fundamentals of inorganic glasses

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Fundamentals of Inorganic Glasses
Author : Arun K. Varshneya,John C. Mauro
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2019-05-09
ISBN 10 : 0128162260
Pages : 753 pages

Fundamentals of Inorganic Glasses, Third Edition, is a comprehensive reference on the field of glass science and engineering that covers numerous, significant advances. This new edition includes the most recent advances in glass physics and chemistry, also discussing groundbreaking applications of glassy materials. It is suitable for upper level glass science courses and professional glass scientists and engineers at industrial and government labs. Fundamental concepts, chapter-ending problem sets, an emphasis on key ideas, and timely notes on suggested readings are all included. The book provides the breadth required of a comprehensive reference, offering coverage of the composition, structure and properties of inorganic glasses. Clearly develops fundamental concepts and the basics of glass science and glass chemistry Provides a comprehensive discussion of the composition, structure and properties of inorganic glasses Features a discussion of the emerging applications of glass, including applications in energy, environment, pharmaceuticals, and more Concludes chapters with problem sets and suggested readings to facilitate self-study

Fundamentals of Inorganic Glasses
Author : Arun K. Varshneya
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2013-10-22
ISBN 10 : 0080571506
Pages : 570 pages

Although several fine volumes have been published on special topics in glass, Fundamentals of Inorganic Glasses is the first book to provide the breadth required of a comprehensive undergraduate textbook. In a clear tutorial style, this volume provides comprehensive coverage of the composition, structure, and properties of inorganic glasses. Designed to serve as the primary text for "glass science" courses at the upper-undergraduate level, this book facilitates learning with a clear discussion of fundamental concepts, chapter-ending problem sets, an emphasis on key ideas, and timely notes on suggested readings. Professor Varshneya has filled a gap in the existing literature by providing a textbook that is uniquely comprehensive while striving always to help the student develop a clear understanding of the fundamentals underlying glass science. Clearly develops fundamental concepts Provides comprehensive discussion of the composition, structure, and properties of inorganic glasses Leads the reader through areas where a deeper understanding is needed Presents necessary mathematics in a readable manner Introduces numerous and interesting real-world examples that give the reader insight into application of the material covered in the text Concludes chapters with problem sets and suggested readings to facilitate self-study

Fundamentals of Inorganic Glasses
Author : Arun K. Varshneya
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release Date : 1994
ISBN 10 : 9780127149707
Pages : 570 pages

Provides comprehensive coverage of the composition, structure, and properties of inorganic glasses. Designed to serve as the prime text for "glass science" courses at the upper-undergraduate level, this book facilitates learning with a clear discussion of fundamental concepts.

Inorganic Glasses for Photonics
Author : Animesh A. Jha
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2016-10-17
ISBN 10 : 0470741708
Pages : 344 pages

"This book is structured in seven chapters. Chapter 1 discusses glass science and structures of inorganic glasses, which are commonly used for photonic devices, including oxide, fluoride, chalcogenide and mixed anion glasses. Chapter 2 covers the important thermal, viscosity and physical properties of glasses which, by nucleation and crystal growth processes can be engineered for photonic device applications. In Chapter 3, bulk glass fabrication using melting and casting and sol-gel techniques are discussed along with the fabrication principles of glass-ceramic materials, sol-gel formation and sol-gel based glass fabrication. Chapter 4 introduces the standard geometrical optics for fibre optics, Maxwell's equation for modal analysis and its importance in fibre and waveguide optics. It concludes with a detailed discussion on refractive index and its dependence on compositions, density, temperature and stress. The relationship of these properties in controlling bulk optical properties is especially emphasized. The main emphasis of Chapter 5 is on the methods of thin film fabrication using physical and chemical vapour deposition and on pulsed laser deposition including ion implantation techniques. Chapter 6 starts with the classical radiative transition theory based on dipole models, and then explains the concept of dipoles and electron-phonon coupling. Emphasizing various quantum mechanical rules, it then discusses the radiative, non-radiative, energy transfer and upconversion processes. Finally, chapter 7 covers the photonic device applications of inorganic glasses, fibres and waveguides and concludes with a short discussion on the emerging opportunities in future for inorganic glasses"--

Introduction to Glass Science and Technology
Author : J. E. Shelby
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release Date : 2005
ISBN 10 : 9780854046393
Pages : 291 pages

An Introduction to Glass Science and Technology presents the fundamental topics in glass science and technology including glass formation, crystallisation and phase separation. A detailed discussion of glass structure models with emphasis on the oxygen balance model is also presented. This expanded second edition also includes new chapters on the compositions and properties of commercial glasses and thermal analysis of glasses and melts. Exercises are included at the end of the chapters. This introductory text is ideal for undergraduates in materials science, ceramics or inorganic chemistry. It will also be useful to the engineer or scientist seeking basic knowledge of the formation, properties and production of glass.

