methods of therapeutic drug monitoring including pharmacogenetics

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Methods of Therapeutic Drug Monitoring Including Pharmacogenetics
Author : Georg Hempel
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2019-10-17
ISBN 10 : 0444640673
Pages : 380 pages
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Methods of Therapeutic Drug Monitoring Including Pharmacogenetics, Second Edition, Volume Seven in the Handbook of Analytical Separations series, covers all aspects of drug monitoring, including laboratory work, pharmacokinetic analysis and clinical aspects, thus enabling readers from different fields to understand the whole process of therapeutic drug monitoring and how to avoid common pitfalls. The book contains analytical techniques for the quantification of drugs, along with pharmacogenetic and pharmacogenomic methods. Also included are updates on sample preparation, including dried blood spot technology and microextraction methods. In addition, the book includes new drugs, such as tyrosine kinase inhibitors and the monitoring of immunosuppressant drugs. Presents a unique, interdisciplinary approach that appeals to a wide range of users Written by authors from international labs, providing a global perspective that can be applied in various regulatory environments Features additional therapeutic drugs to reflect the rising number of immunocompromised patients Includes a new mass spectroscopic methods chapter to capture the frequent use in TDM and the improved availability of LC-MS across laboratories

Therapeutic Drug Monitoring Data
Author : Amitava Dasgupta,Matthew Krasowski
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-09-14
ISBN 10 : 0128158506
Pages : 382 pages
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Therapeutic Drug Monitoring Data: A Concise Guide, Fourth Edition serves as a ready resource of information on commonly monitored drugs that will help readers make decisions relating to the monitoring and interpretation of results. It is an easy-to-read source of information on intended use, pharmacokinetics, therapeutic range, and toxic concentrations, as well as bioavailability, disposition, metabolism and the excretion of commonly monitored therapeutic drugs. This fully updated fourth edition includes sections on new anticonvulsants, anti-depressant and anti-HIV drugs, new drugs for advanced cancer treatment, and thoroughly updated chapters that address new pitfalls and problems in the lab. Serves as a ready resource of information for commonly monitored drugs Presents a useful, quick guide for those making decisions related to monitoring and interpretation of results Provides concise, easily digestible content for clinical laboratory scientists, toxicologists and clinicians

Handbook of Drug Monitoring Methods
Author : Amitava Dasgupta
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2007-10-23
ISBN 10 : 1588297802
Pages : 445 pages
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In Handbook of Drug Monitoring Methods: Therapeutics and Drug Abuse, authors discuss the different analytical techniques used in today’s practice of therapeutic drug monitoring and drugs of abuse as well as alcohol testing with relevant theory, mechanism, and in-depth scientific discussion on each topic. This volume is the perfect handbook and quick reference for any clinical laboratory, allowing clinicians to find the potential source of a false-positive or a false-negative result in the daily operation of a toxicology laboratory. At the same time, this book can also be used as a reference for medical technologists, supervisors, laboratory directors, clinical chemists, toxicologists, and pathologists to find in-depth cause of a potential interference and what tests can be ordered to circumvent such problem. The volume’s first half focuses on various issues of therapeutic drug monitoring. Additional chapters cover analysis of heavy metals, alcohol testing, and issues of drugs of abuse testing. These chapters are written by experts in their relative sub-specialties and also by the editor. Comprehensive and timely, Handbook of Drug Monitoring Methods: Therapeutics and Drug Abuse is the ideal text for clinicians and researchers monitoring alcohol and drug testing and other important tasks of toxicological laboratory services.

Drug Monitoring and Clinical Chemistry
Author : Georg Hempel
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2004-05-15
ISBN 10 : 0080530540
Pages : 378 pages
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Drug Monitoring and Clinical Chemistry, the 5th volume in the Handbook of Analytical Separations series, gives an overview about methods to analyse drugs in biological fluids. The most widely used methods to analyse drugs in biological fluids. i.e. chromatographic methods, CE and immunoassays are described in detail. For important drugs, an overview about the methods available and a comparison of the techniques should be given to enable the reader to choose the right method depending on laboratory equipment, staff, the aim of the investigation etc. Other general aspects important for conducting therapeutic drug monitoring or pharmacokinetics studies are also covered, i.e. sample preparation, validation of the analytical methods and pharmacokinetic methods for interpreting the data. Areas where therapeutic drug monitoring is used frequently such as antibiotics, immunosuppressant drugs, antipsychotic and anticancer drugs will be discussed in detail. In addition, the important field of phenotyping and genotyping for therapy optimisation with special focus on real-life applications is also covered. The book contains important information for analyst working on drug analysis in clinical chemistry, hospital pharmacists involved in therapeutic drug monitoring, other pharmacists, chemists or physicians working on pharmacokinetic studies in industry or academia. In contrast to other books in this field, this book provides up-to-date information regarding both methodology and clinical applications. For the applications, only fields are described where therapeutic drug monitoring is used in clinical routine and provides benefit to the patients. Overview of all important field where therapeutic drug monitoring is applied All relevant analytical and computational methods are discussed Written by experts with a lot of practical experience in the field

