materials for energy efficiency and thermal comfort in buildings

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Materials for Energy Efficiency and Thermal Comfort in Buildings
Author : Matthew R Hall
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2010-04-21
ISBN 10 : 1845699270
Pages : 760 pages

Almost half of the total energy produced in the developed world is inefficiently used to heat, cool, ventilate and control humidity in buildings, to meet the increasingly high thermal comfort levels demanded by occupants. The utilisation of advanced materials and passive technologies in buildings would substantially reduce the energy demand and improve the environmental impact and carbon footprint of building stock worldwide. Materials for energy efficiency and thermal comfort in buildings critically reviews the advanced building materials applicable for improving the built environment. Part one reviews both fundamental building physics and occupant comfort in buildings, from heat and mass transport, hygrothermal behaviour, and ventilation, on to thermal comfort and health and safety requirements. Part two details the development of advanced materials and sustainable technologies for application in buildings, beginning with a review of lifecycle assessment and environmental profiling of materials. The section moves on to review thermal insulation materials, materials for heat and moisture control, and heat energy storage and passive cooling technologies. Part two concludes with coverage of modern methods of construction, roofing design and technology, and benchmarking of façades for optimised building thermal performance. Finally, Part three reviews the application of advanced materials, design and technologies in a range of existing and new building types, including domestic, commercial and high-performance buildings, and buildings in hot and tropical climates. This book is of particular use to, mechanical, electrical and HVAC engineers, architects and low-energy building practitioners worldwide, as well as to academics and researchers in the fields of building physics, civil and building engineering, and materials science. Explores improving energy efficiency and thermal comfort through material selection and sustainable technologies Documents the development of advanced materials and sustainable technologies for applications in building design and construction Examines fundamental building physics and occupant comfort in buildings featuring heat and mass transport, hygrothermal behaviour and ventilation

Thermal Inertia in Energy Efficient Building Envelopes
Author : Francesca Stazi
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release Date : 2017-08-29
ISBN 10 : 0128139714
Pages : 374 pages

The design and construction of the appropriate building envelope is one of the most effective ways for improving a building’s thermal performance. Thermal Inertia in Energy Efficient Building Envelopes provides the optimal solutions, tools and methods for designing the energy efficient envelopes that will reduce energy consumption and achieve thermal comfort and low environmental impact. Thermal Inertia in Energy Efficient Building Envelopes provides experimental data, technical solutions and methods for quantifying energy consumption and comfort levels, also considering dynamic strategies such as thermal inertia and natural ventilation. Several type of envelopes and their optimal solutions are covered, including retrofit of existing envelopes, new solutions, passive systems such as ventilated facades and solar walls. The discussion also considers various climates (mild or extreme) and seasons, building typology, mode of use of the internal environment, heating profiles and cross-ventilation Experimental investigations on real case studies, to explore in detail the behaviour of different envelopes Laboratory tests on existing insulation to quantify the actual performances Analytical simulations in dynamic conditions to extend the boundary conditions to other climates and usage profiles and to consider alternative insulation strategies Evaluation of solutions sustainability through the quantification of environmental and economic impacts with LCA analysis; including global cost comparison between the different scenarios Integrated evaluations between various aspects such as comfort, energy saving, and sustainability

Thermal Comfort and Energy-Efficient Cooling of Nonresidential Buildings
Author : Doreen E. Kalz,Jens Pfafferott
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2014-03-26
ISBN 10 : 3319045822
Pages : 128 pages

This book supports HVAC planners in reducing the cooling energy demand, improving the indoor environment and designing more cost-effective building concepts. High performance buildings have shown that it is possible to go clearly beyond the energy requirements of existing legislation and obtaining good thermal comfort. However, there is still a strong uncertainty in day-to-day practice due to the lack of legislative regulations for mixed-mode buildings which are neither only naturally ventilated nor fully air-conditioned, but use a mix of different low-energy cooling techniques. Based on the findings from monitoring campaigns (long-term measurements in combination with field studies on thermal comfort), simulation studies, and a comprehensive review on existing standards and guidelines, this book acts as a commonly accessible knowledge pool for passive and low-energy cooling techniques.

