glioblastoma resistance to chemotherapy molecular mechanisms and innovative reversal strategies

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Glioblastoma Resistance to Chemotherapy: Molecular Mechanisms and Innovative Reversal Strategies
Author : Tarik F. Massoud,Ramasamy Paulmurugan
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2021-03-15
ISBN 10 : 9780128215678
Pages : 350 pages

Glioblastoma Resistance to Chemotherapy: Molecular Mechanisms and Innovative Reversal Strategies brings current knowledge from an international team of experts on the science and clinical management of glioblastoma chemoresistance. The book discusses topics such as molecular mechanisms of chemoresistance, experimental models to study chemoresistance, chemoresistance to drugs other than Temozolomide, and specific strategies to reverse chemoresistance. Additionally, it encompasses information on how to mitigate chemoresistance by targeted enhancement of p53 function. This book is a valuable resource for cancer researchers, oncologists, neuro-oncologists and other members of the biomedical field. Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most invasive and malignant primary brain tumor in humans with poor survival after diagnosis, therefore it is imperative that molecular and cellular mechanisms behind therapy resistant GBM cells, as well as the therapeutic strategies available to counter the resistance are comprehensively understood. Provides comprehensive, core knowledge related to the entire discipline of glioblastoma chemoresistance, from its many etiological mechanisms, to specific strategies to reverse resistance Presents current information from an international team of experts on the basic science, pre-clinical research, and clinical management of glioblastoma chemoresistance Discusses molecular and cellular mechanisms behind therapy resistant glioblastoma cells, as well as the therapeutic strategies available to counter this resistance

New Targeting in The Reversal of Resistant Glioblastomas
Author : Ali Syed Arbab
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2021-03-18
ISBN 10 : 0128232765
Pages : 202 pages

New Targeting in The Reversal of Resistant Glioblastomas discusses alternative treatment strategies that not only target tumor cells but also target the tumor microenvironment, metabolic pathways and interaction of cytokines in tumor cells. The current treatment for primary and recurrent glioblastomas is failing because clinicians are not considering the effect of bone marrow derived cells to the development of resistance to clinically practiced therapies. This book helps readers rethink treatment strategies to successfully fight glioblastomas. It is a valuable resource for cancer researchers, clinicians, graduate students and other members of the biomedical field. Explains the effect of bone marrow derived cells on the development of resistance to clinically practiced therapies Provides information on the availability of alternate therapies for recurrent glioblastoma when standard practices have failed Discusses targeting tumor microenvironment using available FDA approved drugs as an alternative treatment strategy for glioblastoma

Cancer Drug Resistance
Author : Beverly A. Teicher
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2007-11-09
ISBN 10 : 1597450359
Pages : 617 pages

Leading experts summarize and synthesize the latest discoveries concerning the changes that occur in tumor cells as they develop resistance to anticancer drugs, and suggest new approaches to preventing and overcoming it. The authors review physiological resistance based upon tumor architecture, cellular resistance based on drug transport, epigenetic changes that neutralize or bypass drug cytotoxicity, and genetic changes that alter drug target molecules by decreasing or eliminating drug binding and efficacy. Highlights include new insights into resistance to antiangiogenic therapies, oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes in therapeutic resistance, cancer stem cells, and the development of more effective therapies. There are also new findings on tumor immune escape mechanisms, gene amplification in drug resistance, the molecular determinants of multidrug resistance, and resistance to taxanes and Herceptin.

Molecular Mechanisms of Tumor Cell Resistance to Chemotherapy
Author : Benjamin Bonavida
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-07-04
ISBN 10 : 1461470706
Pages : 260 pages

​​​​​This volume gives the latest developments in on the mechanisms of cancer cell resistance to apoptotic stimuli, which eventually result in cancer progression and metastasis. One of the main challenges in cancer research is to develop new therapies to combat resistant tumors. The development of new effective therapies will be dependent on delineating the biochemical, molecular, and genetic mechanisms that regulate tumor cell resistance to cytotoxic drug-induced apoptosis. These mechanisms should reveal gene products that directly regulate resistance in order to develop new drugs that target these resistance factors and such new drugs may either be selective or common to various cancers. If successful, new drugs may not be toxic and may be used effectively in combination with subtoxic conventional drugs to achieve synergy and to reverse tumor cell resistance. The research developments presented in this book can be translated to produce better clinical responses to resistant tumors.

