Medicinal and aromatic plants (MAPs) have accompanied mankind from its very early beginnings. Their utilization has co-evolved with homo sapiens itself bringing about a profound increase in our scientific knowledge of these species enabling them to be used in many facets of our life (e.g. pharmaceutical products, feed- and food additives, cosmetics, etc.). Remarkably, despite the new renaissance of MAPs usage, ca. 80 % of the world’s population is relying on natural substances of plant origin, with most of these botanicals sourced from the wild state. This first volume and ultimately the series, provides readers with a wealth of information on medicinal and aromatic plants.
|Author||: Mohamed Neffati,Hanen Najjaa,Ákos Máthé|
|Release Date||: 2017-09-07|
|ISBN 10||: 9402411208|
|Pages||: 411 pages|
This volume in the series is devoted to Africa, a continent that possesses a vast treasure of medicinal plants and has produced some exclusive materials for the world market. This volume is expected to strengthen the medicinal plant sector in African countries by making comprehensive information on medicinal and aromatic plants available to policy-makers and entrepreneurs. It can be used to frame effective policies and create an environment conducive to the growth of the plant-based medicine industry, bringing economic benefit to African nations. It will help health organizations to improve the health of their people by using their own resources and a less expensive system of medicine, which is accepted by African society. It could also lead scientific communities to increase R&D activities in the field.
Make sure your crops are market-ready with the aid of harvest and post-harvest mechanization Medicinal and Aromatic Crops presents harvest and post-harvest mechanization methods for the profitable production of market-ready medicinal crops. This practical handbook includes photos, detailed figures, and schematic drawings of machines that will help bring existing design ideas to life and inspire new ones for use in harvesting and primary processing. The book also includes general information on medicinal and aromatic plants, current production trends, and “how-to” instructions for improving the production process. Even though the use of mechanization contributes not only to a marked increase in production, but also enables uniform quality and a decrease in drudgery for everyone involved, there’s a distinct lack of material available of the subject. Medicinal and Aromatic Crops fills in the gap, providing a thorough, comprehensive look at every aspect of the mechanism of growing, harvesting, and processing, including production steps and procedures, safety and quality, plant drying, the use of renewable energy sources, dry processing, extraction, industrial usage, financial analysis, and software usage. Medicinal and Aromatic Crops examines: environmental concerns manual and semi-mechanized harvesting transport the use of solar energy and solid biomass energy pre- and post-drying processes plant parts removal cutting, crushing, and milling post-drying separation and classification water and steam distillation and much more! Medicinal and Aromatic Crops is an invaluable guide to harvest and post-harvest mechanization for anyone involved in plant production and for agriculture educators and students.
In Recent Years, There Has Been A Tremendous Growth Of Interest In Plant-Based Drugs, Pharmaceuticals, Perfumery Products, Cosmetics And Aromatic Compounds Used In Food Flavours, Fragrances, And Natural Colours. An Attempt Has Been Made In This Book To Provide All Possible Pooled Information Including The Research Findings That Have Been Generated By The Division Of Horticultural Sciences, The University Of Agricultural Sciences, The Indian Institute Of Horticultural Research, The Central Institute Of Medicinal And Aromatic Crops, The National Botanical Research Institute, The Regional Research Laboratories, Icar, And Others.
This Book Will Serve As A Useful Companion To The Students Researchers, Teachers, Industrialists, Collectors, Cultivators, Foresters And Above All The Students And Practitioners Of Indian Systems Of Medicines-Ayurveda, Unani, Homeopathy And Ethnomedicines.
The current volume, "Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of the Middle-East" brings together chapters on selected, unique medicinal plants of this region, known to man since biblical times. Written by leading researchers and scientists, this volume covers both domesticated crops and wild plants with great potential for cultivation. Some of these plants are well-known medicinally, such as opium poppy and khat, while others such as apharsemon and citron have both ritual and medicinal uses. All have specific and valuable uses in modern society. As such, it is an important contribution to the growing field of medicinal and aromatic plants. This volume is intended to bring the latest research to the attention of the broad range of botanists, ethnopharmacists, biochemists, plant and animal physiologists and others who will benefit from the information gathered therein. Plants know no political boundaries, and bringing specific folklore to general medical awareness can only be for the benefit of all.
