Scientific Study from the year 2012 in the subject Environmental Sciences, grade: UNDERGRADUATE, , language: English, abstract: Fungi is an important component of the terrestrial ecosystem as it plays an vital role on recycling of organic wastes, nature conservation, agriculture. The biodiversity of soil fungi have been studied at Bhadrachalam forest which is located in Khammam district, Andhra Pradesh state, India. The Bhadrachalam forest study area lies on left bank of river Godavari in Bhadrachalam revenue division.
Wood Microbiology, Second Edition, presents the latest advances in wood decay and its prevention. Coverage includes classification of fungi and bacteria, factors affecting growth and survival, fungal metabolism, and wood chemistry. There are also chapters that focus on the anatomical aspects, chemical changes, and ultrastructural effects of wood decay. Additionally, this book discusses major issues associated with wood decay, detecting decay, and how to take protective action against it. This is a one-stop reference resource for wood scientists, wood processing and preserving professionals, foresters and forest pathologists, as well as students of forestry, and wood science and technology courses. It is authored by two leading experts with over 80 years of experience working with timber durability. Provides updated taxonomy and classification of decay groups Presents detailed descriptions of anatomical, chemical, and ultrastructural aspects of wood decay Includes discussions on major issues associated with decay, how to detect decay and preventative measures
Now in its third edition, this classic textbook includes basic concepts and applications in agriculture, forestry, environmental science, and a new section entirely devoted to ecology. This revised and updated edition guides students through biochemical and microbial processes in soils and introduces them to microbial processes in water and sediments. Soil Microbiology, Ecology, and Biochemistry serves as an invaluable resource for students in biogeochemistry, soil microbiology, soil ecology, sustainable agriculture, and environmental amelioration. NEW TO THIS EDITION: * New section on Ecology integrated with biochemistry and microbiology * Sections on exciting new methodology such as tracers, molecular analysis and computers that will allow great advances in this field * Six new chapters: bioremediation, soil molecular biology, biodiversity, global climate change, basic physiology and ecological interpretations * Expanded with contributions from leading soil microbiologists and agronomists on both fundamental and applied aspects of the science * Full-color figures * Includes a website with figures for classroom presentation use
This book explores the diversity, interactions and activities of microbes within freshwater environments. These form an important part of the biosphere, which also includes oceans, terrestrial environments and the earth's atmosphere. Freshwater environments are considered to include all those sites where freshwater occurs as the main external medium, either in the liquid or frozen state. Water microorganisms are capable of flourishing in all water habitants, from several kilometers below the seafloor to the first millimeter of a shallow trench created by rainwater and into acidic lakes. Three major domains compose water microorganisms-Eukaryota, Archaea and Bacteria - as well as viruses. Their omnipresence impacts the entire biosphere as they are the main producers of energy and carbon flow to other organisms. Some of the microbes decompose organic matter and thus they recycle nutrients in complex manner involved in various geochemical cycles as the nitrogen, the phosphorus and the carbon cycle. Water microbiology is concerned with the microorganisms that live in water, or can be transported from one habitat to another by water. Water can support the growth of many types of microorganisms. This can be advantageous. For example, the chemical activities of certain strains of yeasts provide us with beer and bread. As well, the growth of some bacteria in contaminated water can help digest the poisons from the water. This book will be useful to researchers, teachers and students of microbiology, botany, zoology and agriculture.
The fourth edition of Soil Microbiology, Ecology and Biochemistry updates this widely used reference as the study and understanding of soil biota, their function, and the dynamics of soil organic matter has been revolutionized by molecular and instrumental techniques, and information technology. Knowledge of soil microbiology, ecology and biochemistry is central to our understanding of organisms and their processes and interactions with their environment. In a time of great global change and increased emphasis on biodiversity and food security, soil microbiology and ecology has become an increasingly important topic. Revised by a group of world-renowned authors in many institutions and disciplines, this work relates the breakthroughs in knowledge in this important field to its history as well as future applications. The new edition provides readable, practical, impactful information for its many applied and fundamental disciplines. Professionals turn to this text as a reference for fundamental knowledge in their field or to inform management practices. New section on "Methods in Studying Soil Organic Matter Formation and Nutrient Dynamics" to balance the two successful chapters on microbial and physiological methodology Includes expanded information on soil interactions with organisms involved in human and plant disease Improved readability and integration for an ever-widening audience in his field Integrated concepts related to soil biota, diversity, and function allow readers in multiple disciplines to understand the complex soil biota and their function
New and expanded for its second edition, Environmental Microbiology: From Genomes to Biogeochemistry¸ Second Edition, is a timely update to a classic text filled with ideas, connections, and concepts that advance an in-depth understanding of this growing segment of microbiology. Core principles are highlighted with an emphasis on the logic of the science and new methods-driven discoveries. Numerous up-to-date examples and applications boxes provide tangible reinforcement of material covered. Study questions at the end of each chapter require students to utilize analytical and quantitative approaches, to define and defend arguments, and to apply microbiological paradigms to their personal interests. Essay assignments and related readings stimulate student inquiry and serve as focal points for teachers to launch classroom discussions. A companion website with downloadable artwork and answers to study questions is also available. Environmental Microbiology: From Genomes to Biogeochemistry, Second Edition, offers a coherent and comprehensive treatment of this dynamic, emerging field, building bridges between basic biology, evolution, genomics, ecology, biotechnology, climate change, and the environmental sciences.