Personalized Immunosuppression in Transplantation
Author : Michael Oellerich,Amitava Dasgupta
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-08-08
ISBN 10 : 0128011335
Pages : 316 pages
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Personalized Immunosuppression in Transplantation: Role of Biomarker Monitoring and Therapeutic Drug Monitoring provides coverage of the various approaches to monitoring immunosuppressants in transplant patients, including the most recently developed biomarker monitoring methods, pharmacogenomics approaches, and traditional therapeutic drug monitoring. The book is written for pathologists, toxicologists, and transplant surgeons who are involved in the management of transplant patients, offering them in-depth coverage of the management of immunosuppressant therapy in transplant patients with the goal of maximum benefit from drug therapy and minimal risk of drug toxicity. This book also provides practical guidelines for managing immunosuppressant therapy, including the therapeutic ranges of various immunosuppressants, the pitfalls of methodologies used for determination of these immunosuppressants in whole blood or plasma, appropriate pharmacogenomics testing for organ transplant recipients, and when biomarker monitoring could be helpful. Focuses on the personalized management of immunosuppression therapy in individual transplant patients Presents information that applies to many areas, including gmass spectrometry, assay design, assay validation, clinical chemistry, and clinical pathology Provides practical guidelines for the initial selection and subsequent modifications of immunosuppression therapy in individual transplant patients Reviews the latest research in biomarker monitoring in personalizing immunosuppressant therapy, including potential new markers not currently used, but with great potential for future use Explains how monitoring graft-derived, circulating, cell free DNA has shown promise in the early detection of transplant injury in liquid biopsy

Pharmacogenomics in Clinical Therapeutics
Author : Loralie J. Langman,Amitava Dasgupta
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2012-01-09
ISBN 10 : 1119959586
Pages : 400 pages
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Pharmacogenomics is the basis of personalized medicine which will be the medicine of the future. Through both reducing the numbers of adverse drug reactions and improving the use of existing drugs in targeted populations, pharmacogenomics represents a real advance on traditional therapeutic drug monitoring. Pharmacogenomics in Clinical Therapeutics provides an introduction to the principles of pharmacogenomics before addressing the pharmacogenomic aspects of key therapeutic areas such as warfarin therapy, cancer chemotherapy, therapy with immunosuppressants, antiretroviral therapy, and psychoactive drugs. It also includes methods of pharmacogenomic testing and the pharmacogenomic aspects of drug–drug interactions. From a team of expert contributors, Pharmacogenomics in Clinical Therapeutics is a comprehensive overview of the current state of pharmacogenomics in pharmacotherapy for all clinicians, pharmacologists and clinical laboratory professionals. It is also a guide for practicing clinicians and health care professionals to the basic principles of pharmacogenomics, laboratory tests currently available to aid clinicians, and the future promise of this developing field.

Applied Pharmacokinetics
Author : William E. Evans,Jerome J. Schentag,William J. Jusko
Publisher : Applied Therapeutics, Incorporated
Release Date : 1992
ISBN 10 : 9780915486151
Pages : 1202 pages
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The Third Edition of Applied Pharmacokinetics remains the gold standard by which all other clinical pharmacokinetics texts are measured. Written by leading pharmacokinetics researchers and practitioners, this book is the most advanced kinetics reference available. All chapters have been extensively updated or completely rewritten for this edition, and six new chapters have been added on pharmacodynamics, pharmacogenetics, pharmacokinetic considerations in the obese, dietary influences on drug disposition, zidovudine, and corticosteroids. Each chapter is tightly focused on the most important concepts and issues. Chapters on specific drugs are organized in a consistent format for quick, easy information retrieval. Major subheadings include Clinical Pharmacokinetics, Pharmacodynamics, Clinical Application of Pharmacokinetic Data, Analytical Methods, and Prospectus.

