global practices on road traffic signal control

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Global Practices on Road Traffic Signal Control
Author : Keshuang Tang,Manfred Boltze,Hideki Nakamura,Zong Tian
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2019-05-03
ISBN 10 : 0128153032
Pages : 344 pages

Global Practices on Road Traffic Signal Control is a valuable reference on the current state-of-the-art of road traffic signal control around the world. The book provides a detailed description of the common principles of road traffic signal control using a well-defined and consistent format that examines their application in countries and regions across the globe. This important resource considers the differences and special considerations across countries, providing useful insights into selecting control strategies for signal timing at intersections and pedestrian crosswalks. The book's authors also include success stories for coping with increasing traffic-related problems, examining both constraints and the reasons behind them. Presents a comprehensive reference on country-by-country practices on road traffic signal control Compiles and compares approaches across countries Covers theories and common principles Examines the most current systems and their implementation

Road Traffic and Safety
Author : Amit Agrawal,Geetha R. Menon
Publisher : Nova Science Publishers
Release Date : 2017
ISBN 10 : 9781536124897
Pages : 79 pages

Road space is shared by multiple vehicles (i.e. cars, taxis, buses, trucks, motorcycles, and mopeds), pedestrians, animals and many other categories of travellers. Easy availability of motor vehicles and advancements in their technology has made road travel easy; on the other hand, this has also resulted in a significant increase in the number of motor vehicle related injuries. Road traffic related injuries remain an important public health problem globally. It has been estimated that approximately 1.25 million people succumb to road traffic injuries annually worldwide, and between 20 and 50 million people sustain non-fatal injuries. It is a cause of great concern that 59% of the severely injured population is young adults aged between the age of 15 and 44 years. At present, globally road traffic injuries are ranked as the eighth leading cause of mortality, and if the current trends continues, it is expected to be the seventh leading cause of mortality at the global level by 2030. Road traffic safety is one of the most significant concerns of the United Nations and a 5-tiered approach has been proposed to combat traffic accidents and fatalities. This includes improvements in health care services focusing on injury care, road safety management, road network safety, vehicular safety, and implementation of road safety legislation. Changes in practices like speed control, use of seatbelts and helmets, respecting traffic signals and signs, avoiding drunken driving (or use of drugs), following traffic rules (lane driving) and avoiding mobile phones while driving are some of the behavioural changes that can bring about a significant reduction in the number of road traffic related injuries. The present book consists of fifteen chapters related to various aspects concerning road traffic and safety, including epidemiology of road traffic injuries, occupant protection and safety devices, risk factors, a manual of safety measures, road safety in hilly terrain and conflict zones, prevention of head injuries, the role of alcohol and bicycle related injuries. The authors hope that the book shall help the readers to get an overview of various aspects related to global road traffic and safety.

World Report on Road Traffic Injury Prevention
Author : Marjorie Peden
Publisher : DIANE Publishing
Release Date : 2008-09-01
ISBN 10 : 1437904068
Pages : 52 pages

Every day thousands of people are killed and injured on our roads. Millions of people each year will spend long weeks in the hospital after severe crashes and many will never be able to live, work or play as they used to do. Current efforts to address road safety are minimal in comparison to this growing human suffering. This report presents a comprehensive overview of what is known about the magnitude, risk factors and impact of road traffic injuries, and about ways to prevent and lessen the impact of road crashes. Over 100 experts, from all continents and different sectors -- including transport, engineering, health, police, education and civil society -- have worked to produce the report. Charts and tables.

Digital Transformation and Innovative Services for Business and Learning
Author : Sandhu, Kamaljeet
Publisher : IGI Global
Release Date : 2020-06-26
ISBN 10 : 179985177X
Pages : 282 pages

In a world dependent on digital technologies, business corporations continually try to stay ahead of their competitors by adopting the most updated technology into their business processes. Many companies are adopting digital transformation models, data analytics, big data, data empowerment, and data sharing as key strategies and as service disruptors for information delivery and record management. Higher education institutions have adopted digital service innovation as a core to driving their business processes. Such services are key to ensuring efficiency and improving organizational performance. Digital Transformation and Innovative Services for Business and Learning is a collection of innovative research on the latest digital services and their role in supporting the digital transformation of businesses and education. While highlighting topics including brand equality, digital banking, and generational workforce, this book is ideally designed for managers, executives, IT consultants, industry professionals, academicians, researchers, and students.

