Machine Learning for Planetary Science presents planetary scientists with a way to introduce machine learning into the research workflow as increasingly large nonlinear datasets are acquired from planetary exploration missions. The book explores research that leverages machine learning methods to enhance our scientific understanding of planetary data and serves as a guide for selecting the right methods and tools for solving a variety of everyday problems in planetary science using machine learning. Illustrating ways to employ machine learning in practice with case studies, the book is clearly organized into four parts to provide thorough context and easy navigation. The book covers a range of issues, from data analysis on the ground to data analysis onboard a spacecraft, and from prioritization of novel or interesting observations to enhanced missions planning. This book is therefore a key resource for planetary scientists working in data analysis, missions planning, and scientific observation. Includes links to a code repository for sharing codes and examples, some of which include executable Jupyter notebook files that can serve as tutorials Presents methods applicable to everyday problems faced by planetary scientists and sufficient for analyzing large datasets Serves as a guide for selecting the right method and tools for applying machine learning to particular analysis problems Utilizes case studies to illustrate how machine learning methods can be employed in practice
Machine Learning Techniques for Space Weather provides a thorough and accessible presentation of machine learning techniques that can be employed by space weather professionals. Additionally, it presents an overview of real-world applications in space science to the machine learning community, offering a bridge between the fields. As this volume demonstrates, real advances in space weather can be gained using nontraditional approaches that take into account nonlinear and complex dynamics, including information theory, nonlinear auto-regression models, neural networks and clustering algorithms. Offering practical techniques for translating the huge amount of information hidden in data into useful knowledge that allows for better prediction, this book is a unique and important resource for space physicists, space weather professionals and computer scientists in related fields. Collects many representative non-traditional approaches to space weather into a single volume Covers, in an accessible way, the mathematical background that is not often explained in detail for space scientists Includes free software in the form of simple MATLAB® scripts that allow for replication of results in the book, also familiarizing readers with algorithms
|Publisher||: Academic Press|
|Release Date||: 2020-09-25|
|ISBN 10||: 0128216840|
|Pages||: 316 pages|
Advances in Geophysics, Volume 61 - Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence in Geosciences, the latest release in this highly-respected publication in the field of geophysics, contains new chapters on a variety of topics, including a historical review on the development of machine learning, machine learning to investigate fault rupture on various scales, a review on machine learning techniques to describe fractured media, signal augmentation to improve the generalization of deep neural networks, deep generator priors for Bayesian seismic inversion, as well as a review on homogenization for seismology, and more. Provides high-level reviews of the latest innovations in geophysics Written by recognized experts in the field Presents an essential publication for researchers in all fields of geophysics
|Author||: Petr Skoda,Fathalrahman Adam|
|Release Date||: 2020-04-10|
|ISBN 10||: 0128191554|
|Pages||: 472 pages|
Knowledge Discovery in Big Data from Astronomy and Earth Observation: Astrogeoinformatics bridges the gap between astronomy and geoscience in the context of applications, techniques and key principles of big data. Machine learning and parallel computing are increasingly becoming cross-disciplinary as the phenomena of Big Data is becoming common place. This book provides insight into the common workflows and data science tools used for big data in astronomy and geoscience. After establishing similarity in data gathering, pre-processing and handling, the data science aspects are illustrated in the context of both fields. Software, hardware and algorithms of big data are addressed. Finally, the book offers insight into the emerging science which combines data and expertise from both fields in studying the effect of cosmos on the earth and its inhabitants. Addresses both astronomy and geosciences in parallel, from a big data perspective Includes introductory information, key principles, applications and the latest techniques Well-supported by computing and information science-oriented chapters to introduce the necessary knowledge in these fields
This book is published open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. Over the past decades, rapid developments in digital and sensing technologies, such as the Cloud, Web and Internet of Things, have dramatically changed the way we live and work. The digital transformation is revolutionizing our ability to monitor our planet and transforming the way we access, process and exploit Earth Observation data from satellites. This book reviews these megatrends and their implications for the Earth Observation community as well as the wider data economy. It provides insight into new paradigms of Open Science and Innovation applied to space data, which are characterized by openness, access to large volume of complex data, wide availability of new community tools, new techniques for big data analytics such as Artificial Intelligence, unprecedented level of computing power, and new types of collaboration among researchers, innovators, entrepreneurs and citizen scientists. In addition, this book aims to provide readers with some reflections on the future of Earth Observation, highlighting through a series of use cases not just the new opportunities created by the New Space revolution, but also the new challenges that must be addressed in order to make the most of the large volume of complex and diverse data delivered by the new generation of satellites.
