An understanding of the nervous system at virtually any level of analysis requires an understanding of its basic building block, the neuron. The third edition of From Molecules to Networks provides the solid foundation of the morphological, biochemical, and biophysical properties of nerve cells. In keeping with previous editions, the unique content focus on cellular and molecular neurobiology and related computational neuroscience is maintained and enhanced. All chapters have been thoroughly revised for this third edition to reflect the significant advances of the past five years. The new edition expands on the network aspects of cellular neurobiology by adding new coverage of specific research methods (e.g., patch-clamp electrophysiology, including applications for ion channel function and transmitter release; ligand binding; structural methods such as x-ray crystallography). Written and edited by leading experts in the field, the third edition completely and comprehensively updates all chapters of this unique textbook and insures that all references to primary research represent the latest results. The first treatment of cellular and molecular neuroscience that includes an introduction to mathematical modeling and simulation approaches 80% updated and new content New Chapter on "Biophysics of Voltage-Gated Ion Channels" New Chapter on "Synaptic Plasticity" Includes a chapter on the Neurobiology of Disease Highly referenced, comprehensive and quantitative Full color, professional graphics throughout All graphics are available in electronic version for teaching purposes
An understanding of the nervous system at virtually any level of analysis requires an understanding of its basic building block, the neuron. This book provides the solid foundation of the morphological, biochemical, and biophysical properties of nerve cells that is needed by advanced undergraduates and graduate students, as well as researchers in need of a thorough reference. * Highly referenced for readers to pursue topics of interest in greater detail * Unique coverage of the application of mathematical modeling and simulation approaches not found in other textbooks * Richly illustrated, four color presentation throughout * Includes CD-ROM of all of the illustrations
The contributors to this volume appraise our knowledge of the molecular physics of polymer networks and pinpoint areas of research where significant advances can be made using new theories and techniques. They describe both theoretical approaches, based on new theoretical concepts and original network models, and recent experimental investigations using SANS, 2H NMR or QELS. These new techniques provide precise information about network behaviour at the molecular level. Reported results of the application of these and more traditional techniques include the microscopic conformation and properties of permanent networks or gels formed by specific interchain interactions, the behaviour of elastomer liquid crystals, and the static and dynamic properties of star-branched polymers.
"Molecular Gels: Materials with Self-Assembled Fibrillar Networks" is a comprehensive treatise on gelators, especially low molecular-mass gelators and the properties of their gels. The structures and modes of formation of the self-assembled fibrillar networks (SAFINs) that immobilize the liquid components of the gels are discussed experimentally and theoretically. The spectroscopic, rheological, and structural features of the different classes of low molecular-mass gelators are also presented. Many examples of the application of the principal analytical techniques for investigation of molecular gels (including SANS, SAXS, WAXS, UV-vis absorption, fluorescence and CD spectroscopies, scanning electron, transmission electron and optical microscopies, and molecular modeling) are presented didactically and in-depth, as are several of the theories of the stages of aggregation of individual low molecular-mass gelator molecules leading to SAFINs. Several actual and potential applications of molecular gels in disparate fields (from silicate replication of nanostructures to art conservation) are described. Special emphasis is placed on perspectives for future developments. This book is an invaluable resource for researchers and practitioners either already researching self-assembly and soft matter or new to the area. Those who will find the book useful include chemists, engineers, spectroscopists, physicists, biologists, theoreticians, and materials scientists.
Recent advances in understanding the thermodynamics of macromolecules, the topological properties of gene networks, the organization and mutation capabilities of genomes, and the structure of populations make it possible to incorporate these key elements into a broader and deeply interdisciplinary view of molecular evolution. This book gives an account of such a new approach, through clear tutorial contributions by leading scientists.
