membrane separation processes

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MEMBRANE SEPARATION PROCESSES
Author : KAUSHIK NATH
Publisher : PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
Release Date : 2017-01-01
ISBN 10 : 8120352912
Pages : 360 pages
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This concise and systematically organized text, now in its second edition, gives a clear insight into various membrane separation processes. It covers the fundamentals as well as the recent developments of different processes along with their industrial applications and the products. It includes the basic principles, operating parameters, membrane hardware, flux equation, transport mechanism, and applications of membrane-based technologies. Membrane separation processes are largely rate-controlled separations which require rate analysis for complete understanding. Moreover, a higher level of mathematical analysis, along with the understanding of mass transfer, is also required. These are amply treated in different chapters of the book to make the students comprehend the membrane separation principles with ease. This textbook is primarily designed for undergraduate students of chemical engineering, biochemical engineering and biotechnology for the course in membrane separation processes. Besides, the book will also be useful to process engineers and researchers. KEY FEATURES • Provides sufficient number of examples of industrial applications related to chemical, metallurgical, biochemical and food processing industries. • Focuses on important biomedical applications of membrane-based technologies such as blood oxygenator, controlled drug delivery, plasmapheresis, and bioartificial organs. • Includes chapter-end short questions and problems to test students’ comprehension of the subject. NEW TO THIS EDITION • A new section on membrane cleaning is included. Membrane fabrication methods are supplemented with additional information (Chapter 2). • Additional information on silt density index, forward osmosis and sea water desalination (Chapter 3). • Physicochemical parameters affecting nanofiltration, determination of various resistances using resistance in series model and few more industrial applications with additional short questions (Chapter 4). • Membrane cross-linking methods used in pervaporation, factors affecting pervaporation and few more applications (Chapter 9). • Membrane distillation, membrane reactor with different modules, types of membranes and reactions for membrane reactor (Chapter 13).

Synthetic Membranes and Membrane Separation Processes
Author : Takeshi Matsuura
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 1993-12-17
ISBN 10 : 9780849342028
Pages : 480 pages
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Synthetic Membranes and Membrane Separation Processes addresses both fundamental and practical aspects of the subject. Topics discussed in the book cover major industrial membrane separation processes, including reverse osmosis, ultrafiltration, microfiltration, membrane gas and vapor separation, and pervaporation. Membrane materials, membrane preparation, membrane structure, membrane transport, membrane module and separation design, and applications are discussed for each separation process. Many problem-solving examples are included to help readers understand the fundamental concepts of the theory behind the processes. The book will benefit practitioners and students in chemical engineering, environmental engineering, and materials science.

Ion-Exchange Membrane Separation Processes
Author : H Strathmann
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2004-01-29
ISBN 10 : 9780080509402
Pages : 360 pages
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Today, membranes and membrane processes are used as efficient tools for the separation of liquid mixtures or gases in the chemical and biomedical industry, in water desalination and wastewater purification. Despite the fact that various membrane processes, like reverse osmosis, are described in great detail in a number of books, processes involving ion-exchange membranes are only described in a fragmented way in scientific journals and patents; even though large industrial applications, like electrodialysis, have been around for over half a century. Therefore, this book is emphasizing on the most relevant aspects of ion-exchange membranes. This book provides a comprehensive overview of ion-exchange membrane separation processes covering the fundamentals as well as recent developments of the different products and processes and their applications. The audience for this book is heterogeneous, as it includes plant managers and process engineers as well as research scientists and graduate students. The separate chapters are based on different topics. The first chapter describes the relevant Electromembrane processes in a general overview. The second chapter explains thermodynamic and physicochemical fundamentals. The third chapter gives information about ion-exchange membrane preparation techniques, while the fourth and fifth chapter discusses the processes as unit operations giving examples for the design of specific plants. First work on the principles and applications of electrodialysis and related separation processes Presently no other comprehensive work that can serve as both reference work and text book is available Book is suited for teaching students and as source for detailed information

