graphene for flexible lighting and displays

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Graphene for Flexible Lighting and Displays
Author : Tae Woo Lee
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2019-11-16
ISBN 10 : 0081024835
Pages : 228 pages

Graphene for Next Generation Lighting and Displays provides readers with a comprehensive overview of graphene, flexible graphene electrodes, and graphene-based next-generation display and lighting. The book covers a wide range of information, including the basic physics of graphene and recent trends in technical developments for graphene-based flexible and stretchable light-emitting devices. In addition, it discusses future prospects and suggests further directions for research on graphene-based next-generation displays and lightings. In addition, the book includes sections on the fundamental properties of graphene, synthetic methods of graphene, preparation of graphene electrodes and composite electrodes, and doping methods for graphene electrodes. Potential applications are also addressed including graphene-based flexible electrodes, buffer layer, emitters, and graphene-based stretchable electrodes. Reviews the most promising applications, including OLEDs, graphene-based buffer layers for LEDs, quantum dot emitters, and stretchable graphene electrodes Describes practical approaches in modifying the properties of graphene for the purpose of optoelectronic applications

Conducting Polymers, Fundamentals and Applications
Author : Prasanna Chandrasekhar
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-02-28
ISBN 10 : 3319693786
Pages : 810 pages

The second edition of this popular textbook thoroughly covers the practical basics and applications of conducting polymers. It also addresses materials that have gained prominence since the first edition of this book was published, namely carbon nanotubes and graphene. The features of this new edition include: New and updated chapters on novel concepts in conducting polymers Details on interdisciplinary applications of conducting polymers An in depth description of classes of conducting polymers

Dielectrics in Nanosystems -and- Graphene, Ge/III-V, Nanowires and Emerging Materials for Post-CMOS Applications 3
Author : Z. Karim
Publisher : The Electrochemical Society
Release Date : 2011-04-25
ISBN 10 : 1566778646
Pages : 532 pages

This issue of ECS Transactions will cover the following topics in (a) Graphene Material Properties, Preparation, Synthesis and Growth; (b) Metrology and Characterization of Graphene; (c) Graphene Devices and Integration; (d) Graphene Transport and mobility enhancement; (e) Thermal Behavior of Graphene and Graphene Based Devices; (f) Ge & III-V devices for CMOS mobility enhancement; (g) III.V Heterostructures on Si substrates; (h) Nano-wires devices and modeling; (i) Simulation of devices based on Ge, III-V, nano-wires and Graphene; (j) Nanotechnology applications in information technology, biotechnology and renewable energy (k) Beyond CMOS device structures and properties of semiconductor nano-devices such as nanowires; (l) Nanosystem fabrication and processing; (m) nanostructures in chemical and biological sensing system for healthcare and security; and (n) Characterization of nanosystems; (f) Nanosystem modeling.

The Fundamentals and Applications of Light-Emitting Diodes
Author : Sanjay J. Dhoble,Govind B. Nair
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2020-07-09
ISBN 10 : 0128231610
Pages : 284 pages

The Fundamentals and Applications of Light-Emitting Diodes: The Revolution in the Lighting Industry examines the evolution of LEDs, including a review of the luminescence process and background on solid state lighting. The book emphasizes phosphor-converted LEDs that are based on inorganic phosphors but explores different types of LEDs based on inorganic, organic, quantum dots, perovskite-structured materials, and biomaterials. A detailed description is included about the diverse applications of LEDs in fields such as lighting, displays, horticulture, biomedicine, and digital communication, as well as challenges that must be solved before using LEDs in commercial applications. Traditional light sources are fast being replaced by light-emitting diodes (LEDs). The fourth generation of lighting is completely dominated by LED luminaires. Apart from lighting, LEDs have extended their hold on other fields, such as digital communications, horticulture, medicine, space research, art and culture, display devices, and entertainment. The technological promises offered by LEDs have elevated them as front-runners in the lighting industry. Presents a concise overview of different types of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) based on inorganic phosphors, organic materials, quantum dots, perovskite-structured materials, and biomaterials Includes a discussion of current and emerging applications in lighting, communications, horticulture, and medical fields Addresses fundamentals, luminescence mechanisms, and key optical materials, including synthesis methods

Abstract We demonstrate high performance OLEDs with transparent graphene electrode and thin single crystal Si TFT. Green OLEDs on graphene exhibit power efficiency of >150lm/W at 10, 000cd/m2 with external light extraction. OLEDs are also integrated with 60nm‐thick flexible single crystal Si TFT made by controlled spalling technology.

