanotechnology and quantum processing of information, this book gives readers a more complete understanding of the practical uses of nanotechnology and nanostructures.

Recent Trends on Electromagnetic Environmental Effects for Aeronautics and Space Applications
Author : Nikolopoulos, Christos D.
Publisher : IGI Global
Release Date : 2020-11-27
ISBN 10 : 1799848809
Pages : 285 pages

Electromagnetic compatibility and regulatory compliance issues are subjects of great importance in electronics engineering. Avoiding problems regarding an electronic system's operation, while always important, is especially critical in space missions and satellite structures. Many problems can be traced to EM field disturbances as interference from unintended sources and other electromagnetic phenomena. As a result, stringent requirements are to be met in terms of electromagnetic emissions levels. The inclusion of this electromagnetic environment in the design of a multimillion mission can lead to a system that is able to withstand whatever challenge the environment throws at it. Failure to do so may lead to important data corruption or loss, destruction of expensive instruments, waste of resources, and even a total mission failure. Research in this area focuses on the studying of the applications of electromagnetic compatibility and electromagnetic interference in the space industry. Recent Trends on Electromagnetic Environmental Effects for Aeronautics and Space Applications will provide relevant theoretical frameworks and the latest empirical research findings in electromagnetic compatibility and electromagnetic interference (EMC/EMI) for the aerospace industry. This book examines all the necessary information for all matters that can possibly affect the system design of a spacecraft and can be a useful reference to space system engineers and more. While highlighting topics such as artificial intelligence, electromagnetic testing, environmental shielding, and EMC modelling techniques, this book is ideal for professionals, spacecraft designers, science and data processing managers, electrical and mechanical engineers, EMC testing engineers, and researchers working in the aerospace industry along with practitioners, researchers, academicians, and students looking for necessary information for all the matters that can possibly affect the system design of a spacecraft.

Engineering Technologies for Renewable and Recyclable Materials
Author : Jithin Joy,Maciej Jaroszewski,Praveen K.M.,Sabu Thomas,Reza Haghi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2018-10-03
ISBN 10 : 1351377515
Pages : 324 pages

This new resource focuses on many recent advances in recycling and reuse of materials, outlining basic tools and novel approaches. It covers such important issues as e-waste recycling, bio-mass recycling, vermitechnology, recovery of metals, polymer recycling, environmental remediation, waste management, recycling of nanostructured materials, and more. Also included is coverage of new research in the use of laser spectroscopy, pyrolysis, and recycled biomaterials for biomedical applications.

Nanostructured Materials for Engineering Applications
Author : Carlos P. Bergmann,Monica Jung de Andrade
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2011-08-28
ISBN 10 : 3642191312
Pages : 173 pages

This book gives an introduction to nanostructured materials and guides the reader through their different engineering applications. It addresses the special phenomena and potentials involved in the applications without going into too much scientific detail of the physics and chemistry involved, which makes the reading interesting for beginners in the field. Materials for different applications in engineering are described, such as those used in opto-electronics, energy, tribology, bio-applications, catalysis, reinforcement and many more. In each application chapter, the reader will learn about the phenomena involved in the application, the nanostructured materials used in the field and their processing, besides finding some practical examples of their use in laboratories and in industry.The clear language and the application-oriented perspective of the book makes it suitable for both engineers and students who want to learn about applications of nanostructured materials in Engineering.

Nanotechnology-Driven Engineered Materials
Author : Sabu Thomas,Yves Grohens,Nandakumar Kalarikkal,Oluwatobi Samuel Oluwafemi,Praveen K.M.
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2018-09-03
ISBN 10 : 1351592572
Pages : 24 pages

Nanostructured materials are emerging as a new class of materials that exhibit unique microstructures and enhanced mechanical performance. As an outcome of this, these materials have attracted considerable attention in scientific communities all over the world. There is continuous research to facilitate product development, thereby improving product quality and reliability in industry. This volume is devoted to novel architectures at the nano-level with an emphasis on new synthesis and characterization methods. Special emphasis is given to new applications of nanostructures and nanocomposites in various fields, such as nano-electronics, energy conversion, catalysis, drug delivery and nano-medicine. The chapters are divided into sections focusing on: Nanoparticles Assembly and Nanostructured Materials Nanocomposites Properties Nanostructured Materials for Biomedical Applications

Chemical Abstracts
Author : N.A
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2002
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 329 pages

Modern Physical Chemistry: Engineering Models, Materials, and Methods with Applications
Author : Reza K. Haghi,Emili Besalu,Maciej Jaroszewski,Sabu Thomas,Praveen K.M.
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2018-09-03
ISBN 10 : 1351389645
Pages : 488 pages

This volume brings together innovative research, new concepts, and novel developments in the application of new tools for chemical engineers. It presents significant research, reporting on new methodologies and important applications in the field of chemical engineering. Highlighting theoretical foundations, real-world cases, and future directions, this book covers selected topics in a variety of areas, including: chemoinformatics and computational chemistry advanced dielectric materials nanotechniques polymer composites It also presents several advanced case studies. The topics discussed in this volume will be valuable for researchers, practitioners, professionals, and students of chemistry material and chemical engineering.

