metal oxide based nanostructured electrocatalysts for fuel cells electrolyzers and metal air batteries

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Metal Oxide-Based Nanostructured Electrocatalysts for Fuel Cells, Electrolyzers, and Metal-Air Batteries
Author : Teko Napporn,Yaovi Holade
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-11-15
ISBN 10 : 9780128184967
Pages : 550 pages

Metal Oxide-Based Nanostructured Electrocatalysts for Fuel Cells, Electrolyzers, and Metal-Air Batteries is a comprehensive book summarizing the recent overview of these new materials developed to date. The book is motivated by research that focuses on the reduction of noble metal content in catalysts to reduce the cost associated to the entire system. Metal oxides gained significant interest in heterogeneous catalysis for basic research and industrial deployment. Metal Oxide-Based Nanostructured Electrocatalysts for Fuel Cells, Electrolyzers, and Metal-Air Batteries puts these opportunities and challenges into a broad context, discusses the recent researches and technological advances, and finally provides several pathways and guidelines that could inspire the development of ground-breaking electrochemical devices for energy production or storage. Its primary focus is how materials development is an important approach to produce electricity for key applications such as automotive and industrial. The book is appropriate for those working in academia and R&D in the disciplines of materials science, chemistry, electrochemistry, and engineering. Includes key aspects of materials design to improve the performance of electrode materials for energy conversion and storage device applications Reviews emerging metal oxide materials for hydrogen production, hydrogen oxidation, oxygen reduction and oxygen evolution Discusses metal oxide electrocatalysts for water-splitting, metal-air batteries, electrolyzer, and fuel cell applications

Metal Oxide Powder Technologies
Author : Yarub Al-Douri
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-06-02
ISBN 10 : 0128175060
Pages : 446 pages

Metal Oxide Powder Technologies: Fundamentals, Processing Methods and Applications reviews the fundamentals, processing methods and applications of this key materials system. Topics addressed comprehensively cover chemical and physical properties, synthesis, preparation, both accepted and novel processing methods, modeling and simulation. The book provides fundamental information on the key properties that impact performance, such as particle size and crystal structure, along with methods to measure, analyze and evaluate. Finally, important applications are covered, including biomedical, energy, electronics and materials applications. Provides a comprehensive overview of key topics both on the theoretical side and the experimental Discusses important properties that impact metal oxide performance, processing methods (both novel and accepted), and important applications Reviews the most relevant applications, such as biomedical, energy, electronics and materials applications

Solution Processed Metal Oxide Thin Films for Electronic Applications
Author : Zheng Cui
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-06-11
ISBN 10 : 0128149310
Pages : 180 pages

Solution Processed Metal Oxide Thin Films for Electronic Applications discusses the fundamentals of solution processing materials chemistry techniques as they are applied to metal oxide materials systems for key device applications. The book introduces basic information (materials properties, materials synthesis, barriers), discusses ink formulation and solution processing methods, including sol-gel processing, surface functionalization aspects, and presents a comprehensive accounting on the electronic applications of solution processed metal oxide films, including thin film transistors, photovoltaic cells and other electronics devices and circuits. This is an important reference for those interested in oxide electronics, printed electronics, flexible electronics and large-area electronics. Provides in-depth information on solution processing fundamentals, techniques, considerations and barriers combined with key device applications Reviews important device applications, including transistors, light-emitting diodes, and photovoltaic cells Includes an overview of metal oxide materials systems (semiconductors, nanomaterials and thin films), addressing materials synthesis, properties, limitations and surface aspects

Cerium Oxide (CeO2): Synthesis, Properties and Applications
Author : Salvatore Scire,Leonardo Palmisano
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2019-08-21
ISBN 10 : 0128156627
Pages : 402 pages

