|Author||: Thomas Rice|
|Publisher||: Academic Press|
|Release Date||: 2021-06-01|
|ISBN 10||: 0128162945|
|Pages||: 400 pages|
One important contribution Health Insurance Systems: An International Comparison makes to students, researchers, and policymakers is uniting and synthesizing information that is available only in scattered locations, if at all. A more important contribution is its ability to provide contexts, so people worldwide can understand various healthcare systems. By using it as a guide to the mechanics of different healthcare systems, they can look at existing systems as frameworks for developing their own. Case examples of countries adopting insurance characteristics from other countries enhance the critical insights it offers. If more information about health insurance alternatives can lead to better decisions, Health Insurance Systems: An International Comparison can provide an essential service. Delivers fundamental insights into health insurance organization and financing across high-income countries Presents ten prominent health insurance systems in one book, facilitating comparisons and, contrasts, to help draw policy lessons Helps students, researchers, and policymakers searching for innovative designs, by providing detailed international cases coupled with extensive cross-national data comparisons
|Release Date||: 1994|
|Pages||: 74 pages|
And policy implications -- Implications for policy -- What is health care administration? -- Aggregate national estimates of administrative costs -- COmparison between the united states and canada -- Personnel as a measure of administration -- Technology to simplify administration -- Conclusion -- Defining administrative costs -- Typology of administrative costs by function -- Enumeration of administrative activities -- Measuring administration -- Estimates of administrative costs and international comparisons -- Personnel as a measure of administration -- Technology to simplify administration -- Standardization and automation of insurance claims -- Health cars.
|Author||: Michael E. Cluck|
|Publisher||: DIANE Publishing|
|Release Date||: 1994-07-01|
|ISBN 10||: 0788145894|
|Pages||: 74 pages|
Examines the administrative costs in the health care systems of the U.S. & other countries. In addition to exploring the types of activities that constitute administrationÓ in the health care systems of several developed countries, it reviews attempts to measure & compare these activities, & explores the potential usefulness of such comparisons. Charts, graphs & tables. List of abbreviations & acronyms. Extensive references.
This concise reference provides a one-stop point of research that examines major aspects of health care systems for over 190 countries worldwide. In a consistent format, ten major health care categories are systematically examined for each country: 1. Emergency Health Services; 2. Costs of Hospitalization; 3. Costs of Drugs; 4. Major Health Issues; 5. Government Role in Health Care; 6. Insurance; 7. Access to Health Care; 8. Health Care Facilities; 9. Health Care Personnel (doctor level of training, etc.); and 10. Public Health Programs. The volume is organized in alphabetical order of country names. Each country is presented on a two- or three-page spread with the same descriptive and statistical content, allowing readers to compare health care systems from country to country. For example, a reader may compare costs of drugs in France versus the United States versus Canada. Each country spread will feature short entries on the ten health care categories accompanied by charts, table, and photos as appropriate. The work culminates as a unique and essential resource for pre-med and medical students, as well as researchers in sociology, economics, and the health management fields.
|Author||: Reiner Leidl|
|Publisher||: IOS Press|
|Release Date||: 1998|
|ISBN 10||: 9789051993592|
|Pages||: 343 pages|
Health care and its financing will not be harmonized within the European Union (EU). Therefore, the differences between the health systems of the member-states in a Single European Market are gaining in relevance. The process of economic integration also effects health. This book integrates economics, law, social, political and health sciences in the analysis of health care issues in the EU. It covers the development of health systems and policy in the community, the markets for pharmaceuticals and for medical devices, EU-trends in hospital financing, issues in the comparison of financing systems, especially in the field of private expenditures, reforms of health care financing in social security systems and national health services in the EU and cross-border health care between EU member-states. The results feature an up-to date overview on the European dimension of health care and its financing. The book is relevant to experts in health care organizations, policy, industry and research.
This compilation of carefully selected readings is meant to allow for deeper analysis of the issues covered in Essentials of Health Policy and Law, yet also serves as an excellent complement to any text on health policy.
