Nanophotonics is a newly developing and exciting field, with two main areas of interest: imaging/computer vision and data transport. The technologies developed in the field of nanophotonics have far reaching implications with a wide range of potential applications from faster computing power to medical applications, and "smart" eyeglasses to national security. Integrated Nanophotonic Devices explores one of the key technologies emerging within nanophotonics: that of nano-integrated photonic modulation devices and sensors. The authors introduce the scientific principles of these devices and provide a practical, applications-based approach to recent developments in the design, fabrication and experimentation of integrated photonic modulation circuits. For this second edition, all chapters have been expanded and updated to reflect this rapidly advancing field, and an entirely new chapter has been added to cover liquid crystals integrated with nanostructures. Unlocks the technologies that will turn the rapidly growing research area of nanophotonics into a major area of commercial development, with applications in telecommunications, computing, security, and sensing Nano-integrated photonic modulation devices and sensors are the components that will see nanophotonics moving out of the lab into a new generation of products and services By covering the scientific fundamentals alongside technological applications, the authors open up this important multidisciplinary subject to readers from a range of scientific backgrounds
The rapid advancement of integrated optoelectronics has been driven considerably by miniaturization. Following the path taken in electronics of reducing devices to their ultimately fundamental forms, for instance single-electron transistors, now optical devices have also been scaled down, creating the increasingly active research fields of integrated and coupled photonic systems. The interactions between the coupled integrated micro- and nanostructures can provide us with the fundamental understanding and engineering of complex systems for a variety of applications. This book aims to bring to the readers the latest developments in the rapidly emerging field of integrated nanophotonic resonators and devices. It compiles cutting-edge research from leading experts who form an interdisciplinary team around the world. The book also introduces the fundamental knowledge of coupled integrated photonic/electronic/mechanical micro- and nanoresonators and their interactions, as well as advanced research in the field.
This comprehensive text collects the progress made in recent years in the fabrication, processing, and performance of organic nanophotonic materials and devices. The first part of the book addresses photonic nanofabrications in a chapter on multiphoton processes in nanofabrication and microscopy imaging. The second part of the book is focused on nanoscale light sources for integrated nanophotonic circuits, and is composed of three chapters on organic nano/microcavities, organic laser materials, and polymer light-emitting electrochemical cells (LECs). The third part is focused on the interactions between light and matter and consists in three chapters, including the propagation of light in organic nanostructures and photoswitches based on nonlinear optical polymer photonic crystals and photoresponsive molecules, respectively. The final chapter of this book introduces the integration of miniaturized photonic devices and circuits with various organic nanophotonic elements. The practical case studies demonstrate how the latest applications actually work, while tables throughout the book summarize key information and diagrams and figures help readers to grasp complex concepts and designs. The references at the end of each chapter can be used as the gateway to the relevant literature in the field. Moreover, this book helps researchers to advance their own investigations to develop the next generation of miniaturized devices for information processing, efficient energy conversion, and highly accurate sensing. Yong Sheng Zhao, PhD, is a Professor at the Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences (ICCAS), China.
This book provides a first integrated view of nanophotonics and plasmonics, covering the use of dielectric, semiconductor, and metal nanostructures to manipulate light at the nanometer scale. The presentation highlights similarities and advantages, and shows the common underlying physics, targets, and methodologies used for different materials (optically transparent materials for nanophotonics, vs opaque materials for plasmonics). Ultimately, the goal is to provide a basis for developing a unified platform for both fields. In addition to the fundamentals and detailed theoretical background, the book showcases the main device applications. Ching Eng (Jason) Png is Director of the Electronics and Photonics Department at the Institute of High Performance Computing, Agency for Science Technology and Research, Singapore. Yuriy A. Akimov is a scientist in the Electronics and Photonics Department at the Institute of High Performance Computing, Agency for Science Technology and Research, Singapore.
Addressing the growing demand for larger capacity in information technology, VLSI Micro- and Nanophotonics: Science, Technology, and Applications explores issues of science and technology of micro/nano-scale photonics and integration for broad-scale and chip-scale Very Large Scale Integration photonics. This book is a game-changer in the sense that it is quite possibly the first to focus on "VLSI Photonics". Very little effort has been made to develop integration technologies for micro/nanoscale photonic devices and applications, so this reference is an important and necessary early-stage perspective on this field. New demand for VLSI photonics brings into play various technological and scientific issues, as well as evolutionary and revolutionary challenges—all of which are discussed in this book. These include topics such as miniaturization, interconnection, and integration of photonic devices at micron, submicron, and nanometer scales. With its "disruptive creativity" and unparalleled coverage of the photonics revolution in information technology, this book should greatly impact the future of micro/nano-photonics and IT as a whole. It offers a comprehensive overview of the science and engineering of micro/nanophotonics and photonic integration. Many books on micro/nanophotonics focus on understanding the properties of individual devices and their related characteristics. However, this book offers a full perspective from the point of view of integration, covering all aspects of benefits and advantages of VLSI-scale photonic integration—the key technical concept in developing a platform to make individual devices and components useful and practical for various applications.