Cerium Oxide (CeO2): Synthesis, Properties and Applications provides an updated and comprehensive account of the research in the field of cerium oxide based materials. The book is divided into three main blocks that deal with its properties, synthesis and applications. Special attention is devoted to the growing number of applications of ceria based materials, including their usage in industrial and environmental catalysis and photocatalysis, energy production and storage, sensors, cosmetics, radioprotection, glass technology, pigments, stainless steel and toxicology. A brief historical introduction gives users background, and a final chapter addresses future perspectives and outlooks to stimulate future research. The book is intended for a wide audience, including students, academics and industrial researchers working in materials science, chemistry and physics. Addresses a wide range of applications of ceria-based materials, including catalysis, energy production and storage, sensors, cosmetics and toxicology Provides the fundamentals of ceria-based materials, including synthesis methods, materials properties, toxicology and surface chemistry Includes nanostructured ceria-based materials and a discussion of future prospects and outlooks

Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) and Its Applications
Author : Francesco Parrino,Leonardo Palmisano
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-11-29
ISBN 10 : 0128204346
Pages : 730 pages

Scientific interest in TiO2-based materials has exponentially grown in the last few decades. Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) and Its Applications introduces the main physicochemical properties of TiO2 which are the basis of its applications in various fields. While the basic principles of the TiO2 properties have been the subject of various previous publications, this book is mainly devoted to TiO2 applications. The book includes contributions written by experts from a wide range of disciplines in order to address titanium dioxide's utilization in energy, consumer, materials, devices, and catalytic applications. The various applications identified include: photocatalysis, catalysis, optics, electronics, energy storage and production, ceramics, pigments, cosmetics, sensors, and heat transfer. Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) and Its Applications is suitable for a wide readership in the disciplines of materials science, chemistry, and engineering in both academia and industry. Includes a wide range of current and emerging applications of titanium dioxide in the fields of energy, consumer applications, materials, and devices Provides a brief overview of titanium dioxide and its properties, as well as techniques to design, deposit, and study the material Discusses the relevant properties, preparation methods, and other apposite considerations in each application-focused chapter

Gallium Oxide
Author : Stephen Pearton,Fan Ren,Michael Mastro
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2018-10-15
ISBN 10 : 0128145226
Pages : 507 pages

Gallium Oxide: Technology, Devices and Applications discusses the wide bandgap semiconductor and its promising applications in power electronics, solar blind UV detectors, and in extreme environment electronics. It also covers the fundamental science of gallium oxide, providing an in-depth look at the most relevant properties of this materials system. High quality bulk Ga2O3 is now commercially available from several sources and n-type epi structures are also coming onto the market. As researchers are focused on creating new complex structures, the book addresses the latest processing and synthesis methods. Chapters are designed to give readers a complete picture of the Ga2O3 field and the area of devices based on Ga2O3, from their theoretical simulation, to fabrication and application. Provides an overview of the advantages of the gallium oxide materials system, the advances in in bulk and epitaxial crystal growth, device design and processing Reviews the most relevant applications, including photodetectors, FETs, FINFETs, MOSFETs, sensors, catalytic applications, and more Addresses materials properties, including structural, mechanical, electrical, optical, surface and contact

Electrocatalysts for Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Evolution
Author : Abhijit Ray,Indrajit Mukhopadhyay,Ranjan Kumar Pati
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2018-12-05
ISBN 10 : 1789848121
Pages : 128 pages

The book starts with a theoretical understanding of electrocatalysis in the framework of density functional theory followed by a vivid review of oxygen reduction reactions. A special emphasis has been placed on electrocatalysts for a proton-exchange membrane-based fuel cell where graphene with noble metal dispersion plays a significant role in electron transfer at thermodynamically favourable conditions. The latter part of the book deals with two 2D materials with high economic viability and process ability and MoS2 and WS2 for their prospects in water-splitting from renewable energy.

