The second edition of 'Forensic Dental Evidence' brings this practical volume into the 21st century. Taking as its remit the clarification of evidence for professional law enforcement officials and legal practitioners, it also traces the history of forensic orthodontics.
Recent years have witnessed significant advances in forensic odontology. This book presents basic concepts in the field and describes all the standard examination procedures currently employed in the acquisition of dental evidence. Detailed information is provided on the identification of unknown individuals, the application of forensic dentistry in mass disasters and multiple fatality incidents, the role of dental evidence in child abuse investigations, and the analysis of bite mark evidence. Other features of the book are a series of high-profile cases, clear advice on the writing of legal reports, and discussion of the significance of DNA and oral fluid in forensic odontology. The text is supplemented by numerous high-quality figures, many of them in color. This book will be invaluable for dental examiners and pathologists, legal and police science professionals, and dentists who want to use their training and experience in an interesting and challenging way.
Forensic Dental Evidence, 2nd Edition establishes a foundation for dental investigation methodology - not only the reasons and the need behind the protocols, but the processes that should be used in gathering and preserving evidence to extract vital physical (impression) or biological (DNA) information. Included are details on how to identify various types of dental evidence, how to document, collect and preserve the evidence and the legal requirements regarding collection, storage and chain of custody issues. This new edition will be of great utility for forensic scientists and law enforcement involved in processing crime scenes, conducting criminal investigations, and analyzing crime scene and dental evidence. This book will also serve as an excellent reference for other forensic professionals such as: medical examiners, forensic pathologists, crime scene investigators, who are often called on as expert witnesses. Defense and prosecuting attorneys will also find this title a must have for their library. * Provides the basis of knowledge and training in forensic odontology that will extend into crime scene investigations and the crime laboratory. * Contains over 200 photographs of crime scene evidence and bitemark details. * Offers previously unavailable facts on digital comparison techniques and the latest technology used in photographing and recording dental evidence.
Advances in forensic odontology have led to improvements in dental identification for individual cases as well as in disaster victim identification (DVI). New and updated technologies mean advances in bitemark analysis and age estimation. Growth in the field has strengthened missing persons’ networks leading to more and faster identifications of unidentified individuals. A product of the American Society of Forensic Odontology, the Manual of Forensic Odontology, Fifth Edition provides comprehensive and up-to-date information involving all facets of forensic dentistry and explores critical issues relating to the scientific principles supporting the field’s evaluations and conclusions. New information in the Fifth Edition includes Scientific principles and the need for more and better research in the field Oral and maxillofacial radiographic features of forensic interest Forensic pathology and its ties to forensic odontology New techniques and improved technologies for age estimation Advances in bitemark evidence management Animal bitemarks National and international forensic dental organizations Tips for becoming involved in forensic odontology The manual has been an important source of forensic dentistry information for more than 20 years. This new edition is edited by a past president of the American Board of Forensic Odontology and a past Chair of the Odontology Section of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences. Expanded and enhanced with extensive color illustrations, this volume is designed to provide essential information based on sound scientific principles for experienced forensic odontologists and for those new to the discipline.
Identification of unknown individuals and the determination of their age, race, and sex is one of the most important functions of forensic dentistry. Throughout history, this procedure has been used to establish difficult identifications, including Adolph Hitler, Eva Braun, Lee Harvey Oswald, and actor William Holden. Other essential applications of forensic dentistry include mass disaster investigations, evaluating bite marks and bitemark evidence in death investigations, child abuse investigations, and in civil litigation for evaluating oral or temporomandibular injuries related to accidents. This book explains these procedures in a comprehensive way that takes you step-by-step through the world of forensic dental investigations. The areas of forensic dentistry have come a long way in recent years. New and unique discussions offer information that will benefit professionals faced with many of the current aspects of the science. Topics include how to deal with a trial or an aggressive attorney and how to assess buried crime scene evidence (the application of forensic geotaphonomy in forensic archaeology). Forensic Dentistry illustrates the proper handling and evaluation of dental evidence. Its broad coverage also includes important information for legal and police science professionals who must properly evaluate and present dental findings. This book covers all standard examination practices of dental evidence, including identification of unknown individuals (age, race, sex). Whether you are a medical examiner or a pathologist who needs to know about the proper handling and evaluation of dental evidence, a legal or police science professional who needs to know how to deal with the proper presentation of dental findings in a court of law, or a dentist who wants to use your training and experience in a unique, interesting, and challenging way, this book is for you!