|Author||: M. Paz Arraiza|
|Publisher||: Bentham Science Publishers|
|Release Date||: 2017-10-31|
|ISBN 10||: 168108550X|
|Pages||: 230 pages|
This book provides readers a fundamental understanding of the science and applications of medicinal and aromatic plant materials. Chapters of this handbook covers the basics of ethnobotany, (bio)active compounds and their natural sources. Information about the cosmetic, nutritional, medicinal and industrial uses (dyes, tannins and biocides) is also presented. Readers will also learn about concepts central to quality control processes, sustainable management, wild harvesting and the economic valuation of the industrial impact of endemic plants. The volume also presents a case study of the wormwood (Artemisia absinthium L.), which is helpful in explaining the above concepts. This book is intended as a handbook for undergraduate students and teaching professionals in research and higher education institutions involved in agricultural engineering, pharmacy, forestry, natural product chemistry. Non experts interested in aromatic and medicinal plant agriculture, transformation and commercialization will also find the content informative.
|Author||: Ameenah Gurib-Fakim,Thomas Brendler|
|Publisher||: Medpharm Gmbh Scientific Pub|
|Release Date||: 2004-01-01|
|ISBN 10||: 9783887630942|
|Pages||: 567 pages|
This is a scientific evaluation of some 350 medicinal and aromatic plants of Madagascar, Comoros, the Seychelles and the Mascarene islands. It concentrates on those endemic plants, which are now rare and less well-known. This volume combines a rich source of ancient local biodiversity and knowledge with a western approach to preserving both, knowledge and environment. An authoritative and fascinating reference work, which captures the interest in traditional medicine as well as the potential for the development of new drugs.
This book covers interesting research topics and the use of natural resources for medical treatments in some severe diseases. The most important message is to have native foods which contain high amount of active compounds that can be used as a medicinal plant. Most pharmaceutical drugs were discovered from plants, and still ongoing research will have to predict such new active compounds as anti-diseases. I do believe this book will add significant knowledge to medical societies as well as can be used for postgraduate students.
|Release Date||: 2007-01-01|
|ISBN 10||: 9788186732687|
|Pages||: 396 pages|
Book Covers Cultivation Of Dioscorea, Production Of Ergot Alkaloids, Colchicine, Cultivation Of Ammi Majus Linn., Cultivation Of Rutin Bearing Eucalyp Tus Species, Aloe, Neem, Endangered Medicinal Plants, Nomenclatural Ambiguity Of Medicinal Plants, Biotechnology & Genetic Improvement Of Medicinal Plants, Improvement On Medicinal Plants Cultivation, Safed Musli, Cinchona, Ambrette, Bursera, Celery, Chamomile, Citronella, Fennel, French Basil, Kewda, Khus, Lavender, Lemon Grass, Lemon Scented Gum, Palmarosa, Patchouli, Rosemary, Sacred Basil, Sandalwood, Sweet Marjoram, Thyme, Annatto, Camphor Basil, Spirulina, Stevia, Mushrooms, E-Mail And Postal Office Addresses Related To Medicinal Plants And Many Other Invaluable Details Etc.
27 chapters cover the distribution, economic importance, conventional propagation, micropropagation, tissue culture studies, and in vitro production of important medicinal and other pharmaceutical compounds in various species of Anchusa, Brucea, Catharanthus, Chrysanthemum, Coleus, Corydalis, Coreopsis, Emilia, Ginkgo, Gloriosa, Hypericum, Inonotus, Leucosceptrum, Lilium, Linum, Mosses, Nandina, Penstemon, Prunus, Pteridium, Quassia, Ribes, Senecio, Taraxacum, Thermopsis, Vanilla, and Vitiveria. Like the previous five volumes on medicinal and aromatic plants (Volumes 4, 7, 15, 21, and 24), this book contains a wealth of useful information for advanced students and researchers in the field of plant biotechnology and chemical engineering, pharmacy, botany and tissue culture.
This book presents the opinions of an international panel of specialists that explored the agricultural, commercial, ecological, legal, pharmacological and social future of medicinal and aromatic plants. It represents a wide collection of views, reflecting the diversity of disciplines and interests of the panel members. It highlights the necessity of continued and integrated research on plant sources, conservation, bioactivity, analysis and marketing in examining future scenarios for application and sale of medicinal and aromatic plants. It shows the need for proof of efficacy and safety in drug development and the need to recognize societies contributing plant materials. The development of safe and effective medicinal and aromatic plant products depends upon the collaborative efforts of growers, collectors, conservationists, processors and businesses along with those of educators, sociologists, researchers and investors in developed and developing societies.
