fundamentals of petroleum refining

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Fundamentals of Petroleum Refining
Author : Mohamed A. Fahim,Taher A. Al-Sahhaf,Amal Elkilani
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2009-11-19
ISBN 10 : 9780080931562
Pages : 516 pages
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Fundamentals of Petroleum Refining presents the fundamentals of thermodynamics and kinetics, and it explains the scientific background essential for understanding refinery operations. The text also provides a detailed introduction to refinery engineering topics, ranging from the basic principles and unit operations to overall refinery economics. The book covers important topics, such as clean fuels, gasification, biofuels, and environmental impact of refining, which are not commonly discussed in most refinery textbooks. Throughout the source, problem sets and examples are given to help the reader practice and apply the fundamental principles of refining. Chapters 1-10 can be used as core materials for teaching undergraduate courses. The first two chapters present an introduction to the petroleum refining industry and then focus on feedstocks and products. Thermophysical properties of crude oils and petroleum fractions, including processes of atmospheric and vacuum distillations, are discussed in Chapters 3 and 4. Conversion processes, product blending, and alkylation are covered in chapters 5-10. The remaining chapters discuss hydrogen production, clean fuel production, refining economics and safety, acid gas treatment and removal, and methods for environmental and effluent treatments. This source can serve both professionals and students (on undergraduate and graduate levels) of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, Chemistry, and Chemical Technology. Beginners in the engineering field, specifically in the oil and gas industry, may also find this book invaluable. Provides balanced coverage of fundamental and operational topics Includes spreadsheets and process simulators for showing trends and simulation case studies Relates processing to planning and management to give an integrated picture of refining

Fundamentals of Petroleum Refining
Author : Mohamed A. Fahim,Taher A. Alsahhaf,Amal Sayed Elkilani
Publisher : Elsevier Science
Release Date : 2010
ISBN 10 : 9780444527851
Pages : 496 pages
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Fundamentals of Petroleum Refining presents the fundamentals of thermodynamics and kinetics, and it explains the scientific background essential for understanding refinery operations. The text also provides a detailed introduction to refinery engineering topics, ranging from the basic principles and unit operations to overall refinery economics. The book covers important topics, such as clean fuels, gasification, biofuels, and environmental impact of refining, which are not commonly discussed in most refinery textbooks. Throughout the source, problem sets and examples are given to help the reader practice and apply the fundamental principles of refining. Chapters 1-10 can be used as core materials for teaching undergraduate courses. The first two chapters present an introduction to the petroleum refining industry and then focus on feedstocks and products. Thermophysical properties of crude oils and petroleum fractions, including processes of atmospheric and vacuum distillations, are discussed in Chapters 3 and 4. Conversion processes, product blending, and alkylation are covered in chapters 5-10. The remaining chapters discuss hydrogen production, clean fuel production, refining economics and safety, acid gas treatment and removal, and methods for environmental and effluent treatments. This source can serve both professionals and students (on undergraduate and graduate levels) of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, Chemistry, and Chemical Technology. Beginners in the engineering field, specifically in the oil and gas industry, may also find this book invaluable. - Provides balanced coverage of fundamental and operational topics - Includes spreadsheets and process simulators for showing trends and simulation case studies - Relates processing to planning and management to give an integrated picture of refining

Fundamentals of Petroleum and Petrochemical Engineering
Author : Uttam Ray Chaudhuri
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2016-04-19
ISBN 10 : 1439851611
Pages : 411 pages
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The supply of petroleum continues to dwindle at an alarming rate, yet it is the source of a range of products- from gasoline and diesel to plastic, rubber, and synthetic fiber. Critical to the future of this commodity is that we learn to use it more judiciously and efficiently. Fundamentals of Petroleum and Petrochemical Engineering provides a holi

Handbook of Petroleum Refining Processes
Author : Robert A. Meyers
Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
Release Date : 2003-10-14
ISBN 10 : 0071500944
Pages : 900 pages
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* Offers detailed description of process chemistry and thermodynamics and product by-product specifications of plants * Contributors are drawn from the largest petroleum producers in the world, including Chevron, Mobil, Shell, Exxon, UOP, and Texaco * Covers the very latest technologies in the field of petroleum refining processes * Completely updated 3rd Edition features 50% all new material

