This book addresses a fundamental question about the nature of behavior: how does the brain process reward and makes decisions when facing multiple options? The book presents the most recent and compelling lesion, neuroimaging, electrophysiological and computational studies, in combination with hormonal and genetic studies, which have led to a clearer understanding of neural mechanisms behind reward and decision making. The neural bases of reward and decision making processes are of great interest to scientists because of the fundamental role of reward in a number of behavioral processes (such as motivation, learning and cognition) and because of their theoretical and clinical implications for understanding dysfunctions of the dopaminergic system in several neurological and psychiatric disorders (schizophrenia, Parkinson's disease, drug addiction, pathological gambling, ...). Comprehensive coverage of approaches to studying reward and decision making, including primate neurophysiology and brain imaging studies in healthy humans and in various disorders, genetic and hormonal influences on the reward system and computational models. Covers clinical implications of process dysfunction (e.g., schizophrenia, Parkinson's disease, eating disorders, drug addiction, pathological gambling) Uses multiple levels of analysis, from molecular mechanisms to neural systems dynamics and computational models. " This is a very interesting and authoritative handbook by some of the most outstanding investigators in the field of reward and decision making ", Professor Edmund T. Rolls, Oxford Center for Computational Neuroscience, UK
|Author||: June Gruber|
|Publisher||: Oxford Library of Psychology|
|Release Date||: 2019|
|ISBN 10||: 0190653205|
|Pages||: 656 pages|
Considerable research has been devoted to understanding how positive emotional processes influence our thoughts and behaviors, and the resulting body of work clearly indicates that positive emotion is a vital ingredient in our human quest towards well-being and thriving. Yet the role of positive emotion in psychopathology has been underemphasized, such that comparatively less scientific attention has been devoted to understanding ways in which positive emotions might influence and be influenced by psychological disturbance. Presenting cutting-edge scientific work from an internationally-renowned group of contributors, The Oxford Handbook of Positive Emotion and Psychopathology provides unparalleled insight into the role of positive emotions in mental health and illness. The book begins with a comprehensive overview of key psychological processes that link positive emotional experience and psychopathological outcomes. The following section focuses on specific psychological disorders, including depression, anxiety, trauma, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia, as well as developmental considerations. The third and final section of the Handbook discusses translational implications of this research and how examining populations characterized by positive emotion disturbance enables a better understanding of psychiatric course and risk factors, while simultaneously generating opportunities to bridge gaps between basic science models and psychosocial interventions. With its rich and multi-layered focus, The Oxford Handbook of Positive Emotion and Psychopathology will be of interest to researchers, teachers, and students from a range of disciplines, including social psychology, clinical psychology and psychiatry, biological psychology and health psychology, affective science, and neuroscience.
Decision Neuroscience addresses fundamental questions about how the brain makes perceptual, value-based, and more complex decisions in non-social and social contexts. This book presents compelling neuroimaging, electrophysiological, lesional, and neurocomputational models in combination with hormonal and genetic approaches, which have led to a clearer understanding of the neural mechanisms behind how the brain makes decisions. The five parts of the book address distinct but inter-related topics and are designed to serve both as classroom introductions to major subareas in decision neuroscience and as advanced syntheses of all that has been accomplished in the last decade. Part I is devoted to anatomical, neurophysiological, pharmacological, and optogenetics animal studies on reinforcement-guided decision making, such as the representation of instructions, expectations, and outcomes; the updating of action values; and the evaluation process guiding choices between prospective rewards. Part II covers the topic of the neural representations of motivation, perceptual decision making, and value-based decision making in humans, combining neurcomputational models and brain imaging studies. Part III focuses on the rapidly developing field of social decision neuroscience, integrating recent mechanistic understanding of social decisions in both non-human primates and humans. Part IV covers clinical aspects involving disorders of decision making that link together basic research areas including systems, cognitive, and clinical neuroscience; this part examines dysfunctions of decision making in neurological and psychiatric disorders, such as Parkinson’s disease, schizophrenia, behavioral addictions, and focal brain lesions. Part V focuses on the roles of various hormones (cortisol, oxytocin, ghrelin/leptine) and genes that underlie inter-individual differences observed with stress, food choices, and social decision-making processes. The volume is essential reading for anyone interested in decision making neuroscience. With contributions that are forward-looking assessments of the current and future issues faced by researchers, Decision Neuroscience is essential reading for anyone interested in decision-making neuroscience. Provides comprehensive coverage of approaches to studying individual and social decision neuroscience, including primate neurophysiology, brain imaging in healthy humans and in various disorders, and genetic and hormonal influences on decision making Covers multiple levels of analysis, from molecular mechanisms to neural-systems dynamics and computational models of how we make choices Discusses clinical implications of process dysfunctions, including schizophrenia, Parkinson’s disease, eating disorders, drug addiction, and pathological gambling Features chapters from top international researchers in the field and full-color presentation throughout with numerous illustrations to highlight key concepts
Wiley's new Handbook of Decision Making is a vital reference text for all students and professionals of management, organization and decision making. The handbook offers a wide range of theoretical and empirical approaches to the understanding of organizational and strategic decisions. Contributors are internationally known experts drawn from North America, Canada and Europe who have spent many years in the study of decision making, and decision making relevant topics. We believe the handbook will become a tour de force in the understanding decision making, offering a wide variety of perspectives, topics, and summative understanding of the field. Chapters in the Handbook were prepared by the leading experts in their field and include cutting edge empirical, theoretical, and review chapters. The chapters bring together for the first time a critical mass of writing on decision making as an organizational and research activity. The Editors are two of the leading international experts in decision making and contribute to the Handbook with five original Chapters that offer an appraisal of the field and suggestions for research, as well as the current status of decision making practice and suggestion for improvement.
