food safety and human health

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Food Safety and Human Health
Author : Ram Lakhan Singh,Sukanta Mondal
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-07-30
ISBN 10 : 0128163348
Pages : 402 pages
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Food Safety and Human Health provides a framework to manage food safety risks and insure safe food system. This reference takes a reader-friendly approach in presenting the entire range of toxic compounds found naturally in foods or introduced by industrial contamination or food processing methods. It provides the basic principles of food toxicology and its processing and safety for human health to help professionals and students better understand the real problems of toxic materials. This essential resource will help readers address problems regarding food contamination and safety. It will be particularly useful for graduate students, researchers and professionals in the agri-food industry. Encompasses the first pedagogic treatment of the entire range of toxic compounds found naturally in foods or introduced by industrial contamination or food processing methods Features areas of vital concern to consumers, such as the toxicological implications of food, implications of food processing and its safety to human health Focuses on the safety aspects of genetically modified foods currently available

Probiotics in Food Safety and Human Health
Author : Ipek Goktepe,Vijay K. Juneja,Mohamed Ahmedna
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2005-10-10
ISBN 10 : 1420027573
Pages : 512 pages
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The discovery of new and previously unknown organisms that cause foodborne illness makes it essential for scientists, regulators, and those in the food industry to reconsider their traditional approaches to food preservation. A single source reference that can provide the latest practical information on how to deal with the range of probiotic health issues that have recently arisen would be invaluable to have. Probiotics in Food Safety and Human Health is that resource. It presents an in-depth characterization and diagnosis of probiotic strains and their mechanisms of action in humans, explains the role food applications have in the development of new products that guard against gastrointestinal diseases, and addresses the current regulatory environment. The material in each chapter is written in an accessible format by internationally renowned experts and includes citations from scientific literature. Highlights include a thorough discussion of probiotic issues such as pre- and postharvest food safety applications of probiotics, genetic engineering, and probiotic identification. The book also presents information on new regulations and emerging trends in the two major probiotics markets in the world, Europe and Japan. Unique in its depth and breadth of scope, Probiotics in Food Safety and Human Health provides vital information to those who need to be knowledgeable of the functional properties of foods aimed at improving human health.

Probiotics in Food Safety and Human Health
Author : Ipek Goktepe,Vijay K. Juneja,Mohamed Ahmedna
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2005-10-10
ISBN 10 : 1420027573
Pages : 512 pages
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The discovery of new and previously unknown organisms that cause foodborne illness makes it essential for scientists, regulators, and those in the food industry to reconsider their traditional approaches to food preservation. A single source reference that can provide the latest practical information on how to deal with the range of probiotic health issues that have recently arisen would be invaluable to have. Probiotics in Food Safety and Human Health is that resource. It presents an in-depth characterization and diagnosis of probiotic strains and their mechanisms of action in humans, explains the role food applications have in the development of new products that guard against gastrointestinal diseases, and addresses the current regulatory environment. The material in each chapter is written in an accessible format by internationally renowned experts and includes citations from scientific literature. Highlights include a thorough discussion of probiotic issues such as pre- and postharvest food safety applications of probiotics, genetic engineering, and probiotic identification. The book also presents information on new regulations and emerging trends in the two major probiotics markets in the world, Europe and Japan. Unique in its depth and breadth of scope, Probiotics in Food Safety and Human Health provides vital information to those who need to be knowledgeable of the functional properties of foods aimed at improving human health.

Food Microbiology
Author : Nancy Khardori
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2016-01-05
ISBN 10 : 149870879X
Pages : 195 pages
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A broad overview of foodborne infectious diseases, this book covers recent outbreaks, highlighting the food sources and pathogens involved. It also examines foodborne infectious diseases in travelers that are not commonly seen in the United States, outbreak investigation, sources and vehicles of foodborne pathogens as well as diagnosis, treatment,

Significance, Prevention and Control of Food Related Diseases
Author : Hussaini Makun
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2016-04-13
ISBN 10 : 9535122770
Pages : 314 pages
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Food-borne diseases are major causes of morbidity and mortality in the world. It is estimated that about 2.2 million people die yearly due to food and water contamination. Food safety and consequently food security are therefore of immense importance to public health, international trade and world economy. This book, which has 10 chapters, provides information on the incidence, health implications and effective prevention and control strategies of food-related diseases. The book will be useful to undergraduate and postgraduate students, educators and researchers in the fields of life sciences, medicine, agriculture, food science and technology, trade and economics. Policy makers and food regulatory officers will also find it useful in the course of their duties.