Handbook of Petroleum Processing
Author : Steven A Treese,Peter R. Pujado,David S. J. Jones
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-08-04
ISBN 10 : 9783319145280
Pages : 1913 pages
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This extensively updated second edition of the already valuable reference targets research chemists and engineers who have chosen a career in the complex and essential petroleum industry, as well as other professionals just entering the industry who seek a comprehensive and accessible resource on petroleum processing. The handbook describes and discusses the key components and processes that make up the petroleum refining industry. Beginning with the basics of crude oils and their nature, it continues with the commercial products derived from refining and with related issues concerning their environmental impact. More in depth coverage of many topics previously covered in the first edition, such as hydraulic fracturing or fracking as it is often termed, help ensure this reference remains a relevant and up-to- date resource. At its core is a complete overview of the processes that make up a modern refinery, plus a brief history of the development of processes. Also described in detail are design techniques, operations and in the case of catalytic units, the chemistry of the reaction routes. These discussions are supported by calculation procedures and examples, which enable readers to use today’s simulation-software packages. The handbook also covers off-sites and utilities, as well as environmental and safety aspects relevant to the industry. The chapter on refinery planning covers both operational planning and the decision making procedures for new or revamped processes. Major equipment used in the industry is reviewed along with details and examples of the process specifications for each. An extensive glossary and dictionary of the terms and expressions used in petroleum refining, plus appendices supplying data such as converging factors and selected crude oil assays, as well as an example of optimizing a refinery configuration using linear programming are all included to aid the reader. The 2nd edition of the Handbook of Petroleum Processing is an indispensable desk reference for chemists and engineers as well as an essential part of the libraries of universities with a chemical engineering faculty and oil refineries and engineering firms performing support functions or construction.

The Refinery of the Future
Author : James G. Speight
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 2010-12-21
ISBN 10 : 9781437778526
Pages : 416 pages
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As feedstocks to refineries change, there must be an accompanying change in refinery technology. This means a movement from conventional means of refining heavy feedstocks using (typically) coking technologies to more innovative processes that will coax the last drips of liquid fuels from the feedstock. This book presents the evolution of refinery processes during the last century and as well as the means by which refinery processes will evolve during the next three-to-five decades. Chapters contain material relevant to (1) comparisons of current feedstocks with heavy oil and bio-feedstocks; (2) evolution of refineries since the 1950s, (3) properties and refinability of heavy oil and bio-feedstocks, (4) thermal processes vs. hydroprocesses, and (5) evolution of products to match the environmental market. Process innovations that have influenced refinery processing over the past three decades are presented, as well as the relevant patents that have the potential for incorporation into future refineries. • Comparison of current feedstocks with heavy oil and bio-feedstocks. • Evolution of refineries over the past three decades. • Properties and refinability of heavy oil and bio-feedstocks. • Thermal processes vs. Hydroprocesses. • Evolution of products to match the environmental market. Investigates the engineering and plant design challenges presented by heavy oil and bio-feedstocks Explores the legislatory and regulatory climate, including increasingly stringent environmental requirements Examines the trade-offs of thermal processes vs. hydroprocesses

Handbook of Petroleum Refining
Author : James G. Speight
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2016-10-26
ISBN 10 : 1315356503
Pages : 769 pages
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Petroleum refining involves refining crude petroleum as well as producing raw materials for the petrochemical industry. This book covers current refinery processes and process-types that are likely to come on-stream during the next three to five decades. The book includes (1) comparisons of conventional feedstocks with heavy oil, tar sand bitumen, and bio-feedstocks; (2) properties and refinability of the various feedstocks; (3) thermal processes versus hydroprocesses; and (4) the influence of refining on the environment.

