Heterocyclic Organic Corrosion Inhibitors: Principles and Applications aims to comprehend the synthesis and application of organic heterocyclic compounds as corrosion inhibitors in various corrosive environments. Considering the high importance of corrosion inhibitor development for different industries, the book provides the fundamentals and most recent advancements in this field. The book is an indispensable reference tool for industrialists and academicians working in the field of corrosion protection. Provides a systematic overview of fundamentals and current advancements Acts as a primary reference for beginner researchers in this arena Presents a handy reference tool to different chemical industries Covers fundamentals, industrial applications and most recent advancements in this area
With its unique focus on specifically addressing the problems for societies and economies associated with corrosion and their solution, this book provides an up-to-date overview of the progress in corrosion chemistry and engineering. International experts actively involved in research and development place particular emphasis on how to counter the economic and environmental consequences of corrosion with the help of science and technology, making this a valuable resource for researchers as well as decision makers in industry and politics. Further major parts of the book are devoted to corrosion prevention in the naval and energy sector as well as to corrosion monitoring and waste management.
|Publisher||: Materials Research Forum LLC|
|Release Date||: 2021-01-05|
|ISBN 10||: 1644901056|
|Pages||: 288 pages|
The book presents theoretical insights, characterization tools and mechanisms of green corrosion inhibitors and their industrial applications in areas such as reinforced concrete, coating, aircraft, oil and gas, acid pickling, water industry and the protection of metals and alloys used in electronic devices. Keywords: Biocorrosion Prevention, Green Corrosion Inhibitors, Corrosion Prevention of Metals & Alloys, Corrosion Inhibitors for Concrete, Corrosion Prevention for Electronic Devices, Biological Wastes, Biodegradable Plants, Smart Coatings, Quantum Chemistry, Molecular Dynamics, Simulation, Quantitative Structure Activity Relationship (QSAR), Pyrazine Corrosion Inhibitors.
Provides comprehensive coverage of corrosion inhibitors in the oil and gas industries Considering the high importance of corrosion inhibitor development for the oil and gas sectors, this book provides a thorough overview of the most recent advancements in this field. It systematically addresses corrosion inhibitors for various applications in the oil and gas value chain, as well as the fundamentals of corrosion inhibition and interference of inhibitors with co-additives. Corrosion Inhibitors in the Oil and Gas Industries is presented in three parts. The first part on Fundamentals and Approaches focuses on principles and processes in the oil and gas industry, the types of corrosion encountered and their control methods, environmental factors affecting inhibition, material selection strategies, and economic aspects of corrosion. The second part on Choice of Inhibitors examines corrosion inhibitors for acidizing processes, inhibitors for sweet and sour corrosion, inhibitors in refinery operations, high-temperature corrosion inhibitors, inhibitors for challenging corrosive environments, inhibitors for microbiologically influenced corrosion, polymeric inhibitors, vapor phase inhibitors, and smart controlled release inhibitor systems. The last part on Interaction with Co-additives looks at industrial co-additives and their interference with corrosion inhibitors such as antiscalants, hydrate inhibitors, and sulfide scavengers. -Presents a well-structured and systematic overview of the fundamentals and factors affecting corrosion -Acts as a handy reference tool for scientists and engineers working with corrosion inhibitors for the oil and gas industries -Collectively presents all the information available on the development and application of corrosion inhibitors for the oil and gas industries -Offers a unique and specific focus on the oil and gas industries Corrosion Inhibitors in the Oil and Gas Industries is an excellent resource for scientists in industry as well as in academia working in the field of corrosion protection for the oil and gas sectors, and will appeal to materials scientists, electrochemists, chemists, and chemical engineers.
The world production of primary and recycled aluminum continues to increase and, over the past twenty years, has risen from 1̃5 Mt/y in 1985 to 3̃2 Mt/y in 2005. The main consumers are transportation, beverage and other packaging, and building construction. The global primary aluminum production has been growing by about 2-3% per year. However, growth rates over the last decade have been much higher. In particular, during the past five years, China has played a critical role in aluminum production and has gone through a dramatic period of growth. The specific topics considered include: Alloys and Phase Transformations, Corrosion and Surface Modification, Deformation and Formability, Fatigue, Fracture and Creep, Joining Technologies, New Directions, Novel Experimental Techniques, Processing and Process Modelling, Recovery, Recrystallization and Texture, Solidification and Casting. Overall, this collection of papers represents a seminal history of the state of knowledge in the aluminum industry, related to the processing and properties of aluminum alloys and, as such, will further contribute to this basic field of knowledge.
The world production of primary and recycled aluminum continues to increase and, over the past twenty years, has risen from ~15 Mt/y in 1985 to ~32 Mt/y in 2005. The main consumers are transportation, beverage and other packaging, and building construction. The global primary aluminum production has been growing by about 2-3% per year. However, growth rates over the last decade have been much higher. In particular, during the past five years, China has played a critical role in aluminum production and has gone through a dramatic period of growth.
Broad Exposure to Science and Technology (BEST2019) is a conference program on engineering science which took place on August 7-8, 2019 in Bali, Indonesia. The conference was organized by the Engineering Faculty of University of Sultan Ageng, UNTIRTA, Indonesia, and supported by UTC Compiègne France, Alliance Sorbonne Universities France. The Conference provided a setting for discussing recent developments in materials science, metallurgy, biomaterials, and chemical technologies. Results of this Conference will be useful and interesting for many researchers and engineers all over the world.
|Author||: Mahmood Aliofkhazraei|
|Publisher||: BoD – Books on Demand|
|Release Date||: 2018-04-04|
|ISBN 10||: 9535139177|
|Pages||: 262 pages|
To protect metals or alloys from corrosion, some methods can be used such as isolating the structure from the aggressive media or compensating the loss of electrons from the corroded structure. The use of corrosion inhibitors may include organic and inorganic compounds that adsorb on the metallic structure to isolate it from its surrounding media to decrease oxidation-reduction processes. This book collects new developments about corrosion inhibitors and their recent applications.
