Food Structure and Functionality helps users further understand the latest research related to food structuring and de-structuring, with an emphasis on structuring to achieve improved texture, taste perception, health and shelf-stability. Topics covered address food structure, nanotechnology and functionality, with an emphasis on the novel experimental and modeling approaches used to link structure and functionality in food. The book also covers food structure design across the lifespan, as well as design for healthcare and medical applications. Dairy matrices for oral and gut functionality is also discussed, as is deconstructing dairy matrices for the release of nutrient and flavor components. This book will benefit food scientists, technologists, engineers and physical chemists working in the whole food science field, new product developers, researchers, academics and professionals working in the food industry, including nutritionists, dieticians, physicians, biochemists and biophysicists. Covers recent trends related to non-thermal processes, nanotechnology and modern food structures in the food industry Begins with an introduction to the structure/function of food products and their characterization methods Addresses biopolymer composites, interfacial layers in food emulsions, amyloid-like fibrillary structures, self-assembly in foods, lipid nano-carriers, microfluidics, rheology and function of hydrocolloids Discusses applications and the effects of emerging technologies on process, structure and function relationships
Starch is both a major component of plant foods and an important ingredient for the food industry. Starch in food reviews starch structure and functionality and the growing range of starch ingredients used to improve the nutritional and sensory quality of food. Part one illustrates how plant starch can be analysed and modified, with chapters on plant starch synthesis, starch bioengineering and starch-acting enzymes. Part two examines the sources of starch, from wheat and potato to rice, corn and tropical supplies. The third part of the book looks at starch as an ingredient and how it is used in the food industry. There are chapters on modified starches and the stability of frozen foods, starch-lipid interactions and starch-based microencapsulation. Part four covers starch as a functional food, investigating the impact of starch on physical and mental performance, detecting nutritional starch fractions and analysing starch digestion. Starch in food is a standard reference book for those working in the food industry. Reviews starch structure and functionality Extensive coverage of the growing range of starch ingredients Examines how starch ingredients are used to improve the nutritional and sensory quality of food
Starch in Food: Structure, Function and Applications, Second Edition, reviews starch structure, functionality and the growing range of starch ingredients used to improve the nutritional and sensory quality of food. The new edition is fully updated and brings new chapters on starch and health, isolation, processing and functional properties of starch. Part One illustrates how plant starch can be analyzed and modified, with chapters on plant starch synthesis, starch bioengineering and starch-acting enzymes. Part Two examines the sources of starch, from wheat and potato, to rice, corn and tropical supplies. Part Three looks at starch as an ingredient and how it is used in the food industry, with chapters on modified starches and the stability of frozen foods, starch-lipid interactions and starch-based microencapsulation. Part Four covers starch as a functional food, investigating the impact of starch on physical and mental performance, detecting nutritional starch fractions and analyzing starch digestion. The book is a standard reference for those working in the food industry, especially to starch scientists, food researchers, post-docs, practitioners in the starch area and students. Completely revised and updated with an overview of the latest developments in isolation, processing, functional properties and health attributes of starch Reviews starch structure and functionality Extensive coverage of the growing range of starch ingredients Examines how starch ingredients are used to improve the nutritional and sensory quality of food
This volume examines the contributions of proteins to the technological and organoleptic characteristics of food. It provides a solid basis for understanding the principles of food protein functionality and offers information to help develop unique food products using proteins as novel ingredients. Properties such as solubility, viscosity, gelation, emulsification and loam formation are discussed.
Food Structure—Its Creation and Evaluation reviews research and major developments with regard to the role of ingredients in building food structures. Emphasis is on homogeneous and heterogeneous multicomponent systems, their molecular interactions, the macroscopic physics of their mechanical properties, and the variety of techniques and strategies necessary to evaluate their properties if they are to be acceptable to the consumer. This book is comprised of 26 chapters and begins by discussing the relevance of food structure from a dental clinical perspective. The next chapter describes a hierarchy of gel structures that may be used to model the complex molecular networks formed by the protein and/or polysaccharide components within the food system, including simple single component networks, binary networks or mixed gels, and composite or filled gels. The reader is then introduced to the gel structure of food biopolymers; the structure and stability of emulsions; the polymer/water relationship and its importance for food structure; and the fracture properties of polymers. Dry spinning of milk proteins is also considered, along with structured fat and sugar systems, food crispness and texture. This monograph will be of interest to food scientists, sensory scientists, nutritionists, rheologists, physicists, and chemists.