Thermal Induced Membrane Separation Processes
Author : Mihir Kumar Purkait,Randeep Singh,Piyal Mondal,Dibyajyoti Haldar
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-04-08
ISBN 10 : 0128188022
Pages : 318 pages
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Thermal Induced Membrane Separation Processes describes the fundamental and advanced areas associated with the field of thermal induced membrane separation processes. It includes extensive coverage of material selection, types, and theory of thermal induced membrane fabrication, characterization, and modification. This book focuses on the applications of various thermal induced membrane processes and discusses ancillary topics related to the subject, such as membrane modules, membrane contactors and reactors, preparation and characterization techniques, smart membranes, fouling and its mitigation, and economic analysis of the thermal induced membrane separation processes. Thermal Induced Membrane Separation Processes elaborates on every aspect on the thermal induced membranes in a simple and straightforward manner, helping readers ranging from students to researchers in academia and the industry to understand the processes for successful execution and implementation into their research. Covers entire field of thermal induced membranes, providing basic to advanced knowledge of thermal induced membranes in a single source Presents state-of-art research in the field Includes the most up-to-date examples of the fabrication, modification, and applications of thermal induced membranes

Transport Mechanisms in Membrane Separation Processes
Author : J.G.A. Bitter
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
ISBN 10 : 1461536820
Pages : 219 pages
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The present book contains a comparison of existing theoretical models developed in order to describe membrane separation processes. In general, the permeation equations resulting from these models give inaccurate predictions of the mutual effects of the permeants involved, due to the simplifications adopted in their derivation. It is concluded that an optimum description of transport phenomena in tight (diffusion-type) membranes is achieved with the "solution-diffusion" model. According to this model each component of a fluid mixture to be separated dissolves in the membrane and passes through by diffusion in response to its gradient in the chemical potential. A modified Flory-Huggins equation has been derived to calculate the solubility of the permeants in the membrane material. Contrary to the original Flory-Huggins equation, the modified equation accounts for the large effect on solubility of crystallinity and elastic strain of the polymer chains by swelling. The equilibrium sorption of liquids computed with this equation was found to be in good agreement with experimental results. Also, the sorption of gases in both rubbery and glassy polymers could be described quan titatively with the modified Flory-Huggins equation without any need of the arbitrary Langmuir term, as required in the conventional "dual-mode" sorption model. Furthermore, fewer parameters are required than with the at least identical accuracy.

Membrane Separation Processes
Author : Patrick Meares
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 1976
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 600 pages
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Membrane Separations Technology
Author : R.D. Noble,S.A. Stern
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 1995-01-17
ISBN 10 : 9780080536187
Pages : 738 pages
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The field of membrane separation technology is presently in a state of rapid growth and innovation. Many different membrane separation processes have been developed during the past half century and new processes are constantly emerging from academic, industrial, and governmental laboratories. While new membrane separation processes are being conceived with remarkable frequency, existing processes are also being constantly improved in order to enhance their economic competitiveness. Significant improvements are currently being made in many aspects of membrane separation technology: in the development of new membrane materials with higher selectivity and/or permeability, in the fabrication methods for high-flux asymmetric or composite membranes, in membrane module construction and in process design. Membrane separation technology is presently being used in an impressive variety of applications and has generated businesses totalling over one billion U.S. dollars annually. The main objective of this book is to present the principles and applications of a variety of membrane separation processes from the unique perspectives of investigators who have made important contributions to their fields. Another objective is to provide the reader with an authoritative resource on various aspects of this rapidly growing technology. The text can be used by someone who wishes to learn about a general area of application as well as by the knowledgeable person seeking more detailed information.

