|Author||: Qingsong Xu,Lap Mou Tam|
|Publisher||: Academic Press|
|Release Date||: 2021-10-01|
|ISBN 10||: 0128236531|
|Pages||: 400 pages|
Mechanical Design of Piezoelectric Energy Harvesters provides the state-of-the-art recent mechanical designs of piezoelectric energy harvesters based on piezoelectric stacks. This book discusses innovative mechanism designs for energy harvesting from multidimensional force excitation such as human walking, which offers higher energy density. Coverage also includes analytical modelling, optimal design, simulation study, prototype fabrication, and experimental investigation. Detailed examples of their analyses and implementations are provided. The authors provide a unique perspective on this field, primarily focusing on novel designs for PZT Energy harvesting in biomedical engineering as well as in integrated multi-stage force amplification frame. This book presents force-amplification compliant mechanism design and force direction-transmission mechanism design. It explores new mechanism design approaches using piezoelectric materials and permanent magnets. Readers can expect to learn how to design new mechanisms to realize multidimensional energy harvesting systems. Provides new mechanical designs of piezoelectric energy harvesters for multidimensional force excitation Contains both theoretical and experimental results Fully supported with real life examples on design, modeling and implementation of piezoelectric energy harvesting devices
|Author||: Ashok K. Batra,Bir B. Bohara,James R. Currie|
|Release Date||: 2018|
|ISBN 10||: 9781510622173|
|Pages||: 62 pages|
This Spotlight describes the configurations and performance optimization of piezoelectric energy harvesters. It presents in detail all of the relevant parameters to test the performance of piezoelectric and pyroelectric energy harvesters, including the latest measurement techniques. The specifications of state-of-the-art instruments are included. The text serves as a step-by-step instruction manual that will help readers to set up their own laboratory to design, characterize, and analyze the performance of energy harvesters. LabVIEW software is utilized to control instruments and acquire data from a piezoelectric energy harvester test station.
The transformation of vibrations into electric energy through the use of piezoelectric devices is an exciting and rapidly developing area of research with a widening range of applications constantly materialising. With Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting, world-leading researchers provide a timely and comprehensive coverage of the electromechanical modelling and applications of piezoelectric energy harvesters. They present principal modelling approaches, synthesizing fundamental material related to mechanical, aerospace, civil, electrical and materials engineering disciplines for vibration-based energy harvesting using piezoelectric transduction. Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting provides the first comprehensive treatment of distributed-parameter electromechanical modelling for piezoelectric energy harvesting with extensive case studies including experimental validations, and is the first book to address modelling of various forms of excitation in piezoelectric energy harvesting, ranging from airflow excitation to moving loads, thus ensuring its relevance to engineers in fields as disparate as aerospace engineering and civil engineering. Coverage includes: Analytical and approximate analytical distributed-parameter electromechanical models with illustrative theoretical case studies as well as extensive experimental validations Several problems of piezoelectric energy harvesting ranging from simple harmonic excitation to random vibrations Details of introducing and modelling piezoelectric coupling for various problems Modelling and exploiting nonlinear dynamics for performance enhancement, supported with experimental verifications Applications ranging from moving load excitation of slender bridges to airflow excitation of aeroelastic sections A review of standard nonlinear energy harvesting circuits with modelling aspects.
Energy Harvesting Technologies provides a cohesive overview of the fundamentals and current developments in the field of energy harvesting. In a well-organized structure, this volume discusses basic principles for the design and fabrication of bulk and MEMS based vibration energy systems, theory and design rules required for fabrication of efficient electronics, in addition to recent findings in thermoelectric energy harvesting systems. Combining leading research from both academia and industry onto a single platform, Energy Harvesting Technologies serves as an important reference for researchers and engineers involved with power sources, sensor networks and smart materials.
This book investigates in detail piezoelectric energy harvesting (PEH) technology, assessing its potential us to replace conventional electrochemical batteries with kinetic energy harvesters as sustainable power supplies in wireless sensor network (WSN) devices and mobile electronics, which are originally exposed to ambient vibration. Studies on PEH have attracted engineers and scientists from various disciplines, such as electrical, mechanical, materials, civil and biomedical engineering. Pursuing a holistic approach, the book establishes a fundamental framework for this topic, while emphasizing the importance of integrated analysis and the significant influence of circuit issues in the design and optimization of PEH systems. This approach will help readers from different disciplines recognize the essential aspects of and milestones towards the optimization of PEH systems in practice. The book is intended for undergraduate and graduate students who are interested in energy harvesting technology, researchers investigating kinetic energy harvesting systems, and structure/circuit design engineers working on self-powered WSNs or other energy harvesting applications.
