Smart Buildings: Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology to Improve Energy Efficiency and Environmental Performance presents a thorough analysis of the latest advancements in construction materials and building design that are applied to maximize building efficiency in both new and existing buildings. After a brief introduction on the issues concerning the design process in the third millennium, Part One examines the differences between Zero Energy, Green, and Smart Buildings, with particular emphasis placed on the issue of smart buildings and smart housing, mainly the ‘envelope’ and how to make it more adaptive with the new possibilities offered by nanotechnology and smart materials. Part Two focuses on the last generation of solutions for smart thermal insulation. Based on the results of extensive research into more innovative insulation materials, chapters discuss achievements in nanotechnology, bio-ecological, and phase-change materials. The technical characteristics, performance level, and methods of use for each are described in detail, as are the achievements in the field of green walls and their use as a solution for upgrading the energy efficiency and environmental performance of existing buildings. Finally, Part Three reviews current research on smart windows, with the assumption that transparent surfaces represent the most critical element in the energy balance of the building. Chapters provide an extensive review on the technical features of transparent closures that are currently on the market or under development, from so-called dynamic glazing to bio-adaptive and photovoltaic glazing. The aesthetic potential and performance limits are also be discussed. Presents valuable definitions that are given to explain the characteristics, requirements, and differences between ‘zero energy’, ‘green’ and ‘smart’ buildings Contains particular focus on the next generation of construction materials and the most advanced products currently entering the market Lists both the advantages and disadvantages to help the reader choose the most suitable solution Takes into consideration both design and materials aspects Promotes the existence of new advanced materials providing technical information to encourage further use and reduce costs compared to more traditional materials
|Author||: F. Pacheco Torgal,Cinzia Buratti,S. Kalaiselvam,Claes-Göran Granqvist,Volodymyr Ivanov|
|Release Date||: 2016-02-04|
|ISBN 10||: 3319275054|
|Pages||: 484 pages|
This book presents the current state of knowledge on nanomaterials and their use in buildings, ranging from glazing and vacuum insulation to PCM composites. It also discusses recent applications in organic photovoltaics, photo-bioreactors, bioplastics and foams, making it an exciting read while also providing copious references to current research and applications for those wanting to pursue possible future research directions. Derek Clements-Croome, Emeritus Professor in Architectural Engineering, University of Reading (From the Foreword) Demonstrating how higher energy efficiency in new and existing buildings can help reduce global greenhouse gas emissions, this book details the way in which new technologies, manufacturing processes and products can serve to abate emissions from the energy sector and offer a cost-effective means of improving competitiveness and drive employment. Maximizing reader insights into how nano and biotech materials – such as aerogel based plasters, thermochromic glazings and thermal energy adsorbing glass, amongst others – can provide high energy efficiency performance in buildings, it provides practitioners in the field with an important high-tech tool to tackle key challenges and is essential reading for civil engineers, architects, materials scientists and researchers in the area of the sustainability of the built environment.
Handbook of Energy Efficiency in Buildings: A Life Cycle Approach offers a comprehensive and in-depth coverage of the subject with a further focus on the Life Cycle. The editors, renowned academics, invited a diverse group of researchers to develop original chapters for the book and managed to well integrate all contributions in a consistent volume. Sections cover the role of the building sector on energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions, international technical standards, laws and regulations, building energy efficiency and zero energy consumption buildings, the life cycle assessment of buildings, from construction to decommissioning, and other timely topics. The multidisciplinary approach to the subject makes it valuable for researchers and industry based Civil, Construction, and Architectural Engineers. Researchers in related fields as built environment, energy and sustainability at an urban scale will also benefit from the books integrated perspective. Presents a complete and thorough coverage of energy efficiency in buildings Provides an integrated approach to all the different elements that impact energy efficiency Contains coverage of worldwide regulation
|Author||: Mohammad Arif Kamal|
|Publisher||: Trans Tech Publications Ltd|
|Release Date||: 2016-02-12|
|ISBN 10||: 3035701393|
|Pages||: 156 pages|
Special topic volume with invited peer reviewed papers only.
