identification of textile fibers

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Identification of Textile Fibers
Author : M M Houck
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2009-01-30
ISBN 10 : 1845695658
Pages : 396 pages
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The identification of fibers is important to the textile industry, forensic science, fashion designers and historians among others. Identifying fibers involves observing the physical and chemical properties of the fiber for which there are a wide diversity of instruments available. This book provides a comprehensive review of fiber structure, the diversity of instruments available to identify fibers and applicications for a range of industries. The first part of the book examines the main fibers, their structure and characteristics. Part two focuses on methods of fiber identification, ranging from microscopic to DNA analysis. Specific applications, including how textiles are identified in forensic investigations. Identification of textile fibers is an important text for forensic scientists, police and lawyers who may be involved with the use of textile fibers to provide evidence in criminal cases. It will also be relevant for textile designers, technologists and inspectors wishing to assess fiber quality and understand fiber damage. Provides a comprehensive review of the main types of fibre together with their structure, characteristics and identification Assesses methods of fibre identification from optical microscopy to DNA analysis as well as instruments available to identify fibres

Identification of Textile Fibers
Author : Max M. Houck
Publisher : Woodhead Pub Limited
Release Date : 2009
ISBN 10 : 9781845692667
Pages : 375 pages
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The identification of fibers is important to the textile industry, forensic science, fashion designers and historians among others. Identifying fibers involves observing the physical and chemical properties of the fiber for which there are a wide diversity of instruments available. This book provides a comprehensive review of fiber structure, the diversity of instruments available to identify fibers and applicications for a range of industries. The first part of the book examines the main fibers, their structure and characteristics. Part two focuses on methods of fiber identification, ranging from microscopic to DNA analysis. Specific applications, including how textiles are identified in forensic investigations. Identification of textile fibers is an important text for forensic scientists, police and lawyers who may be involved with the use of textile fibers to provide evidence in criminal cases. It will also be relevant for textile designers, technologists and inspectors wishing to assess fiber quality and understand fiber damage. Provides a comprehensive review of the main types of fibre together with their structure, characteristics and identification Assesses methods of fibre identification from optical microscopy to DNA analysis as well as instruments available to identify fibres

The Identification of Textile Fibres
Author : Bruno Luniak
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 1953
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 177 pages
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Identification of Textile Fibres
Author : M. M. Houck
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2009-02-11
ISBN 10 : 9781439801147
Pages : 320 pages
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Identifying fibers involves observing the physical and chemical properties of the fiber for which there are a wide diversity of instruments available. This book provides a comprehensive review of fiber structure, the diversity of instruments available to identify fibers, and applications for a range of industries. The first part examines the main fibers, their structure, and characteristics. It then focuses on methods of fiber identification, ranging from microscopic to DNA analysis. In includes coverage of specific applications, including how textiles are identified in forensic investigations.

Handbook of Natural Fibres
Author : Ryszard M Kozłowski
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2012-10-19
ISBN 10 : 0857095501
Pages : 656 pages
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Growing awareness of environmental issues has led to increasing demand for goods produced from natural products, including natural fibres. The two-volume Handbook of natural fibres is an indispensible tool in understanding the diverse properties and applications of these important materials. Volume 1: Types, properties and factors affecting breeding and cultivation is an essential guide to a wide range of natural fibres, and highlights key techniques for their improvement. Part one reviews key types and fundamental properties of natural textile fibres. The production, identification and testing of a range of cotton, bast, silk and wool fibres are discussed, alongside bioengineered natural textile fibres. Part two goes on to explore the improvement of natural fibre properties and production through breeding and cultivation, beginning with a discussion of fibrous flax and cotton. Improved natural fibre production through the prevention of fungal growth is explored, along with the use of genetic engineering and biotechnology to enhance desirable characteristics. Finally, the wider impact of natural textile production is discussed, using wild silk enterprise programs as an example. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, the two volumes of the Handbook of natural fibres are essential texts for professionals and academics in textile science and technology. Provides an essential guide to a wide range of natural fibres and highlights key techniques for their improvement Reviews key types and fundamental properties of natural textile fibres, addressing the production, identification and testing of a range of cotton, bast, silk and wool fibres Explores the improvement of natural fibre properties and production through breeding and cultivation, beginning with a discussion of fibrous flax and cotton

Handbook of Tensile Properties of Textile and Technical Fibres
Author : A. R. Bunsell
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2009-10-19
ISBN 10 : 1845696808
Pages : 696 pages
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Fibres usually experience tensile loads whether they are used for apparel or technical structures. Their form, which is long and fine, makes them some of the strongest materials available as well as very flexible. This book provides a concise and authoritative overview of tensile behaviour of a wide range of both natural and synthetic fibres used both in textiles and high performance materials. After preliminary chapters that introduce the reader to tensile properties, failure and testing of fibres, the book is split into two parts. Part one examines tensile properties and failure of natural fibres, such as cotton, hemp, wool and silk. Part two discusses the tensile properties and failure of synthetic fibres ranging from polyamide, polyester and polyethylene fibres to carbon fibres. Many chapters also provide a general background to the fibre, including the manufacture, microstructure, factors that affect tensile properties as well as methods to improve tensile failure. With its distinguished editor and array of international contributors, Handbook of tensile properties of textile and technical fibres is an important reference for fibre scientists, textile technologists and engineers, as well as those in academia. Provides an overview of tensile behaviour of a wide range of both natural and synthetic fibres Examines tensile characterisitics, tensile failure of textiles fibres and factors that affect tensile properties Discusses mircostructures and each type of fibre from manufacture to finished product

