This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Metallic Glasses" that was published in Metals
Bulk metallic glasses are a new emerging field of materials with many desirable and unique properties. These amorphous materials have many diverse applications from structural applications to biomedical implants. This book provides a complete overview of bulk metallic glasses. It covers the principles of alloy design, glass formation, processing, atomistic modeling, computer simulations, mechanical properties and microstructures.
Reflecting the fast pace of research in the field, the Second Edition of Bulk Metallic Glasses has been thoroughly updated and remains essential reading on the subject. It incorporates major advances in glass forming ability, corrosion behavior, and mechanical properties. Several of the newly proposed criteria to predict the glass-forming ability of alloys have been discussed. All other areas covered in this book have been updated, with special emphasis on topics where significant advances have occurred. These include processing of hierarchical surface structures and synthesis of nanophase composites using the chemical behavior of bulk metallic glasses and the development of novel bulk metallic glasses with high-strength and high-ductility and superelastic behavior. New topics such as high-entropy bulk metallic glasses, nanoporous alloys, novel nanocrystalline alloys, and soft magnetic glassy alloys with high saturation magnetization have also been discussed. Novel applications, such as metallic glassy screw bolts, surface coatings, hyperthermia glasses, ultra-thin mirrors and pressure sensors, mobile phone casing, and degradable biomedical materials, are described. Authored by the world’s foremost experts on bulk metallic glasses, this new edition endures as an indispensable reference and continues to be a one-stop resource on all aspects of bulk metallic glasses.
Metallic glasses and their crystal/glass composites find ever more applications in such fields as mini transformers, microelectromechanical devices, pressure sensors, precision surgical instruments, biological implants and sportive goods (springs, diaphragms, membranes, knife blades, electromagnetic wave shields, optical mirrors, power inductors, Coriolis flow meters, etc.). The book reviews recent research and suggests future developments, e.g. in the area of dual-phase composite/hybrid materials. Keywords: Metallic Glasses, Crystal/Glass Composites, Dual-phase Composite/Hybrid Materials, Supercooled Liquid, Devitrification, Magnetic Materials, Microelectromechanical Devices, Pressure Sensors, Orthopedic Screws, Precision Instruments, Biological Implants, Electromagnetic Wave Shields, Optical Mirrors, Power Inductors, Coriolis Flow Meters.
Metallic glasses are very promising engineering and functional materials due to their unique mechanical, chemical, and physical properties, attracting increasing attention from both scientific and industrial communities. However, their practical applications are greatly hindered due to three main problems: dimensional limit, poor tension plasticity, and difficulty in machining and shaping. Therefore, further investigation of these issues is urgently required. This book provides readers with recent achievements and developments in the properties and processing of metallic glasses, including mainly thermoplastic forming of metallic glasses (Chapter 2), atomic-level simulation of mechanical deformation of metallic glasses (Chapter 3), metallic glass matrix composites (Chapter 4), and tribo-electrochemical applications of metallic glasses (Chapters 5 and 6).
|Author||: M. Yamasaki|
|Publisher||: The Electrochemical Society|
|Release Date||: 2009-03-01|
|ISBN 10||: 1566777070|
|Pages||: 95 pages|
The papers included in this issue of ECS Transactions were originally presented in the symposium ¿Corrosion and Electrochemical Properties of Bulk Metallic Glasses and Nano-Crystalline Materials¿, held during the PRiME 2008 joint international meeting of The Electrochemical Society and The Electrochemical Society of Japan, with the technical cosponsorship of the Japan Society of Applied Physics, the Korean Electrochemical Society, the Electrochemistry Division of the Royal Australian Chemical Institute, and the Chinese Society of Electrochemistry. This meeting was held in Honolulu, Hawaii, from October 12 to 17, 2008.
|Author||: Baran Sarac|
|Release Date||: 2015-03-12|
|ISBN 10||: 3319130331|
|Pages||: 89 pages|
This thesis consists of an in-depth study of investigating microstructure-property relationships in bulk metallic glasses using a novel quantitative approach by which influence of the second phase features on mechanical properties can be independently and systematically analyzed. The author evaluates and optimizes the elastic and plastic deformation, as well as the overall toughness of cellular honeycombs under in-plane compression and porous heterostructures under uniaxial tension. The study reveals three major deformation zones in cellular metallic glass structures, where deformation changes from collective buckling showing non-linear elasticity to localized failure exhibiting a brittle-like deformation, and finally to global sudden failure with negligible plasticity as the length to thickness ratio of the ligaments increases. The author found that spacing and size of the pores, the pore configuration within the matrix, and the overall width of the sample determines the extent of deformation, where the optimized values are attained for pore diameter to spacing ratio of one with AB type pore stacking.