Flexible Carbon-based Electronics
Author : Paolo Samorí,Vincenzo Palermo,Xinliang Feng
Publisher : Wiley-VCH
Release Date : 2019-01-04
ISBN 10 : 3527341919
Pages : 336 pages

This third volume in the Advanced Nanocarbon Materials series covers the topic of flexible electronics both from a materials and an applications perspective. Comprehensive in its scope, the monograph examines organic, inorganic and composite materials with a section devoted to carbon-based materials with a special focus on the generation and properties of 2D materials. It also presents carbon modifications and derivatives, such as carbon nanotubes, graphene oxide and diamonds. In terms of the topical applications covered these include, but are not limited to, flexible displays, organic electronics, transistors, integrated circuits, semiconductors and solar cells. These offer perspectives for today?s energy and healthcare challenges, such as electrochemical energy storage and wearable devices. Finally, a section on fundamental properties and characterization approaches of flexible electronics rounds off the book. Each contribution points out the importance of the structure-function relationship for the target-oriented fabrication of electronic devices, enabling the design of complex components.

Graphene Chemistry
Author : De-en Jiang,Zhongfang Chen
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2013-08-12
ISBN 10 : 1118691318
Pages : 496 pages

What are the chemical aspects of graphene as a novel 2D material and how do they relate to the molecular structure? This book addresses these important questions from a theoretical and computational standpoint. Graphene Chemistry: Theoretical Perspectives presents recent exciting developments to correlate graphene’s properties and functions to its structure through state-of-the-art computational studies. This book focuses on the chemistry aspect of the structure-property relationship for many fascinating derivatives of graphene; various properties such as electronic structure, magnetism, and chemical reactivity, as well as potential applications in energy storage, catalysis, and nanoelectronics are covered. The book also includes two chapters with significant experimental portions, demonstrating how deep insights can be obtained by joint experimental and theoretical efforts. Topics covered include: Graphene ribbons: Edges, magnetism, preparation from unzipping, and electronic transport Nanographenes: Properties, reactivity, and synthesis Clar sextet rule in nanographene and graphene nanoribbons Porous graphene, nanomeshes, and graphene-based architecture and assemblies Doped graphene: Theory, synthesis, characterization and applications Mechanisms of graphene growth in chemical vapor deposition Surface adsorption and functionalization of graphene Conversion between graphene and graphene oxide Applications in gas separation, hydrogen storage, and catalysis Graphene Chemistry: Theoretical Perspectives provides a useful overview for computational and theoretical chemists who are active in this field and those who have not studied graphene before. It is also a valuable resource for experimentalist scientists working on graphene and related materials, who will benefit from many concepts and properties discussed here.

Graphene Optoelectronics
Author : Abdul Rashid bin M. Yusoff
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2014-08-25
ISBN 10 : 3527677801
Pages : 288 pages

This first book on emerging applications for this innovative material gives an up-to-date account of the many opportunities graphene offers high-end optoelectronics. The text focuses on potential as well as already realized applications, discussing metallic and passive components, such as transparent conductors and smart windows, as well as high-frequency devices, spintronics, photonics, and terahertz devices. Also included are sections on the fundamental properties, synthesis, and characterization of graphene. With its unique coverage, this book will be welcomed by materials scientists, solid-state chemists and solid-state physicists alike.

Author : Stanislav Kolisnychenko
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release Date : 2015-07-31
ISBN 10 : 3038269522
Pages : 3122 pages

As a direct development of nanotechnologies, graphene is the first known crystal that has genuine two-dimensional structure (2D). The diversity of properties of graphene has predetermined a wide range of applications of its use in many areas of scientific and practical activities. The collection “Graphene” consists of papers published by Trans Tech Publications Inc. from 2010 up to 2015 and covers the technology of graphene formation, as well as the application of this unique material to a wide range of technological developments. The papers are presented in nine chapters: Chapter 1: Technologies of Graphene Formation; Chapter 2: Research and Analysis Properties and Quality of Graphene; Chapter 3: Composites and Polymers Based on Graphene; Chapter 4: Research and Development of Films, Fibers, Surface and Coating with Use of Graphene; Chapter 5: Application of Graphene in Photocatalytic Processes and Environmental Engineering; Chapter 6: Graphene in Biomedical Engineering; Chapter 7: Using Graphene in Electronics and Photovoltaics; Chapter 8: Application of Graphene for Sensors and NEMS; Chapter 9: Using of Graphene in Energy Storage, Fuel Cells and Supercapacitors.