The book covers chapters ranging from introduction to recent technological challenges, case studies of energy-efficient buildings with policy and awareness issues, fundamentals and present status along with research updates and future aspects on topics focusing on energy-efficient construction, materials Provides comprehensive information on energy efficient buildings including policy and energy audit aspects with case studies Examines application of PCMs in passive heating and cooling in buildings; role of active TES and energy saving potential
|Author||: R. Parameshwaran,V. Vinayaka Ram,R Karunakaran,N Jalaiah|
|Publisher||: Woodhead Publishing|
|Release Date||: 2018-09-01|
|ISBN 10||: 0081022522|
|Pages||: 446 pages|
Innovative Materials for Building Energy Efficiency: Preparation, Characterization, Properties and Applications contains informative information on how to bridge energy gaps in buildings using innovative materials. The ideologies and assessments presented give immediate solutions to existing building structures, thus making them energy efficient. It addresses the key energy challenges that need to be confronted in all aspects of materials science, technology and sustainability. Presents a comprehensive tool for immediate reference on the state-of-the-art on innovative and advanced building materials, their characterization, properties and applications Includes a clear explanation, discussion and presentation of topics using user-friendly graphics and table Contains chapters exclusively dedicated to nanotechnology-based materials, smart materials and embodied energy for improving building energy efficiency Creates a benchmark for representing building energy efficiency through the collection and presentation of state-of-the art information on materials
|Author||: Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Claes Goeran Granqvist,Bjørn Peter Jelle,Giuseppe Peter Vanoli,Nicola Bianco,Jarek Kurnitski|
|Publisher||: Woodhead Publishing|
|Release Date||: 2017-01-03|
|ISBN 10||: 0081012276|
|Pages||: 632 pages|
Cost-Effective Energy Efficient Building Retrofitting:Materials, Technologies, Optimization and Case Studies provides essential knowledge for civil engineers, architects, and other professionals working in the field of cost-effective energy efficient building retrofitting. The building sector is responsible for high energy consumption and its global demand is expected to grow as each day there are approximately 200,000 new inhabitants on planet Earth. The majority of electric energy will continue to be generated from the combustion of fossil fuels releasing not only carbon dioxide, but also methane and nitrous oxide. Energy efficiency measures are therefore crucial to reduce greenhouse gas emissions of the building sector. Energy efficient building retrofitting needs to not only be technically feasible, but also economically viable. New building materials and advanced technologies already exist, but the knowledge to integrate all active components is still scarce and far from being widespread among building industry stakeholders. Emphasizes cost-effective methods for the refurbishment of existing buildings, presenting state-of-the-art technologies Includes detailed case studies that explain various methods and Net Zero Energy Explains optimal analysis and prioritization of cost effective strategies
|Author||: Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Joao Labrincha,Luisa Cabeza,Claes Goeran Granqvist|
|Publisher||: Woodhead Publishing|
|Release Date||: 2015-02-27|
|ISBN 10||: 1782424016|
|Pages||: 550 pages|
Climate change is one of the most important environmental problems faced by Planet Earth. The majority of CO2 emissions come from burning fossil fuels for energy production and improvements in energy efficiency shows the greatest potential for any single strategy to abate global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the energy sector. Energy related emissions account for almost 80% of the EU's total greenhouse gas emissions. The building sector is the largest energy user responsible for about 40% of the EU’s total final energy consumption. In Europe the number of installed air conditioning systems has increased 500% over the last 20 years, but in that same period energy cooling needs have increased more than 20 times. The increase in energy cooling needs relates to the current higher living and working standards. In urban environments with low outdoor air quality (the general case) this means that in summer-time one cannot count on natural ventilation to reduce cooling needs. Do not forget the synergistic effect between heat waves and air pollution which means that outdoor air quality is worse in the summer aggravating cooling needs. Over the next few years this phenomenon will become much worse because more people will live in cities, more than 2 billion by 2050 and global warming will aggravate cooling needs. An overview of materials to lessen the impact of urban heat islands Excellent coverage of building materials to reduce air condtioning needs Innovative products discussed such as Thermo and Electrochromic materials
|Author||: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on the Dept. of the Interior and Related Agencies|
|Release Date||: 1994|
|Pages||: 329 pages|
This book discusses energy efficient buildings and the role they play in our efforts to address climate change, energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions by considering buildings and the construction sector's unique position along a critical path to decarbonisation from a multi-perspective and holistic viewpoint. Topics covered in the book range from daylighting, building topology comparison, building envelope design, zero energy homes in hot arid regions, life-cycle considerations and energy efficiency analysis to managing energy demand through equipment selection. Each chapter addresses an important aspect of energy efficient building and serves as a vital building block towards constructing a timely and relevant body of knowledge in energy efficient buildings.