Advances in Agricultural Microbiology is a collection of papers about the progresses in the field of agricultural microbiology. The said papers are contributions of different experts in related fields. The book is divided into three sections. Section A covers topics related to the role of microorganisms in the mobilization of nutrients for plant growth such as the relationship of microbial genetics and biological nitrogen; plant surface microflora and plant nutrition; and developments in grass-bacteria associations. Section B discusses the use of microorganisms in the management of pathogens, pests, and weeds and includes topics such as the microbial control of insect pests; microbial herbicides; and agricultural antibiotics. Section C tackles strategies in bioconversion such as the production of biogas from agricultural wastes; bioconversion of lignocelluloses into protein-rich food and feed; and ethanol fuel from biomass. The text is recommended for biologists and agriculturists who would like to know more about the importance of microorganisms in the field of agriculture.
Soils into which crop plants root and from which they obtain essential minerals and water contain huge arrays of microbes. Many have highly beneficial effects on crop growth and productivity, others are pathogens causing diseases and losses to yield and quality, a few microbes offer protection from these pathogenic forms and others have little or no effect. These intimate and often complex inter-relationships are being explored with increasing success providing exciting opportunities for increasing crop yields and quality in sustainable harmony with the populations of beneficial soil microbes and to the detriment of pathogens. This book explores current knowledge for each of these aspects of soil microbiology and indicates where future progress is most likely to aid in increasing crop productivity by means which are environmentally benign and beneficial.
This book has been published a decade after Fires Effects on Ecosystems by DeBano, Neary, and Folliott (1998), and builds on their foundation to update knowledge on natural post-fire processes and describe the use and effectiveness of various restoration strategies that may be applied when human intervention is warranted. The chapters in this book, written by leading scientists, have been compiled to provide relevant and accessible information to students, land managers, and policy-makers as well as other scientists.
The enormous spread of modern microbiology appears to be daunting for many young students pressed for time. This book is written to fulfill the need of a comprehensive, yet student-friendly text. The book fulfills requirements of syllabus for undergraduate medical students as per MCI recommendations covering the subject in four sections: General Microbiology, Immunology, Systemic Microbiology (which includes Bacteriology, Virology and Mycology), and Clinical & Applied Microbiology.
This volume examines the interactions between plants and microorganisms located on plant surfaces, exploring their possible biotechnological applications. Interactions of microbial communities with plants are illustrated by experimental studies of typical symbiosis. Topics include signaling within a symbiosis, molecular differences between symbiotic and pathogenic microorganisms, and the role of microorganisms in the development of plants.
|Author||: Antonio MÃ©ndez-Vilas|
|Publisher||: Wageningen Academic Publishers|
|Release Date||: 2014-05-22|
|ISBN 10||: 9086862438|
|Pages||: 698 pages|
'Industrial, medical and environmental applications of microorganisms' offers an excellent opportunity to learn about new insights, methods, techniques and advances in applied microbiology. It is useful not only for those traditionally involved in this research area but for everyone that needs to keep up with this diverse discipline.The articles are written by researchers from around the world and focus on seven themes: - Environmental microbiology -Agriculture, soil and forest microbiology -Food microbiology -Industrial microbiology - Medical microbiology -Biotechnologically relevant enzymes and proteins - Methods and techniques - education This book contains a compilation of papers presented at the V International Conference on Environmental Industrial and Applied Microbiology (BioMicroWorld2013), held in Madrid, Spain, in October 2013.
Advances in Applied Microbiology
|Release Date||: 1962|
|Pages||: 329 pages|
This book presents a wide range of biotechnological methods for application in soil microbiology analysis, including all essential methods involving molecular biology, immunology, microbiology, and structural biology, such as transcriptome analysis, RNAi technology, molecular matchmaking, RAPD, T-RFLP and FT/MS. The techniques and procedures presented here offer practical guides for immediate use in the laboratory. This volume will be of use both to the first-timer and to the experienced scientist.