Handbook of Analytical Therapeutic Drug Monitoring and Toxicology (1996)
Author : Steven H.Y. Wong,Irving Sunshine
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2017-11-22
ISBN 10 : 1351364278
Pages : 366 pages
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Adapting modern advances in analytical techniques to daily laboratory practices challenges many toxicologists, clinical laboratories, and pharmaceutical scientists. The Handbook of Analytical Therapeutic Drug Monitoring and Toxicology helps you keep abreast of the innovative changes that can make your laboratory - and the studies undertaken in it - a success. This volume simplifies your search for appropriate techniques, describes recent contributions from leading investigators, and provides valuable evaluations and advice.

Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
Author : Amitava Dasgupta
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2012
ISBN 10 : 0123854679
Pages : 459 pages
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Therapeutic Drug Monitoring: Newer Drugs and Biomarkers features timely topics such as the monitoring of classical and newer drugs, pharmacogenomics and the application of biomarkers in therapeutic drug monitoring. This reference also discusses the limitations of current commercially available immunoassays for therapeutic monitoring. It presents new and sophisticated techniques used for proper determination of blood levels and the clinical utility of therapeutic drug monitoring of contemporary drugs. Written by leading international experts and geared toward clinical pathologists, toxicologists, clinical chemists, laboratory professionals and physicians, this book is an essential resource on the current practice of therapeutic drug monitoring in improving patient safety. Includes both the technical and clinical issues associated with therapeutic drug monitoring. Discusses the utility of therapeutic drug monitoring of newer drugs such as antiretroviral agents, anticonvulsants, antidepressants etc. Provides up-to-date information on issues in pharmacogenomics and personalized medicine with emphasis on therapy with warfarin, certain anticancer drugs and antidepressants. Covers important content on the limitations of commercially available immunoassays (chemical tests) for therapeutic drug monitoring and additional analytical techniques.

Handbook of Drug Monitoring Methods
Author : Amitava Dasgupta
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2007-10-05
ISBN 10 : 1597450316
Pages : 446 pages
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Written in a handbook style with specific methods and tips on eliminating false positive and false negative results, this book is a practical guide to the detailed mechanisms of such occurrences.

Resolving Erroneous Reports in Toxicology and Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
Author : Amitava Dasgupta
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2012-07-02
ISBN 10 : 1118347854
Pages : 472 pages
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The tools for detecting false positives, false negatives, and interference in interactions when testing and monitoring therapeutic drug use For physicians monitoring a patient's progress, efficacy of treatment is often linked to a patient's response to medication. Determining whether a patient is taking the prescribed amount, the drug or dosage is effective, or the prescribed medication is interacting with other drugs can be determined through drug testing. Written as a guide for toxicologists, chemists, and health professionals involved in patient care, Resolving Erroneous Reports in Toxicology and Therapeutic Drug Monitoring provides an up-to-date introduction to the tests and methodologies used in a toxicology lab as well as the sources of testing error that can lead to false positives, false negatives, and unreliable conclusions of drug abuse or under use. Covering a host of common therapeutic drugs as well as specific types of interference in immunoassays used in drug testing, the book details a number of possible testing scenarios and problems as well as solutions: False positive results in immunoassays for drugs in abuse testing Interferences in immunoassays used for monitoring anticonvulsants, tricyclic antidepressants, and digoxin False positive alcohol tests using breath analyzers and automated analyzers When a toxicology report is negative in a suspected overdose patient: the world of designer drugs Effects of drug-herb interactions on therapeutic drug monitoring Pharmacogenomics and the general principles of genetic analysis Approaches for eliminating interference/discordant specimen in therapeutic drug monitoring and drugs in abuse testing What to do in case there is no readily available method for testing Complete with easy-to-read tables and flowcharts, this book helps toxicologists, clinical chemists, clinical pathologists, and forensic pathologists develop accurate, unbiased drug monitoring and toxicology reports. Health care professionals involved in patient care, especially of critically ill patients, will find this guide indispensable in making sure lab tests are reliable enough to provide high-quality care. An indispensable handbook to the entire suite of toxicology lab tests, as well as all the possible sources of testing error, Resolving Erroneous Reports in Toxicology and Therapeutic Drug Monitoring offers clear remedies for eliminating and preventing testing error.