Physical Chemistry for Engineering and Applied Sciences
Author : A. K. Haghi,Cristobal Noe Aguilar Gonzalez,Sabu Thomas,Praveen K. M
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2018-07-03
ISBN 10 : 1351613936
Pages : 430 pages

This new volume, Physical Chemistry for Engineering and Applied Sciences: Theoretical and Methodological Implications, introduces readers to some of the latest research applications of physical chemistry. The compilation of this volume was motived by the tremendous increase of useful research work in the field of physical chemistry and related subjects in recent years, and the need for communication between physical chemists, physicists, and biophysicists. This volume reflects the huge breadth and diversity in research and the applications in physical chemistry and physical chemistry techniques, providing case studies that are tailored to particular research interests. It examines the industrial processes for emerging materials, determines practical use under a wide range of conditions, and establishes what is needed to produce a new generation of materials. The chapter authors, affiliated with prestigious scientific institutions from around the world, share their research on new and innovative applications in physical chemistry. The chapters in the volume are divided into several areas, covering developments in physical chemistry of modern materials polymer science and engineering nanoscience and nanotechnology

Structural Composite Materials
Author : F. C. Campbell
Publisher : ASM International
Release Date : 2010
ISBN 10 : 1615031405
Pages : 612 pages

This book deals with all aspects of advanced composite materials; what they are, where they are used, how they are made, their properties, how they are designed and analyzed, and how they perform in-service. It covers both continuous and discontinuous fiber composites fabricated from polymer, metal, and ceramic matrices, with an emphasis on continuous fiber polymer matrix composites.

Applications of Nanocomposite Materials in Orthopedics
Author : Dr Inamuddin,Abdullah M. Asiri,Ali Mohammad
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2018-11-09
ISBN 10 : 0128137576
Pages : 328 pages

Applications of Nanocomposite Materials in Orthopedics provides a solid understanding of recent developments in the field of nano-composites used in orthopedics. The book covers joint replacement, the load bearing capability of fractured bones, bone soft tissue regeneration, hard tissue replacement, artificial bone grafting, bone repair, bone tissue transplantations, and related topics, thus helping readers understand how to resolve problems associated with bone fracture and orthopedic surgery. A variety of nanocomposite materials are discussed, with their properties and preparation methods given. Outlines the use of nanotechnology for bone tissue transplantation Describes nanocomposites for bone grafting and artificial bones, also including their properties Includes discussions on tissue engineering of bone and tissue regeneration and transplantation Describes many composite materials and their preparation methods

Vibrational Spectroscopy with Neutrons
Author : Philip C H Mitchell,Stewart F Parker,Anibal J Ramirez-Cuesta,John Tomkinson
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2005-06-15
ISBN 10 : 9814482005
Pages : 668 pages

' Inelastic neutron scattering (INS) is a spectroscopic technique in which neutrons are used to probe the dynamics of atoms and molecules in solids and liquids. This book is the first, since the late 1960s, to cover the principles and applications of INS as a vibrational-spectroscopic technique. It provides a hands-on account of the use of INS, concentrating on how neutron vibrational spectroscopy can be employed to obtain chemical information on a range of materials that are of interest to chemists, biologists, materials scientists, surface scientists and catalyst researchers. This is an accessible and comprehensive single-volume primary text and reference source. Contents:The Theory of Inelastic Neutron Scattering SpectroscopyInstrumentation and Experimental MethodsInterpretation and Analysis of Spectra Using Molecular ModellingAnalysis of INS SpectraDihydrogen and HydridesSurface Chemistry and CatalysisOrganic and Organometallic CompoundsHydrogen BondingSoft Condensed Matter — Polymers and BiomaterialsNon-Hydrogenous Materials and CarbonVibrational Spectroscopy with Neutrons — The Future Readership: Users and potential users of neutron scattering spectroscopy (academics, staff of neutron scattering institutes, researchers and graduate students); solid state vibrational spectroscopists. Keywords:Inelastic Neutron Scattering;Vibrational Spectroscopy;Hydrogen;Solid State;Density Functional Theory;Hydrogen Bonding;Water;Proton;Polymer;Biominerals;Phosphate;Catalyst;Zeolite;Sulfide;Cross SectionKey Features:Acquaints the reader with the basic concepts of neutron scatteringOffers an insight into how theory and experiment connect in the interpretation of INS scattering dataShows how useful information can be extracted from experimental dataDescribes studies of dihydrogen and its compounds using INS spectroscopyProvides a comprehensive listing of compounds and materials studied by INSReviews:“This book provides a very good account of the principles and applications of Inelastic Neutron Scattering (INS) as a vibrational spectroscopic technique, without assuming a high level of background knowledge. It is a piece of work factually novel and done properly, which meets the needs of graduate students as well as both users and potential users of inelastic neutron spectroscopy at academic and research institutions. On the whole the book is quite clearly written, the subject matter rather well developed and the applications of the INS well described in a wide range of materials and problems.”Notiziario Neutroni e Luce di Sincrotrone '