Encyclopedia of Food Safety
Author : N.A
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2013-12-12
ISBN 10 : 0123786134
Pages : 2304 pages
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With the world’s growing population, the provision of a safe, nutritious and wholesome food supply for all has become a major challenge. To achieve this, effective risk management based on sound science and unbiased information is required by all stakeholders, including the food industry, governments and consumers themselves. In addition, the globalization of the food supply requires the harmonization of policies and standards based on a common understanding of food safety among authorities in countries around the world. With some 280 chapters, the Encyclopedia of Food Safety provides unbiased and concise overviews which form in total a comprehensive coverage of a broad range of food safety topics, which may be grouped under the following general categories: History and basic sciences that support food safety; Foodborne diseases, including surveillance and investigation; Foodborne hazards, including microbiological and chemical agents; Substances added to food, both directly and indirectly; Food technologies, including the latest developments; Food commodities, including their potential hazards and controls; Food safety management systems, including their elements and the roles of stakeholders. The Encyclopedia provides a platform for experts from the field of food safety and related fields, such as nutrition, food science and technology and environment to share and learn from state-of-the art expertise with the rest of the food safety community. Assembled with the objective of facilitating the work of those working in the field of food safety and related fields, such as nutrition, food science and technology and environment - this work covers the entire spectrum of food safety topics into one comprehensive reference work The Editors have made every effort to ensure that this work meets strict quality and pedagogical thresholds such as: contributions by the foremost authorities in their fields; unbiased and concise overviews on a multitude of food safety subjects; references for further information, and specialized and general definitions for food safety terminology In maintaining confidence in the safety of the food supply, sound scientific information is key to effectively and efficiently assessing, managing and communicating on food safety risks. Yet, professionals and other specialists working in this multidisciplinary field are finding it increasingly difficult to keep up with developments outside their immediate areas of expertise. This single source of concise, reliable and authoritative information on food safety has, more than ever, become a necessity

Food Safety in the 21st Century
Author : Puja Dudeja,Rajul K Gupta,Amarjeet Singh Minhas
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2016-09-28
ISBN 10 : 0128018461
Pages : 624 pages
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Food Safety in the 21st Century: Public Health Perspective is an important reference for anyone currently working in the food industry or those entering the industry. It provides realistic, practical, and very usable information about key aspects of food safety, while also systematically approaching the matter of foodborne illness by addressing the intricacies of both prevention and control. This book discusses ways to assess risk and to employ epidemiological methods to improve food safety. In addition, it also describes the regulatory context that shapes food safety activities at the local, national, and international levels and looks forward to the future of food safety. Provides the latest research and developments in the field of food safety Incorporates practical, real-life examples for risk reduction Includes specific aspects of food safety and the risks associated with each sector of the food chain, from food production, to food processing and serving Describes various ways in which epidemiologic principles are applied to meet the challenges of maintaining a safe food supply in India and how to reduce disease outbreaks Presents practical examples of foodborne disease incidents and their root causes to highlight pitfalls in food safety management

Improving Food Safety Through a One Health Approach
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Forum on Microbial Threats
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2012-10-10
ISBN 10 : 0309259339
Pages : 418 pages
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Globalization of the food supply has created conditions favorable for the emergence, reemergence, and spread of food-borne pathogens-compounding the challenge of anticipating, detecting, and effectively responding to food-borne threats to health. In the United States, food-borne agents affect 1 out of 6 individuals and cause approximately 48 million illnesses, 128,000 hospitalizations, and 3,000 deaths each year. This figure likely represents just the tip of the iceberg, because it fails to account for the broad array of food-borne illnesses or for their wide-ranging repercussions for consumers, government, and the food industry-both domestically and internationally. A One Health approach to food safety may hold the promise of harnessing and integrating the expertise and resources from across the spectrum of multiple health domains including the human and veterinary medical and plant pathology communities with those of the wildlife and aquatic health and ecology communities. The IOM's Forum on Microbial Threats hosted a public workshop on December 13 and 14, 2011 that examined issues critical to the protection of the nation's food supply. The workshop explored existing knowledge and unanswered questions on the nature and extent of food-borne threats to health. Participants discussed the globalization of the U.S. food supply and the burden of illness associated with foodborne threats to health; considered the spectrum of food-borne threats as well as illustrative case studies; reviewed existing research, policies, and practices to prevent and mitigate foodborne threats; and, identified opportunities to reduce future threats to the nation's food supply through the use of a "One Health" approach to food safety. Improving Food Safety Through a One Health Approach: Workshop Summary covers the events of the workshop and explains the recommendations for future related workshops.