Molecular Advances in Diagnosis and Treatment of CNS Tumors
Author : Liam Chen,Ming-Tseh Lin,Zhaohui Zhang
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release Date : 2020-12-09
ISBN 10 : 2889661644
Pages : 329 pages

Dendrimers for Drug Delivery
Author : Anil K. Sharma,Raj K. Keservani
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2018-07-27
ISBN 10 : 135136068X
Pages : 426 pages

With chapters from highly skilled, experienced, and renowned scientists and researchers from around the globe, Dendrimers for Drug Delivery provides an abundance of information on dendrimers and their applications in the field of drug delivery. The volume begins with an introduction to dendrimers, summarizing dendrimer applications and the striking features of dendrimers. It goes on to present the details of usual properties, structure, classification, and methods of synthesis, with relevant examples. The toxicity of dendrimers is also discussed. The chapter authors provide an exhaustive amount of information about dendrimers and their biomedical applications, including biocompatibility and toxicity aspects, a very useful feature. This informative volume will be valuable resource that will help readers to create products derived from dendrimers and navigate through the regulatory, manufacturing, and quality control hurdles. It will be an important resource for researchers, scientists, upper-level students, and industry professionals.

Cancer Drug Resistance
Author : Jose Rueff,António Sebastião Rodrigues
Publisher : Humana Press
Release Date : 2016-02-25
ISBN 10 : 9781493933457
Pages : 314 pages

This volume discusses the latest advancements and technologies used in cancer drug resistance research. Cancer Drug Resistance: Overviews and Methods contains chapters that cover topics such as: studying the mechanics of resistance to DNA damaging therapeutic drugs; studies to delineate the role of efflux transporters; expression of drug transporters; resistance to targeted therapies in breast cancer; the role of microRNAs in current pancreatic cancer treatment; and cancer exosomes as mediators of drug resistance or clinical and molecular methods in drug development and the use of bioinformatics in the management of cancer drug resistance data. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include overviews of the main issues in cancer drug resistance and the respective mechanisms, as well as introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and practical, Cancer Drug Resistance: Overviews and Methods, is a valuable resource to researchers, oncobiologists and clinical oncologists or anyone else who is interested in the study of cancer and its drug resistances.

Author : Marc A. Reymond,Wiebke Solass
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release Date : 2014-10-14
ISBN 10 : 3110366614
Pages : 252 pages

Peritoneal dissemination is a common route of cancer metastasis. The benefit of administering chemotherapy directly into the peritoneal cavity is supported by preclinical and pharmacokinetic data. In comparison to intravenous (IV) treatment, intraperitoneal (IP) administration results in a several-fold increase in drug concentration within the abdominal cavity. There is now growing evidence from clinical studies showing a survival advantage for IP chemotherapy in various tumor typies, including ovarian, gastric and colorectal cancer. However, while the use of IP chemotherapy is slowly gaining acceptance, it is not universal, largely due to the greater toxicity associated with this approach. Moreover, efficacy of IP chemotherapy is limited by poor distribution within the abdominal cavity and by poor tissue penetration. A new way of IP chemotherapy is the application of cytotoxics in form of a pressurized aerosol into the abdominal of thoracic cavity. Pressurized intraperitoneal aerosol chemotherapy (PIPAC) is applied through laparoscopic access using two balloon trocars in an operating room equipped with laminar air-flow. In a first step,a normothermic capnoperitoneum is established with a pressure of 12 mmHg. A cytotoxic solution (about 10% of a normal systemic dose) is nebulized with a micropump into the abdominal cavity, and maintained for 30 min. The aerosol is then removed through a closed suction system. Applying an aerosol in the peritoneal cavity allows a homogeneous distribution of the chemotherapeutic agent within the abdomen. Furthermore, an artificial pressure gradient is generated that overcomes tumoral interstitial fluid pressure, an obstacle in cancer therapy. This results in a higher local drug concentration compared to conventional IP or IV chemotherapy. At the same time the plasma concentration of the chemotherapeutic agent remains low. In first clinical studies with limited number of patients in ovarian, gastric and colorectal cancer, as well as peritoneal mesothelioma, PIPAC has obtained encouraging tumor response rates and survival, with a low-side effects profile. Larger clinical trials are currently ongoing to examine if these data can be reproduced and extrapolated to other situations.