Cellular and Molecular Neurophysiology, Fourth Edition, is the only up-to-date textbook on the market that focuses on the molecular and cellular physiology of neurons and synapses. Hypothesis-driven rather than a dry presentation of the facts, the book promotes a real understanding of the function of nerve cells that is useful for practicing neurophysiologists and students in a graduate-level course on the topic alike. This new edition explains the molecular properties and functions of excitable cells in detail and teaches students how to construct and conduct intelligent research experiments. The content is firmly based on numerous experiments performed by top experts in the field This book will be a useful resource for neurophysiologists, neurobiologists, neurologists, and students taking graduate-level courses on neurophysiology. 70% new or updated material in full color throughout, with more than 350 carefully selected and constructed illustrations Fifteen appendices describing neurobiological techniques are interspersed in the text
|Author||: J. van Pelt,M. Kamermans,C.N. Levelt,A. van Ooyen,G.J.A. Ramakers,P.R. Roelfsema|
|Publisher||: Elsevier Science|
|Release Date||: 2004-12-27|
|ISBN 10||: 9780444516633|
|Pages||: 402 pages|
This book is about neuronal networks within the brain. With roughly 100 billion nerve cells the human brain contains about 3.2 million kilometers of 'wires' to make a million billion of connections between these nerve cells. Nerve cells exchange electrical and chemical signals through these connections and the dynamical patterns of electrical/chemical signals are the basis of all our thinking, memories, consciousness, and control of our behaviour. How do these networks develop their specific connectivity, what are the patterns of electrical activity that serve such a fundamental role in our cognitive abilities, how can it go wrong in these networks resulting in different types of brain pathologies, such as mental retardation, Alzheimer's disease, epilepsy or schizophrenia? These questions are among the most fundamental ones in neuroscience and are addressed in this volume. The chapters in this book cover both state-of-the-art broad reviews and in-depth studies of topics selected in order to bridge different levels of neurobiological organization, from the molecular, cellular, neural network to the cognitive level. An excellent example of such a 'red thread' is given by the chapters devoted to the visual system, illustrating the advanced state of understanding of network development, plasticity and functioning of the visual system. Other chapters illustrate how scientific advances are driven by technical developments as shown for multi-electrode recording and life imaging techniques that enable the study of electrical activity simultaneously in many nerve cells.
This comprehensively revised second edition of Computational Systems Biology discusses the experimental and theoretical foundations of the function of biological systems at the molecular, cellular or organismal level over temporal and spatial scales, as systems biology advances to provide clinical solutions to complex medical problems. In particular the work focuses on the engineering of biological systems and network modeling. Logical information flow aids understanding of basic building blocks of life through disease phenotypes Evolved principles gives insight into underlying organizational principles of biological organizations, and systems processes, governing functions such as adaptation or response patterns Coverage of technical tools and systems helps researchers to understand and resolve specific systems biology problems using advanced computation Multi-scale modeling on disparate scales aids researchers understanding of dependencies and constraints of spatio-temporal relationships fundamental to biological organization and function.
|Author||: Asfar Azmi|
|Release Date||: 2014-04-14|
|ISBN 10||: 0124079466|
|Pages||: 458 pages|
Molecular Diagnostics and Treatment of Pancreatic Cancer describes the different emerging applications of systems biology and how it is shaping modern pancreatic cancer research. This book begins by introducing the current state of the art knowledge, trends in diagnostics, progress in disease model systems as well as new treatment and palliative care strategies in pancreatic cancer. Specific sections are dedicated to enlighten the readers to newer discoveries that have emerged from gene expression profiling, proteomics, metabolomics and systems level analyses of pancreatic cancer datasets. First of a kind and novel network strategies to understand oncogenic Kras signaling in pancreatic tumors are presented. The attempts to computationally model and prioritize microRNAs that cause pancreatic cancer resistance are also highlighted. Addressing this important area, Molecular Diagnostics and Treatment of Pancreatic Cancer provides insights into important network evaluation methodologies related to pancreatic cancer related microRNAs targetome. There are dedicated chapters on critical aspects of the evolving yet controversial field of pancreatic cancer stems cells. The work concludes by discussing the applications of network sciences in pancreatic cancer drug discovery and clinical trial design. Encompasses discussion of innovative tools including expression signatures in cell lines, 3D models, animal xenograft models, primary models and patient derived samples, aiding subversion of traditional biology paradigms, and enhancing comprehension across conventional length and temporal scales Coverage includes novel applications in targeted drugs, polypharmacology, network pharmacology and other related drug development arenas – helping researchers in pancreatic cancer drug discovery Summarizes many relevant computational and clinical references from fast-evolving literature Comprehensive glossary helps newer readers understand technical terms and specialized nomenclature
G.R. Newkome, C.N. Moorefield, F. Vogtle Dendritic Molecules Concepts - Syntheses - Perspectives The first book on dendrimers! The authors, pioneers in this scientific field, describe basic principles and current developments in the rapidly evolving field of dendrimer research. All aspects of the subject are covered: the authors provide a historical overview, theoretical background, and discussions of the synthesis and applications of dendrimers. The book thus spans organic chemistry and more application-orientated disciplines like material science and pharmaceutical chemistry. The excellent, detailed list of references further increases the value of the book. The optimal presentation of the structural formulas of dendrimers -- highly symmetrical giant molecules -- helps the reader understand the sophisticated synthesis quickly. This book will set the standard for further monographs on this subject.