Food Safety
Author : J. P. Felix D'Mello
Publisher : CABI
Release Date : 2003
ISBN 10 : 9780851997513
Pages : 452 pages
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Food safety is a concern for scientists, policy-makers and consumers especially as food poisoning outbreaks are becoming more common and as particular concerns arise over genetically modified foods. This book covers recent developments in the chemistry, biochemistry and physiological effects of toxicants that might have an impact on human health and welfare.

Food Safety
Author : Nina Redman
Publisher : ABC-CLIO
Release Date : 2007
ISBN 10 : 1598840487
Pages : 331 pages
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Presents a survey of food safety issues, ranging from mad cow disease to genetically modified corn. Through a combination of statistics and substantive information, this book delineates the nature and scope of the issues. It also introduces readers to the activists and government agencies that play a role in the battle for food safety.

Food Safety and Protection
Author : V Ravishankar Rai,Jamuna A Bai
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2017-09-18
ISBN 10 : 1498762883
Pages : 700 pages
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This book provides an overview of issues associated primarily with food safety, shelf-life assessment and preservation of foods. Food safety and protection is a multidisciplinary topic that focuses on the safety, quality, and security aspects of food. Food safety issues involve microbial risks in food products, foodborne infections, and intoxications and food allergenicity. Food protection deals with trends and risks associated with food packaging, advanced food packaging systems for enhancing product safety, the development and application of predictive models for food microbiology, food fraud prevention, and food laws and regulations with the aim to provide safe foods for consumers. Food Safety and Protection covers various aspects of food safety, security, and protection. It discusses the challenges involved in the prevention and control of foodborne illnesses due to microbial spoilage, contamination, and toxins. It starts with documentation on the microbiological and chemical hazards, including allergens, and extends to the advancements in food preservation and food packaging. The book covers new and safe food intervention techniques, predictive food microbiology, and modeling approaches. It reviews the legal framework, regulatory agencies, and laws and regulations for food protection. The book has five sections dealing with the topics of predictive microbiology for safe foods; food allergens, contaminants, and toxins; preservation of foods; food packaging; and food safety laws.

Chemical Food Safety and Health
Author : Zuzana Ciesarova
Publisher : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Release Date : 2013-01-01
ISBN 10 : 9781629483399
Pages : 227 pages
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The best way to avoid food-borne illnesses is to prevent contaminants from getting into food. Public health is a constant concern for world health authorities since not only food-borne illnesses but also diverse human illnesses associated to fat, salt and sugar intake, are increasingly prevalent. These diseases are caused by micro-organisms, harmful chemicals or excess of some food components in foods which people preferably drink or eat. On the other hand, chemicals can produce both acute and chronic diseases depending on the level of contaminants present in the food. When the level of contaminants is high, the result may be an acute disease with dramatic consequences, but when the level of contaminants is low; they may accumulate in a live organism and produce a long term disease. Usually, chemical contaminants are found in the environment, both naturally and produced by human activity. In this sense, prevention is therefore the principal focus of all safety quality systems in the food industry and rules to change this system in order to assure people safe food products of the required quality by the consumer are discussed. Since food contamination can happen at any place during processing, it is necessary to evaluate all the hazards that can occur all along the food production chain, identifying inputs, and analysing and controlling all critical points to keep hazards at acceptable levels.

Enhancing Food Safety
Author : National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Food and Nutrition Board,Committee on the Review of the Food and Drug Administration's Role in Ensuring Safe Food
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2010-11-04
ISBN 10 : 9780309163583
Pages : 588 pages
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Recent outbreaks of illnesses traced to contaminated sprouts and lettuce illustrate the holes that exist in the system for monitoring problems and preventing foodborne diseases. Although it is not solely responsible for ensuring the safety of the nation's food supply, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) oversees monitoring and intervention for 80 percent of the food supply. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration's abilities to discover potential threats to food safety and prevent outbreaks of foodborne illness are hampered by impediments to efficient use of its limited resources and a piecemeal approach to gathering and using information on risks. Enhancing Food Safety: The Role of the Food and Drug Administration, a new book from the Institute of Medicine and the National Research Council, responds to a congressional request for recommendations on how to close gaps in FDA's food safety systems. Enhancing Food Safety begins with a brief review of the Food Protection Plan (FPP), FDA's food safety philosophy developed in 2007. The lack of sufficient detail and specific strategies in the FPP renders it ineffectual. The book stresses the need for FPP to evolve and be supported by the type of strategic planning described in these pages. It also explores the development and implementation of a stronger, more effective food safety system built on a risk-based approach to food safety management. Conclusions and recommendations include adopting a risk-based decision-making approach to food safety; creating a data surveillance and research infrastructure; integrating federal, state, and local government food safety programs; enhancing efficiency of inspections; and more. Although food safety is the responsibility of everyone, from producers to consumers, the FDA and other regulatory agencies have an essential role. In many instances, the FDA must carry out this responsibility against a backdrop of multiple stakeholder interests, inadequate resources, and competing priorities. Of interest to the food production industry, consumer advocacy groups, health care professionals, and others, Enhancing Food Safety provides the FDA and Congress with a course of action that will enable the agency to become more efficient and effective in carrying out its food safety mission in a rapidly changing world.