Bioactive Glasses
Author : Aldo R Boccaccini,Delia S Brauer,Leena Hupa
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release Date : 2016-11-28
ISBN 10 : 1782622012
Pages : 530 pages

The global ageing society has significantly increased the need for implant materials, which not only replace damaged or lost tissue but are also able to regenerate it. The field of bioactive glasses has been expanding continuously over recent years as they have been shown to bond with hard and soft tissue, release therapeutically active ions, and be capable of enhancing bone formation and regeneration. In addition, they are successfully being used to re-mineralise teeth, thereby making bioactive glasses highly attractive materials in both dentistry and medicine. Understanding the multidisciplinary requirements set by the human body’s environment and the special characteristics of the different families of bioactive glasses is a key in developing new compositions to novel clinical applications. Bioactive Glasses aims to bridge the different scientific communities associated with the field of bioactive glasses with focus on the materials science point of view. Emerging applications covered include soft tissue regeneration, wound healing, vascularisation, cancer treatment and drug delivery devices. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the latest applications of bioactive glasses for material scientists.

Microstructuring of Glasses
Author : Dagmar Hülsenberg,Alf Harnisch,Alexander Bismarck
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2008-06-24
ISBN 10 : 3540498885
Pages : 326 pages

This is the first book that explains how to structure glass for micro- and nanophotonic applications. It deals with various glass compositions and their properties, and the interactions between glass and the electromagnetic waves used to modify it. The book also explores methods for influencing the geometrical microstructure of glass as well as methods to produce actual microdevices. It also details methods for influencing the geometrical microstructure of glasses.

Fundamentals of Amorphous Solids
Author : Zbigniew H. Stachurski
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2015-03-09
ISBN 10 : 3527337075
Pages : 272 pages

Long awaited, this textbook fills the gap for convincing concepts to describe amorphous solids. Adopting a unique approach, the author develops a framework that lays the foundations for a theory of amorphousness. He unravels the scientific mysteries surrounding the topic, replacing rather vague notions of amorphous materials as disordered crystalline solids with the well-founded concept of ideal amorphous solids. A classification of amorphous materials into inorganic glasses, organic glasses, glassy metallic alloys, and thin films sets the scene for the development of the model of ideal amorphous solids, based on topology- and statistics-governed rules of three-dimensional sphere packing, which leads to structures with no short, mid or long-range order. This general model is then concretized to the description of specific compounds in the four fundamental classes of amorphous solids, as well as amorphous polyethylene and poly(methyl)methacrylate, emphasizing its versatility and descriptive power. Finally, he includes example applications to indicate the abundance of amorphous materials in modern-day technology, thus illustrating the importance of a better understanding of their structure and properties. Equally ideal as supplementary reading in courses on crystallography, mineralogy, solid state physics, and materials science where amorphous materials have played only a minor role until now.

The Production and Processing of Inorganic Materials
Author : James Evans,Lutgard De Jonghe
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-12-06
ISBN 10 : 3319481630
Pages : 534 pages

Guiding readers from the significance, history, and sources of materials to advanced materials and processes, this textbook looks at the production and primary processing of inorganic materials, such as ceramics, metals, silicon, and some composite materials. The text encourages instructors to teach the production of all types of inorganic materials as one. While recognizing the differences between producing various types of materials, the authors focus on the commonality of thermodynamics, kinetics, transport phenomena, phase equilibria and transformation, process engineering, and surface chemistry to all inorganic materials. The text focuses on fundamentals and how fundamentals can be applied to understand how the major inorganic materials are produced and the initial stages of their processing. Understanding of these fundamentals will equip students for engineering future processes for producing materials or for studying the processing of the many less common materials not examined in this text. The text is intended for use in an undergraduate course at the junior or senior level, but will also serve as a useful introductory and reference work for graduate students and practicing scientists and engineers.

