|Author||: Salvador Avila Filho,Ivone Conceicao de Souza Cerqueira,Carine Nogueira Santino,Fernando Luiz Pellegrini Pessôa,Jose Rafael Nascimento Lopes|
|Release Date||: 2021-01-06|
|ISBN 10||: 9780128196502|
|Pages||: 262 pages|
Human Factor and Reliability Analysis to Prevent Losses in Industrial Processes: An Operational Culture Perspective aims to initiate a multidisciplinary discussion on risk activities by reviewing human reliability in industrial processes to reduce material, energy, image and time losses. The book presents a methodology for the quantification and investigation of human reliability and verification of the influence of human factors in the generation of process losses, consisting of the following steps: contextualization, data collection and results, task perform and loss observation, social technical variable analyses, and data processing (datamining, PCA, fuzzy and results). The book investigates human reliability, concepts and models in situations of human error in practice, identifies where low reliability occurs, and then visualizes where and how to perform an intervention. Relates human reliability to the environment, leadership, decision models, possible mistakes and successes, mental map constructions, and organizational cultures Provides techniques for the diagnosis of human and operational reliability Gives examples of the application of methodologies in the stage of diagnosis and program construction Discusses competences for the analysis of process losses in industry Investigates real-life situations where human errors cause losses Includes practical examples and case studies
Over the last three decades the process industries have grown very rapidly, with corresponding increases in the quantities of hazardous materials in process, storage or transport. Plants have become larger and are often situated in or close to densely populated areas. Increased hazard of loss of life or property is continually highlighted with incidents such as Flixborough, Bhopal, Chernobyl, Three Mile Island, the Phillips 66 incident, and Piper Alpha to name but a few. The field of Loss Prevention is, and continues to, be of supreme importance to countless companies, municipalities and governments around the world, because of the trend for processing plants to become larger and often be situated in or close to densely populated areas, thus increasing the hazard of loss of life or property. This book is a detailed guidebook to defending against these, and many other, hazards. It could without exaggeration be referred to as the "bible" for the process industries. This is THE standard reference work for chemical and process engineering safety professionals. For years, it has been the most complete collection of information on the theory, practice, design elements, equipment, regulations and laws covering the field of process safety. An entire library of alternative books (and cross-referencing systems) would be needed to replace or improve upon it, but everything of importance to safety professionals, engineers and managers can be found in this all-encompassing reference instead. Frank Lees' world renowned work has been fully revised and expanded by a team of leading chemical and process engineers working under the guidance of one of the world's chief experts in this field. Sam Mannan is professor of chemical engineering at Texas A&M University, and heads the Mary Kay O'Connor Process Safety Center at Texas A&M. He received his MS and Ph.D. in chemical engineering from the University of Oklahoma, and joined the chemical engineering department at Texas A&M University as a professor in 1997. He has over 20 years of experience as an engineer, working both in industry and academia New detail is added to chapters on fire safety, engineering, explosion hazards, analysis and suppression, and new appendices feature more recent disasters. The many thousands of references have been updated along with standards and codes of practice issued by authorities in the US, UK/Europe and internationally. In addition to all this, more regulatory relevance and case studies have been included in this edition. Written in a clear and concise style, Loss Prevention in the Process Industries covers traditional areas of personal safety as well as the more technological aspects and thus provides balanced and in-depth coverage of the whole field of safety and loss prevention. - A must-have standard reference for chemical and process engineering safety professionals - The most complete collection of information on the theory, practice, design elements, equipment and laws that pertain to process safety - Only single work to provide everything; principles, practice, codes, standards, data and references needed by those practicing in the field
|Author||: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)|
|Publisher||: John Wiley & Sons|
|Release Date||: 2010-08-13|
|ISBN 10||: 0470925086|
|Pages||: 416 pages|
Almost all the major accident investigations--Texas City, Piper Alpha, the Phillips 66 explosion, Feyzin, Mexico City--show human error as the principal cause, either in design, operations, maintenance, or the management of safety. This book provides practical advice that can substantially reduce human error at all levels. In eight chapters--packed with case studies and examples of simple and advanced techniques for new and existing systems--the book challenges the assumption that human error is "unavoidable." Instead, it suggests a systems perspective. This view sees error as a consequence of a mismatch between human capabilities and demands and inappropriate organizational culture. This makes error a manageable factor and, therefore, avoidable.
Domino Effects in the Process Industries discusses state-of-the-art theories, conceptual models, insights and practical issues surrounding large-scale knock-on accidents—so-called domino effects—in the chemical and process industries. The book treats such extremely low-frequency phenomena from a technological perspective, studying possible causes and introducing several approaches to assess and control the risks of these scenarios. The authors also examine these events from a managerial viewpoint, discussing single and multi-plant management insights and requirements to take pro-active measures to prevent such events. Academics, regulators, and industrialists who study and analyze domino effects in order to prevent such events will find the book unique and highly valuable. Outlines available methods in analyzing these events, aiding understanding of the accidents and their causes Covers current modelling, control and management tactics of domino effects, -facilitating prevention Identifies areas where new research is needed
This text presents papers from the second conference on major hazards onshore and offshore, held in Manchester in October 1995. Contents include papers on gas dispersion and explosion modelling, fire and explosions, management of safety and human factors, and risk analysis and hazard assessment.
The process industry has developed integrated process safety management programs to reduce or eliminate incidents and major consequences, such as injury, loss of life, property damage, environmental harm, and business interruption. Good documentation practices are a crucial part of retaining past knowledge and experience, and avoiding relearning old lessons. Following an introduction, which offers examples of how proper documentation might have prevented major explosions and serious incidents, the 21 sections in this book clearly present aims, goals, and methodology in all areas of documentation. The text contains examples of dozens of needed forms, lists of relevant industry organizations, sources for software, references, OSHA regulations, sample plans, and more.
