The drive to develop more sustainable materials has made fly ash a valuable raw material in many different applications. Comprehensive and authoritative, Handbook of Fly Ash highlights the latest research efforts to develop the properties of fly ash to maximum utility while safeguarding the environment. This book takes an interdisciplinary approach to the research into the classification and compositions of various types of fly ash, such as bottom ash and boiler slag, special classes of fly ash, and their sources around the globe. This is followed by a discussion of fly ash-reinforced composites, such as elastomer-based composites and metal matrix composites. This book also covers a wide range of applications of fly ash in cement, concrete, bricks and blocks, road construction, wastewater treatment, and scrubber sludge solidification. Highlights the recent developments in the utilization of fly ash including its preparation, functionalization, properties, and handling Places a focus on a wide variety of fly ash applications including recent innovations, such as alkali-activated binder, polypropylene composite, and geopolymer concrete Includes comprehensive coverage of the characteristics of fly ash with a particular focus on health hazards if it is not properly disposed Discusses fly ash-reinforced composites, such as polymer/elastomer-based composites and metal matrix composites
When used as an addition and binder component, fly ash has become an indispensable construction material for many concrete applications. The conditions produced in power stations when firing fine pulverized coal result in the formation of a reactive, flour-fine, pozzolanic mineral material from the accompanying rock in the coal. Owing to its specific characteristics it has a positive impact on the properties of fresh and hardened concrete and facilitates cost-effective production of high-grade, durable concretes. The authors of this handbook have combined the latest discoveries from the field of research with practical experience of the use and effects of fly ash in concrete. This handbook provides the necessary information and makes interesting suggestions for selective use of fly ash in concrete.
|Author||: Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,João Labrincha,C Leonelli,A Palomo,P Chindaprasit|
|Release Date||: 2014-11-20|
|ISBN 10||: 1782422889|
|Pages||: 852 pages|
This book provides an updated state-of-the-art review on new developments in alkali-activation. The main binder of concrete, Portland cement, represents almost 80% of the total CO2 emissions of concrete which are about 6 to 7% of the Planet’s total CO2 emissions. This is particularly serious in the current context of climate change and it could get even worse because the demand for Portland cement is expected to increase by almost 200% by 2050 from 2010 levels, reaching 6000 million tons/year. Alkali-activated binders represent an alternative to Portland cement having higher durability and a lower CO2 footprint. Reviews the chemistry, mix design, manufacture and properties of alkali-activated cement-based concrete binders Considers performance in adverse environmental conditions. Offers equal emphasis on the science behind the technology and its use in civil engineering.
Handbook of Low Carbon Concrete brings together the latest breakthroughs in the design, production, and application of low carbon concrete. In this handbook, the editors and contributors have paid extra attention to the emissions generated by coarse aggregates, emissions due to fine aggregates, and emissions due to cement, fly ash, GGBFS, and admixtures. In addition, the book provides expert coverage on emissions due to concrete batching, transport and placement, and emissions generated by typical commercially produced concretes. Includes the tools and methods for reducing the emissions of greenhouse gases Explores technologies, such as carbon capture, storage, and substitute cements Provides essential data that helps determine the unique factors involved in designing large, new green cement plants
|Release Date||: 1999|
|Pages||: 329 pages|
Since the publication of the first edition ten years ago, significant developments have occurred in the use of admixtures in concrete. Eight new chapters and a full update of the preceding ten chapters bring this book up to date; reflecting the relative advances made in the science and technology of different groups of admixtures. The increased role and development of admixtures in concrete technology is evidenced by a number of conferences, publications, and novel admixtures available in the market place. These developments in the field caused the modification of many chapters in the first edition in order to reflect the advances. Although individual chapters refer to standards and specifications of admixtures, those only interested in the standards or techniques used in investigating admixtures will find the second chapter (Research Technologies, Standards, and Specifications) useful. Admixtures are not as inert as may be presumed. They may chemically interact with the constituents of concrete and affect the properties of the fresh and hardened concrete and its durability. The third chapter deals with these aspects. It was important to devote a chapter to recent attempts in developing new admixtures.
|Release Date||: 1983|
|Pages||: 329 pages|
This aim of this handbook is to assist U.S. Federal Highway Administration area engineers when they make highway construction inspections. It can also be used when reviewing specifications, supplemental specifications, and special provisions during the PS & E stage of a project. Information contained herein is a guide and is not intended as a standard. The number of different rehabilitation techniques covered in this handbook are limited at this time. Additional construction techniques for rehabilitating rigid and flexible pavements will be added and the handbook expanded at a later date.
This handbook provides a comprehensive and thorough overview of technology for pollution control processes. It will be of interest to those engineers, consultants, educators, architects, planners, government officials, industry executives, attorneys, students, and others concerned with solving environmental problems. The pollution control processes are organized into chapters by broad problem areas, and appropriate technology for decontamination, destruction, isolation, etc., for each problem area is presented. Since many of these technologies are useful for more than one problem area, a specific technology may be included in more than one chapter, modified to suit the specific considerations involved. The pollution control processes described are those that are actively used today, as well as those innovative and emerging processes that have good future potential. An important feature of the book is that advantages and disadvantages of many processes are cited. Also, in many cases, regulatory-driven trends are discussed which will impact the technology used in the future.
|Author||: Dallas N. Little|
|Publisher||: Kendall Hunt Publishing Company|
|Release Date||: 1995|
|Pages||: 219 pages|