Oxygen Reduction Reactions
Author : P. Kulesza,R. Mantz,V. Di Noto,W. Mustain,S. Mukerjee,P. Gannon,X.-D. Zhou,H. Xu,Y. Shao-Horn,M. Shao
Publisher : The Electrochemical Society
Release Date : 2015-04-30
ISBN 10 : 1607686163
Pages : 43 pages

Carbon-Based Metal-Free Catalysts
Author : Liming Dai
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2018-08-29
ISBN 10 : 3527811435
Pages : 746 pages

Offering comprehensive coverage of this hot topic, this two-volume handbook and ready reference treats a wide range of important aspects, from synthesis and catalytic properties of carbon materials to their applications as metal-free catalysts in various important reactions and industrial processes. Following a look at recent advances in the development of carbon materials as carbon-based metal-free catalysts, subsequent sections deal with a mechanistic understanding for the molecular design of efficient carbon-based metal-free catalysts, with a special emphasis on heteroatom-doped carbon nanotubes, graphene, and graphite. Examples of important catalytic processes covered include clean energy conversion and storage, environmental protection, and synthetic chemistry. With contributions from world-leading scientists, this is an indispensable source of information for academic and industrial researchers in catalysis, green chemistry, electrochemistry, materials science, nanotechnology, energy technology, and chemical engineering, as well as graduates and scientists entering the field.

Metals and Metal-Based Electrocatalytic Materials for Alternative Energy Sources and Electronics
Author : Jasmina Stevanovic
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2019
ISBN 10 : 9781536146646
Pages : 442 pages

The important role of metals, their oxides and catalytically-interactive supports in contemporary investigations related to rational construction of next-generation devices as alternative energy sources and hi-tech electronics is ambitiously presented throughout this book. The topics involve:* Carbonaceous and non-typical platinum-based nanostructured electrode materials as promising candidates for anodic reactions in low-temperature fuel cells.* Ruthenium oxide as electroactive material, presented through its innovative synthesis routes involving microwave heating and ultrasonic spray pyrolysis, with the focus on its performances as an electrochemical supercapacitor, but also as a part of multicomponent electrode coating in electrocatalysis of chlorine and oxygen evolution. * Alkaline water electrolysis as the simplest method for hydrogen production especially when using renewable energy sources, offering the advantage of simplicity and environmentally clean technology with zero emission of greenhouse gases. * New frontiers in electroconductive composite materials and biopolymers combined with noble metal nanoparticles that can be used in nanoelectronics and medical nanotechnologies. * The possibilities for the operational improvement of an aluminum-air battery presented through alternative modifications of an Al-anode by alloying with magnesium and electromagnetic bulk structure homogenization.* The improvements of copper-based materials as well as the research toward sustainable production of copper itself as an important component for further development of electronic devices.

Metal Oxides/Chalcogenides and Composites
Author : Aneeya Kumar Samantara,Satyajit Ratha
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2019-08-09
ISBN 10 : 3030248615
Pages : 83 pages

This book covers the recent development of metal oxides, hydroxides and their carbon composites for electrochemical oxidation of water in the production of hydrogen and oxygen as fuels. It includes a detailed discussion on synthesis methodologies for the metal oxides/hydroxides, structural/morphological characterizations, and the key parameters (Tafel plot, Turnover frequency, Faradic efficiency, overpotential, long cycle life etc.) needed to evaluate the electrocatalytic activity of the materials. Additionally, the mechanism behind the electro oxidation process is presented. Readers will find a comprehensive source on the close correlation between metal oxides, hydroxides, composites, and their properties and importance in the generation of hydrogen and oxygen from water. The depletion of fossil fuels from the earth’s crust, and related environmental issues such as climate change, demand that we search for alternative energy resources to achieve some form of sustainable future. In this regard, much scientific research has been devoted to technologies such as solar cells, wind turbines, fuel cells etc. Among them fuel cells attract much attention because of their versatility and efficiency. In fuel cells, different fuels such as hydrogen, CO2, alcohols, acids, methane, oxygen/air, etc. are used as the fuel, and catalysts are employed to produce a chemical reaction for generating electricity. Hence, it is very important to produce these fuels in an efficient, eco-friendly, and cost effective manner. The electrochemical splitting of water is an environmentally friendly process to produce hydrogen (the greener fuel used in fuel cells), but the efficiencies of these hydrogen evolution reactions (cathodic half reaction) are strongly dependent on the anodic half reaction (oxygen evolution reaction), i.e., the better the anodic half, the better will be the cathodic reaction. Further, this oxygen evolution reaction depends on the types of active electrocatalysts used. Though many more synthetic approaches have been explored and different electrocatalysts developed, oxide and hydroxide-based nanomaterials and composites (with graphene, carbon nanotubes etc.) show better performance. This may be due to the availability of more catalytic surface area and electro active centers to carry out the catalysis process.