This selection of key presentations from the Food Structures, Digestion and Health conference is devoted to the unique and challenging interface between food science and nutrition, and brings together scientists across several disciplines to address cutting-edge research issues. Topics include modeling of the gastrointestinal tract, effect of structures on digestion, and design for healthy foods. New knowledge in this area is vital to enable the international food industry to design of a new generation of foods with enhanced health and sensory attributes. The multidisciplinary approach includes research findings by internationally renowned scientists, and presents new research findings important and pertinent to professionals in both the food science and nutrition fields. Describes the science underpinning typical food structures providing guidance on food structure in different conditions Includes novel approaches to the design of healthy foods using real-world examples of applied research and design written by top leaders in the area Describes and validates model systems for understanding digestion and predicting digestion kinetics
|Author||: D. Julian McClements|
|Release Date||: 2007-08-30|
|ISBN 10||: 1845693671|
|Pages||: 792 pages|
It is widely accepted that the creation of novel foods or improvement of existing foods largely depends on a strong understanding and awareness of the intricate interrelationship between the nanoscopic, microscopic and macroscopic features of foods and their bulk physiochemical properties, sensory attributes and healthfulness. With its distinguished editor and array of international contributors, Understanding and controlling the microstructure of complex foods provides a review of current understanding of significant aspects of food structure and methods for its control. Part one focuses on the fundamental structural elements present in foods such as polysaccharides, proteins and fats and the forces which hold them together. Part two discusses novel analytical techniques which can provide information on the morphology and behaviour of food materials. Chapters cover atomic force microscopy, image analysis, scattering techniques and computer analysis. Chapters in part three examine how the principles of structural design can be employed to improve performance and functionality of foods. The final part of the book discusses how knowledge of structural and physicochemical properties can be implemented to improve properties of specific foods such as ice-cream, spreads, protein-based drinks, chocolate and bread dough. Understanding and controlling the microstructure of complex foods is an essential reference for industry professionals and scientists concerned with improving the performance of existing food products and inventing novel food products. Reviews the current understanding of significant aspects of food structure and methods for its control Focuses on the fundamental structural elements present in foods such as proteins and fats and the forces that hold them together Discusses novel analytical techniques that provide information on the morphology and behaviour of food materials
Understanding of the interactions of milk proteins in complex food systems continues to progress, resulting in specialized milk-protein based applications in functional foods, and in protein ingredients for specific health applications. Milk Proteins is the first and only presentation of the entire dairy food chain – from the source to the nutritional aspects affecting the consumer. With focus on the molecular structures and interactions of milk proteins in various processing methods, Milk Proteins presents a comprehensive overview of the biology and chemistry of milk, as well as featuring the latest science and developments. Significant insight into the use of milk proteins from an industry viewpoint provides valuable application-based information. Those working with food and nutritional research and product development will find this book useful. 20% new chapter content — full revision throughout New chapters address: role of milk proteins in human health; aspects of digestion and absorption of milk proteins in the GIT; consumer demand and future trends in milk proteins; and world supply of proteins with a focus on dairy proteins Internationally recognized authors and editors bring academic and industrial insights to this important topic
Encyclopedia of Food Chemistry is the ideal primer for food scientists, researchers, students and young professionals who want to acquaint themselves with food chemistry. Well-organized, clearly written, and abundantly referenced, the book provides a foundation for readers to understand the principles, concepts, and techniques used in food chemistry applications. Articles are written by international experts and cover a wide range of topics, including food chemistry, food components and their interactions, properties (flavor, aroma, texture) the structure of food, functional foods, processing, storage, nanoparticles for food use, antioxidants, the Maillard and Strecker reactions, process derived contaminants, and the detection of economically-motivated food adulteration. The encyclopedia will provide readers with an introduction to specific topics within the wider context of food chemistry, as well as helping them identify the links between the various sub-topics. Offers readers a comprehensive understanding of food chemistry and the various connections between the sub-topics Provides an authoritative introduction for non-specialists and readers from undergraduate levels and upwards Meticulously organized, with articles structured logically based on the various elements of food chemistry
The breakdown of food structures in the gastrointestinal tract has a major impact on the sensory properties and nutritional quality of foods. Advances in understanding the relationship between food structure and the breakdown, digestion and transport of food components within the GI tract facilitate the successful design of health-promoting foods. This important collection reviews key issues in these areas. Opening chapters in Part one examine oral physiology and gut microbial ecology. Subsequent chapters focus on the digestion, absorption and physiological effects of significant food components, such as lipids, proteins and vitamins. Part two then reviews advances in methods to study food sensory perception, digestion and absorption, including in vitro simulation of the stomach and intestines and the use of stable isotopes to determine mineral bioavailability. The implications for the design of functional foods are considered in Part three. Controlling lipid bioavailability using emulsion-based delivery systems, designing foods to induce satiation and self-assembling structures in the GI tract are among the topics covered. With contributions from leading figures in industry and academia, Designing functional foods provides those developing health-promoting products with a broad overview of the wealth of current knowledge in this area and its present and future applications. Reviews digestion and absorption of food components including oral physiology and gut microbial ecology Evaluates advances in methods to study food sensory perception assessing criteria such as simulation of flavour released from foods Investigates the implications for the design of functional foods including optimising the flavour of low-fat foods and controlling the release of glucose
This new reference presents the most recent information on new and potential food hydrocolloids originated from agricultural products, including o yellow mustard gum o flaxseed gum o cereals (wheat, barley, oat, and corn)o psyllium fenugreek o soybean. Polysaccharide Gums from Agricultural Products: Processing, Structures and Functionality addresses the basic chemistry, extracting processes, molecular structure, and, most importantly, the functional properties and potential applications of new polysaccharide gums.