Like the previous nine volumes published between 1988 and 1996, Medicinal and Aromatic Plants X is unique in its approach. It comprises 22 chapters dealing with the distribution, importance, conventional propagation, micropropagation, tissue culture studies, and the in vitro production of important medicinal and pharmaceutical compounds in various species of Actinidia, Alkanna, Arnebia, Campanula, Catharanthus, Centella, Chenopodium, Cornus, Cyanara, Ephedra, Euglena, Haplophyllum, Morus, Oenothera, Otacanthus, Oxalis, Polypodium, Rosmarinus, Sesamum, Solanum, Taxus, and Tephrosia. This book is tailored to the needs of advanced students, teachers, and research scientists in the field of pharmacy, plant tissue culture, phytochemistry, biochemical engineering, and plant biotechnology in general.
|Author||: N. Kumar|
|Publisher||: Oxford and IBH Publishing|
|Release Date||: 2006|
|ISBN 10||: 9788120411371|
|Pages||: 278 pages|
The vast area and the varied agro-climatic conditions of India ranging from tropical to temperate make it possible to grow almost all the different kinds of spices, plantation crops, medicinal and aromatic plants. Contents: Part I: Spices: Introduction / Major Spices / Seed Spices / Tree Spices / Herbal Spices / Other Spices / Value Added Spice Products Part II: Plantation Crops: Introduction / Tea / Coffee / Rubber / Cocoa / Cashew / Coconut / Arecanut / Palmyrah / Cinchona Part III: Medicinal Plants: Introduction / Major Medicinal Plants / Other Medicinal Plants Part IV: Aromatic Plants: Introduction / Major Aromatic Plants / Other Aromatic Plants / Floral Concrcte and Other Aromatic Products / Annexure 1: Glossary of Some Medical Terms Used / Annexure 2: New Varities in Spices and Plantation Crops
Growing consumer interest in organic and herbal-based products has led to great demand in the botanicals industry in the past few years. However, the growing number of products utilizing medicinal and aromatic plants (MAPs) has threatened an estimated 9,000 medicinal plant species worldwide, making it critical to reevaluate their research and development, production, and utilization. Continuing advances in Omics methodologies and instrumentation are essential to understanding how plants cope with the dynamic nature of their growing environment, how yields and characteristics can be improved, and how to most effectively direct conservation efforts. With a focus on metabolomics, genomics, proteomics, transcriptomics, and more, Medicinal and Aromatic Plants: Expanding Their Horizons through Omics illustrates the genetic mechanisms of MAPs, providing a better understanding of MAPs conservation and methods to improve characteristics for medical applications. With an introduction on the role of MAPs in human health, subsequent chapters discuss using proteomics to increase MAP yields and plant quality, genome editing, and CRISPR/Cas9. A valuable resource for farmers, scientists, chemists, biochemists, pharmacists, and students interested in medicinal and aromatic plants and plant biology, Medicinal and Aromatic Plants: Expanding Their Horizons through Omics ensures readers have the background knowledge to put the necessary methodologies into practice themselves. Includes in-depth analysis of Omics technologies for the enhancement of MAPs Discusses applications of MAPs including their role in human health Written by world-wide leading experts in the field
|Author||: Christopher B Johnson,Chlodwig Franz|
|Publisher||: CRC Press|
|Release Date||: 2002-10-08|
|ISBN 10||: 9780789019738|
|Pages||: 435 pages|
The field of medicinal/aromatic plant breeding is growing and changing?this resource will help you stay up to date! In this essential book, researchers from large and small laboratories and institutions throughout Europe and the Mediterranean region explore recent developments in the selection and breeding of aromatic and medicinal plants. They take varied approaches?from traditional breeding to the use of molecular markers?and complement them with up-to-date information on biodiversity and resource conservation. From the editors: ?It is widely recognized that a strategy of `conservation through use,? by which plant collection via wild harvesting is replaced by controlled cultivation, is the best way forward if we are to balance human demands with the necessary conservation of the biodiversity represented by these species. That provides one major driving force for research in this field. Another concerns the very real need for improving the quality control of products on the market, both to satisfy consumer demand and to conform with the (justifiably) increasing requirements for standardization and precise identification of the composition of the plant materials being sold for human use. We hope that this volume will give readers a taste of the exciting developments in the field.? Breeding Research on Aromatic and Medicinal Plants examines: breeding for resistance and abiotic factors manipulating natural product accumulation through genetic engineering biochemical and molecular regulation of essential oil accumulation economic and legal considerations that breeders will encounter the ethical aspects of breeding these plants
|Author||: Jamal Ragheb Said Qasem|
|Publisher||: Cambridge Scholars Publishing|
|Release Date||: 2020-04-06|
|ISBN 10||: 1527549208|
|Pages||: 419 pages|
The book introduces a number of selected medicinal and aromatic plants from cultivated plant species in Jordan. The species discussed here are illustrated in full-color photos and up-to-date information on species’ medicinal and economical values is presented. The book considers 209 species belonging to 67 botanical families which are cultivated as fruit and forestry trees, vegetables, culinary herbs and spices, aromatic and ornamental plants, and some species which can be found in different biogeographical regions of the country. Information on species taxonomy and botanical affiliation, chemical constituents, plant parts used in medication, medicinal and pharmacological importance, healing properties and uses in folk medicine is also presented. As such, the book is a valuable reference on diverse cultivated plant species of different growth habits and habitats used for culinary, health and other purposes.