Advanced Hierarchical Nanostructured Materials
Author : Qiang Zhang,Fei Wei
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2014-02-27
ISBN 10 : 3527664963
Pages : 512 pages

An overview of the recent developments and prospects in this highly topical area, covering the synthesis, characterization, properties and applications of hierarchical nanostructured materials. The book concentrates on those materials relevant for research and development in the fields of energy, biomedicine and environmental protection, with a strong focus on 3D materials based on nanocarbons, mesoporous silicates, hydroxides, core-shell particles and helical nanostructures. Thanks to its clear concept and application-oriented approach, this is an essential reference for experienced researchers and newcomers to the field alike.

Graphene Oxide: Physics and Applications
Author : Jijun Zhao,Lizhao Liu,Fen Li
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2014-10-23
ISBN 10 : 3662448297
Pages : 154 pages

This book gives a comprehensive overview of graphene oxides (GO) from atomic structures and fundamental properties to technological applications. Atomic structural models, electronic properties, mechanical properties, optical properties, and functionalizing and compositing of GO are illustrated. Moreover, the excellent physical and chemical properties offer GO promising applications in electronic nanodevices, chemical sensors and catalyst, energy storage, and biotechnology, which are also presented in this book. Therefore, this book is of interest to researchers in physics, chemistry, materials science, and nanoscience.

Advances in Carbon Nanostructures
Author : Adrián Silva,Sónia Carabineiro
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2016-10-05
ISBN 10 : 9535126423
Pages : 256 pages

Carbon atoms have the amazing ability to bond in remarkable different manners that can assume distinct astonishing dimensional arrangements from which absolutely diverse and interesting nanostructured carbon materials are obtained. This book aims to cover the most recent advances in (i) Graphene and derivatives, including graphene-based magnetic composites, membranes, wafer devices, and nanofibers for several applications, as well as some particular properties, such as light emission from graphene; (ii) Carbon nanotubes heaters and fibers for reinforcement of cement and diamond-based thin films; and (iii) Nanofluids consisting of both graphene and carbon nanotubes, apart from reporting some important case studies dealing with carbon nanostructures and their use in sensors, coatings, or electromagnetic wave absorbers.

Graphene, Carbon Nanotubes, and Nanostructures
Author : James E. Morris,Krzysztof Iniewski
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2013-02-15
ISBN 10 : 1466560568
Pages : 364 pages

Graphene, Carbon Nanotubes, and Nanostructures: Techniques and Applications offers a comprehensive review of groundbreaking research in nanofabrication technology and explores myriad applications that this technology has enabled. The book examines the historical evolution and emerging trends of nanofabrication and supplies an analytical understanding of some of the most important underlying nanofabrication technologies, with an emphasis on graphene, carbon nanotubes (CNTs), and nanowires. Featuring contributions by experts from academia and industry around the world, this book presents cutting-edge nanofabrication research in a wide range of areas. Topics include: CNT electrodynamics and signal propagation models Electronic structure calculations of a graphene–hexagonal boron nitride interface to aid the understanding of experimental devices based on these heterostructures How a laser field would modify the electronic structure and transport response of graphene, to generate bandgaps The fabrication of transparent CNT electrodes for organic light-emitting diodes Direct graphene growth on dielectric substrates, and potential applications in electronic and spintronic devices CNTs as a promising candidate for next-generation interconnect conductors CMOS–CNT integration approaches, including the promising localized heating CNT synthesis method CNTs in electrochemical and optical biosensors The synthesis of diamondoids by pulsed laser ablation plasmas generated in supercritical fluids, and possible applications The use of DNA nanostructures in lithography CMOS-compatible silicon nanowire biosensors The use of titanium oxide-B nanowires to detect explosive vapors The properties of protective layers on silver nanoparticles for ink-jet printing Nanostructured thin-film production using microreactors A one-stop reference for professionals, researchers, and graduate students working in nanofabrication, this book will also be useful for investors who want an overview of the current nanofabrication landscape.

The OLED Handbook (2019 edition)
Author : Ron Mertens
Publisher :
Release Date : 2019-03-10
ISBN 10 : 0359446264
Pages : 202 pages

The OLED Handbook is a comprehensive guide to OLED technology, industry and market - brought to you by OLED-Info (Edition 2019). The OLED Handbook provides a great introduction to the world of OLEDs and covers everything you need to know about the OLED industry, market and technology. It is an invaluable guide for display engineers, business developers, researchers, equipment vendors, OLED material companies, private investors and anyone who wants to learn more about OLEDs today and in the future.