Industry underestimates the extent to which behaviour at work is influenced by the design of the working environment. Designing for Human Reliability argues that greater awareness of the contribution of design to human error can significantly enhance HSE performance and improve return on investment. Illustrated with many examples, Designing for Human Reliability explores why work systems are designed and implemented such that "design-induced human error" becomes more-or-less inevitable. McLeod demonstrates how well understood psychological processes can lead people to make decisions and to take actions that otherwise seem impossible to understand. Designing for Human Reliability sets out thirteen key elements to deliver the levels of human reliability expected to achieve the return on investment sought when decisions are made to invest in projects. And it demonstrates how investigation of the human contribution to incidents can be improved by focusing on what companies expected and intended when they chose to rely on human performance as a barrier, or control, against incidents. Recognise some ‘hard truths’ of human performance and learn about the importance of applying the principles of Human Factors Engineering on capital projects Learn from analysis of real-world incidents how differences between ‘fast’ and ‘slow’ styles of thinking can lead to human error in industrial processes Learn how controls and barrier against major incidents that rely on human performance can be strengthened throughout the design and development of assets and equipment
A comprehensive, one-volume treatment of human reliability analysis--incorporating an introduction to probabilistic risk assessment for nuclear power generating stations--and the first work to treat the subject according to the framework established for general systems theory. Draws upon reliability analysis, psychology, human factors engineering, and statistics, integrating elements of these fields within a systems framework. Provides the uninitiated reader with a history of human reliability analysis, and includes actual examples of the application of the systems approach.
|Publisher||: Amer Inst of Chemical Engineers|
|Release Date||: 1993|
|ISBN 10||: 9780816905898|
|Pages||: 560 pages|
The proceedings of the conference and workshop held in San Francisco, September 1993, comprise 25 papers, two workshops, and 12 posters. Among the paper topics: planning guidelines for acute risk management the Canadian chemical industry experience; a review of the role of cost-benefit analysis as a
Human Reliability: With Human Factors focuses on human reliability during system design. The book is organized into 13 chapters, wherein Chapter 1 presents histories of human factors and human reliability along with selective terms and definitions. Chapter 2 shows basic reliability mathematics and concepts. Subsequent chapters then elaborate on human reliability, human errors, six human reliability analysis methods, and reliability evaluation of systems with human errors. Other chapters elucidate human factors in maintenance and maintainability; human safety; human reliability data; and human factors in quality control, design, mathematical models, and formulas. Applications of human factors engineering are also addressed. The text will be valuable to human factor engineers and specialists, reliability and maintainability specialists, system and design engineers, industrial engineers, quality control engineers, and students.
|Author||: E. Hollnagel|
|Release Date||: 1998-01-23|
|ISBN 10||: 9780080529295|
|Pages||: 302 pages|
The growing dependence of working environments on complex technology has created many challenges and lead to a large number of accidents. Although the quality of organization and management within the work environment plays an important role in these accidents, the significance of individual human action (as a direct cause and as a mitigating factor) is undeniable. This has created a need for new, integrated approaches to accident analysis and risk assessment. This book detailing the use of CREAM is, therefore, both timely and useful. It presents an error taxonomy which integrates individual, technological and organizational factors based on cognitive engineering principles. In addition to the necessary theoretical foundation, it provides a step-by-step description of how the taxonomy can be applied to analyse as well as predict performance using a context-dependent cognitive model. CREAM can be used as a second-generation human reliability analysis (HRA) approach in probabilistic safety assessment (PSA), as a stand-alone method for accident analysis and as part of a larger design method for interactive systems. In particular, the use of CREAM will enable system designers and risk analysts to: • identify tasks that require human cognition and therefore depend on cognitive reliability • determine the conditions where cognitive reliability and ensuing risk may be reduced • provide an appraisal of the consequences of human performance on system safety which can be used in PSA.
|Release Date||: 1999|
|Pages||: 329 pages|
|Author||: European Federation of Chemical Engineering|
|Release Date||: 1978|
|Pages||: 637 pages|
|Author||: Pedro M. Arezes,Ronald L. Boring|
|Publisher||: Springer Nature|
|Release Date||: 2020-06-30|
|ISBN 10||: 303050946X|
|Pages||: 387 pages|
This book brings together studies broadly addressing human error and safety management from the perspectives of various disciplines, and shares the latest findings on ensuring employees’ safety, health, and welfare at work. It combines a diverse range of disciplines – e.g. work physiology, health informatics, safety engineering, workplace design, injury prevention, and occupational psychology – and presents new strategies for safety management, including accident prevention methods such as performance testing and participatory ergonomics. It reports on cutting-edge methods and findings concerning safety-critical systems, defense, and security, and discusses advanced topics regarding human performance, human variability, and reliability analysis; medical, driver and pilot error, as well as automation error; and cognitive modeling of human error. Further, it highlights cutting-edge applications in safety management, defense, security, transportation, process controls, and medicine. Gathering the proceedings of the AHFE 2020 International Conference on Safety Management and Human Factors and the AHFE 2020 Virtual Conference on Human Error, Reliability, Resilience, and Performance, held on July 16–20, 2020, USA, the book offers an extensive, timely, and multidisciplinary guide for researchers and practitioners dealing with safety management and human error.
In the Indian context.
You can turn to this expert sourcebook for complete information on cost-effective risk-assessment methods used in the design of facilities involving fuel, chemical, nuclear, and environmental hazards. Cost-Effective Risk Assessment for Process Design provides detailed guidelines for choosing the most appropriate methods for your specific needs, as well as criteria for determining if your risk-assessment effort is on the right track.