Introduction to Petroleum Biotechnology
Author : James G. Speight,Nour Shafik El-Gendy
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release Date : 2017-12-11
ISBN 10 : 0128052880
Pages : 566 pages
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Introduction to Petroleum Biotechnology introduces the petroleum engineer to biotechnology, bringing together the various biotechnology methods that are applied to recovery, refining and remediation in the uses of petroleum and petroleum products. A significant amount of petroleum is undiscoverable in reservoirs today using conventional and secondary methods. This reference explains how microbial enhanced oil recovery is aiding to produce more economical and environmentally-friendly metabolic events that lead to improved oil recovery. Meanwhile, in the downstream side of the industry, petroleum refining operators are facing the highest levels of environmental regulations while struggling to process more of the heavier crude oils since conventional physical and chemical refining techniques may not be applicable to heavier crudes. This reference proposes to the engineer and refining manager the concepts of bio-refining applications to not only render heavier crudes as lighter crudes through microbial degradation, but also through biodenitrogenation, biodemetallization and biodesulfurization, making more petroleum derivatives purified and upgraded without the release of more pollutants. Equipped for both upstream and downstream to learn the basics, this book is a necessary primer for today’s petroleum engineer. Presents the fundamentals behind petroleum biotechnology for both upstream and downstream oil and gas operations Provides the latest technology in reservoir recovery using microbial enhanced oil recovery methods Helps readers gain insight into the current and future application of using biotechnology as a refining and fuel blending method for heavy oil and tar sands

Petroleum Refining for the Non-technical Person
Author : William L. Leffler
Publisher : Pennwell Corporation
Release Date : 1985
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 172 pages
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Sets forth the many technical procedures involved in refining. Included are a new chapter on simple and complex refineries, and a revised chapter on gasoline blending, including current information on alcohol blending components.

Springer Handbook of Petroleum Technology
Author : Chang Samuel Hsu,Paul R. Robinson
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-12-20
ISBN 10 : 3319493477
Pages : 1238 pages
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This handbook provides a comprehensive but concise reference resource for the vast field of petroleum technology. Built on the successful book "Practical Advances in Petroleum Processing" published in 2006, it has been extensively revised and expanded to include upstream technologies. The book is divided into four parts: The first part on petroleum characterization offers an in-depth review of the chemical composition and physical properties of petroleum, which determine the possible uses and the quality of the products. The second part provides a brief overview of petroleum geology and upstream practices. The third part exhaustively discusses established and emerging refining technologies from a practical perspective, while the final part describes the production of various refining products, including fuels and lubricants, as well as petrochemicals, such as olefins and polymers. It also covers process automation and real-time refinery-wide process optimization. Two key chapters provide an integrated view of petroleum technology, including environmental and safety issues.Written by international experts from academia, industry and research institutions, including integrated oil companies, catalyst suppliers, licensors, and consultants, it is an invaluable resource for researchers and graduate students as well as practitioners and professionals.

Petroleum Refinery Process Economics
Author : Robert E. Maples
Publisher : PennWell Books
Release Date : 2000
ISBN 10 : 0878147799
Pages : 474 pages
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Maples presents an organized look at yield data and properties of products from refinery processes, how to use this information in performing various process economics studies, and discusses operating and capital costs for economic evaluation of both single processes and complete refineries. Yield correlations are presented for all of the important commercially-established petroleum refinery processes, each accompanied by operating requirements and capital cost of a typical unit. Here the user has all of the information required to perform a preliminary economic evaluation. For each process yield correlation a simplified process flow diagram and brief process description is given. Contents: Correlation methodology Crude oils, hydrocarbons, and refinery products Refinary processing overview Energy resources and transportation fuels The environment and the refinery Crude oil and residual oil processing Solvent deasphalting Visbreaking and aquaconversion Delayed coking Fluid coking/flexicoking Heavy distillate processing Fluid catalylic and heavy oil cracking Hydrocracking Hydrotreating Light distillate processing Naphtha desulfurization Catalytic reforming Light hydrocarbon processing Isomerization Alkylation Catalytic polymerization and dehydration Oxygenates Treating and other auxiliary processes Aromatics extraction Hydrogen manufacture Sour water stripping Sweetening Acid gas removal Sulfur recovery Tail gas cleanup Water treatment and waste disposal Blending Process economics Economics.

Fundamentals of Natural Gas Processing
Author : Arthur J. Kidnay,William R. Parrish
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2006-06-21
ISBN 10 : 1420014048
Pages : 464 pages
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Fundamentals of Natural Gas Processing explores the natural gas industry from the wellhead to the marketplace. It compiles information from the open literature, meeting proceedings, and experts to accurately depict the state of gas processing technology today and highlight technologies that could become important in the future. This book cov