21st century quality standards in forensics. Quality standards related to forensics in general dentistry / A. Nordblad ; What does the law say? / E. De Valck ; Quality assurance guidelines for post mortem identification / S. Benthaus, K. Rötzscher, B. Knell, H. Van Waes, J. Bonnetain, ; J. Hutt ; The liability of the forensic odontologist / Y. Vermylen. -- How reliable is our dental age estimation?. The impact of diet on age at death determinations based on molar attrition / G.J.R. Maat ; A correlation between dental age and bone age / V.M. Philips and I.O.C. Thompson ; Age estimation in adults / T. Solheim and S. Kvaal ; Identification and use of probabilities in forensic odontology / F. Taroni. -- Teeth, bite marks and DNA. Human bite mark evidence / D. Sweet ; DNA profiling in forensics / J.J. Cassiman ; Dental DNA evidence / D. Sweet ; Evidential value of bite marks / I.R. Hill ; The balance of DNA and bite marks: layer's point of view / M. Bowers. -- 21st Century techniques and DVI standards. Digital imaging: uses and potential abuses / R. Wood ; Teledentistry in Disaster Victim Identification (DVI) / S. Kortelainen and E. De Valck ; DVI Interpol procedures. The police / J. De Winne ; DVI Interpol procedures. The medical examiner / W. Van de Voorde ; DVI Interpol procedures. The forensic odontologist / F. Prieels ; DMORT / The US. Model for mass fatality incidents / J. Kenney. -- Free topics in forensics. Identification of A. Hitler from cinematographic documents / M. Perrier ; Cranofacial comparison by computer aided device / B. Smeets ; Dental age estimation and computers / G. Willems ; Child abuse and the dental profession / J. Kenney ; The Torgersen case: after 42 years and 5 forensic odontologists / G. Bang, T. Solheim, H. Strømme Koppang. -- Abstracts of poster presentations.
An accessible, essential introduction to forensicodontology. Written by a team of well-established, active practitioners in thefield, Forensic Odontology is invaluable for thoseneeding an introduction to the subject for the general dentalpractitioner who has an interest in forensic dentistry and iscontemplating practicing in the field. It will also be useful as areference during practice. After a brief introduction the book covers dental anatomy anddevelopment, expert witness skills, mortuary practice, dental humanidentification, disaster victim identification, dental ageassessment, bite marks, forensic photography and the role of theforensic odontologist in protection of the vulnerable person.Chapters outline accepted and recommended practices and refer toparticular methodologies, presenting different schools of thoughtobjectively.
Forensic Odontology: Principles and Practice details the aspects necessary to become an accomplished forensic odontologist, including an illustration of the skills necessary to become an expert witness. The book is ideal for both the experienced and novice forensic odontologist, covering many fields of expertise, including civil and criminal matters. The civil side involves standard of care and personal injury matters, while the criminal side involves not only dental identification, but management of mass fatality incidents, age assessment, child and elder abuse, and bitemark analysis. Provides a comprehensive review of forensic odontology, including the skills necessary to become a competent expert witness Covers the fields of forensic odontology, the basic skills, legal aspects, legal precedents, report writing and expert witness testimony Includes numerous illustrations, including charts and graphs, along with B&W and color images
Forensic Odontology: Principles and Practice pulls together the very latest research findings and advice on best practice and essential skills, including aspects of forensic science that provide a well-rounded educational experience for the reader. Chapters provide coverage of anatomy and morphology, mortuary techniques, physical anthropology, applied forensic sciences, child and elder abuse, and facial approximation. The text introduces the various topics and discusses underpinning philosophies without being an exhaustive historical treatise. Appropriate case studies are used to highlight issues, and references to current research are provided to stimulate further reading and research. --
This book both explains in detail diverse aspects of the law as it relates to dentistry and examines key issues in forensic odontostomatology. A central aim is to enable the dentist to achieve a realistic assessment of the legal situation and to reduce uncertainties and liability risk. To this end, experts from across the world discuss the dental law in their own countries, covering both civil and criminal law and highlighting key aspects such as patient rights, insurance, and compensation. In the section on forensic odontostomatology, extensive guidance is provided on development of the dentition, clinical findings and documentation, personal identification, age estimation, and the nature and significance of bite, tooth, and lip marks. This book will be an invaluable source of information for all who practice in the field of dentistry as well as forensic scientists, lawyers, investigative and identification authorities, criminologists, prosecutors, insurance agents, and students.
The most exhaustive book on forensic dentistry, the fourth edition of this volume covers the latest advances in the field, including regulations affecting forensic dental practice and procedures in light of the Health Insurance Portability and Accessibility Act, updated ABFO guidelines, and new digital radiographic and photographic developments. Th