Global Status Report on Road Safety 2018
Author : World Health Organization
Publisher : World Health Organization
Release Date : 2019-01-10
ISBN 10 : 9241565683
Pages : 419 pages

The Global Status Report on Road Safety 2018, launched by WHO in December 2018, highlights that the number of annual road traffic deaths has reached 1.35 million. Road traffic injuries are now the leading killer of people aged 5-29 years.The burden is disproportionately borne by pedestrians, cyclists and motorcyclists, in particular those living in developing countries. The report suggests that the price paid for mobility is too high, especially because proven measures exist. Drastic action is needed to put these measures in place to meet any future global target that might be set and save lives.

Author : Bashar S. Mohammed,Nasir Shafiq,Shamsul Rahman M. Kutty,Hisham Mohamad,Abdul-Lateef Balogun
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-12-31
ISBN 10 : 9813363118
Pages : 1135 pages

This book contains papers presented in the 6th International Conference on Civil, Offshore & Environmental Engineering (ICCOEE2020) under the banner of World Engineering, Science & Technology Congress (ESTCON2020) will be held from 13th to 15th July 2021 at Borneo Convention Centre, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia. This proceeding contains papers presented by academics and industrial practitioners showcasing the latest advancements and findings in civil engineering areas with an emphasis on sustainability and the Industrial Revolution 4.0. The papers are categorized under the following tracks and topics of research: 1. Resilient Structures and Smart Materials 2. Advanced Construction and Building Information Modelling 3. Smart and Sustainable Infrastructure 4. Advanced Coastal and Offshore Engineering 5. Green Environment and Smart Water Resource Management Systems

Urban Freight Transportation Systems
Author : Ralf Elbert,Christian Friedrich,Manfred Boltze,Hans-Christian Pfohl
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2019-09-28
ISBN 10 : 0128173637
Pages : 316 pages

Urban Freight Transportation Systems offers new insights into the complexities of today’s urban freight transport system. It provides a much needed multidisciplinary perspective from researchers in not only transportation, but also engineering, business management, planning and the law. The book examines numerous critical issues, such as strategies for delivery, logistics and freight transport spatial patterns, urban policy assessment, innovative transportation technologies, urban hubs, and the role factories play in the urban freight transport system. The book offers a novel conceptual approach for addressing the problems of production, logistics and traffic in an urban context. As most of the world's population now live in cities, thus significantly increasing commercial traffic, there are numerous challenges for efficiently and sustainably delivering goods into cities. This book provides solutions and tactics to those challenges. Includes interdisciplinary contributors from around the globe Provides never-before-published original research to help users stay current and develop a deeper understanding of the field Presents the methods and results of research that is useful for both academics and practitioners

Intermodal Freight Transportation
Author : Vasco Reis,Rosario Macario
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2019-11-15
ISBN 10 : 0128144645
Pages : 224 pages

Intermodal Freight Transportation conceptualizes intermodal transport as a set of physical, logical, financial and contractual flows, examining the barriers that impact intermodal freight services and the resulting performance variables. The book covers transport modes, agents, supply and demand patterns, key drivers, trends influencing the freight transportation sector, the evolution of supply and logistics chains, and the impacts of technological advancements, such as autonomous vehicles and e-commerce. In addition, the book covers transport agents, such as shippers, freight forwarders, integrators, and customs, as well as the demand for freight transport services and the key properties of goods. Readers will find a variety of new tools for analyzing and building effective transport chains that addresses component technology, information, responsibility, and financing dimension, along with sections on key organizational, regulatory, infrastructure and technological barriers. The book concludes with a look into the future of the freight transport sector. Presents a step-by-step approach that introduces key topics for understanding efficient intermodal transportation Focuses on the concept of fitness between the modes of transport profiles Contains numerous, real-world case studies throughout Examines performance metrics

Freight Transport Modeling in Emerging Countries
Author : Ioanna Kourounioti,Lorant Tavasszy,Hanno Friedrich
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-10-20
ISBN 10 : 0128216816
Pages : 294 pages