Two-dimensional (2D) materials have attracted tremendous interest since the study of graphene in the early 21st century. With their thickness in the angstrom-to-nanometer range, 2D materials, including graphene, transition metal dichalcogenides, phosphorene, silicene, and other inorganic and organic materials, can be an ideal platform to study fundamental many-body interactions because of reduced screening and can also be further engineered for nanophotonic applications. This book compiles research outcomes of leading groups in the field of 2D materials for nanophotonic physics and devices. It describes research advances of 2D materials for various nanophotonic applications, including ultrafast lasers, atomically thin optical lenses, and gratings to inelastically manipulate light propagation, their integrations with photonic nanostructures, and light–matter interactions. The book focuses on actual applications, while digging into the physics underneath. It targets advanced undergraduate- and graduate-level students of nanotechnology and researchers in nanotechnology, physics, and chemistry, especially those with an interest in 2D materials.
This book investigates the behavior of light (light pulse) within the micro- and nano-scale device (ring resonator), which can be integrated to form the device, circuits, and systems that can be used for atom/molecule trapping and transportation, optical transistor, fast calculation devices (optical gate), nanoscale communication and networks, and energy storage, etc. The large demand of small-scale device, especially, with light signal processing is needed. This book discusses device (nano device) design and simulation, which can be useful for practice in the near future.
|Author||: Olivier Vanbésien,Emmanuel Centeno|
|Publisher||: John Wiley & Sons|
|Release Date||: 2014-03-06|
|ISBN 10||: 1118649419|
|Pages||: 128 pages|
This book shows how dispersion engineering in two dimensional dielectric photonic crystals can provide new effects for the precise control of light propagation for integrated nanophotonics. Dispersion engineering in regular and graded photonic crystals to promote anomalous refraction effects is studied from the concepts to experimental demonstration via nanofabrication considerations. Self collimation, ultra and negative refraction, second harmonic generation, mirage and invisibility effects which lead to an unprecedented control of light propagation at the (sub-)wavelength scale for the field of integrated nanophotonics are detailed and commented upon.
|Author||: Christian Koos|
|Release Date||: 2007|
|ISBN 10||: 9783866441781|
|Pages||: 204 pages|
Integrated circuits, and devices fabricated using the techniques developed for integrated circuits, have steadily gotten smaller, more complex, and more powerful. The rate of shrinking is astonishing – some components are now just a few dozen atoms wide. This book attempts to answer the questions, “What comes next? and “How do we get there? Nanolithography outlines the present state of the art in lithographic techniques, including optical projection in both deep and extreme ultraviolet, electron and ion beams, and imprinting. Special attention is paid to related issues, such as the resists used in lithography, the masks (or lack thereof), the metrology needed for nano-features, modeling, and the limitations caused by feature edge roughness. In addition emerging technologies are described, including the directed assembly of wafer features, nanostructures and devices, nano-photonics, and nano-fluidics. This book is intended as a guide to the researcher new to this field, reading related journals or facing the complexities of a technical conference. Its goal is to give enough background information to enable such a researcher to understand, and appreciate, new developments in nanolithography, and to go on to make advances of his/her own. Outlines the current state of the art in alternative nanolithography technologies in order to cope with the future reduction in size of semiconductor chips to nanoscale dimensions Covers lithographic techniques, including optical projection, extreme ultraviolet (EUV), nanoimprint, electron beam and ion beam lithography Describes the emerging applications of nanolithography in nanoelectronics, nanophotonics and microfluidics
|Author||: Indrasen Bhattacharya|
|Release Date||: 2017|
|Pages||: 194 pages|
III-V optoelectronic device integration in a CMOS post-process compatible manner is important for the intimate integration of silicon-based electronic and photonic integrated circuits. The low temperature, self-catalyzed growth of high crystalline quality Wurtzite-phase InP nanopillars directly on silicon presents a viable approach to integrate high performance nano-optoelectronic devices. For the optical transmitter side of the photonic link, InGaAs quantum wells have been grown in a core-shell manner within InP nanopillars. Position-controlled growth with varying pitch is used to systematically control emission wavelength across the same growth substrate. These nanopillars have been fabricated into electrically-injected quantum well in nanopillar LEDs operating within the silicon transparent 1400-1550 nm spectral window and efficiently emitting micro-watts of power. A high quality factor (Q ~ 1000) undercut cavity quantum well nanolaser is demonstrated, operating in the silicon-transparent wavelength range up to room temperature under optical excitation. We also demonstrate an InP nanopillar phototransistor as a sensitive, low-capacitance photoreceiver for the energy-efficient operation of a complete optical link. Efficient absorption in a compact single nanopillar InP photo-BJT leads to a simultaneously high responsivity of 9.5 A/W and high 3dB-bandwidth of 7 GHz. For photovoltaic energy harvesting, a sparsely packed InP nanopillar array can absorb ~90% of the incident light because of the large absorption cross section of these near-wavelength nanopillars. Experimental data based on wavelength and angle resolved integrating sphere measurements will be presented to discuss the nearly omnidirectional absorption properties of these nanopillar arrays.
|Author||: Gang Logan Liu|
|Release Date||: 2006|
|Pages||: 464 pages|