Chemical Testing of Textiles
Author : Q Fan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2005-09-28
ISBN 10 : 1845690699
Pages : 336 pages
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Chemical Testing of Textiles is a comprehensive book aimed at giving a full overview of chemical testing for both academics and industry. It provides an extensive coverage of the chemical analysis procedures for a broad range of textiles. It introduces fundamental chemical concepts and rudimentary procedures and tries to balance the theoretical and practical parts of the contents. In most cases, the chemical analysis is undertaken with a test method regulated and updated by a professional organization. It serves as a great accompaniment to Physical testing of textiles. It has been compiled with the hard work of a team of contributors including professors, material researchers and textile analysts from Canada, Britain, Germany, and the United States of America. The opening chapter deals with fibre and yarn identification and is followed by nine separate chapters discussing different chemical analyses with regard to textiles. These include leather, feather/down, textile wet processes, fibre finishes, coatings, performance related tests, wastewater, and dyes and pigments. This book is a valuable resource for academic and industrial chemists, lecturers and students of textile chemistry and related subjects. It will also serve as a practical guide for textile plant managers, process engineers, technologists, qualified practitioners, textile research and testing institutes, quality inspectors, chemist-colourists and textile designers. A comprehensive overview of the chemical testing of textiles for both academia and industry Provides extensive coverage of the chemical analysis procedures for a broad range of textiles Compiled by a worldwide team of renowned experts

Identification of Textile Materials
Author : N.A
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 1970
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 233 pages
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MICROSCOPY OF TEXTILE FIBRES
Author : P. H. Greaves,B. P. Saville,Royal Microscopical Society (Great Britain)
Publisher : Garland Science
Release Date : 1995-05-31
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 92 pages
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This practical guide provides an up-to-date description of the properties and characteristics of textile fibres which may be investigated using different forms of microscopy. The book offers clear guidance on sampling, specimen preparation and examination procedures, including identification and measurement of fibres, analysis of speciality fibres, polarized light microscopy, scanning and transmission electron microscopy, and confocal and infrared microscopy. Microscopy of Textile Fibres is written with current technological and commercial requirements in mind, and is essential reading for textile technologists, fibre scientists, and any microscopists called upon to examine textile materials. It will also be of interest to forensic scientists, materials analysts and textile historians.

Textile Fiber Microscopy
Author : Ivana Markova
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2019-02-20
ISBN 10 : 1119320070
Pages : 240 pages
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A groundbreaking text to the study of textile fibers that bridges the knowledge gap between fiber shape and end uses Textile Fiber Microscopy offers an important and comprehensive guide to the study of textile fibers and contains a unique text that prioritizes a review of fibers’ microstructure, macrostructure and chemical composition. The author – a noted expert in the field – details many fiber types and includes all the possible fiber shapes with a number of illustrative micrographs. The author explores a wealth of topics such as fiber end uses, fiber source and production, a history of each fiber and the sustainability of the various fibers. The text includes a review of environmentally friendly fibers and contains information on the most current fiber science by putting the focus on fibers that have been mechanically or chemically recycled, for use in textile production. The author also offers an exploration of issues of textile waste and the lack of textile recycling that can help public policymakers with ways to inform and regulate post-industrial and post-consumer textile waste issues. This vital guide: Contains an accompanied micrograph for many fibers presented Includes information on how fiber microstructure is connected to fabric properties and how it affects the end use of fabrics Offers a review of the sophistication of textile fibers from a scientific point of view Presents a comparative textile fiber review that is appropriate for both for students, textile experts and forensic scientists Written for students and professionals of apparel design and merchandising, and forensic scientists, Textile Fiber Microscopy presents an important review of textile fibers from a unique perspective that explores fibers’ microstructure, macrostructure and chemical composition.

Introduction to Textile Fibres
Author : H. V. Sreenivasa Murthy
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2018-10-08
ISBN 10 : 1315359332
Pages : 250 pages
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Introduction to Textile Fibres provides necessary information for beginners. In many textile institutions, this book was widely referred by students and staff for teaching diploma and degree courses. In 1989, the book won the coveted "Best Technical Book in Textile" – Century Mills Award through Textile Association (India). This revised edition of the book offers new topics and updated statistical figures.

Light in Forensic Science
Author : Jacqueline L Stair,Giorgia Miolo,Mire Zloh
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release Date : 2018-04-16
ISBN 10 : 1788013980
Pages : 431 pages
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The identification and quantification of material present and collected at a crime scene are critical requirements in investigative analyses. Forensic analysts use a variety of tools and techniques to achieve this, many of which use light. Light is not always the forensic analyst’s friend however, as light can degrade samples and alter results. This book details the analysis of a range of molecular systems by light-based techniques relevant to forensic science, as well as the negative effects of light in the degradation of forensic evidence, such as the breakage of DNA linkages during DNA profiling. The introductory chapters explain how chemiluminescence and fluorescence can be used to visualise samples and the advantages and limitations of available technologies. They also discuss the limitations of our knowledge about how light could alter the physical nature of materials, for example by breaking DNA linkages during DNA profiling or by modifying molecular structures of polymers and illicit drugs. The book then explains how to detect, analyse and interpret evidence from materials such as illicit drugs, agents of bioterrorism, and textiles, using light-based techniques from microscopy to surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy. Edited by active photobiological and forensic scientists, this book will be of interest to students and researchers in the fields of photochemistry, photobiology, toxicology and forensic science.