Inorganic and Composite Fibers
Author : Boris Mahltig,Yordan Kyosev
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2018-10-18
ISBN 10 : 0081022298
Pages : 343 pages

Inorganic and Composite Fibers: Production, Properties, and Applications provides a comprehensive review on the development, production and application of modern inorganic and composite fibers. Particular emphasis is placed on current production processes, parameters and finishing and functionalization methods for improving their properties and the problems associated with the testing of fibers. Fibers covered include carbon, glass and basalt fibers, metal fibers, such as copper and steel, fibers coated with silver or gold, and nitinol. In addition to pure inorganic fibers, the book looks at organic fibers with a high level of inorganic content, such as cellulosic fibers. Including contributions from leading experts from universities, research institutes, and producing companies, this book assists materials scientists and engineers in the composites, automotive, textile and medical industries to more efficiently and effectively select fibers for a range of different applications areas. Presents a thorough introduction to inorganic fibers, such as carbon fiber and nanotubes, graphene, glass fibers, and many more, including the fundamentals of production, processing and finishing of each fiber type Includes coverage of a range of application areas of inorganic fibers to assist in product development Keeps researchers up-to-date by providing information on the latest developments in this field, thus supporting further research

Environmental Inorganic Chemistry for Engineers
Author : James G. Speight
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release Date : 2017-05-10
ISBN 10 : 0128011424
Pages : 592 pages

Environmental Inorganic Chemistry for Engineers explains the principles of inorganic contaminant behavior, also applying these principles to explore available remediation technologies, and providing the design, operation, and advantages or disadvantages of the various remediation technologies. Written for environmental engineers and researchers, this reference provides the tools and methods that are imperative to protect and improve the environment. The book's three-part treatment starts with a clear and rigorous exposition of metals, including topics such as preparations, structures and bonding, reactions and properties, and complex formation and sequestering. This coverage is followed by a self-contained section concerning complex formation, sequestering, and organometallics, including hydrides and carbonyls. Part Two, Non-Metals, provides an overview of chemical periodicity and the fundamentals of their structure and properties. Clearly explains the principles of inorganic contaminant behavior in order to explore available remediation technologies Provides the design, operation, and advantages or disadvantages of the various remediation technologies Presents a clear exposition of metals, including topics such as preparations, structures, and bonding, reaction and properties, and complex formation and sequestering

Synthesis of Inorganic Materials
Author : Ulrich S. Schubert,Nicola Hüsing
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2019-11-04
ISBN 10 : 3527344578
Pages : 424 pages

Introduces readers to the field of inorganic materials, while emphasizing synthesis and modification techniques Written from the chemist's point of view, this newly updated and completely revised fourth edition of Synthesis of Inorganic Materials provides a thorough and pedagogical introduction to the exciting and fast developing field of inorganic materials and features all of the latest developments. New to this edition is a chapter on self-assembly and self-organization, as well as all-new content on: demixing of glasses, non-classical crystallization, precursor chemistry, citrate-gel and Pechini liquid mix methods, ice-templating, and materials with hierarchical porosity. Synthesis of Inorganic Materials, 4th Edition features chapters covering: solid-state reactions; formation of solids from the gas phase; formation of solids from solutions and melts; preparation and modification of inorganic polymers; self-assembly and self-organization; templated materials; and nanostructured materials. There is also an extensive glossary to help bridge the gap between chemistry, solid state physics and materials science. In addition, a selection of books and review articles is provided at the end of each chapter as a starting point for more in-depth reading. -Gives the students a thorough overview of the fundamentals and the wide variety of different inorganic materials with applications in research as well as in industry -Every chapter is updated with new content -Includes a completely new chapter covering self-assembly and self-organization -Written by well-known and experienced authors who follow an intuitive and pedagogical approach Synthesis of Inorganic Materials, 4th Edition is a valuable resource for advanced undergraduate students as well as masters and graduate students of inorganic chemistry and materials science.

Author : A. J. Moulson,J. M. Herbert
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2003-09-12
ISBN 10 : 0470864974
Pages : 576 pages

Electroceramics, Materials, Properties, Applications, Second Edition provides a comprehensive treatment of the many aspects of ceramics and their electrical applications. The fundamentals of how electroceramics function are carefully introduced with their properties and applications also considered. Starting from elementary principles, the physical, chemical and mathematical background of the subject are discussed and wherever appropriate, a strong emphasis is placed on the relationship between microstructire and properties. The Second Edition has been fully revised and updated, building on the foundation of the earlier book to provide a concise text for all those working in the growing field of electroceramics. fully revised and updated to include the latest technological changes and developments in the field includes end of chapter problems and an extensive bibliography an Invaluable text for all Materials Science students. a useful reference for physicists, chemists and engineers involved in the area of electroceramics.