Freight Transport Modeling in Emerging Countries examines freight transport models developed in emerging countries including Turkey, South Africa, India, Chile, and more. It provides a toolbox of successful freight transport model applications, alternative data collection methods, and evaluation techniques for the development of future policies. The book offers solutions for issues related to the urban, national, and international transportation of goods and examines new advances in freight transport models and data collection techniques and their applications in emerging countries. Emerging countries have unique transport-related policies, regulatory structures, logistics systems, and long-term uncertainties that hinder their economic development. This book tackles these issues by examining decision-making models for locating logistics sites such as ports and distribution centers, modeling urban freight movements in megacities and port cities, using existing datasets to get information when data is not available, implementing policies related to the national and international movements of goods, and more. Includes a wide variety of opinions and approaches from subject matter experts around the world Utilizes a case-based approach Includes a range of learning tools that feature chapter openers, end of chapter questions, a glossary, and more Examines new advances in freight transport models and data collection techniques

The Geography of Transport Systems
Author : Jean-Paul Rodrigue,Claude Comtois,Brian Slack
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2013-07-18
ISBN 10 : 1136777326
Pages : 416 pages

Mobility is fundamental to economic and social activities such as commuting, manufacturing, or supplying energy. Each movement has an origin, a potential set of intermediate locations, a destination, and a nature which is linked with geographical attributes. Transport systems composed of infrastructures, modes and terminals are so embedded in the socio-economic life of individuals, institutions and corporations that they are often invisible to the consumer. This is paradoxical as the perceived invisibility of transportation is derived from its efficiency. Understanding how mobility is linked with geography is main the purpose of this book. The third edition of The Geography of Transport Systems has been revised and updated to provide an overview of the spatial aspects of transportation. This text provides greater discussion of security, energy, green logistics, as well as new and updated case studies, a revised content structure, and new figures. Each chapter covers a specific conceptual dimension including networks, modes, terminals, freight transportation, urban transportation and environmental impacts. A final chapter contains core methodologies linked with transport geography such as accessibility, spatial interactions, graph theory and Geographic Information Systems for transportation (GIS-T). This book provides a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the field, with a broad overview of its concepts, methods, and areas of application. The accompanying website for this text contains a useful additional material, including digital maps, PowerPoint slides, databases, and links to further reading and websites. The website can be accessed at: This text is an essential resource for undergraduates studying transport geography, as well as those interest in economic and urban geography, transport planning and engineering.

Autonomic Road Transport Support Systems
Author : Thomas Leo McCluskey,Apostolos Kotsialos,Jörg P. Müller,Franziska Klügl,Omer Rana,René Schumann
Publisher : Birkhäuser
Release Date : 2016-05-03
ISBN 10 : 3319258087
Pages : 304 pages

The work on Autonomic Road Transport Support (ARTS) presented here aims at meeting the challenge of engineering autonomic behavior in Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) by fusing research from the disciplines of traffic engineering and autonomic computing. Ideas and techniques from leading edge artificial intelligence research have been adapted for ITS over the last 30 years. Examples include adaptive control embedded in real time traffic control systems, heuristic algorithms (e.g. in SAT-NAV systems), image processing and computer vision (e.g. in automated surveillance interpretation). Autonomic computing which is inspired from the biological example of the body’s autonomic nervous system is a more recent development. It allows for a more efficient management of heterogeneous distributed computing systems. In the area of computing, autonomic systems are endowed with a number of properties that are generally referred to as self-X properties, including self-configuration, self-healing, self-optimization, self-protection and more generally self-management. Some isolated examples of autonomic properties such as self-adaptation have found their way into ITS technology and have already proved beneficial. This edited volume provides a comprehensive introduction to Autonomic Road Transport Support (ARTS) and describes the development of ARTS systems. It starts out with the visions, opportunities and challenges, then presents the foundations of ARTS and the platforms and methods used and it closes with experiences from real-world applications and prototypes of emerging applications. This makes it suitable for researchers and practitioners in the fields of autonomic computing, traffic and transport management and engineering, AI, and software engineering. Graduate students will benefit from state-of-the-art description, the study of novel methods and the case studies provided.