Energy Efficient Buildings
Author : Eng Hwa Yap
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2017-01-18
ISBN 10 : 9535128752
Pages : 214 pages

This book discusses energy efficient buildings and the role they play in our efforts to address climate change, energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions by considering buildings and the construction sector's unique position along a critical path to decarbonisation from a multi-perspective and holistic viewpoint. Topics covered in the book range from daylighting, building topology comparison, building envelope design, zero energy homes in hot arid regions, life-cycle considerations and energy efficiency analysis to managing energy demand through equipment selection. Each chapter addresses an important aspect of energy efficient building and serves as a vital building block towards constructing a timely and relevant body of knowledge in energy efficient buildings.

Buildings and Environment - Energy Performance, Smart Materials and Buildings
Author : Miloš Kalousek,Karel Struhala
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release Date : 2016-12-05
ISBN 10 : 3035730709
Pages : 644 pages

The volume was collected by results of Conference "Buildings and Environment" (enviBUILD 2016, 22nd – 23rd September 2016, Brno, Czech Republic). This volume presents scientific works in the field of building technologies and quality of indoor environment. Also included are works describing new advanced materials and technologies and sustainable construction. Most of the presented works focus on the built environment of the Central Europe Region but however their results are universally applicable.

Nano and Biotech Based Materials for Energy Building Efficiency
Author : F. Pacheco Torgal,Cinzia Buratti,S. Kalaiselvam,Claes-Göran Granqvist,Volodymyr Ivanov
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-02-04
ISBN 10 : 3319275054
Pages : 484 pages

This book presents the current state of knowledge on nanomaterials and their use in buildings, ranging from glazing and vacuum insulation to PCM composites. It also discusses recent applications in organic photovoltaics, photo-bioreactors, bioplastics and foams, making it an exciting read while also providing copious references to current research and applications for those wanting to pursue possible future research directions. Derek Clements-Croome, Emeritus Professor in Architectural Engineering, University of Reading (From the Foreword) Demonstrating how higher energy efficiency in new and existing buildings can help reduce global greenhouse gas emissions, this book details the way in which new technologies, manufacturing processes and products can serve to abate emissions from the energy sector and offer a cost-effective means of improving competitiveness and drive employment. Maximizing reader insights into how nano and biotech materials – such as aerogel based plasters, thermochromic glazings and thermal energy adsorbing glass, amongst others – can provide high energy efficiency performance in buildings, it provides practitioners in the field with an important high-tech tool to tackle key challenges and is essential reading for civil engineers, architects, materials scientists and researchers in the area of the sustainability of the built environment.

Sustainable Building Materials and Materials for Energy Efficiency
Author : Mohammad Arif Kamal
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release Date : 2015-07-03
ISBN 10 : 3038269573
Pages : 158 pages

This special topical volume on ‘Sustainable Building Materials and Materials for Energy Efficiency’ is aimed to cover the recent advancements and trends in the area of building materials with reference to energy efficiency and sustainability. Sustainable building materials minimizes the consumption of earth’s resources and help in maintaining the ecosystem balance and in return proves to be economical, not just during construction but also year after year. Using sustainable building materials promotes conservation of dwindling nonrenewable resources internationally. Integrating sustainable and energy efficient building materials into building projects can help reduce the environmental impacts associated with the extraction, transportation, processing, fabrication, installation, reuse, recycling, and disposal of these building industry source materials. The volume will be of special interest to environmentally-minded producers and suppliers of building materials and to engineers, architects and building workers, but it may also be of use to readers and researchers who are interested in building construction but who lack specialist technical knowledge.

Adaptive Thermal Comfort: Principles and Practice
Author : Fergus Nicol,Michael Humphreys,Susan Roaf
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2012-03-15
ISBN 10 : 1136336478
Pages : 208 pages

The fundamental function of buildings is to provide safe and healthy shelter. For the fortunate they also provide comfort and delight. In the twentieth century comfort became a 'product' produced by machines and run on cheap energy. In a world where fossil fuels are becoming ever scarcer and more expensive, and the climate more extreme, the challenge of designing comfortable buildings today requires a new approach. This timely book is the first in a trilogy from leaders in the field which will provide just that. It explains, in a clear and comprehensible manner, how we stay comfortable by using our bodies, minds, buildings and their systems to adapt to indoor and outdoor conditions which change with the weather and the climate. The book is in two sections. The first introduces the principles on which the theory of adaptive thermal comfort is based. The second explains how to use field studies to measure thermal comfort in practice and to analyze the data gathered. Architects have gradually passed responsibility for building performance to service engineers who are largely trained to see comfort as the ‘product’, designed using simplistic comfort models. The result has contributed to a shift to buildings that use ever more energy. A growing international consensus now calls for low-energy buildings. This means designers must first produce robust, passive structures that provide occupants with many opportunities to make changes to suit their environmental needs. Ventilation using free, natural energy should be preferred and mechanical conditioning only used when the climate demands it. This book outlines the theory of adaptive thermal comfort that is essential to understand and inform such building designs. This book should be required reading for all students, teachers and practitioners of architecture, building engineering and management – for all who have a role in producing, and occupying, twenty-first century adaptive, low-carbon, comfortable buildings.