Novel Non-Precious Metal Electrocatalysts for Oxygen Electrode Reactions
Author : Hui Yang,Yongjun Feng, Nicolas Alonso-Vante
Publisher : MDPI
Release Date : 2019-11-01
ISBN 10 : 303921540X
Pages : 190 pages

Research on alternative energy harvesting technologies, conversion and storage systems with high efficiency, cost-effective and environmentally friendly systems, such as fuel cells, rechargeable metal-air batteries, unitized regenerative cells, and water electrolyzers has been stimulated by the global demand on energy. The conversion between oxygen and water plays a key step in the development of oxygen electrodes: oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER), processes activated mostly by precious metals, like platinum. Their scarcity, their prohibitive cost, and declining activity greatly hamper large-scale applications. This issue reports on novel non-precious metal electrocatalysts based on the innovative design in chemical compositions, structure, and morphology, and supports for the oxygen reaction.

Modern Electrochemistry 2B
Author : John O'M. Bockris,Amulya K.N. Reddy
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2007-05-08
ISBN 10 : 0306480360
Pages : 516 pages

This book had its nucleus in some lectures given by one of us (J. O’M. B. ) in a course on electrochemistry to students of energy conversion at the University of Pennsyl- nia. It was there that he met a number of people trained in chemistry, physics, biology, metallurgy, and materials science, all of whom wanted to know something about electrochemistry. The concept of writing a book about electrochemistry which could be understood by people with very varied backgrounds was thereby engendered. The lectures were recorded and written up by Dr. Klaus Muller as a 293-page manuscript. At a later stage, A. K. N. R. joined the effort; it was decided to make a fresh start and to write a much more comprehensive text. Of methods for direct energy conversion, the electrochemical one is the most advanced and seems the most likely to become of considerable practical importance. Thus, conversion to electrochemically powered transportation systems appears to be an important step by means of which the difficulties of air pollution and the effects of an increasing concentration in the atmosphere of carbon dioxide may be met. Cor- sion is recognized as having an electrochemical basis. The synthesis of nylon now contains an important electrochemical stage. Some central biological mechanisms have been shown to take place by means of electrochemical reactions. A number of American organizations have recently recommended greatly increased activity in training and research in electrochemistry at universities in the United States.

Modern Electrochemical Methods in Nano, Surface and Corrosion Science
Author : Mahmood Aliofkhazraei
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2014-06-11
ISBN 10 : 9535115863
Pages : 352 pages

The basics and principles of new electrochemical methods and also their usage for fabrication and analysis of different nanostructures were discussed in this book. These methods consist of electrochemical methods in nanoscale (e.g. electrochemical atomic force microscopy and electrochemical scanning tunneling microscopy) and also electrochemical methods for fabrication of nanomaterials.

Catalysis for Low Temperature Fuel Cells
Author : Vincenzo Baglio,David Sebastián
Publisher : MDPI
Release Date : 2018-03-23
ISBN 10 : 303842658X
Pages : 210 pages

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Catalysis for Low Temperature Fuel Cells" that was published in Catalysts

Catalysis in Electrochemistry
Author : Elizabeth Santos,Wolfgang Schmickler
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2011-10-18
ISBN 10 : 0470934735
Pages : 536 pages

Catalysis in Electrochemistry: From Fundamental Aspects to Strategies for Fuel Cell Development is a modern, comprehensive reference work on catalysis in electrochemistry, including principles, methods, strategies, and applications. It points out differences between catalysis at gas/surfaces and electrochemical interfaces, along with the future possibilities and impact of electrochemical science on energy problems. This book contributes both to fundamental science; experience in the design, preparation, and characterization of electrocatalytic materials; and the industrial application of electrocatalytic materials for electrochemical reactions. This is an essential resource for scientists globally in academia, industry, and government institutions.