Quantum-dot Based Light-emitting Diodes
Author : Morteza Sasani Ghamsari
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2017-10-25
ISBN 10 : 9535135759
Pages : 170 pages

Quantum dot-based light emitting diodes were assigned to bringing together the latest and most important progresses in light emitting diode (LED) technologies. In addition, they were dedicated to gain the perspective of LED technology for all of its advancements and innovations due to the employment of semiconductor nanocrystals. Highly selective, the primary aim was to provide a visual source for high-urgency work that will define the future directions relating to the organic light emitting diode (OLED), with the expectation for lasting scientific and technological impact. The editor hopes that the chapters verify the realization of the mentioned aims that have been considered for editing of this book. Due to the rapidly growing OLED technology, we wish this book to be useful for any progress that can be achieved in future.

Large Area and Flexible Electronics
Author : Mario Caironi,Yong-Young Noh
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2015-01-13
ISBN 10 : 3527679995
Pages : 592 pages

From materials to applications, this ready reference covers the entire value chain from fundamentals via processing right up to devices, presenting different approaches to large-area electronics, thus enabling readers to compare materials, properties and performance. Divided into two parts, the first focuses on the materials used for the electronic functionality, covering organic and inorganic semiconductors, including vacuum and solution-processed metal-oxide semiconductors, nanomembranes and nanocrystals, as well as conductors and insulators. The second part reviews the devices and applications of large-area electronics, including flexible and ultra-high-resolution displays, light-emitting transistors, organic and inorganic photovoltaics, large-area imagers and sensors, non-volatile memories and radio-frequency identification tags. With its academic and industrial viewpoints, this volume provides in-depth knowledge for experienced researchers while also serving as a first-stop resource for those entering the field.

Printed Electronics
Author : Zheng Cui
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2016-09-26
ISBN 10 : 1118920929
Pages : 450 pages

This book provides an overview of the newly emerged and highly interdisciplinary field of printed electronics • Provides an overview of the latest developments and research results in the field of printed electronics • Topics addressed include: organic printable electronic materials, inorganic printable electronic materials, printing processes and equipments for electronic manufacturing, printable transistors, printable photovoltaic devices, printable lighting and display, encapsulation and packaging of printed electronic devices, and applications of printed electronics • Discusses the principles of the above topics, with support of examples and graphic illustrations • Serves both as an advanced introductory to the topic and as an aid for professional development into the new field • Includes end of chapter references and links to further reading

Flexible Electronics: From Materials To Devices
Author : Guozhen Shen,Zhiyong Fan
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2016-04-27
ISBN 10 : 9814656003
Pages : 476 pages

This book provides a comprehensive overview of the recent development of flexible electronics. This is a fast evolving research field and tremendous progress has been made in the past decade. In this book, new material development and novel flexible device, circuit design, fabrication and characterizations will be introduced. Particularly, recent progress of nanomaterials, including carbon nanotubes, graphene, semiconductor nanowires, nanofibers, for flexible electronic applications, assembly of nanomaterials for large scale device and circuitry, flexible energy devices, such as solar cells and batteries, etc, will be introduced. And through reviewing these cutting edge research, the readers will be able to see the key advantages and challenges of flexible electronics both from material and device perspectives, as well as identify future directions of the field.

Graphene Photonics, Optoelectronics, and Plasmonics
Author : Qiaoliang Bao,Huiying Hoh,Yupeng Zhang
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2017-09-07
ISBN 10 : 1351767763
Pages : 204 pages

Graphene has been hailed as a rising star in photonics and optoelectronics. The wonderful optical properties of graphene make possible the multiple functions of signal emission, transmission, modulation, and detection to be realized in one material. This book compiles and details cutting-edge research in graphene photonics, plasmonics, and broadband optoelectronic devices. Particularly, it emphasizes the ability to integrate graphene photonics onto the silicon platform to afford broadband operation in light routing and amplification, which involves components such as the polarizer, the modulator, and the photodetector. It also includes other functions such as a saturable absorber and an optical limiter. The book provides a comprehensive overview of the interrelationship between the operation of these conceptually new photonic devices and the fundamental physics of graphene involved in the interactions between graphene and light.

UGC-NTA NET Electronic Science
Author : Dr. Praveen Thappily
Publisher : PravySoft Calicut
Release Date : 2019-05-13
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 390 pages

Module 1 Syllabus (2019 onwards) Introduction to Semiconductor, energy bands in solids, concept of effective mass, density of states, Fermi levels. PN Junction. Diode equation and diode equivalent circuit, Breakdown in diodes, Zener diode, Tunnel diode, Metal semiconductor junction — Ohmic and Schottky contacts, Characteristics and equivalent circuits of JFET, MOSFET. Low dimensional semiconductor devices — quantum wells, quantum wires, quantum dots. High Electron Mobility Transistor (HEMT), Solar cells — I-V characteristics, fill factor and efficiency, LED, LCD and flexible display devices. Emerging materials for future Devices: Graphene, Carbon Nano tubes (CNT), ZnO, SiC etc.