In spite of the large amount of research activity in this subfield of materials science and engineering, there is no single book available that provides background information, methods of synthesis, characterization procedures, properties, and potential and existing applications.of bulk metallic glasses. Written in an easy-to-understand style by pioneering researchers in this field, Bulk Metallic Glasses is one of the first books to coherently discuss the synthesis, processing, properties, and applications of these unique materials. The book explores the differences between nanocrystalline, glassy, and amorphous solids as well as the thermodynamics and kinetics and various processing methods of glass formation. It critically compares the different criteria for glass formation, describes the advantages and limitations of experimental methods for synthesizing bulk metallic glasses in assorted sizes and shapes, and examines the kinetics of crystallization/devitrification and the mechanisms of transformations. It also covers the density, diffusivity, thermal expansion, electrical resistivity, specific heat, viscosity, corrosion resistance, mechanical behavior, and magnetic properties of bulk metallic glasses. After presenting a wide array of applications, the book concludes with a discussion on the future of these materials. The adoption of bulk metallic glasses into existing systems is besieged by many obstacles but due to their interesting combination of properties, future applications may be unlimited. A one-stop resource on all aspects of bulk metallic glasses, this book demonstrates the immense potential of these novel materials. It clearly elucidates the background, detailed methods of synthesis and characterization, structure, and properties of bulk metallic glasses.
|Author||: Bouhas Benbahi|
|Release Date||: 1988|
|Pages||: 329 pages|
The term "metallic glasses" is widely used to denote the amorphous alloys obtained by rapid quenching techniques. These materials are characterized by short range atom ordering without translational periodicity of the structure. Kinetic and thermodynamic metastability is one of the main characteristics generally related to metallic glasses, while their thermally induced microstructural transformations could result in deterioration or improvement of the functional properties. Due to their favorable magnetic, electrical, mechanical, and anti-corrosion properties, metallic glasses as new and attractive materials have found application in many areas of modern industries - electronics, construction industry, aerospace industry; as well as chemistry, biomedicine, and surgery.
Metallic Glass-Based Nanocomposites: Molecular Dynamics Study of Properties provides readers with an overview of the most commonly used tools for MD simulation of metallic glass composites and provides all the basic steps necessary for simulating any material on Materials Studio. After reading this book, readers will be able to model their own problems on this tool for predicting the properties of metallic glass composites. This book provides an introduction to metallic glasses with definitions and classifications, provides detailed explanations of various types of composites, reinforcements and matrices, and explores the basic mechanisms of reinforcement-MG interaction during mechanical loading. It explains various models for calculating the thermal conductivity of metallic glass composites and provides examples of molecular dynamics simulations. Aimed at students and researchers, this book caters to the needs of those working in the field of molecular dynamics (MD) simulation of metallic glass composites.
Mihai Stoica investigates in details the glass formation of two model alloys, [(Fe0.5Co0.5)0.75B0.2Si0.05]96Nb4 and Fe74Mo4P10C7.5B2.5Si2. More than 20 master alloys using different raw materials were prepared. Besides the typical calorimetry and X-Ray diffraction, magnetic measurements were employed to analyze the amorphicity degree of the sample. Two new bulk metallic glass-forming alloy compositions are designed and possible preparation routes are proposed.
This book presents a comprehensive and holistic study of microstrucure evoution during solidification and additive manufacturin.g Bulk metallic glasses and their composites have attracted a lot of attention lately in the scientific community owing to their excellent mechanical properties (combination of hardness, strength, and high elastic strain limit). However, they still lack toughness and tensile ductility and exhibit catastrophic failure upon tension. This can be overcome by various means, of which in situ introduction of ductile crystalline precipitates/phases during solidification proved to be the best. Various studies have been carried out in the last two decades, which explain this phenomenon. However, there is a gap on how this can be achieved in modern additive manufacturing exploiting inherent nature of process. This book aims to bridge this gap. A comprehensive and holistic study is presented, documenting the step-by-step evolution of these materials since their inception till date, explaining the development of toughness in them by modeling and simulation of microstructure evolution during solidification and additive manufacturing.
|Author||: Fengxiang Qin|
|Release Date||: 2011|
|Pages||: 329 pages|
Ti-Based Bulk Metallic Glasses for Biomedical Applications.
Rapidly Solidified Metals constitute today a rapidly multiplying species of metallic materials with excellent combinations of properties that make them attractive alternatives and often serious competitors to conventional alloys in diverse industrial applications.
Metallic glasses and amorphous materials have attracted much more attention in the last two decades. A noncrystalline solid produced by continuous cooling from the liquid state is known as a glass. From the other point of view, a noncrystalline material, obtained by any other process, for example, vapor deposition or solid-state processing methods such as mechanical alloying, but not directly from the liquid state, is referred to as an amorphous material. At this moment, bulk metallic glasses (BMG) are appearing as a new class of metallic materials with unique physical and mechanical properties for structural and functional usage. Extreme values of strength, fracture toughness, magnetic properties, corrosion resistance, and other properties have been registered in BMG materials.
This volume presents contributions by a galaxy of eminent scientists and technologists from the world over in broad spectrum of areas in materials science, providing a global perspective on complex issues of current concern and the direction of research in these areas.
An amorphous metal is a metallic material with a disordered atomic-scale structure. In contrast to most metals, which are crystalline and therefore have a highly ordered arrangement of atoms, amorphous alloys are non-crystalline. This new book presents and reviews research in the study of bulk metallic glasses.