Molecular Therapies of Cancer
Author : Georg F. Weber
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-07-22
ISBN 10 : 3319132784
Pages : 488 pages

Molecular Therapies of Cancer comprehensively covers the molecular mechanisms of anti-cancer drug actions in a comparably systematic fashion. While there is currently available a great deal of literature on anti-cancer drugs, books on the subject are often concoctions of invited review articles superficially connected to one another. There is a lack of comprehensive and systematic text on the topic of molecular therapies in cancer. A further deficit in the relevant literature is a progressive sub-specialization that typically limits textbooks on cancer drugs to cover either pharmacology or medicinal chemistry or signal transduction, rather than explaining molecular drug actions across all those areas; Molecular Therapies of Cancer fills this void. The book is divided into five sections: 1. Molecular Targeting of Cancer Cells; 2. Emerging and Alternative Treatment Modalities; 3. Molecular Targeting of Tumor-Host Interactions; 4. Anti-Cancer Drug Pharmacokinetics; and 5. Supportive Therapies.

Immunotherapy of Cancer
Author : Yoshiyuki Yamaguchi
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-02-22
ISBN 10 : 4431550313
Pages : 358 pages

This timely book, published just as cancer immunotherapy comes of age, summarizes the rationale, present status, and future perspective for cancer immunotherapy. Included are explanations of the constitution of the immune system and immunocheckpoints, the mechanism of antigen presentation and recognition, valuable modalities, clinical trials and guidance, personalization, and biomarkers, all of which are essential for understanding the success of cancer immunotherapy. This innovative therapy has been investigated worldwide as the fourth line of cancer treatment after the standard treatments of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy. The progress in fundamental understanding of tumor immunology and the recent advances in clinical trials have opened new avenues with a cancer vaccine in 2010 and immunocheckpoint modulation in 2011, with their approval already granted in the United States. Today, there are no doubts, even among experts in cancer chemotherapy and radiotherapy, that the immune system plays a vital role in tumor eradication. Following American approval, many clinical trials of cancer immunotherapy are being conducted. With this book the reader will readily understand the paradigm shift in cancer treatment and will realize the importance of cancer immunotherapy. The great value of immunotherapy will be obvious, not only for tumor shrinkage but for prolonging patient survival.

Cancer Treatment
Author : Letícia Rangel
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2013-05-09
ISBN 10 : 9535110985
Pages : 630 pages

Cancer Treatment: Conventional and Innovative Approaches is an attempt to integrate into a book volume the various aspects of cancer treatment, compiling comprehensive reviews written by an international team of experts in the field. The volume is presented in six sections: i) Section 1: Cancer treatment: Conventional and innovative pharmacological approaches; ii) Section 2: Combinatorial strategies to fight cancer: Surgery, radiotherapy, backytherapy, chemotherapy, and hyperthermia; iii) Section 3: The immunotherapy of cancer; iv) Section 4: Multidisciplinarity in cancer therapy: nutrition and beyond; v) Section 5: Supportive care for cancer patients; vi) Section 6: Perspectives in cancer biology and modeling. Ultimately, we hope this book can enlighten important issues involved in the management of cancer, summarizing the state-of-the-art knowledge regarding the disease control and treatment; thus, providing means to improve the overall care of patients that daily battle against this potentially lethal condition.

Critical Dietary Factors in Cancer Chemoprevention
Author : Mohammad Fahad Ullah,Aamir Ahmad
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-10-06
ISBN 10 : 3319214616
Pages : 373 pages

This book focuses on the prophylactic potential of diet-derived factors in primary prevention of cancer. It is written by a group of highly reputed experts in the area of dietary agents and cancer chemoprevention. The translational potential of dietary factors from epidemiological, laboratory and clinical studies as prevention strategy in normal and risk populations is highlighted. The work presents options of routine inclusion of specific dietary regimens for prevention as well as therapeutic strategy for better management through adjuvant interventions in cancer treatment.