|Publisher||: Nordic Council of Ministers|
|Release Date||: 2008-06-01|
|ISBN 10||: 928931723X|
|Pages||: 44 pages|
|Author||: Hui Li,Yan Feng Liu,Ming Guo,Rui Zhang,Jing Du|
|Publisher||: Trans Tech Publications Ltd|
|Release Date||: 2011-10-24|
|ISBN 10||: 3038137553|
|Pages||: 2840 pages|
Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). These peer-reviewed papers record the invaluable researches of the authors in the fields of innovation in structural system and disaster prevention in engineering structures, architectural innovation, sustainable development of buildings and the environment and innovations in, and applications of, building materials. Hot topics and state-of-the-art view related to sustainable development in civil engineering are presented.
Energy Saving Coating Materials: Design, Process, Implementation and Developments provides comprehensive information regarding recent materials advancements and design aspects and integration for infra-red radiation regulators, along with future developments of zero emission buildings. The key opportunities and challenges for the usage of existing heat regulation materials and their implementation for commercial aspects are explored. The fundamental interaction between electromagnetic waves and materials are discussed, along with materials synthesis, design and integration of coatings for smart window applications. This book presents recent developments of innovative technologies comprising energy saving materials and coatings which are key considerations for achieving vital energy saving milestones. Provides knowledge-based information on the optical properties of materials and their utility for solar energy harvesting and energy saving applications Discusses innovative coatings for smart windows applications, including the progressive development of radiative cooling and cool paint Previews future developments for the synthesis, design and integration of heat regulative materials
This book is the result of recent research that deals with the built environment and innovative materials, carried out by specialists working in universities and centers of research in different professional fields ─ architecture, engineering, physics ─ and in an area that that spans from the Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf, and from South Eastern Europe to the Middle East. This book takes the necessity of re-shaping the concept of building design in order to transform buildings from large scale energy consumers to energy savers and producers into consideration. The book is organized in two parts: theory and case studies. For the theoretical part, we chose from the wide range of sources that provide energy efficient materials and systems the two that seem to be endless: the sun and vegetation. Their use in building products represents a tool for specialists in the architectural design concept. The case-studies presented analyze different architectural programs, in different climates, from new buildings to rehabilitation approaches and from residential architecture to hospitals and sports arenas; each case emphasizes the interdisciplinarity of the building design activity in order to help readers gain a better understanding of the complex approach needed for energy efficient building design
Prefaced by Björn Stigson, President of the World Business Council for Sustainable Development, this book is one of the few that treats this topic by putting representatives of industry at centre stage. The book systematically addresses the drivers, the tools, and sector-specific elements that play a role in this process. The five chapters in Part I are devoted to a general introduction to eco-efficiency and the related challenges to industry in its implementation. Part II contains 23 case studies, almost all written by industrial experts who tell how they deal with the challenge: what the motivators are, what tools can be used and how they can be implemented, and what are the specific elements in sectors like building, electronics and packaging. These contributions come from multinationals like Unilever, Procter & Gamble, Akzo Nobel, Philips and Ciba-Geigy, as well as small and medium sized enterprises from such sectors as the building and furniture trades.
|Author||: E. Mlecnik,IOS Press|
|Publisher||: IOS Press|
|Release Date||: 2013-03-20|
|ISBN 10||: 1614992363|
|Pages||: 440 pages|
In previous years we have seen a recognition of the significant potential that exists for reducing energy use through innovation in residential buildings. This study investigates innovation challenges and identifies opportunities that could lead to a rapid increase in the adoption of highly energy-efficient housing concepts, particularly that of the passive house. To this end, it exemplifies, interprets and develops the innovation adoption theory through an investigation of views and experiences on the supply side, the demand side and the policy side. It highlights successful innovation trajectories and barriers experienced by businesses. It addresses both problems and positive experiences from the perspective of the end user and investigates different policy approaches. As such, the research reveals important features of innovation-adoption strategies in the building sector. It shows how multi-player enterprise collaboration plays a key role, and the study also recommends the development of quality assurance schemes. It makes a valuable contribution to discussions about how active the role of government policymakers and enterprise networks should be.