Ensuring Safe Food
Author : Committee to Ensure Safe Food from Production to Consumption,Institute of Medicine,Board on Agriculture,Institute of Medicine and National Research Council
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 1998-09-02
ISBN 10 : 0309593409
Pages : 179 pages
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How safe is our food supply? Each year the media report what appears to be growing concern related to illness caused by the food consumed by Americans. These food borne illnesses are caused by pathogenic microorganisms, pesticide residues, and food additives. Recent actions taken at the federal, state, and local levels in response to the increase in reported incidences of food borne illnesses point to the need to evaluate the food safety system in the United States. This book assesses the effectiveness of the current food safety system and provides recommendations on changes needed to ensure an effective science-based food safety system. Ensuring Safe Food discusses such important issues as: What are the primary hazards associated with the food supply? What gaps exist in the current system for ensuring a safe food supply? What effects do trends in food consumption have on food safety? What is the impact of food preparation and handling practices in the home, in food services, or in production operations on the risk of food borne illnesses? What organizational changes in responsibility or oversight could be made to increase the effectiveness of the food safety system in the United States? Current concerns associated with microbiological, chemical, and physical hazards in the food supply are discussed. The book also considers how changes in technology and food processing might introduce new risks. Recommendations are made on steps for developing a coordinated, unified system for food safety. The book also highlights areas that need additional study. Ensuring Safe Food will be important for policymakers, food trade professionals, food producers, food processors, food researchers, public health professionals, and consumers.

Food Safety Chemistry
Author : Liangli (Lucy) Yu,Shuo Wang,Bao-Guo Sun
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2014-10-28
ISBN 10 : 146659795X
Pages : 344 pages
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A comprehensive examination of the chemistry of food toxicants produced during processing, formulation, and storage of food, Food Safety Chemistry: Toxicant Occurrence, Analysis and Mitigation provides the information you need to develop practical approaches to control and reduce contaminant levels in food products and food ingredients, including cooking oils. It discusses each major food chemical contaminant, examining toxic effects and the biological mechanisms behind their toxicity. The book supplies an understanding of the chemical and biochemical mechanisms involved in the formation of certain food contaminants through a systematic review of the appearances of these foodborne chemical toxins as well as the chemical and biochemical mechanisms involved in their formations during food processing and storage. It also details their absorption and distribution profiles and the factors influencing their levels in foods. It includes updated analytical techniques for food quality control, other research efforts on these chemicals, and their regulatory-related concerns and suggestions. Edited by experts in the field, this guide includes a listing of commonly used analytical techniques in food safety and a summary of current research findings related to food chemical contaminants. The book’s updated information on potential adverse effects on human health and focus on analytical techniques for food safety analysis and quality control makes it a reference that will spend more time in your hands than on your bookshelf.

Probiotics and Prebiotics in Human Nutrition and Health
Author : Venketeshwer Rao,Leticia Rao
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2016-07-13
ISBN 10 : 9535124757
Pages : 394 pages
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Probiotic microorganisms are recognised as being beneficial for human health. Prebiotics are substrates that are used preferentially by the probiotic bacteria for their growth. A great deal of interest has been generated in recent years in identifying probiotic bacteria and prebiotics, their characterization, mechanisms of action and their role in the prevention and management of human health disorders. Together they are referred to as synbiotic. This book is in response to the need for more current and global scope of probiotics and prebiotics. It contains chapters written by internationally recognized authors. The book has been planned to meet the needs of the researchers, health professionals, government regulatory agencies and industries. This book will serve as a standard reference book in this important and fast-growing area of probiotics and prebiotics in human nutrition and health.