A book to cover developments in corrosion inhibitors is long overdue. This has been addressed by Dr Sastri in a book which presents fundamental aspects of corrosion inhibition, historical developments and the industrial applications of inhibitors. The book deals with the electrochemical principles and chemical aspects of corrosion inhibition, such as stability of metal complexes, the Hammett equation, hard and soft acid and base principle, quantum chemical aspects and Hansch' s model and also with the various surface analysis techniques, e.g. XPS, Auger, SIMS and Raman spectroscopy, that are used in industry for corrosion inhibition. The applications of corrosion inhibition are wide ranging. Examples given in this book include: oil and gas wells, petrochemical plants, steel reinforced cement, water cooling systems, and many more. The final chapters discuss economic and environmental considerations which are now of prime importance. The book is written for researchers in academia and industry, practicing corrosion engineers and students of materials science, engineering and applied chemistry.
Issues include special section called Corrosion abstracts.
This two-volume work combines comprehensive information on the chemistry of the fluorinated heterocycles. The material has been divided such that the first volume is dedicated to 5-membered fluorinated heterocycles and macrocycles, while the second volume combines data connected with the chemistry of fluorine containing 6-membered heterocycles. Both volumes will be of interest to synthetic organic chemists in general, and particularly for those colleagues working in the fields of heterocyclic-compound chemistry, materials chemistry, medicinal chemistry, and fluorine chemistry. All information is presented and classified clearly to be effective source for broad auditory of chemists. It will be interesting for scientists working in the field of inorganic and coordination chemistry. Fluorinated heterocycles are becoming increasingly important in many areas including the pharmaceutical industry, materials science and agriculture. The presence of fluorine can result in substantial functional changes in the biological as well as physicochemical properties of organic compounds. Incorporation of fluorine into drug molecules can greatly affect their physicochemical properties, such as bond strength, lipophilicity, bioavailability, conformation, electrostatic potential, dipole moment, pKa etc. as well as pharmacokinetic properties, such as tissue distribution, rate of metabolism and pharmacological properties, such as pharmacodynamics and toxicology.
The diversity of subjects involved in marine corrosion and fouling processes are evident in the approaches and techniques described in this book. An improvized understanding of biologically influenced corrosion and fouling processes is essential to the development of better corrosion protection systems, and this book shows new perspectives in our appreciation of these subjects. Equally, powerful microscope imaging, surface spectroscopy and electrochemical techniques have become available and are providing new information on metal surfaces experiencing fouling or microbial corrosion. Examples include confocal laser microscopy, scanning probe microscopy, Fourier Transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electrochemical microscopy and scanning (or vibrating) reference electrode techniques. Advances in knowledge of biocorrosion processes have enabled improvements in corrosion monitoring and protection strategies. Examples include metal or polymer coatings and the use of corrosion inhibitors and biocides. This book aims to provide a contribution to existing literature on biocorrosion in the marine environment.
This volume of Progress in Heterocyclic Chemistry (PHC) is the fourteenth annual review of the literature, covering the work published on important heterocyclic ring systems during 2001. In this volume there are two specialized reviews. The first, by Jan Bergman and Tomasz Janosik, covers their work on sulfur-containing indoles. The second, by David Knight, discusses 5-endo-trig iodocyclisations. The subsequent chapters, arranged by increasing heterocycle ring size, review recent advances in the field of heterocyclic chemistry with emphasis on synthesis and reactions.
|Release Date||: 2017|
|Pages||: 329 pages|
ABSTRACT: Heterocyclic organic compounds containing nitrogen, sulfur or oxygen atoms are often used to protect metals from corrosion acting as organic corrosion inhibitors. Their inhibiting role is based on excellent ligand abilities and formation of stabile metal complex. Two requirements are essential for using selected class of organic inhibitors: (a) ligand capacity in the conditions of corrosion such as atmospheric conditions, acid or neutral corrosion, etc., and (b) nontoxicity, i.e., environmentally friendly inhibitors. Imidazole derivatives are capable to fulfil both requirements and they are, from that point of view, very promising and profound class of ligands. Synthesis and X-ray diffraction molecular and crystal structure of 4-methyl-1- N -( p -tolyl)imidazole has been reported, since it exhibits the most prominent corrosion inhibiting role. The synthesis, starting from 4-methylimidazole and 4-bromotoluene, is based on Ullmann-type coupling reaction by applying modifications of N -arylation by arylhalogenides and Cu2 O as an efficient catalyst. The molecular and crystal structure of prepared N -substituted imidazole derivative reveals non-planar molecular conformation and the supramolecular assembling of the molecules via C-H···N intermolecular hydrogen bonds between Csp2 -H proton donor groups and basic imidazole nitrogen atom. The molecules are related by a 21 screw axis parallel to [0 1 0] in the form of infinite C (4) zig-zag 1D chains via C-H···N intermolecular hydrogen bonds. Such alignment produces additional weak stacking interaction between imidazole and phenyl ring of related chains. GRAPHICAL ABSTRACT: The synthesis of efficient copper corrosion inhibitor, 4-methyl-1- N -( p -tolyl)imidazole starting from 4-methylimidazole and 4-bromotoluene and Cu2 O as a simple and efficient catalyst, has been reported. The molecules are assembled into infinite C(4) zig-zag 1D chains via C-H···N intermolecular hydrogen bonds. Such alignment produces additional weak stacking interaction between imidazole and phenyl ring of related chains.