Toxicologic pathology integrates toxicology and the disciplines within it (such as biochemistry, pharmacodynamics and risk assessment) to pathology and its related disciplines (such as physiology, microbiology, immunology, and molecular biology). Fundamentals of Toxicologic Pathology Second Edition updates the information presented in the first edition, including five entirely new chapters addressing basic concepts in toxicologic pathology, along with color photomicrographs that show examples of specific toxicant-induced diseases in animals. The current edition also includes comparative information that will prove a valuable resource to practitioners, including diagnostic pathologists and toxicologists. 25% brand new information, fully revised throughout New chapters: Veterinary Diagnostic Toxicologic Pathology; Clinical Pathology; Nomenclature: Terminology for Morphologic Alterations; Techniques in Toxicologic Pathology New color photomicrographs detailing specific toxicant-induced diseases in animals Mechanistic information integrated from both toxicology and pathology discussing basic mechanisms of toxic injury and morphologic expression at the subcellular, cellular, and tissue levels
Fundamentals of Toxicologic Pathology, Third Edition, presents an essential overview of systems toxicologic pathology in a clear-and-concise manner. Toxicologic pathology integrates toxicology and its interdisciplinary components, including biochemistry, pharmacodynamics and risk assessment to pathology and its related disciplines, such as physiology, microbiology, immunology and molecular biology. This wholly revised and updated edition presents the newest information on the topic, and is an essential reference for advanced students, early career researchers, toxicologic pathologists, pharmaceutical scientists, medical pathologists and clinicians, and anyone involved with drug and device development. The book includes a new section describing the application of toxicologic pathology, such as diagnostic and forensic toxicologic pathology, environmental toxicologic pathology, experimental and industrial toxicologic pathology, and pathology issues in the design of toxicology studies. There are also new chapters on special senses (the eye and ear) and the biochemical and molecular basis of toxicity, among others. Presents revised and updated information for each chapter on systems Contains expanded sections on applied toxicologic pathology Includes the essential information necessary to understand toxicologic pathology in an accessible language
|Author||: Wanda M. Haschek,Colin G. Rousseaux,Matthew A. Wallig|
|Publisher||: Academic Press|
|Release Date||: 2013-05-01|
|ISBN 10||: 0124157653|
|Pages||: 3054 pages|
Haschek and Rousseaux's Handbook of Toxicologic Pathology is a key reference on the integration of structure and functional changes in tissues associated with the response to pharmaceuticals, chemicals and biologics. The 3e has been expanded by a full volume, and covers aspects of safety assessment not discussed in the 2e. Completely revised with many new chapters, it remains the most authoritative reference on toxicologic pathology for scientists and researchers studying and making decisions on drugs, biologics, medical devices and other chemicals, including agrochemicals and environmental contaminants. New topics include safety assessment, the drug life cycle, risk assessment, communication and management, carcinogenicity assessment, pharmacology and pharmacokinetics, biomarkers in toxicologic pathology, quality assurance, peer review, agrochemicals, nanotechnology, food and toxicologic pathology, the environment and toxicologic pathology and more. Provides new chapters and in-depth discussion of timely topics in the area of toxicologic pathology and broadens the scope of the audience to include toxicologists and pathologists working in a variety of settings Offers high-quality and trusted content in a multi-contributed work written by leading international authorities in all areas of toxicologic pathology Features hundreds of full color images in both the print and electronic versions of the book to highlight difficult concepts with clear illustrations
|Author||: Brad Bolon,Mark Butt|
|Publisher||: John Wiley & Sons|
|Release Date||: 2011-10-04|
|ISBN 10||: 9780470227336|
|Pages||: 590 pages|
This book offers pathologists, toxicologists, other medicalprofessionals, and students an introduction to the discipline andtechniques of neuropathology – including chemical andenvironmental, biological, medical, and regulatory detailsimportant for performing an analysis of toxicant-inducedneurodiseases. In addition to a section on fundamentals, the bookprovides detailed coverage of current practices (bioassays,molecular analysis, and nervous system pathology) and practicalaspects (data interpretation, regulatory considerations, and tipsfor preparing reports).