Electrocatalysis in Fuel Cells
Author : Minhua Shao
Publisher : MDPI
Release Date : 2018-09-28
ISBN 10 : 3038422347
Pages : 688 pages

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Electrocatalysis in Fuel Cells" that was published in Catalysts

Electrochemical Energy
Author : Pei Kang Shen,Chao-Yang Wang,San Ping Jiang,Xueliang Sun,Jiujun Zhang
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2018-10-08
ISBN 10 : 1482227282
Pages : 622 pages

Electrochemical Energy: Advanced Materials and Technologies covers the development of advanced materials and technologies for electrochemical energy conversion and storage. The book was created by participants of the International Conference on Electrochemical Materials and Technologies for Clean Sustainable Energy (ICES-2013) held in Guangzhou, China, and incorporates select papers presented at the conference. More than 300 attendees from across the globe participated in ICES-2013 and gave presentations in six major themes: Fuel cells and hydrogen energy Lithium batteries and advanced secondary batteries Green energy for a clean environment Photo-Electrocatalysis Supercapacitors Electrochemical clean energy applications and markets Comprised of eight sections, this book includes 25 chapters featuring highlights from the conference and covering every facet of synthesis, characterization, and performance evaluation of the advanced materials for electrochemical energy. It thoroughly describes electrochemical energy conversion and storage technologies such as batteries, fuel cells, supercapacitors, hydrogen generation, and their associated materials. The book contains a number of topics that include electrochemical processes, materials, components, assembly and manufacturing, and degradation mechanisms. It also addresses challenges related to cost and performance, provides varying perspectives, and emphasizes existing and emerging solutions. The result of a conference encouraging enhanced research collaboration among members of the electrochemical energy community, Electrochemical Energy: Advanced Materials and Technologies is dedicated to the development of advanced materials and technologies for electrochemical energy conversion and storage and details the technologies, current achievements, and future directions in the field.

PEM Water Electrolysis
Author : Dmitri Bessarabov,Pierre Millet
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2018-08-04
ISBN 10 : 0081028318
Pages : 138 pages

PEM Water Electrolysis, a volume in the Hydrogen Energy and Fuel Cell Primers series presents the most recent advances in the field. It brings together information that has thus far been scattered in many different sources under one single title, making it a useful reference for industry professionals, researchers and graduate students. Volumes One and Two allow readers to identify technology gaps for commercially viable PEM electrolysis systems for energy applications and examine the fundamentals of PEM electrolysis and selected research topics that are top of mind for the academic and industry community, such as gas cross-over and AST protocols. The book lays the foundation for the exploration of the current industrial trends for PEM electrolysis, such as power to gas application and a strong focus on the current trends in the application of PEM electrolysis associated with energy storage. Presents the fundamentals and most current knowledge in proton exchange membrane water electrolyzers Explores the technology gaps and challenges for commercial deployment of PEM water electrolysis technologies Includes unconventional systems, such as ozone generators Brings together information from many different sources under one single title, making it a useful reference for industry professionals, researchers and graduate students alike

Electrocatalysts for Low Temperature Fuel Cells
Author : Thandavarayan Maiyalagan,Viswanathan S. Saji
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2017-05-04
ISBN 10 : 3527803866
Pages : 420 pages

Meeting the need for a text on solutions to conditions which have so far been a drawback for this important and trend-setting technology, this monograph places special emphasis on novel, alternative catalysts of low temperature fuel cells. Comprehensive in its coverage, the text discusses not only the electrochemical, mechanistic, and material scientific background, but also provides extensive chapters on the design and fabrication of electrocatalysts. A valuable resource aimed at multidisciplinary audiences in the fields of academia and industry.