Pervaporation Membrane Separation Processes
Author : Robert Y. M. Huang
Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
Release Date : 1991
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 549 pages
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Hardbound. Covered here are the various aspects of pervaporation: theory and principles, separation characteristics, sorption and diffusion, thermodynamics and evaluation of polymer materials for membranes, as well as plant design and optimization. The book also includes interesting new material on the synthesis of novel copolymer membranes with very high separation potential and future implications for the pervaporation separation of biological systems and its applications in the exciting field of biochemical engineering. Special attention is paid to industrial research and applications of pervaporation membranes and plant operations involving new pervaporation processes.The book also includes a chapter dealing with the development of vapour permeation for industrial applications, which is a new variant of liquid pervaporation processes.

Synthetic Membranes and Membrane Separation Processes
Author : Takeshi Matsuura
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2020-09-10
ISBN 10 : 1000141403
Pages : 476 pages
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Synthetic Membranes and Membrane Separation Processes addresses both fundamental and practical aspects of the subject. Topics discussed in the book cover major industrial membrane separation processes, including reverse osmosis, ultrafiltration, microfiltration, membrane gas and vapor separation, and pervaporation. Membrane materials, membrane preparation, membrane structure, membrane transport, membrane module and separation design, and applications are discussed for each separation process. Many problem-solving examples are included to help readers understand the fundamental concepts of the theory behind the processes. The book will benefit practitioners and students in chemical engineering, environmental engineering, and materials science.

Membrane Processes in Separation and Purification
Author : J.G. Crespo,Karl W. Böddeker
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-11-11
ISBN 10 : 9401583404
Pages : 506 pages
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The chapters of this book are based upon lectures presented at the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Membrane Processes in Separation and Purification (March 21 - April 2, 1993, Curia, Portugal), organized as a successor and update to a similar Institute that took place 10 years ago (p.M.Bungay, H.K. Lonsdale, M.N. de Pinho (Eds.): Synthetic Membranes: Science, Engineering and Applications, NATO ASI Series, Reidel, Dordrecht, 1986). The decade between the two NATO Institutes witnesses the transition from individually researched membrane processes to an applied and established membrane separation technology, as is reflected by the contents of the corresponding proceeding volumes. By and large, the first volume presents itself as a textbook on membrane processes, still valid, while the present volume focuses on areas of separation need as amenable to membrane processing: Biotechnology and Environmental Technology. Accordingly, the contributions to this volume are grouped into "Membranes in Biotechnology" (11 papers), "Membranes in Environmental Technology" (6 papers), and "New Concepts" (4 papers). This is followed by one contribution each on "Energy Requirements" and "Education", i.e., membrane processes within an academic curriculum. The book thus amounts to a state of the art of applied membrane processing and may well augment the more fundamental approach of its predecessor.

Integration of Membrane Processes Into Bioconversions
Author : Katalin Bélafi-Bakó,László Gubicza,Marcel Mulder,J. Mulder
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2000-09-30
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 242 pages
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Proceedings of the European Membrane Society XVI Annual Summer School on Integration of Membrane Processes into Bioconversions, held August 22-27, 1999, in Veszprém, Hungary. The purpose of this book is to give an overview of the current situation of membrane separation processes in the field of bioengineering and also to describe how their joint application possibilities can be used in both laboratory and industrial scale applications. In commercial applications, focus is centered on the fields of food industry, chemical/fine chemical industry, and environmental protection. Most of the European experts in the interdisciplinary fields of membrane processes and bioconversions have contributed to the chapters in this work, making it the most up-to-date volume currently available.

Handbook of Membrane Separations
Author : Anil Kumar Pabby,Syed S.H. Rizvi,Ana Maria Sastre Requena
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2015-04-09
ISBN 10 : 1466555580
Pages : 878 pages
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The Handbook of Membrane Separations: Chemical, Pharmaceutical, Food, and Biotechnological Applications, Second Edition provides detailed information on membrane separation technologies from an international team of experts. The handbook fills an important gap in the current literature by providing a comprehensive discussion of membrane application