Fundamentals of Toxicology: Essential Concepts and Applications provides a crisp, easy-to-understand overview of the most important concepts, applications, and ideas needed to learn the basics of toxicology. Written by a pre-eminent toxicologist with over five decades of teaching experience, this comprehensive resource offers the hands-on knowledge needed for a strong foundation in the wide field of toxicology. Fundamentals of Toxicology includes a clear structure divided into five units to assist learning and understanding. The first unit provides extensive coverage on the background of toxicology including commonly used definitions and historical perspective, while following units cover: basic concepts; regulatory requirements and good laboratory practices, including types of toxicology testing and evaluation; toxic agents and adverse effects on health; and analytical, forensic, and diagnostic toxicology. This is an essential book for advanced students in toxicology and across the biomedical sciences, life sciences, and environmental sciences who want to learn the concepts of toxicology, as well as early researchers needing to refresh outside of their specialty. Explains the essential concepts of toxicology in a clear fashion Provides in-depth coverage of testing protocols, common drugs, chemicals, and laboratory-based diagnostic and analytical toxicology Explores the history, foundations, and most recent concepts of toxicology Serves as an essential reference for advanced students in toxicology and across the biomedical, life, and environmental sciences who want to learn the concepts of toxicology
This extensive volume began as a short course primarily geared toward toxicologists who want to expand their understanding of toxicologic pathology in order to be better study directors while also proving to be of great interest to other drug development scientists and regulatory reviewers. The overall goal is to help non-pathologists understand, contextualize, and communicate the pathology data and interpretations from the study pathologist in a practical and usable format. Within the book, readers will find an overview of general pathology concepts that include fundamental vocabulary and the basics of pathophysiological processes, along with numerous chapters devoted to pathology in specific organ systems as well as topics such as biomarkers, correlation of clinical pathology endpoints (chemistry and hematology) with microscopic changes, and well-known pathology findings for classes of toxic substances. Authoritative, practical, and comprehensive, Toxicologic Pathology for Non-Pathologists aims to help non-pathologists understand, converse in, and apply a basic understanding of pathology in their day-to-day careers.
Boorman’s Pathology of the Rat: Reference and Atlas, Second Edition, continues its history as the most comprehensive pathology reference on rat strains for researchers across science and medicine using rat models in the laboratory. It offers readers an added emphasis on the Sprague-Dawley and Wistar rat strains that is consistent with current research across academia, government, and industry. In addition, the book provides standard diagnostic criteria, basic content on histology, histological changes that result from drug toxicity and neoplasm, pathology terminology, and four-color photographs from the NTP archive and database. With updated references and photographs, as well as coverage of all rat strains, this book is not only the standard in the field, but also an invaluable resource for toxicologists, biologists, and other scientists engaged in regulatory toxicology who must make the transition from pathology results to the promulgation of meaningful regulations. Contains full, four color photographs from the NTP archive and database and coverage of all rat strains Provides an organ-by-organ and system-by-system approach that presents standard diagnostic criteria and basic content on histology and histological changes Includes comprehensive and detailed background incidence data Presents detailed descriptive content regarding changes in rat models during research
This book brings together key features of the toxicology and occupational hazards of pesticides and the way their use is regulated in the main trading regions of the world. There are chapters on each of the main groups of insecticides, namely organochlorines, anticholinesterases and pyrethrins and pyrethroids. The book also covers fungicides and herbicides, as well as more specialised agents such as microbial pesticides. The risks and hazards to humans are considered, both occupational and through the consumption of contaminated foodstuffs. Additionally, clinical aspects of pesticide poisoning are discussed. The possibility of harm from pesticide exposure has led to the development of national and international regulations governing the application of pesticides. The book describes the regulatory systems in three major economic areas: the North American Free Trade Area (USA, Canada and Mexico), the European Union and Japan. This book should be of interest to all individuals working on the development and application of pesticides anywhere in the world. All those involved in the manufacture, regulation and toxicology of pesticides should also benefit from reading this book.