|Author||: Michael Armstrong|
|Publisher||: Kogan Page Publishers|
|Release Date||: 2012-11-03|
|ISBN 10||: 0749466480|
|Pages||: 448 pages|
Reward management deals with the strategies, policies and processes required to ensure that the value of people and the contribution they make to achieving organizational, departmental and team goals is recognized and rewarded. Armstrong's Handbook of Reward Management Practice is the definitive guide to understanding, developing and implementing effective reward systems. It is aimed at HR practitioners involved in employee reward, and at students who need to understand the importance of reward and how it can be successfully applied across organizations. Updated to reflect the practical implications of the most recent research and discussion on reward management, this edition includes new case studies and chapters on evidence-based reward management, reward risk management and ethical approaches to reward management. This authoritative and engaging book is accompanied by extensive online resources, including PowerPoint slides and notes for tutors, and exercises to help students to test their learning. It is also closely aligned to the CIPD's standards in Reward Management, making it an ideal companion for both practitioners and students undertaking a professional qualification.
|Author||: Michael Armstrong|
|Publisher||: Kogan Page Publishers|
|Release Date||: 2007|
|ISBN 10||: 9780749449629|
|Pages||: 548 pages|
The first edition of this book emerged as the definitive guide to reward management and also became an established reference work on human resource management courses around the world. It's not hard to see why. Covering everything you need to know about reward management in a company, the handbook is both highly readable as well as containing an impressive programme of tried and tested techniques for running efficient and motivational reward programmes. The techniques covered include: establishing job values and relativities; developing grade and pay structures; how to reward and review contribution and performance; how to reward special groups; running employee benefit and pension schemes; and so much more. This new edition contains new research conducted by E-Reward, as well as over 30 new case studies and brand new coverage of key topics such as engagement and commitment, bonus schemes and rewarding knowledge workers. If you are involved in developing reward schemes for staff, or are studying human resource management, then this book will open your eyes to the latest thinking in staff motivation and reward.
|Author||: Professor of Business Administration Paul C Nystrom,Paul C. Nystrom,William H. Starbuck|
|Publisher||: Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press|
|Release Date||: 1981|
|Pages||: 582 pages|
The two volumes summarize and reinterpret research and suggest applications to the design of organizations. Volume I analyses the effects of environments on organizations, and discusses the adaptive capabilities of organizations such as planning, forecasting, and innovation.
The activity of neurons in the brain is noisy in that the neuronal firing times are random for a given mean rate. The Noisy Brain shows that this is fundamental to understanding many aspects of brain function, including probabilistic decision-making, perception, memory recall, short-term memory, attention, and even creativity. There are many applications too of this understanding, to for example memory and attentional disorders, aging, schizophrenia, and obsessive-compulsive disorder.
|Author||: Derek J. Koehler,Nigel Harvey|
|Publisher||: John Wiley & Sons|
|Release Date||: 2008-04-15|
|ISBN 10||: 0470752912|
|Pages||: 680 pages|
The Blackwell Handbook of Judgment and Decision Making is a state-of-the art overview of current topics and research in the study of how people make evaluations, draw inferences, and make decisions under conditions of uncertainty and conflict. Contains contributions by experts from various disciplines that reflect current trends and controversies on judgment and decision making. Provides a glimpse at the many approaches that have been taken in the study of judgment and decision making and portrays the major findings in the field. Presents examinations of the broader roles of social, emotional, and cultural influences on decision making. Explores applications of judgment and decision making research to important problems in a variety of professional contexts, including finance, accounting, medicine, public policy, and the law.
Although the issue of offender decision-making pervades almost every discussion of crime and law enforcement, only a few comprehensive texts cover and integrate information about the role of decision-making in crime. The Oxford Handbook of Offender Decision Making provide high-quality reviews of the main paradigms in offender decision-making, such as rational choice theory and dual-process theory. It contains up-to-date reviews of empirical research on decision-making in a wide range of decision types including not only criminal initiation and desistance, but also choice of locations, times, targets, victims, methods as well as large variety crimes including homicide, robbery, domestic violence, burglary, street crime, sexual crimes, and cybercrime. Lastly, it provides in-depth treatments of the major methods used to study offender decision-making, including experiments, observation studies, surveys, offender interviews, and simulations. Comprehensive and authoritative, the Handbook will quickly become the primary source of theoretical, methodological, and empirical knowledge about decision-making as it relates to criminal behavior.
|Publisher||: John Wiley & Sons|
|Release Date||: 2007-04-27|
|ISBN 10||: 0470140984|
|Pages||: 864 pages|
Praise for The WorldatWork Handbook of Compensation, Benefits & Total Rewards This is the definitive guide to compensation and benefits for modern HR professionals who must attract, motivate, and retain quality employees. Technical enough for specialists but broad in scope for generalists, this well-rounded resource belongs on the desk of every recruiter and HR executive. An indispensable tool for understanding and implementing the total rewards concept, the WorldatWork Handbook of Compensation, Benefits, and Total Rewards is the key to designing compensation practices that ensure organizational success. Coverage includes: Why the total rewards strategy works Developing the components of a total rewards program Common ways a total rewards program can go wrong Designing and implementing a total rewards program Communicating the total rewards vision Developing a compensation philosophy and package FLSA and other laws that affect compensation Determining and setting competitive salary levels And much more
|Author||: Jorge Armony,Patrik Vuilleumier|
|Publisher||: Cambridge University Press|
|Release Date||: 2013-01-21|
|ISBN 10||: 1107001110|
|Pages||: 667 pages|
This handbook is the only single volume to capture the current range of neuroscience approaches to human emotion. The contributions, written by the world's leading scientists in the field, address a wide variety of topics, from face and voice perception to pain and music, as well as social behaviors, decision making, and individual differences.