Modern Inorganic Synthetic Chemistry
Author : Ruren Xu,Yan Xu
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2017-02-11
ISBN 10 : 0444635955
Pages : 808 pages

Modern Inorganic Synthetic Chemistry, Second Edition captures, in five distinct sections, the latest advancements in inorganic synthetic chemistry, providing materials chemists, chemical engineers, and materials scientists with a valuable reference source to help them advance their research efforts and achieve breakthroughs. Section one includes six chapters centering on synthetic chemistry under specific conditions, such as high-temperature, low-temperature and cryogenic, hydrothermal and solvothermal, high-pressure, photochemical and fusion conditions. Section two focuses on the synthesis and related chemistry problems of highly distinct categories of inorganic compounds, including superheavy elements, coordination compounds and coordination polymers, cluster compounds, organometallic compounds, inorganic polymers, and nonstoichiometric compounds. Section three elaborates on the synthetic chemistry of five important classes of inorganic functional materials, namely, ordered porous materials, carbon materials, advanced ceramic materials, host-guest materials, and hierarchically structured materials. Section four consists of four chapters where the synthesis of functional inorganic aggregates is discussed, giving special attention to the growth of single crystals, assembly of nanomaterials, and preparation of amorphous materials and membranes. The new edition’s biggest highlight is Section five where the frontier in inorganic synthetic chemistry is reviewed by focusing on biomimetic synthesis and rationally designed synthesis. Focuses on the chemistry of inorganic synthesis, assembly, and organization of wide-ranging inorganic systems Covers all major methodologies of inorganic synthesis Provides state-of-the-art synthetic methods Includes real examples in the organization of complex inorganic functional materials Contains more than 4000 references that are all highly reflective of the latest advancement in inorganic synthetic chemistry Presents a comprehensive coverage of the key issues involved in modern inorganic synthetic chemistry as written by experts in the field

Fracture of Metals, Polymers, and Glasses
Author : L. Bonis
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2013-04-10
ISBN 10 : 9781468431551
Pages : 310 pages

Elucidation of the various mechanisms responsible for fracture in different materials was the general subject of the Fourth Annual Symposium on Fundamental Phenomena in the Materials Sciences held January 31 and February 1, 1966, in Boston and sponsored by the Ilikon Corporation of Natick, Massachusetts. In an analysis of the brittle-to-ductile transition in polycrystalline metals, T. L. Johnston (Ford Motor Company) placed major emphasis on factors related to the plastic resistance associated with grain boundaries and the effects of plastic anisotropy. Utilizing a generalized form of the Griffith criterion, he said it can be readily shown that several individual factors may be made reasonably quantitative and that the nature of plastic response can be predicted. Specifically, it can be shown that a critical factor relates to the length of a plastic shear zone which is constrained by an elastically loaded matrix. As this length increases, the Griffith inequality is satisfied and brittle failure occurs; however, the use of decreased grain sizes or the refine ment of dislocation or twin distribution can further tend to "homoge nize" the plastic flow and to decrease the magnitude of the shear zone. Of considerable importance in the consideration of plastic resistance is the availability of favorably oriented slip systems in aa un sheared crystallite.

Principles of Inorganic Materials Design
Author : John N. Lalena,David A. Cleary
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2005-05-13
ISBN 10 : 0471714887
Pages : 440 pages

A unique interdisciplinary approach to inorganic materialsdesign Textbooks intended for the training of chemists in the inorganicmaterials field often omit many relevant topics. With itsinterdisciplinary approach, this book fills that gap by presentingconcepts from chemistry, physics, materials science, metallurgy,and ceramics in a unified treatment targeted towards the chemistryaudience. Semiconductors, metal alloys and intermetallics, as wellas ceramic substances are covered. Accordingly, the book shouldalso be useful to students and working professionals in a varietyof other disciplines. This book discusses a number of topics that are pertinent to thedesign of new inorganic materials but are typically not covered instandard solid-state chemistry books. The authors start with anintroduction to structure at the mesoscopic level and progress tosmaller-length scales. Next, detailed consideration is given toboth phenomenological and atomistic-level descriptions of transportproperties, the metal-nonmetal transition, magnetic and dielectricproperties, optical properties, and mechanical properties. Finally,the authors present introductions to phase equilibria, synthesis,and nanomaterials. Other features include: * Worked examples demonstrating concepts unfamiliar to thechemist * Extensive references to related literature, leading readers tomore in-depth coverage of particular topics * Biographies introducing the reader to great contributors to thefield of inorganic materials science in the twentieth century With their interdisciplinary approach, the authors have set thegroundwork for communication and understanding among professionalsin varied disciplines who are involved with inorganic materialsengineering. Armed with this publication, students and researchersin inorganic and physical chemistry, physics, materials science,and engineering will be better equipped to face today's complexdesign challenges. This textbook is appropriate for senior-levelundergraduate and graduate course work.