Road Traffic Congestion: A Concise Guide
Author : John C. Falcocchio,Herbert S. Levinson
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-03-13
ISBN 10 : 3319151657
Pages : 401 pages

This book on road traffic congestion in cities and suburbs describes congestion problems and shows how they can be relieved. The first part (Chapters 1 - 3) shows how congestion reflects transportation technologies and settlement patterns. The second part (Chapters 4 - 13) describes the causes, characteristics, and consequences of congestion. The third part (Chapters 14 - 23) presents various relief strategies - including supply adaptation and demand mitigation - for nonrecurring and recurring congestion. The last part (Chapter 24) gives general guidelines for congestion relief and provides a general outlook for the future. The book will be useful for a wide audience - including students, practitioners and researchers in a variety of professional endeavors: traffic engineers, transportation planners, public transport specialists, city planners, public administrators, and private enterprises that depend on transportation for their activities.

Traffic Signal Systems 2013
Author : N.A
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2013
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 126 pages

"TRB's Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2356 contains 14 papers that review an intelligent dilemma-zone protection system for a high-speed rural intersection; adaptive signal control in Germany; queue length under connected vehicle technology; a coordinated optimization model for signal timings of full continuous flow intersections; and, transit priority strategies for multiple routes under headway-based operations. This TRR also explores multiregime adaptive signal control for congested urban roadway networks; metered entry volume on an oversaturated network with dynamic signal timing; arterial queue spillback detection and signal control based on connected vehicle technology; a coordinated optimization model for transit priority control under arterial progression; and, a dynamic programming approach for arterial signal optimization. In addition, this issue examines self-organizing control logic for oversaturated arterials; microwave radar vehicle detectors at a signalized intersection under adverse weather conditions; a performance diagnosis tool for arterial traffic signals; and, a statistical study of the impact of adaptive traffic signal control on traffic and transit performance."--Online abstract.

Localization Algorithms and Strategies for Wireless Sensor Networks: Monitoring and Surveillance Techniques for Target Tracking
Author : Mao, Guoqiang,Fidan, Baris
Publisher : IGI Global
Release Date : 2009-05-31
ISBN 10 : 1605663972
Pages : 526 pages

Wireless localization techniques are an area that has attracted interest from both industry and academia, with self-localization capability providing a highly desirable characteristic of wireless sensor networks. Localization Algorithms and Strategies for Wireless Sensor Networks encompasses the significant and fast growing area of wireless localization techniques. This book provides comprehensive and up-to-date coverage of topics and fundamental theories underpinning measurement techniques and localization algorithms. A useful compilation for academicians, researchers, and practitioners, this Premier Reference Source contains relevant references and the latest studies emerging out of the wireless sensor network field.

The Commanding Heights
Author : Daniel Yergin,Joseph Stanislaw
Publisher : Simon and Schuster
Release Date : 2008-12-26
ISBN 10 : 184737591X
Pages : 512 pages

The most powerful force in the world economy today is the redefinition of the relationship between state and marketplace - a process that goes by the name of privatization though this term is inadequate to express its far-reaching changes. We are moving from an era in which governments sought to seize and control the 'commanding heights' of the economy to an era in which the idea of free markets is capturing the commanding heights of world economic thinking. Basic views of how society ought to be organized are undergoing rapid change, trillions of dollars are changing hands and so is fundamental political power. Great new wealth is being created - as are huge opportunities and huge risks. Taking a worldwide perspective, including Britain, where the process began with Mrs Thatcher, Europe and the former USSR, China, Latin America and the US, THE COMMANDING HEIGHTS shows how a revolution in ideas is transforming the world economy - why it is happening, how it can go wrong and what it will mean for the global economy going into the twenty-first century.

Mapping Out the Research-policy Matrix
Author : Germán Solinís,Nicolas Baya-Laffite
Publisher : UNESCO
Release Date : 2011
ISBN 10 : 9231041762
Pages : 245 pages

Social science research provides not only abstract, conceptual knowledge about society but also concrete, instrumental knowledge. It enables us to take action to recompose the world we live in. However, this book rejects narrow and simplistic conceptions of research use and its impact on policy-making, to embrace a more complex approach to seeing and dealing with social science. In the paradigm of "evidence-based policy", "evidence" is understood in its broad sense as information that helps form policies. Nonetheless, within current practices and discourse, it is not clear what "information" is, what is really meant by "evidence", and how it can be obtained objectively. The book draws on papers presented at the International Forum on the Social Science-Policy Nexus, where experts examined current practices and problems in areas such as social policy, migration, urban policies and globalisation. The Forum set a precedent in terms of dialogue between researchers and policy-makers. The authors contribute to enriching and elucidating the most common conceptualisations of the research-policy nexus. They represent a rich diversity of views, although most agree that an effective strategy to enhance social science-policy linkages should be underpinned by a theoretical and methodological framework that takes into account the interplay of different social actors.