|Author||: Michael J. Way,Jeffrey D. Scargle,Kamal M. Ali,Ashok N. Srivastava|
|Publisher||: CRC Press|
|Release Date||: 2012-03-29|
|ISBN 10||: 1439841748|
|Pages||: 744 pages|
Advances in Machine Learning and Data Mining for Astronomy documents numerous successful collaborations among computer scientists, statisticians, and astronomers who illustrate the application of state-of-the-art machine learning and data mining techniques in astronomy. Due to the massive amount and complexity of data in most scientific disciplines
|Author||: Petra Perner|
|Publisher||: Springer Science & Business Media|
|Release Date||: 2009-07-21|
|ISBN 10||: 364203070X|
|Pages||: 824 pages|
There is no royal road to science, and only those who do not dread the fatiguing climb of its steep paths have a chance of gaining its luminous summits. Karl Marx A Universial Genius of the 19th Century Many scientists from all over the world during the past two years since the MLDM 2007 have come along on the stony way to the sunny summit of science and have worked hard on new ideas and applications in the area of data mining in pattern r- ognition. Our thanks go to all those who took part in this year's MLDM. We appre- ate their submissions and the ideas shared with the Program Committee. We received over 205 submissions from all over the world to the International Conference on - chine Learning and Data Mining, MLDM 2009. The Program Committee carefully selected the best papers for this year’s program and gave detailed comments on each submitted paper. There were 63 papers selected for oral presentation and 17 papers for poster presentation. The topics range from theoretical topics for classification, clustering, association rule and pattern mining to specific data-mining methods for the different multimedia data types such as image mining, text mining, video mining and Web mining. Among these topics this year were special contributions to subtopics such as attribute discre- zation and data preparation, novelty and outlier detection, and distances and simila- ties.
Updated with new code, new projects, and new chapters, Machine Learning with TensorFlow, Second Edition gives readers a solid foundation in machine-learning concepts and the TensorFlow library. Summary Updated with new code, new projects, and new chapters, Machine Learning with TensorFlow, Second Edition gives readers a solid foundation in machine-learning concepts and the TensorFlow library. Written by NASA JPL Deputy CTO and Principal Data Scientist Chris Mattmann, all examples are accompanied by downloadable Jupyter Notebooks for a hands-on experience coding TensorFlow with Python. New and revised content expands coverage of core machine learning algorithms, and advancements in neural networks such as VGG-Face facial identification classifiers and deep speech classifiers. Purchase of the print book includes a free eBook in PDF, Kindle, and ePub formats from Manning Publications. About the technology Supercharge your data analysis with machine learning! ML algorithms automatically improve as they process data, so results get better over time. You don’t have to be a mathematician to use ML: Tools like Google’s TensorFlow library help with complex calculations so you can focus on getting the answers you need. About the book Machine Learning with TensorFlow, Second Edition is a fully revised guide to building machine learning models using Python and TensorFlow. You’ll apply core ML concepts to real-world challenges, such as sentiment analysis, text classification, and image recognition. Hands-on examples illustrate neural network techniques for deep speech processing, facial identification, and auto-encoding with CIFAR-10. What's inside Machine Learning with TensorFlow Choosing the best ML approaches Visualizing algorithms with TensorBoard Sharing results with collaborators Running models in Docker About the reader Requires intermediate Python skills and knowledge of general algebraic concepts like vectors and matrices. Examples use the super-stable 1.15.x branch of TensorFlow and TensorFlow 2.x. About the author Chris Mattmann is the Division Manager of the Artificial Intelligence, Analytics, and Innovation Organization at NASA Jet Propulsion Lab. The first edition of this book was written by Nishant Shukla with Kenneth Fricklas. Table of Contents PART 1 - YOUR MACHINE-LEARNING RIG 1 A machine-learning odyssey 2 TensorFlow essentials PART 2 - CORE LEARNING ALGORITHMS 3 Linear regression and beyond 4 Using regression for call-center volume prediction 5 A gentle introduction to classification 6 Sentiment classification: Large movie-review dataset 7 Automatically clustering data 8 Inferring user activity from Android accelerometer data 9 Hidden Markov models 10 Part-of-speech tagging and word-sense disambiguation PART 3 - THE NEURAL NETWORK PARADIGM 11 A peek into autoencoders 12 Applying autoencoders: The CIFAR-10 image dataset 13 Reinforcement learning 14 Convolutional neural networks 15 Building a real-world CNN: VGG-Face ad VGG-Face Lite 16 Recurrent neural networks 17 LSTMs and automatic speech recognition 18 Sequence-to-sequence models for chatbots 19 Utility landscape
One of the currently most active research areas within Artificial Intelligence is the field of Machine Learning. which involves the study and development of computational models of learning processes. A major goal of research in this field is to build computers capable of improving their performance with practice and of acquiring knowledge on their own. The intent of this book is to provide a snapshot of this field through a broad. representative set of easily assimilated short papers. As such. this book is intended to complement the two volumes of Machine Learning: An Artificial Intelligence Approach (Morgan-Kaufman Publishers). which provide a smaller number of in-depth research papers. Each of the 77 papers in the present book summarizes a current research effort. and provides references to longer expositions appearing elsewhere. These papers cover a broad range of topics. including research on analogy. conceptual clustering. explanation-based generalization. incremental learning. inductive inference. learning apprentice systems. machine discovery. theoretical models of learning. and applications of machine learning methods. A subject index IS provided to assist in locating research related to specific topics. The majority of these papers were collected from the participants at the Third International Machine Learning Workshop. held June 24-26. 1985 at Skytop Lodge. Skytop. Pennsylvania. While the list of research projects covered is not exhaustive. we believe that it provides a representative sampling of the best ongoing work in the field. and a unique perspective on where the field is and where it is headed.
