|Author||: J K Parker,Stephen Elmore,Lisa Methven|
|Release Date||: 2014-11-21|
|ISBN 10||: 1782421114|
|Pages||: 448 pages|
Flavour is a critical aspect of food production and processing, requiring careful design, monitoring and testing in order to create an appealing food product. This book looks at flavour generation, flavour analysis and sensory perception of food flavour and how these techniques can be used in the food industry to create new and improve existing products. Part one covers established and emerging methods of characterising and analysing taste and aroma compounds. Part two looks at different factors in the generation of aroma. Finally, part three focuses on sensory analysis of food flavour. Covers the analysis and characterisation of aromas and taste compounds Examines how aromas can be created and predicted Reviews how different flavours are perceived
Of the five senses, smell is the most direct and food aromas are the key drivers of our flavor experience. They are crucial for the synergy of food and drinks. Up to 80% of what we call taste is actually aroma. Food Aroma Evolution: During Food Processing, Cooking, and Aging focuses on the description of the aroma evolution in several food matrices. Not only cooking, but also processing (such as fermentation) and aging are responsible for food aroma evolution. A comprehensive evaluation of foods requires that analytical techniques keep pace with the available technology. As a result, a major objective in the chemistry of food aroma is concerned with the application and continual development of analytical methods. This particularly important aspect is discussed in depth in a dedicated section of the book. Features Covers aromatic evolution of food as it is affected by treatment Focuses on food processing, cooking, and aging Describes both classic and new analytical techniques Explains how the flavor perception results are influenced by other food constituents The book comprises a good mix of referenced research with practical applications, also reporting case studies of these various applications of novel technologies. This text represents a comprehensive reference book for students, educators, researchers, food processors, and food industry personnel providing an up-to-date insight. The range of techniques and materials covered provides engineers and scientists working in the food industry with a valuable resource for their work. Also available in the Food Analysis & Properties Series: Ambient Mass Spectroscopy Techniques in Food and the Environment, edited by Leo M.L. Nollet and Basil K. Munjanja (ISBN: 9781138505568) Hyperspectral Imaging Analysis and Applications for Food Quality, edited by N.C. Basantia, Leo M.L. Nollet, and Mohammed Kamruzzaman (ISBN: 9781138630796) Fingerprinting Techniques in Food Authentication and Traceability, edited by Khwaja Salahuddin Siddiqi and Leo M.L. Nollet (ISBN: 9781138197671) For a complete list of books in this series, please visit our website at: www.crcpress.com/Food-Analysis--Properties/book-series/CRCFOODANPRO
The first part of the book reviews the way flavour is detected and measured. The first two chapters discuss our understanding of how humans perceive and then process information about taste compounds. Chapter three reviews current practice in the sensory analysis of food flavour. Chapter four discusses choosing from the wide range of instrumental techniques which have been developed to identify aroma compounds. The final chapter in Part One discusses the complex issues in matching instrumental measurements with the results of sensory evaluation of foods. Part two reviews key research in the way flavour compounds are retained within foods and the factors determining the way they are released. There are chapters on flavour compound interactions with lipids, emulsions, protein and carbohydrate components in food. Other chapters review modelling aroma interactions in food matrices and mechanisms of flavour retention in and release from liquid food products. The final part reviews what we now know about how humans experience flavour release, together with some of the key factors influencing this process. There are chapters on the process of flavour release in the mouth, the way texture-aroma and odour-taste interactions influence this process, psychological factors and the development of flavour perception during infancy. Flavour in food seeks to distil key developments in flavour science and summarise their implications for the food industry. It is a valuable reference for R&D staff, those responsible for sensory evaluation of foods and product development, as well as academics and students involved in flavour science. Understand how flavour is detected and measured Analyses key research in the retention and release of flavour compounds Examines how humans experience flavour release
This book will cover all aspects of flavour perception, including aroma, taste and the role of the trigeminal nerve, from the general composition of food to the perception at the peri-receptor and central level. This book will answer to a growing need for multidisciplinary approaches to better understand the mechanisms involved in flavour perception. The book presents the bases of anatomy of sensory perception. It will provide the requisite basic knowledge on the molecules responsible for flavour perception, on their release from the food matrix during the eating process in order to reach the chemosensory receptors, and on their retention and release from and transformation by bodily fluids of the oral and nasal cavities. It will also bring current knowledge on the multimodal interactions. This book will also cover the recent evolution in flavour science: characterisation of molecules, interaction with food matrix and more recently, physic-chemical and physiological and events during oral processing increasingly considered.