This book deals with the challenge of exploiting ambient vibrational energy which can be used to power small and low-power electronic devices, e.g. wireless sensor nodes. Generally, particularly for low voltage amplitudes, low-loss rectification is required to achieve high conversion efficiency. In the special case of piezoelectric energy harvesting, pulsed charge extraction has the potential to extract more power compared to a single rectifier. For this purpose, a fully autonomous CMOS integrated interface circuit for piezoelectric generators which fulfills these requirements is presented. Due to these key properties enabling universal usage, other CMOS designers working in the field of energy harvesting will be encouraged to use some of the shown structures for their own implementations. The book is unique in the sense that it highlights the design process from scratch to the final chip. Hence, it gives the designer a comprehensive guide of how to (i) setup an appropriate harvester model to get realistic simulation results, (ii) design the integrated circuits for low power operation, (iii) setup a laboratory measurement environment in order to extensively characterize the chip in combination with the real harvester and finally, (iv) interpret the simulation/measurement results in order to improve the chip performance. Since the dimensions of all devices (transistors, resistors etc.) are given, readers and other designers can easily re-use the presented circuit concepts.
|Author||: Xu Wang|
|Publisher||: Academic Press|
|Release Date||: 2016-07-26|
|ISBN 10||: 0128025581|
|Pages||: 326 pages|
Frequency Analysis of Vibration Energy Harvesting Systems aims to present unique frequency response methods for analyzing and improving vibration energy harvesting systems. Vibration energy is usually converted into heat energy, which is transferred to and wasted in the environment. If this vibration energy can be converted into useful electric energy, both the performance and energy efficiency of machines, vehicles, and structures will be improved, and new opportunities will open up for powering electronic devices. To make use of ambient vibration energy, an effective analysis and design method is established and developed in this book. The book covers a wide range of frequency response analysis methods and includes details of a variety of real-life applications. MATLAB programming is introduced in the first two chapters and used in selected methods throughout the book. Using the methods studied, readers will learn how to analyze and optimize the efficiency of vibration energy systems. This book will be ideal for postgraduate students and researchers in mechanical and energy engineering. Covers a variety of frequency response analysis methods, including Fourier and Laplace transform, transfer function, integration and state space for piezoelectric and electromagnetic vibration energy harvesting analysis Provides coverage of new and traditional methods of analyzing and optimizing the power and efficiency of vibration energy harvesting systems, with MATLAB exercises provided throughout Demonstrates a wide range of real-life applications, such as ocean wave energy conversion, vehicle suspension vibration energy harvesting, and more
|Author||: Shanky Saxena|
|Publisher||: Springer Nature|
|ISBN 10||: 9811606064|
|Pages||: 329 pages|
|Author||: Chao Hu,Byeng D. Youn,Pingfeng Wang|
|Release Date||: 2018-06-16|
|ISBN 10||: 3319925741|
|Pages||: 342 pages|
This book presents state-of-the-art probabilistic methods for the reliability analysis and design of engineering products and processes. It seeks to facilitate practical application of probabilistic analysis and design by providing an authoritative, in-depth, and practical description of what probabilistic analysis and design is and how it can be implemented. The text is packed with many practical engineering examples (e.g., electric power transmission systems, aircraft power generating systems, and mechanical transmission systems) and exercise problems. It is an up-to-date, fully illustrated reference suitable for both undergraduate and graduate engineering students, researchers, and professional engineers who are interested in exploring the fundamentals, implementation, and applications of probabilistic analysis and design methods.
Seeking renewable and clean energies is essential for releasing the heavy reliance on mineral-based energy and remedying the threat of global warming to our environment. In the last decade, explosive growth in research and development efforts devoted to microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) technology and nanowires-related nanotechnology have paved a great foundation for new mechanisms of harvesting mechanical energy at the micro/nano-meter scale. MEMS-based inertial sensors have been the enabler for numerous applications associated with smart phones, tablets, and mobile electronics. This is a valuable reference for all those faced with the challenging problems created by the ever-increasing interest in MEMS and nanotechnology-based energy harvesters and their applications. This book presents fundamental physics, theoretical design, and method of modeling for four mainstream energy harvesting mechanisms -- piezoelectric, electromagnetic, electrostatic, and triboelectric. Readers are provided with a comprehensive technical review and historical view of each mechanism. The authors also present current challenges in energy harvesting technology, technical reviews, design requirements, case studies, along with unique and representative examples of energy harvester applications.
Piezoelectric Aeroelastic Energy Harvesting explains the design and implementation of piezoelectric energy harvesting devices based on fluid-structure interaction. There is currently an increase in demand for low power electronic instruments in a range of settings, and recent advances have driven their energy consumption downwards. As a result, the possibility to extract energy from an operational environment is of growing significance to industry and academic research globally. This book solves problems related to the integration of smart structures with the aeroelastic system, addresses the importance of the aerodynamic model on accurate prediction of the performance of the energy harvester, describes the overall effect of the piezoelectric patch on the dynamics of the system, and explains different mechanisms for harvesting energy via fluid-structure interaction. This wealth of innovative technical information is supported by introductory chapters on piezoelectric materials, energy harvesting and circuits, and fluid structure interaction, opening this interdisciplinary topic up for readers with a range of backgrounds. Provides new designs of piezoelectric energy harvesters for fluid-structure interaction Explains how to correctly model aerodynamics for effective aeroelastic energy harvesting Numerical examples allow the reader to practice the design, modeling and implementation of piezoelectric energy harvesting devices
This unique resource provides a detailed understanding of the options for harvesting energy from localized, renewable sources to supply power to autonomous wireless systems. You are introduced to a variety of types of autonomous system and wireless networks and discover the capabilities of existing battery-based solutions, RF solutions, and fuel cells. The book focuses on the most promising harvesting techniques, including solar, kinetic, and thermal energy. You also learn the implications of the energy harvesting techniques on the design of the power management electronics in a system. This in-depth reference discusses each energy harvesting approach in detail, comparing and contrasting its potential in the field.