|Author||: William W. Hsieh|
|Publisher||: Cambridge University Press|
|Release Date||: 2009-07-30|
|ISBN 10||: 0521791928|
|Pages||: 349 pages|
A graduate textbook that provides a unified treatment of machine learning methods and their applications in the environmental sciences.
If youre a teacher or parent struggling to get youngsters or young adults interested in space science and astronomyor an inquisitive studentthen youll love this fun-filled book of theatrical scenes. In addition to astronomers and astronauts, the scenes also feature engineers, accountants, graphic artists, public relations practitioners, biologists, meteorologists, and others who play a critical role in space adventures. Scenarios will take you into the past and into the future and include: A cosmologist and a computer graphics artist are preparing a presentation for public television on theories about the distribution of galaxies in the universe, and the placement of voids where no galaxies are found. An astrobiologist and an engineer discover the first positive biosignature data from an exoplanet near Earth. The findings provide a big surprise. Two recent high school graduates explore a star factory (nebula) in the constellation Orion, and using a video arcade game, they make speculations about the future. While the props and costumes needed for scripts are minimal, the scenes promote deep learning. Get ready to be entertained and informed with Space Science and Astronomy Theatre.
As users or consumers are now demanding smarter devices, intelligent systems are revolutionizing by utilizing machine learning. Machine learning as part of intelligent systems is already one of the most critical components in everyday tools ranging from search engines and credit card fraud detection to stock market analysis. You can train machines to perform some things, so that they can automatically detect, diagnose, and solve a variety of problems. The intelligent systems have made rapid progress in developing the state of the art in machine learning based on smart and deep perception. Using machine learning, the intelligent systems make widely applications in automated speech recognition, natural language processing, medical diagnosis, bioinformatics, and robot locomotion. This book aims at introducing how to treat a substantial amount of data, to teach machines and to improve decision making models. And this book specializes in the developments of advanced intelligent systems through machine learning. It consists of 11 contributions that features illumination change detection, generator of electronic educational publications, intelligent call triage system, recognition of rocks at uranium deposits, graphics processing units, mathematical model of hit phenomena, selection and mutation in genetic algorithm, hands and arms motion estimation, application of wavelet network, Kanizsa triangle illusion, and support vector machine regression. Also, it describes how to apply the machine learning for the intelligent systems. This edition is published in original, peer reviewed contributions covering from initial design to final prototypes and verifications.
|Author||: Wojciech Samek,Grégoire Montavon,Andrea Vedaldi,Lars Kai Hansen,Klaus-Robert Müller|
|Publisher||: Springer Nature|
|Release Date||: 2019-10-23|
|ISBN 10||: 3030289540|
|Pages||: 439 pages|
The development of “intelligent” systems that can take decisions and perform autonomously might lead to faster and more consistent decisions. A limiting factor for a broader adoption of AI technology is the inherent risks that come with giving up human control and oversight to “intelligent” machines. For sensitive tasks involving critical infrastructures and affecting human well-being or health, it is crucial to limit the possibility of improper, non-robust and unsafe decisions and actions. Before deploying an AI system, we see a strong need to validate its behavior, and thus establish guarantees that it will continue to perform as expected when deployed in a real-world environment. In pursuit of that objective, ways for humans to verify the agreement between the AI decision structure and their own ground-truth knowledge have been explored. Explainable AI (XAI) has developed as a subfield of AI, focused on exposing complex AI models to humans in a systematic and interpretable manner. The 22 chapters included in this book provide a timely snapshot of algorithms, theory, and applications of interpretable and explainable AI and AI techniques that have been proposed recently reflecting the current discourse in this field and providing directions of future development. The book is organized in six parts: towards AI transparency; methods for interpreting AI systems; explaining the decisions of AI systems; evaluating interpretability and explanations; applications of explainable AI; and software for explainable AI.