New Antiepileptic Drugs
Author : Francesco Pisani
Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
Release Date : 1991
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 196 pages
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The pharmacological fight against epilepsy began many centuries ago when Hippocrates discovered that the cause of epilepsy is natural, as opposed to supernatural and, as a consequence, must be treated with a natural remedy. Even though science has significantly progressed since that era, the challenge to find remedies for epilepsy is ever present. The aim of this particular volume is to offer an up-to-date review of the most recent advances in antiepileptic drug development, considered from various viewpoints: (i) general, by taking into account the size of refractory epilepsy and its related problems; (ii) experimental, by exploring the mechanisms of epileptogenesis and the possiblility of influencing it through drugs, and (iii) clinical, by describing the results obtained with compounds currently at an advanced stage of testing.

Individualized Drug Therapy for Patients
Author : Roger W Jelliffe,Michael Neely
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2016-11-15
ISBN 10 : 0128033495
Pages : 434 pages
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Individualized Drug Therapy for Patients: Basic Foundations, Relevant Software and Clinical Applications focuses on quantitative approaches that maximize the precision with which dosage regimens of potentially toxic drugs can hit a desired therapeutic goal. This book highlights the best methods that enable individualized drug therapy and provides specific examples on how to incorporate these approaches using software that has been developed for this purpose. The book discusses where individualized therapy is currently and offers insights to the future. Edited by Roger Jelliffe, MD and Michael Neely, MD, renowned authorities in individualized drug therapy, and with chapters written by international experts, this book provides clinical pharmacologists, pharmacists, and physicians with a valuable and practical resource that takes drug therapy away from a memorized ritual to a thoughtful quantitative process aimed at optimizing therapy for each individual patient. Uses pharmacokinetic approaches as the tools with which therapy is individualized Provides examples using specific software that illustrate how best to apply these approaches and to make sense of the more sophisticated mathematical foundations upon which this book is based Incorporates clinical cases throughout to illustrate the real-world benefits of using these approaches Focuses on quantitative approaches that maximize the precision with which dosage regimens of potentially toxic drugs can hit a desired therapeutic goal

Clinical Chemistry, Immunology and Laboratory Quality Control
Author : Amitava Dasgupta,Amer Wahed
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2013-12-02
ISBN 10 : 0124079350
Pages : 504 pages
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All pathology residents must have a good command of clinical chemistry, toxicology, immunology, and laboratory statistics to be successful pathologists, as well as to pass the American Board of Pathology examination. Clinical chemistry, however, is a topic in which many senior medical students and pathology residents face challenges. Clinical Chemistry, Immunology and Laboratory Quality Control meets this challenge head on with a clear and easy-to-read presentation of core topics and detailed case studies that illustrate the application of clinical chemistry knowledge to everyday patient care. This basic primer offers practical examples of how things function in the pathology clinic as well as useful lists, sample questions, and a bullet-point format ideal for quick pre-Board review. While larger textbooks in clinical chemistry provide highly detailed information regarding instrumentation and statistics, this may be too much information for students, residents, and clinicians. This book is designed to educate senior medical students, residents, and fellows, and to "refresh" the knowledge base of practicing clinicians on how tests are performed in their laboratories (i.e., method principles, interferences, and limitations). Takes a practical and easy-to-read approach to understanding clinical chemistry and toxicology Covers all important clinical information found in larger textbooks in a more succinct and easy-to-understand manner Covers essential concepts in instrumentation and statistics in such a way that fellows and clinicians understand the methods without having to become specialists in the field Includes chapters on drug-herb interaction and pharmacogenomics, topics not covered by textbooks in the field of clinical chemistry or laboratory medicine

Psychiatric Genetics
Author : Thomas Schulze,Francis McMahon
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2018-04-06
ISBN 10 : 0190221992
Pages : 329 pages
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Psychiatrists and other mental health professionals are increasingly confronted with questions about the genetics of psychiatric illness, and the clinical applications of new genetic findings. Psychiatric Genetics: A Primer for Clinical and Basic Scientists addresses these questions through a straightforward introduction to the essentials of psychiatric genetics, complementing more comprehensive textbooks that may seem overwhelming for those new to the field. Written and edited by leaders in the field and the International Society of Psychiatric Genetics (ISPG), the book covers basic epidemiology, recruitment for human studies, phenotyping strategies, formal genetic and molecular genetic studies, statistical genetics, bioinformatics and genomics, pharmacogenetics, the most relevant animal models, and biobanking. Each chapter begins with a list of "take home" points that summarizes content, followed by a brief overview of current knowledge and suggestions for further reading. This Primer is ideal for medical students, psychiatric residents, psychiatrists, and basic neuroscience researchers who are interested in learning about the key concepts and recent advances in the exciting field of psychiatric genetics.