Uses information about health care systems in six industrialized countries to show that the United States' system is an outlier as it covers fewer individuals at significantly higher costs.
In an age of spiraling costs, it is no surprise that health care policy and health care systems are now among the most hotly debated and controversial topics in many countries of the world today. The issue is literally one of life-and-death, and affects millions across the globe as they struggle to answer the question of who pays for their health care. This book explores the health care systems of Denmark, Germany and Sweden, and compares them with the system in the United States through 30 first-hand case reports by advanced medical students taking part in an international exchange program. It also describes how these health care systems have developed and how they differ which are essential background reading for anyone making decisions on health care policy in these countries. The aim is to provide a resource for professors and students of public health policy, medicine, nursing, allied health professions, social sciences and other disciplines as they explore the social, political and cultural effects on health care and health care systems. The case studies are also interesting and provide ample food-for-thought for the general readership who are the end-users of health care and who are often able to influence public health policy.
|Author||: Papanicolas, Irene,Smith, Peter|
|Publisher||: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)|
|Release Date||: 2013-06-01|
|ISBN 10||: 0335247261|
|Pages||: 416 pages|
This book seeks to identify the current state of the art of health system comparison, identifying data and methodological issues and exploring the current interface between evidence and practice.
Comparative Health Systems: Global Perspectives explores the health systems of 17 countries through comparative study. Using a consistent framework, the chapters offer an overview of each countrys history, geography, government, and economy, as well as a detailed analysis of the countrys healthcare system facilities, workforce, technology, cost, quality, and access. Current and emerging issues are also explored. The book concludes with a look at the changing U.S. healthcare system and the global challenges and opportunities for health.
In this book the authors explore the state of the art on efficiency measurement in health systems and international experts offer insights into the pitfalls and potential associated with various measurement techniques. The authors show that: - The core idea of efficiency is easy to understand in principle - maximizing valued outputs relative to inputs, but is often difficult to make operational in real-life situations - There have been numerous advances in data collection and availability, as well as innovative methodological approaches that give valuable insights into how efficiently health care is delivered - Our simple analytical framework can facilitate the development and interpretation of efficiency indicators.
This book provides an engaging, comprehensive review of health economics, with a focus on policy implications in the developed and developing world. Authoritative, but non-technical, it stresses the wide reach of the discipline - across nations, health systems, and areas within health and medical care.
A comprehensive report on OECD activities in 2001-2002.
|Publisher||: GRIN Verlag|
|Release Date||: 2015-06-10|
|ISBN 10||: 3656975582|
|Pages||: 37 pages|
Seminar paper from the year 2014 in the subject Economy - Health Economics, grade: 1,30, University of Kassel (Institut für Volkswirtschaftslehre), course: Social Policy, language: English, abstract: In international comparison, Germany ranks 4th among OECD countries in health expenditure as a share of GDP in 2011. It amounted 11.3% of GDP in 2011 which is 2%-points above the OECD average of 9.3%. Only the United States (17.7%), the Netherlands (11.9%) and France (11.6%) are spending more on health. In addition, German health expenditure increased, in real terms, at a rate of circa 2% p.a. on average in 2000-2010, but slowed down to 1.1% in 2011. However, expenditure continues to grow. With regard to these figures, health care is one of the most important sectors in Germany. With more than 6 million employees and a gross value added of almost € 268 bn in 2013, it represents 11% of the German economy. While expenditure is on the rise, the number of contributors who finance the health care system decreases. As a result, the question of how to finance the growing demand for health services occurs. In particular, a closer look at the statutory health insurance (SHI) is necessary as it financed 57% of total health expenditure in 2011. Since the report “Achieving financial sustainability for the social security systems” by the Rürup-Commission, two major reform proposals are discussed: the citizens' insurance (“Bürgerversicherung”), a universal system of health care, and a system of flat-rate health premiums (“pauschale Gesundheitsprämien”). These approaches are intensively discussed by politicians and economists who search for an appropriate solution for a health care reform. Therefore, the following question should be answered by this seminar paper: Should we move to a universal, flat rate system? In order to develop an appropriate recommendation, the following questions appear: How does the current health insurance system in Germany look like? Which problems does this system face? What contribution do the two reform proposals provide for a solution of these challenges? Which are the main arguments in favour and against these approaches? Are there any economic consequences of their implementation? What could be a final solution? These questions will be responded in the following seminar paper.