Microbial Stress Adaptation and Food Safety
Author : Ahmed E. Yousef,Vijay K. Juneja
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2002-12-17
ISBN 10 : 1420012827
Pages : 384 pages
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The first book to address the subject, Microbial Stress Adaptation and Food Safety emphasizes the implications of stress adaptation and its consequences for food safety. It covers the basic science, kinetics, mechanisms, assessment, and control of stress adaptation and its impact on the safety of foods produced by minimal processing or non-thermal technologies. World renowned experts in the field provide detailed accounts of problems associated with stress adaptation and suggest methods for overcoming these problems. The book begins with an introduction to the stress adaptation phenomenon and its implications for the safety of food processed by novel technologies. Then it addresses the responses of pathogens to physical and chemical stresses encountered during food processing, such as heat, pressure, dehydration, radiation, added organic acids, and naturally occurring antimicrobials. The adaptation of food microbiota to stress as a survival strategy is covered next, followed by an examination of the broad spectrum of stresses that may increase a pathogen's tenacity and resistance to processing. Other topics include stress adaptation of beneficial lactic acid bacteria and how resistance or adaptation to stress in the processing environment relates to pathogens' ability to cause disease. Finally, the book presents strategies to overcome stress adaptation in foodborne pathogens. The authors suggest practical control measures and emphasize the need for future research to counteract the stress adaptation phenomenon. Microbial Stress Adaptation and Food Safety proposes practical solutions to microbial stress adaptation and its hazardous effects on food safety and human health.

Food Safety and Preservation
Author : Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu,Alina Maria Holban
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2018-04-18
ISBN 10 : 0128149574
Pages : 696 pages
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Food Safety and Preservation: Modern Biological Approaches to Improving Consumer Health explores the most recent and investigated hot topics in food safety, microbial contamination, food-borne diseases and advanced preservation methods. It brings together the significant, evidence-based scientific progress of various approaches to improve the safety and quality of foods, also offering solutions to help address food industry challenges. Recent studies and technological advancements in biological control are presented to control foodborne pathogens. In addition, analytical methods for reducing potential biological hazards make this book essential to researchers, scientists, technologists and grad students. Covers all aspects of food contamination, from food degradation, to food-borne diseases Examines validated, biological control approaches to reduce microbial and chemical contamination Includes detailed discussions of risk and safety assessments in food preservation

Case Studies in Food Safety and Environmental Health
Author : Peter Ho,Maria Margarida Cortez Vieira
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2007-12-27
ISBN 10 : 0387456791
Pages : 94 pages
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This book presents food safety concepts and issues in a practical and applied framework for use in the classroom. It covers microbial food safety, chemical residues and contaminants, and risk assessment and food legislation. These sections can be used individually or together to discuss a range of issues. Each chapter has a summary of the issues discussed, objectives, and discussion questions focused on the major issues.

Food Safety Risks from Wildlife
Author : Michele Jay-Russell,Michael P. Doyle
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-12-15
ISBN 10 : 3319244426
Pages : 254 pages
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Foodborne illnesses caused by zoonotic pathogens associated with wildlife hosts are an emerging microbial food safety concern. Transmission of foodborne pathogens can occur through ingestion, or improper handling, of contaminated game meat. Wild and feral animals have also been investigated as potential sources of Campylobacter, Escherichia coli O157:H7 and other enteric pathogens following foodborne disease outbreaks linked to fresh fruits and vegetables (e.g., baby spinach in California, shelled-peas in Alaska, strawberries in Oregon). This book explores the range of bacterial, parasitic, and viral pathogens that have been described in wildlife populations in the United States, Europe and other parts of the world. It also addresses important challenges and solutions to balance agriculture, conservation, and public health goals. The book provides unique information on approaches in risk communication, co-management, and One Health in a wildlife-food safety context. The first five chapters review research on the detection, epidemiology and ecology of foodborne pathogens in wildlife populations including the influence of wildlife-livestock-human interactions. The second half of the book addresses current guidelines to mitigate microbial food safety risks from wildlife hosts and new regulations proposed by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in the Food Safety Modernization Act Produce Safety Rule. Chapters are written by an array of internationally reco gnized authors, and will be of interest to agriculture safety experts, ecologists, environmental health specialists, food safety professionals, microbiologists, public health practitioners, veterinarians, wildlife biologists, and others in academia, government, industry, and students in these disciplines.