Solar Thermal Technologies for Buildings
Author : M. Santamouris
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2014-04-23
ISBN 10 : 1134277229
Pages : 256 pages

Solar thermal is now a proven technology in terms of reliability, cost-benefit, and low environmental impact. The integration of solar thermal systems and installations into the design of buildings can provide a clean, efficient and sustainable low-energy solution for heating and cooling, whilst, taken in a wider context, contributing to climate protection. This book covers the state of the art in the application of solar thermal technologies for buildings. This is the first book in the BEST (Buildings, Energy and Solar Technology) Series. This series presents high-quality theoretical and application-oriented material on solar energy and energy-efficient technologies. Leading international experts cover the strategies and technologies that form the basis of high-performance, sustainable buildings, crucial to enhancing our built and urban environment.

Energy Efficient Building Design
Author : Ana-Maria Dabija
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-04-11
ISBN 10 : 3030406717
Pages : 281 pages

This book is the result of recent research that deals with the built environment and innovative materials, carried out by specialists working in universities and centers of research in different professional fields ─ architecture, engineering, physics ─ and in an area that that spans from the Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf, and from South Eastern Europe to the Middle East. This book takes the necessity of re-shaping the concept of building design in order to transform buildings from large scale energy consumers to energy savers and producers into consideration. The book is organized in two parts: theory and case studies. For the theoretical part, we chose from the wide range of sources that provide energy efficient materials and systems the two that seem to be endless: the sun and vegetation. Their use in building products represents a tool for specialists in the architectural design concept. The case-studies presented analyze different architectural programs, in different climates, from new buildings to rehabilitation approaches and from residential architecture to hospitals and sports arenas; each case emphasizes the interdisciplinarity of the building design activity in order to help readers gain a better understanding of the complex approach needed for energy efficient building design

Latent Heat-Based Thermal Energy Storage Systems
Author : Amritanshu Shukla,Atul Sharma,Pascal Henry Biwolé
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2020-09-28
ISBN 10 : 1000586936
Pages : 338 pages

In light of increasing human-induced global climate change, there is a greater need for clean energy resources and zero carbon projects. This new volume offers up-to-date coverage of the fundamentals as well as recent advancements in energy efficient thermal energy storage materials, their characterization, and technological applications. Thermal energy storage (TES) systems offer very high-energy savings for many of our day-to-day applications and could be a strong component for enhancing the usage of renewable/clean energy-based devices. Because of its beneficial environmental impact, this technology has received wide attention in the recent past, and dedicated research efforts have led to the development of novel materials, as well to innovative applications in very many fields, ranging from buildings to textile, healthcare to agriculture, space to automobiles. This book offers a valuable and informed systematic treatment of latent heat-based thermal energy storage systems, covering current energy research and important developmental work.

Sustainable Facades
Author : Ajla Aksamija
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2013-03-27
ISBN 10 : 1118549643
Pages : 256 pages

Practical information on designing sustainable,energy-efficient building facades As energy and other natural resources are being depleted, it hasbecome clear that technologies and strategies that allow us tomaintain our satisfaction with interior environments whileconsuming less of these resources are major objectives ofcontemporary facade design. Sustainable Facades focuses onthe strategies and approaches for designing sustainable,high-performance building facades, and provides technical guidancefor architects and designers. This timely and useful guide presents strategies and technicalguidelines for designing environmentally sensitive,energy-efficient facades based on scientific principles. Itprovides climate-specific approaches for minimizing energyconsumption, analyzes the thermal behavior of different facadesystems and materials, and illustrates with case studies how theseapproaches have been implemented on architectural projects. It alsodiscusses emerging facade technologies, materials, and systems. Topics covered in this unique and indispensable guideinclude: Climate-based design approaches for high-performancefacades Characteristics of sustainable facades: energy efficiency,thermal behavior, and moisture resistance Designing for thermal comfort, lighting and glare control, andacoustic quality Emerging technologies in facade design, including smartmaterials, double-skin facades, and facades as energygenerators Case studies on building orientation and facade design,tectonic sun exposure control, external shading elements, andmore