|Author||: Elezhan Zhakiya|
|Release Date||: 2016|
|Pages||: 28 pages|
Machine Learning techniques are being widely used in Social Sciences to find connections amongst various variables. Machine Learning connects features across different fields that do not seem to have known mathematical relationships with each other. In natural resource prospecting, machine learning can be applied to connect geochemical, geophysical, and geological variables. However, the biggest challenge in machine learning remains obtaining the data to train the ML algorithms. Here, we have applied machine learning on data extracted from maps via image processing. While the overall accuracy of prediction remains as low as 33% at this stage, we see places where the algorithm can be improved and the accuracy increased.
Even since computers were invented, many researchers have been trying to understand how human beings learn and many interesting paradigms and approaches towards emulating human learning abilities have been proposed. The ability of learning is one of the central features of human intelligence, which makes it an important ingredient in both traditional Artificial Intelligence (AI) and emerging Cognitive Science. Machine Learning (ML) draws upon ideas from a diverse set of disciplines, including AI, Probability and Statistics, Computational Complexity, Information Theory, Psychology and Neurobiology, Control Theory and Philosophy. ML involves broad topics including Fuzzy Logic, Neural Networks (NNs), Evolutionary Algorithms (EAs), Probability and Statistics, Decision Trees, etc. Real-world applications of ML are widespread such as Pattern Recognition, Data Mining, Gaming, Bio-science, Telecommunications, Control and Robotics applications. This books reports the latest developments and futuristic trends in ML.
|Release Date||: 2008|
|Pages||: 233 pages|
|Author||: Anil Kumar,Priyadarshi Upadhyay,A. Senthil Kumar|
|Publisher||: CRC Press|
|Release Date||: 2020-08-30|
|ISBN 10||: 1000091546|
|Pages||: 194 pages|
This book covers the state-of-art image classification methods for discrimination of earth objects from remote sensing satellite data with an emphasis on fuzzy machine learning and deep learning algorithms. Both types of algorithms are described in such details that these can be implemented directly for thematic mapping of multiple-class or specific-class landcover from multispectral optical remote sensing data. These algorithms along with multi-date, multi-sensor remote sensing are capable to monitor specific stage (for e.g., phenology of growing crop) of a particular class also included. With these capabilities fuzzy machine learning algorithms have strong applications in areas like crop insurance, forest fire mapping, stubble burning, post disaster damage mapping etc. It also provides details about the temporal indices database using proposed Class Based Sensor Independent (CBSI) approach supported by practical examples. As well, this book addresses other related algorithms based on distance, kernel based as well as spatial information through Markov Random Field (MRF)/Local convolution methods to handle mixed pixels, non-linearity and noisy pixels. Further, this book covers about techniques for quantiative assessment of soft classified fraction outputs from soft classification and supported by in-house developed tool called sub-pixel multi-spectral image classifier (SMIC). It is aimed at graduate, postgraduate, research scholars and working professionals of different branches such as Geoinformation sciences, Geography, Electrical, Electronics and Computer Sciences etc., working in the fields of earth observation and satellite image processing. Learning algorithms discussed in this book may also be useful in other related fields, for example, in medical imaging. Overall, this book aims to: exclusive focus on using large range of fuzzy classification algorithms for remote sensing images; discuss ANN, CNN, RNN, and hybrid learning classifiers application on remote sensing images; describe sub-pixel multi-spectral image classifier tool (SMIC) to support discussed fuzzy and learning algorithms; explain how to assess soft classified outputs as fraction images using fuzzy error matrix (FERM) and its advance versions with FERM tool, Entropy, Correlation Coefficient, Root Mean Square Error and Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) methods and; combines explanation of the algorithms with case studies and practical applications.
Machine Learning can be defined in various ways related to a scientific domain concerned with the design and development of theoretical and implementation tools that allow building systems with some Human Like intelligent behavior. Machine learning addresses more specifically the ability to improve automatically through experience.