Food colour additives have been the focus of much research in the last few years, and there is increasing consumer demand for natural and safer synthetic colours. This book reviews the natural and synthetic colours available, their properties and applications, as well as regulatory, sensory and analytical issues. Part one covers the development and safety of food colour additives. Part two covers properties and methods of analysis, and part three focuses on specific food product applications and future trends. Reviews the natural and synthetic colour additives available for foods and beverages, looking at their properties and applications as well as regulatory, sensory and analytical issues Expert analysis of natural origin colours, synthetic origin colours, overview of regulations, safety analysis and consumer health Comprehensive coverage of properties and development in food colours: chemical purity, colour stability, and consumer sensory perception
Food flavour technology is of key importance for the food industry.Increasingly, food products must comply with legal requirements andconform to consumer demands for “natural” products, butthe simple fact is that, if foods do not taste good, they will notbe consumed and any nutritional benefit will be lost. Thereis therefore keen interest throughout the world in the production,utilisation and analysis of flavours. The second edition of this successful book offers a broadintroduction to the formulation, origins, analysis and performanceof food flavours, updating the original chapters and addingvaluable new material that introduces some of the newermethodologies and recent advances. The creation of flavourings is the starting point for the book,outlining the methodology and constraints faced byflavourists. Further constraints are considered in a chapterdealing with international legislation. The origins of flavours aredescribed in three chapters covering thermal generation,biogeneration and natural sources, keeping in mind the adjustmentsthat manufacturers have had to make to their raw materials andprocesses to meet the demand for natural products whilst complyingwith cost issues. Delivery of flavours using encapsulation orthrough an understanding of the properties of the food matrix isdescribed in the next two chapters, and this section is followed bychapters describing the different ways to analyse flavours usinginstrumental, modelling and sensory techniques. The book is aimedat food scientists and technologists, ingredients suppliers,quality assurance personnel, analytical chemists andbiotechnologists.
Flavor of Foods and Beverages Chemistry and Technology covers the proceedings of an international conference sponsored by the Agricultural and Food Chemistry Division of the American Chemical Society held in Athens, Greece on June 27-29, 1978. It presents information on the flavor of foods and beverages. This book discusses wide ranging subjects, such as flavor of meat, meat analogs, chocolate and cocoa substitutes, cheese aroma, beverages, baked goods, confections, tea, citrus and other fruits, olive oil, and sweeteners. It also examines new analytical methodology on taste and aroma, as well as flavor production, stability, and composition. This book will be useful for students, chemists, technologists, and manufacturers involved in any facet of producing foods and beverages.
Instrumental measurements of the sensory quality of food and drink are of growing importance in both complementing data provided by sensory panels and in providing valuable data in situations in which the use of human subjects is not feasible. Instrumental assessment of food sensory quality reviews the range and use of instrumental methods for measuring sensory quality. After an introductory chapter, part one goes on to explore the principles and practice of the assessment and analysis of food appearance, flavour, texture and viscosity. Part two reviews advances in methods for instrumental assessment of food sensory quality and includes chapters on food colour measurement using computer vision, gas chromatography-olfactometry (GC-O), electronic noses and tongues for in vivo food flavour measurement, and non-destructive methods for food texture assessment. Further chapters highlight in-mouth measurement of food quality and emerging flavour analysis methods for food authentication. Finally, chapters in part three focus on the instrumental assessment of the sensory quality of particular foods and beverages including meat, poultry and fish, baked goods, dry crisp products, dairy products, and fruit and vegetables. The instrumental assessment of the sensory quality of wine, beer, and juices is also discussed. Instrumental assessment of food sensory quality is a comprehensive technical resource for quality managers and research and development personnel in the food industry and researchers in academia interested in instrumental food quality measurement. Reviews the range and use of instrumental methods for measuring sensory quality Explores the principles and practice of the assessment and analysis of food appearance, flavour, texture and viscosity Reviews advances in methods for instrumental assessment of food sensory quality
Unlike other human senses, the exact mechanisms that lead to our perception of flavor have not yet been elucidated. It is recognised that the process involves a wide range of stimuli, which are thought likely to interact in a complex way, but, since the chemical compounds and physical structures that activate the flavor sensors change as the food is eaten, measurements of the changes in stimuli with time are essential to an understanding of the relationship between stimuli and perception. It is clear that we need to consider the whole process - the release of flavor chemicals in the mouth, the transport processes to the receptors, the specificity and characteristics of the receptors, the transduction mechanisms and the subsequent processing of signals locally and at higher centres in the brain. This book provides a state-of-the-art review of our current understanding of the key stages of flavor perception for those working in the flavor field, whether in the academic or industrial sector. In particular, it is directed at food scientists and technologists, ingredients suppliers and sensory scientists.
Ingredients and technologies which improve the flavour of food have always played a major role in food formulation. With increasing consumer demand for diet products, ready meals and natural ingredients, there is considerable pressure on food manufacturers to adapt ingredients in order to produce nutritious food. This important book provides professionals within the food industry with a comprehensive review of recent developments and research. The book begins with a comprehensive introduction followed by chapters on flavouring substances and the extraction of flavourings from natural sources. Chapters discuss technologies which improve flavour such as white biotechnology, the development of yeast flavour enhancers and the formulation of flavoursome low fat food. Further chapters cover techniques for flavour modification such as the controlled release of flavours, developments in sweeteners and masking agents for foods. The book concludes with chapters on the applications of new ingredients such as bitter blockers and masking agents. Modifying flavour in food provides a unique reference for manufacturers and scientists concerned with flavour modification. Discusses adapting ingredients to meet consumer demand for nutritious food Examines different technologies that improve flavour Techniques for flavour modification are highlighted
This Special Issue on “Beverage Sensory Modification” presents a series of articles that feature the broad sense of sensory modification with regards to beverages, either by improving their flavor, taste, and mouthfeel properties, or through prevention of spoilage. The scope goes further than the usual technological measures that modulate sensory properties and includes psychological and cross-modal influences, where the sensory modification occurs in the subject’s brain rather than as a result of modified physical–chemical properties of objects.