Sustainable Construction Technologies: Life-Cycle Assessment provides practitioners with a tool to help them select technologies that are financially advantageous even though they have a higher initial cost. Chapters provide an overview of LCA and how it can be used in conjunction with other indicators to manage construction. Topics covered include indoor environment quality, energy efficiency, transport, water reuse, materials, land use and ecology, and more. The book presents a valuable tool for construction professionals and researchers that want to apply sustainable construction techniques to their projects. Practitioners will find the international case studies and discussions of worldwide regulation and standards particularly useful. Provides a framework for analyzing sustainable construction technologies and economic viability Introduces key credit criteria for different sustainable construction technologies Covers the most relevant construction areas Includes technologies that can be employed during the process of construction, or to the product of the construction process, i.e. buildings Analyzes international rating systems and provides supporting case studies
Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). This volume is divided into 3 chapters. The first, focused on Materials and Elaboration Techniques, describes various types of material such as composites, polymers, semiconductors, metals, ceramics, bio-materials, inorganic alloys, textile, porous, crystalline, amorphous and hybrids elaborated by various means such as vapor-phase, liquid-phase, plasma, ion-based and laser-assisted techniques, soft chemistry, self- assembly, bonding, sintering, and including bulk, surface, interface, thin-film and nano-materials. The second chapter, on Characterization Techniques and Properties, covers both physical (optical, structural, electrical, mechanical, magnetic, damage, aging...) and chemical (surface and bulk composition, imaging, impurity, reactivity, catalysis, aging, oxidation, corrosion) aspects. The last chapter, Applications, focuses on subjects such as: (i) environment and energy (renewable energy, storage and energy conversion, transport), (ii) health, biomedical and life science, (iii) electronic devices and systems (micro-nano electronics, power electronics, photonics and optoelectronics, systems, storage and heat management) and (iv) cultural heritage (e.g. archeology).
These selected papers offer an overview of current knowledge in the fields of Renewable Energy and Building Energy Saving; Indoor Environments; City Ecological Environments; Water Purification and Wastewater Treatment; Air Environment Control and Architectural Environment Improvement Techniques; Road and Railway Engineering; Transportation Planning, Construction and Operation Organization; Bridge Engineering; Traffic Control and Information Technology; Carrier Operation Engineering. The volumes provide a comprehensive picture of the situation world wide.
|Author||: Feng Liu,Anke S. Meyer,John F. Hogan|
|Publisher||: World Bank Publications|
|Release Date||: 2010-10-12|
|ISBN 10||: 082138564X|
|Pages||: 224 pages|
Urbanization and growing wealth in developing countries portend a large increase of demand for modern energy services in residential, commercial and public-service buildings in the coming decades. Pursuing energy efficiency in buildings is vital to energy security in developing countries and is identified by the Intergovernment Panel on Climate Change as having the greatest potential for cost-effective reduction of CO2 emissions by 2030 among all energy-consuming sectors. Building energy efficiency codes (BEECs), along with energy efficiency standards for major appliances and equipment, are broadly recognized as a necessary government intervention to overcome persistent market barriers to capturing the economic potential of energy efficiency gains in the residential, commercial and public-service sectors. Implementation of BEECs help prevent costly energy wastes over the lifecycles of buildings in space heating, air conditioning, lighting, and other energy service requirements. Nonetheless, achieving the full potential of energy savings afforded by more energy-efficient buildings requires holding people who live or work in buildings accountable for the cost of energy services. Compliance enforcement has been the biggest challenge to implementing BEECs. This report summarizes the findings of an extensive literature survey of the experiences of implementing BEECs in developed countries, as well as those from case studies of China, Egypt, India, and Mexico. It also serves as a primer on the basic features and contents of BEECs and the commonly adopted compliance and enforcement approaches. This report highlights the key challenges to improving compliance enforcement in developing countries, including government commitment to energy efficiency, the effectiveness of government oversight of the construction sector, the compliance capacity of building supply chain, and financing constraints. The report notes that the process of transforming a country s building supply chain toward delivering increasingly more energy-efficient buildings takes time and requires persistent government intervention through uniformly enforced and regularly updated BEECs. The report recommends increased international support in strengthening the enforcement infrastructure for BEECs in middle-income developing countries. For low- and lower-middle-income countries, there is an urgent need to assist in improving the effectiveness of government oversight system for building construction, laying the foundation for the system to also cover BEECs.