|Release Date||: 2015|
|Pages||: 329 pages|
A half-day Society of Toxicologic Pathology continuing education course on "Fundamentals of Translational Neuroscience in Toxicologic Pathology" presented some current major issues faced when extrapolating animal data regarding potential neurological consequences to assess potential human outcomes. Two talks reviewed functional–structural correlates in rodent and nonrodent mammalian brains needed to predict behavioral consequences of morphologic changes in discrete neural cell populations. The third lecture described practical steps for ensuring that specimens from rodent developmental neurotoxicity tests will be processed correctly to produce highly homologous sections. The fourth talk detailed demographic factors (e.g., species, strain, sex, and age); physiological traits (body composition, brain circulation, pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic patterns, etc.); and husbandry influences (e.g., group housing) known to alter the effects of neuroactive agents. The last presentation discussed the appearance, unknown functional effects, and potential relevance to humans of polyethylene glycol (PEG)–associated vacuoles within the choroid plexus epithelium of animals. Speakers provided real-world examples of challenges with data extrapolation among species or with study design considerations that may impact the interpretability of results. Translational neuroscience will be bolstered in the future as less invasive and/or more quantitative techniques are devised for linking overt functional deficits to subtle anatomic and chemical lesions.
This classic textbook now enters its forth edition, offering a distillation of decades of research and teaching experience in toxicology. Known all over the world after its translation into six languages, Lu's Basic Toxicology: Fundamentals, Target Organs, and Risk Assessment is a benchmark text that brings clarity and insight into a rapidly evolving subject. Noted for its concise yet broad coverage of the subject, this new edition includes new chapters on over-the counter preparations, lactation and occupational toxicology. In addition, it covers: " The action of chemicals that cause cancer, mutations, congenital malformations and organ or system specific effects " Why chemical target specific organs and systems and how these effects are revealed by laboratory tests " The host and environmental factors that modify these effects " The effects of food additives, pesticides, metals, pollutants in air, water and soil, as well as toxicants encountered in workplaces " The procedures commonly used in assessing risk associated with these chemicals The breadth of this book makes it ideal for students requiring an introduction to toxicology, whether those specializing in toxicology or those from other biomedical disciplines who need a clear and concise overview of the field. The inclusion of separate subject and chemical indexes also makes it a useful shelf reference for more experienced researchers. In Lu's Basic Toxicology, Frank Lu and Sam Kacew have transcribed their vast experience to produce a book which will be an invaluable reference to student and practising toxicologists everywhere.
Pathology of the Developing Mouse provides, in so far as feasible, one complete reference on the design, analysis, and interpretation of abnormal findings that may be detected in developing mice before and shortly after birth. In particular, this book is designed specifically to be not only a "how to do" manual for developmental pathology experimentation in mice but, more importantly, a "how to interpret" resource for pathologists and other biomedical scientists faced for the first or hundredth time with defining the significance of distorted features in some fantastic murine developmental monstrosity. The topics covered in this volume include a full range of subjects encountered when building and wielding a developmental pathology tool kit: baseline anatomic and physiologic traits of developing mice principles of good experimental design and statistical analysis for mouse developmental pathology studies procedures for anatomic pathology examinations, to evaluate structural changes at the macroscopic (gross), microscopic (cells and tissues), and ultrastructural (subcellular) levels, suing conventional autopsy-based or novel non-invasive imaging techniques; methods for clinical pathology testing, to assess the biochemical and cellular composition of tissues and fluids; options and protocols for in situ molecular pathology analysis, to undertake site-specific explorations of the various mechanisms responsible for producing adverse findings (i.e., "lesions") during development; and well-referenced and illustrated guides to the interpretation of anatomic pathology and clinical pathology changes in the animal (embryos, fetuses, neonates, and juveniles) and its support system (placenta).
This atlas contains more than 700 illustrations that the authors have collected over the years as well as references and information pertaining to recently developed drug classes, including biologics. It is a useful bench reference for practicing pathologists and may also be used as a reference text by other experts from related fields. The atlas is organised into different chapters based on systemic pathology. Each chapter has illustrations with legends, and the atlas includes some rare examples of unique lesions found during toxicity studies over many years.