For the last 6000 years turmeric has been used in Ayurvedic medicine to alleviate pain, balance digestion, purify body and mind, clear skin diseases, expel phlegm, and invigorate the blood. Nowadays, this plant has acquired great importance with its anti-aging, anti-cancer, anti-Altzheimer, antioxidant, and a variety of other medicinal properties. The need of the hour is to verify and validate the traditional uses by subjecting them to proper experimental studies. To do this effectively there needs to be a single comprehensive source of the knowledge to date. Turmeric: the genus Curcuma is the first comprehensive monographic treatment on turmeric. It covers all aspects of turmeric including botany, genetic resources, crop improvement, processing, biotechnology, pharmacology, medicinal and traditional uses, and its use as a spice and flavoring. Bringing together the premier experts in the field from India, Japan, UK, and USA, this book offers the most thorough examination of the cultivation, market trends, processing, and products as well as pharmacokinetic and medicinal properties of this highly regarded spice. While Ayurveda has known for millennia that turmeric cleanses the body, modern science has now discovered that it produces glutathione-s-transferase that detoxifies the body and therefore strengthens the liver, heart, and immune system. By comparing traditional uses with modern scientific discoveries, the text provides a complete view of the medicinal value and health benefits of turmeric. Heavily referenced with an exhaustive bibliography at the end of each chapter, the book collects and collates the currently available data on turmeric. Covering everything from cultivation to medicine, Turmeric: the Genus Curcuma serves as an invaluable reference for those involved with agriculture, marketing, processing or product development, and may function as a catalyst for future research into the health benefits and applications of turmeric.
This volume in the series deals with the major Medicinal and Aromatic Plants MAPs of South America, providing information on major aspects of this specific group of plants on that continent (botany, traditional usage, chemistry, production/collection practices, trade and utilization). Brazil, in particular, offers an immense amount of biodiversity, including plants with great pharmacological interest and medicinal importance. The Amazon Basin, in northern Brazil has a highly diverse biota and still harbours a variety of unknown and unstudied plant species for medicinal values. Contributions are from internationally recognized professionals, specialists of the Medicinal and Aromatic Plant domain and have been invited mostly from the members of the International Society for Horticultural Science and International Council for Medicinal and Aromatic Plants.
This book sheds new light on the role of various environmental factors in regulating the metabolic adaptation of medicinal and aromatic plants. Many of the chapters present cutting-edge findings on the contamination of medicinal plants through horizontal transfer, as well as nanomaterials and the biosynthesis of pharmacologically active compounds. In addition, the book highlights the impacts of environmental factors (e.g., high and low temperature, climate change, global warming, UV irradiation, intense sunlight and shade, ozone, carbon dioxide, drought, salinity, nutrient deficiency, agrochemicals, waste, heavy metals, nanomaterials, weeds, pests and pathogen infections) on medicinal and aromatic plants, emphasizing secondary metabolisms. In recent years, interest has grown in the use of bioactive compounds from natural sources. Medicinal and aromatic plants constitute an important part of the natural environment and agro-ecosystems, and contain a wealth of chemical compounds known as secondary metabolites and including alkaloids, glycosides, essential oils and other miscellaneous active substances. These metabolites help plants cope with environmental and/or external stimuli in a rapid, reversible and ecologically meaningful manner. Additionally, environmental factors play a crucial role in regulating the metabolic yield of these biologically active molecules. Understanding how medicinal plants respond to environmental perturbations and climate change could open new frontiers in plant production and in agriculture, where successive innovation is urgently needed due to the looming challenges in connection with global food security and climate change. Readers will discover a range of revealing perspectives and the latest research on this vital topic.