Applied Physics and Material Applications II
Author : Witthaya Mekhum,Narong Sangwaranatee,Anat Thapinta,Prungsak Attaphut,Pichet Limsuwan,Hong Joo Kim,Mitra Djamal,Jakrapong Kaewkhao
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release Date : 2016-01-25
ISBN 10 : 3035701679
Pages : 808 pages

Selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2nd International Conference on Applied Physics and Material Applications (ICAPMA 2015), May 28-30, 2015, Pattaya, Thailand

Gold Nanoparticles
Author : Mohammed Muzibur Rahman,Abdullah Mohammed Asiri
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2019-02-13
ISBN 10 : 1789849985
Pages : 170 pages

Gold Nanoparticles - Reaching New Heights contains recent research on the preparation, characterization, fabrication, and potential of optical and biological applications of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). It is promising novel research that has received a lot of interest over the last few decades. It covers advanced topics on optical, physical, medicinal, and biological applications of AuNPs. Development of green nanotechnology is generating the interest of researchers towards the synthesis of eco-friendly, safe, non-toxic applications, which can be used for manufacture at a large scale. These are simple, cost-effective, stable, enduring, and reproducible aqueous room temperature synthesis applications to obtain the self-assembly of AuNPs. This potentially unique work offers various approaches to R

Nanocomposite Science and Technology
Author : Pulickel M. Ajayan,Linda S. Schadler,Paul V. Braun
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2006-03-06
ISBN 10 : 3527605177
Pages : 239 pages

In recent years, nanocomposites have captured and held the attention and imagination of scientists and engineers alike. Based on the simple premise that by using a wide range of building blocks with dimensions in the nanosize region, it is possible to design and create new materials with unprecedented flexibility and improvements in their physical properties. This book contains the essence of this emerging technology, the underlying science and motivation behind the design of these structures and the future, particularly from the perspective of applications. It is intended to be a reference handbook for future scientists and hence carries the basic science and the fundamental engineering principles that lead to the fabrication and property evaluation of nanocomposite materials in different areas of materials science and technology.

Silicon-Based Nanomaterials
Author : Robert W. Kelsall
Publisher : MDPI
Release Date : 2019-06-18
ISBN 10 : 3039210424
Pages : 94 pages

Silicon has been proven to be remarkably resilient as a commercial electronic material. The microelectronics industry has harnessed nanotechnology to continually push the performance limits of silicon devices and integrated circuits. Rather than shrinking its market share, silicon is displacing “competitor” semiconductors in domains such as high-frequency electronics and integrated photonics. There are strong business drivers underlying these trends; however, an important contribution is also being made by research groups worldwide, who are developing new configurations, designs, and applications of silicon-based nanoscale and nanostructured materials. This Special Issue features a selection of papers which illustrate recent advances in the preparation of chemically or physically engineered silicon-based nanostructures and their application in electronic, photonic, and mechanical systems.

Advanced Polymeric Materials for Sustainability and Innovations
Author : Sajith Thottathil,Sabu Thomas,Nandakumar Kalarikkal,Didier Rouxel
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2018-10-01
ISBN 10 : 135159205X
Pages : 370 pages

This informative volume discusses recent advancements in the research and development in synthesis, characterization, processing, morphology, structure, and properties of advanced polymeric materials. With contributions from leading international researchers and professors in academic, government and industrial institutions, Advanced Polymeric Materials for Sustainability and Innovations has a special focus on eco-friendly polymers, polymer composites, nanocomposites, and blends and materials for traditional and renewable energy. In this book the relationship between processing-morphology-property applications of polymeric materials is well established. Recent advances in the synthesis of new functional monomers has shown strong potential in generating better property polymers from renewable resources. Fundamental advances in the field of nanocomposite blends and nanostructured polymeric materials in automotive, civil, biomedical and packaging/coating applications are the highlights of this book.

International Aerospace Abstracts
Author : N.A
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 1999
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 329 pages

Polymer Composites and Nanocomposites for X-Rays Shielding
Author : It Meng Low,Nurul Zahirah Noor Azman
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-01-03
ISBN 10 : 9811398100
Pages : 127 pages

This book focuses on the processing, materials design, characterisation, and properties of polymer composites and nanocomposites for use as electromagnetic radiation shielding materials and to enhance radiation shielding capacity in order to meet the safety requirements for use in medical X-ray imaging facilities. It presents an in-depth analysis of materials synthesis methods such as melt-mixing, ion-implantation, solution casting and electrospinning. In addition, it measures the X-ray attenuation behaviour of fabricated composites and nanocomposites in four major types of X-ray equipment, namely general radiography, mammography, X-ray absorption spectroscopy and X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy units. Given its scope, the book will benefit researchers, engineers, scientists and practitioners in the fields of medical imaging, diagnostic radiology and radiation therapy.