Urban Bikeway Design Guide, Second Edition
Author : National Association of City Transportation Officials
Publisher : Island Press
Release Date : 2014-03-24
ISBN 10 : 1610915658
Pages : 257 pages

NACTO's Urban Bikeway Design Guide quickly emerged as the preeminent resource for designing safe, protected bikeways in cities across the United States. It has been completely re-designed with an even more accessible layout. The Guide offers updated graphic profiles for all of its bicycle facilities, a subsection on bicycle boulevard planning and design, and a survey of materials used for green color in bikeways. The Guide continues to build upon the fast-changing state of the practice at the local level. It responds to and accelerates innovative street design and practice around the nation.

Belt and Road Economics
Author : World Bank
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release Date : 2019-08-16
ISBN 10 : 1464814651
Pages : 156 pages

China proposed the Belt and Road Initiative in 2013 to improve connectivity and cooperation on a transcontinental scale. This study, by a team of World Bank Group economists led by Michele Ruta, analyzes the economics of the initiative. It assesses the connectivity gaps between economies along the initiative’s corridors, examines the costs and economic effects of the infrastructure improvements proposed under the initiative, and identifies complementary policy reforms and institutions that will support welfare maximization and mitigation of risks for participating economies.

Handbook of Traffic Psychology
Author : Bryan E. Porter
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2011-06-22
ISBN 10 : 9780123819857
Pages : 536 pages

The Handbook of Traffic Psychology covers all key areas of research in this field including theory, applications, methodology and analyses, variables that affect traffic, driver problem behaviors, and countermeasures to reduce risk on roadways. Comprehensive in scope, the methodology section includes case-control studies, self-report instruments and methods, field methods and naturalistic observational techniques, instrumented vehicles and in-car recording techniques, modeling and simulation methods, in vivo methods, clinical assessment, and crash datasets and analyses. Experienced researchers will better understand what methods are most useful for what kinds of studies and students can better understand the myriad of techniques used in this discipline. Focuses specifically on traffic, as opposed to transport Covers all key areas of research in traffic psychology including theory, applications, methodology and analyses, variables that affect traffic, driver problem behaviors, and countermeasures to reduce the risk of variables and behavior Contents include how to conduct traffic research and how to analyze data Contributors come from more than 10 countries, including US, UK, Japan, Netherlands, Ireland, Switzerland, Mexico, Australia, Canada, Turkey, France, Finland, Norway, Israel, and South Africa

World Report on Child Injury Prevention
Author : C. Branche,J. Ozanne-Smith,K. Oyebite,A. A. Hyder
Publisher : World Health Organization
Release Date : 2008
ISBN 10 : 9241563575
Pages : 211 pages

"Child injuries have been neglected for many years, and are largely absent from child survival initiatives presently on the global agenda. Through this World report on child injury prevention, the World Health Organization, the United Nations Children's Fund and many partners have set out to elevate child injury to a priority for the global public health and development communities. The knowledge and experience of nearly two hundred experts from all continents and various sectors were invaluable in grounding the report in the realities faced in many countries. This World report on child injury prevention should be seen as a complement to the UN Secretary-General's study on violence against children released in late 2006. That report addressed violence-related or intentional injuries. Both reports suggest that child injury and violence prevention programmes need to be integrated into child survival and other broad strategies focused on improving the lives of children. Evidence demonstrates the dramatic successes in child injury prevention in countries which have made a concerted effort. These results make a case for increasing investments in human resources and institutional capacities. This would permit the development, implementation and evaluation of programmes to stem the tide of child injury and enhance the health and well-being of children and their families the world over. Implementing proven interventions could save more than a thousand children's lives a day." - p. vii.