Antidepressants: Past, Present and Future
Author : Sheldon H. Preskorn,Christina Y. Stanga,John P. Feighner,Ruth Ross
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
ISBN 10 : 3642185002
Pages : 615 pages
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A comprehensive review of the current status of antidepressants - how we arrived at this point in their evolution and where we are going in both the near and the long term. It employs both a scientific and historical approach to accomplish these goals. This volume is intended for practitioners who use antidepressants on a daily basis in their practice as well as for the student and researcher. Each will find that it provides a comprehensive and logical approach to this important group of medications. This book is being published as we mark the end of the first 50 years of the modern antidepressant era.

Pharmacogenetics, Kinetics, and Dynamics for Personalized Medicine
Author : David F. Kisor,Professor of Pharmacokinetics Chair Department of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences Ohio Northern University Raabe College of Pharmacy David F Kisor,Michael D. Kane,Jon E. Sprague,Jeffery N. Talbot
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Publishers
Release Date : 2013-02-01
ISBN 10 : 1449633943
Pages : 330 pages
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Pharmacogenetics, Kinetics, and Dynamics for Personalized Medicine provides a primer to understand pharmacogenetics (the study of genetic factors that influence how a drug works) in the applied context of pharmacokinetics (how the body handles a drug) and pharmacodynamics (the effects of a drug on the body). This valuable foundation illuminates how these principles and scientific advances can create optimal individual patient care, that is, personalized medicine. Through specific drug examples, this resource explores how the genetic constitution of an individual may lead to the need for an altered dose or in some cases alternative drug therapy. Real-world cases highlight the specific relationships between genetics, drug action, and the body s response as well as adverse drug reactions, altered metabolism, and drug efficacy. Ethical issues concerning pharmacogenomics and study design are also discussed in this concise overview."

Clinical Challenges in Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
Author : William Clarke,Amitava Dasgupta
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2016-07-21
ISBN 10 : 0128020520
Pages : 376 pages
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Clinical Challenges in Therapeutic Drug Monitoring: Special Populations, Physiological Conditions and Pharmacogenomics focuses on critical issues in therapeutic drug monitoring including special requirements of therapeutic drug monitoring important to special populations (infants and children, pregnant women, elderly patients, and obese patients). The book also covers issues of free drug monitoring and common interferences in using immunoassays for therapeutic drug monitoring. This book is essential reading for any clinician, fellow, or trainee who wants to gain greater insight into the process of therapeutic drug monitoring for individual dosage adjustment and avoiding drug toxicity for certain drugs within a narrow therapeutic window. The book is written specifically for busy clinicians, fellows, and trainees who order therapeutic drug monitoring and need to get more familiar with testing methodologies, issues of interferences, and interpretation of results in certain patient populations. Offers busy clinicians, pathologists, and trainees a concise resource on the key aspects and critical issues in therapeutic drug monitoring Focuses on patient populations such as infants and children, pregnant women, elderly patients, and obese patients, who have special requirements in therapeutic drug monitoring Explores special topics in therapeutic drug monitoring including free drug monitoring and common immunoassay interference Explains how individual dosage adjustments can prevent drug toxicity for certain drugs within a narrow therapeutic window

IBD Management - Novel Targets and Therapeutic Perspectives
Author : Luca Antonioli,Barbara Romano,Corrado Blandizzi,Matteo Fornai
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release Date : 2020-05-28
ISBN 10 : 2889637719
Pages : 329 pages
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Update on Hepatitis C
Author : Martina Smolic,Aleksandar Vcev,George Wu
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2017-10-04
ISBN 10 : 9535135635
Pages : 238 pages
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In the past few years, remarkable progress has been made in our understanding of HCV biology, pathogenesis of infection, and structure-function relationships. This has led to quantum advances in clinical efficacy and tolerability. Yet, in spite of this amazing progress, there remain obstacles to widespread successful treatment. These issues include biological failures even with direct-acting agents, lack of options for individual with organ failures, drug-drug interactions, access to medications either due to lack of availability or affordability, and psychiatric and social issues. These problems are likely to remain in the future. Therefore, this book has been created by distinguished faculties from around the world to address the progress in our understanding of HCV infection and to review new treatment options, limitations, and accessibility of new therapeutic options.