Handbook of Electrochemistry
Author : Cynthia G. Zoski
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2007
ISBN 10 : 0444519580
Pages : 892 pages

Electrochemistry plays a key role in a broad range of research and applied areas including the exploration of new inorganic and organic compounds, biochemical and biological systems, corrosion, energy applications involving fuel cells and solar cells, and nanoscale investigations. The Handbook of Electrochemistry serves as a source of electrochemical information, providing details of experimental considerations, representative calculations, and illustrations of the possibilities available in electrochemical experimentation. The book is divided into five parts: Fundamentals, Laboratory Practical, Techniques, Applications, and Data. The first section covers the fundamentals of electrochemistry which are essential for everyone working in the field, presenting an overview of electrochemical conventions, terminology, fundamental equations, and electrochemical cells, experiments, literature, textbooks, and specialized books. Part 2 focuses on the different laboratory aspects of electrochemistry which is followed by a review of the various electrochemical techniques ranging from classical experiments to scanning electrochemical microscopy, electrogenerated chemiluminesence and spectroelectrochemistry. Applications of electrochemistry include electrode kinetic determinations, unique aspects of metal deposition, and electrochemistry in small places and at novel interfaces and these are detailed in Part 4. The remaining three chapters provide useful electrochemical data and information involving electrode potentials, diffusion coefficients, and methods used in measuring liquid junction potentials. * serves as a source of electrochemical information * includes useful electrochemical data and information involving electrode potentials, diffusion coefficients, and methods used in measuring liquid junction potentials * reviews electrochemical techniques (incl. scanning electrochemical microscopy, electrogenerated chemiluminesence and spectroelectrochemistry)

Glass Ceramic Technology
Author : Wolfram Holand,George H. Beall
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2012-06-08
ISBN 10 : 1118265920
Pages : 448 pages

Glass-ceramic materials share many properties with both glass and more traditional crystalline ceramics. This new edition examines the various types of glass-ceramic materials, the methods of their development, and their countless applications. With expanded sections on biomaterials and highly bioactive products (i.e., Bioglass and related glass ceramics), as well as the newest mechanisms for the development of dental ceramics and theories on the development of nano-scaled glass-ceramics, here is a must-have guide for ceramic and materials engineers, managers, and designers in the ceramic and glass industry.

Introduction to Computational Materials Science
Author : Richard LeSar
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2013-03-28
ISBN 10 : 1107328144
Pages : 329 pages

Emphasising essential methods and universal principles, this textbook provides everything students need to understand the basics of simulating materials behaviour. All the key topics are covered from electronic structure methods to microstructural evolution, appendices provide crucial background material, and a wealth of practical resources are available online to complete the teaching package. Modelling is examined at a broad range of scales, from the atomic to the mesoscale, providing students with a solid foundation for future study and research. Detailed, accessible explanations of the fundamental equations underpinning materials modelling are presented, including a full chapter summarising essential mathematical background. Extensive appendices, including essential background on classical and quantum mechanics, electrostatics, statistical thermodynamics and linear elasticity, provide the background necessary to fully engage with the fundamentals of computational modelling. Exercises, worked examples, computer codes and discussions of practical implementations methods are all provided online giving students the hands-on experience they need.

Fundamentals of Forensic Science
Author : Max M. Houck,Jay A. Siegel
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2015-07-01
ISBN 10 : 012800231X
Pages : 736 pages

Fundamentals of Forensic Science, Third Edition, provides current case studies that reflect the ways professional forensic scientists work, not how forensic academicians teach. The book includes the binding principles of forensic science, including the relationships between people, places, and things as demonstrated by transferred evidence, the context of those people, places, and things, and the meaningfulness of the physical evidence discovered, along with its value in the justice system. Written by two of the leading experts in forensic science today, the book approaches the field from a truly unique and exciting perspective, giving readers a new understanding and appreciation for crime scenes as recent pieces of history, each with evidence that tells a story. Straightforward organization that includes key terms, numerous feature boxes emphasizing online resources, historical events, and figures in forensic science Compelling, actual cases are included at the start of each chapter to illustrate the principles being covered Effective training, including end-of-chapter questions – paired with a clear writing style making this an invaluable resource for professors and students of forensic science Over 250 vivid, color illustrations that diagram key concepts and depict evidence encountered in the field