Most of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries will face an ageing process of their populations over the next four decades. However, these processes differ considerably among the different countries. This book analyzes how the demographic changes affect the social health insurance systems and their finances in six selected OECD countries â?? namely Austria, France, Germany, Switzerland, the UK, and the US â?? over the long run, using the method of generational accounting. A focus is also set on the fiscal consequences of the medical/technical progress. It can be stated that all analyzed programs will have discrepancies between their expected revenues and transfer payments. The demographic component is only the minor part given that the medical/technical progress will occur in the future like it did over the last three decades. However, the growth rate due, to the medical/technical progress, also differs significantly between the analyzed countries. The book concludes that all systems will have to face Ã²rigorous reforms.
Examines differences in the availability of certain health services and outcomes across 2 developed countries -- the U.S. and Canada. Examines survival from 4 specific forms of cancer: lung cancer, colon cancer, Hodgkin's disease, and breast cancer across two locations -- the U.S. and the Canadian province of Ontario. 20 charts and tables.
A System of Health Accounts 2011: Revised Edition provides an updated and systematic description of the financial flows related to the consumption of health care goods and services.
|Author||: National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Population,Panel on Understanding Cross-National Health Differences Among High-Income Countries|
|Publisher||: National Academies Press|
|Release Date||: 2013-04-12|
|ISBN 10||: 0309264146|
|Pages||: 420 pages|
The United States is among the wealthiest nations in the world, but it is far from the healthiest. Although life expectancy and survival rates in the United States have improved dramatically over the past century, Americans live shorter lives and experience more injuries and illnesses than people in other high-income countries. The U.S. health disadvantage cannot be attributed solely to the adverse health status of racial or ethnic minorities or poor people: even highly advantaged Americans are in worse health than their counterparts in other, "peer" countries. In light of the new and growing evidence about the U.S. health disadvantage, the National Institutes of Health asked the National Research Council (NRC) and the Institute of Medicine (IOM) to convene a panel of experts to study the issue. The Panel on Understanding Cross-National Health Differences Among High-Income Countries examined whether the U.S. health disadvantage exists across the life span, considered potential explanations, and assessed the larger implications of the findings. U.S. Health in International Perspective presents detailed evidence on the issue, explores the possible explanations for the shorter and less healthy lives of Americans than those of people in comparable countries, and recommends actions by both government and nongovernment agencies and organizations to address the U.S. health disadvantage.
The Fraser Institute's Hospital Report Card: Ontario 2008 is constructed to help patients choose the best hospital for their inpatient care by providing them with information on the performance Ontario of acute-care hospitals.
Health insurance is a key component of the current social security system in European Union countries. In most countries, modern health insurance funds and health care insurers are an essential role in implementing the public health insurance system. Many of these modern health insurance funds have a fascinating and long ancestry, clear traces of which can be seen today in the organisation of national health insurance, as well as the structure of health insurance funds and insurers. In their study Two Centuries of Solidarity, the authors compare health insurance, health insurance funds and health care insurers in Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands. Given the similar political, economic and social development that these countries have undergone in the past 60 years and the qualitatively high level of health care they provide, one might expect a degree of likeness in these countries' health care insurance systems. The dissimilarities are surprising, however. In fact, differences are becoming ever more apparent between the different national systems in general, and between the structure and operation of the health insurance funds and health care insurers in particular. Differences include the compulsory nature of insurance, the extent of cover, premiums, health insurance business, mutual competition, and the degree of private insurance. Many of these national singularities can be understood and explained only by considering the historical background of the current national health insurance systems, the insurers, and their evolution over de past centuries. This study adopts an institutional and political perspective towards further understanding of the development of health insurance, and of how this ultimately determined the specific nature of the health care insurers and funds, and how they currently operate in the three countries studied.