Heteropterans regularly cause a wide variety and large number of problems for humans - at times on a catastrophic scale. The 37,000 described species of this suborder including many pests, disease transmitters, and nuisances exist worldwide, inflicting damage on crops, forests, orchards, and human life. Inspired by the widespread economic impact of
|Author||: Lydia M. Brown,Peter C. Ellsworth,Scott Bundy,David Kerns,Ayman Mostafa,Garrett B. Hughes,Patrick Porter,Steven E. Naranjo,Alfred Fournier|
|ISBN 10||: 1304664074|
|Pages||: 329 pages|
|Author||: R. Muniappan|
|Release Date||: 2012|
|ISBN 10||: 1845939514|
|Pages||: 168 pages|
Agriculture plays a pivotal role in the economy of tropical Asia, but arthropod pests are major constraints to production. This book consolidates the research on pests of South and Southeast Asia, providing useful data for the establishment of sustainable pest management programs. It covers the main arthropod pests of twenty five major crops, with colour photographs of their adult and immature stages, their distribution, biology, disease vectors, symptoms of the damage they cause and their natural enemies.
|Author||: David Ben-Yakir|
|Release Date||: 2020-06-05|
|ISBN 10||: 1786394707|
|Pages||: 190 pages|
Arthropods as pests in crops, vectors of diseases, pollinators, and natural enemies of pests are of huge economic importance. They affect livestock, human health and food supplies around the world. This unique book examines and reviews how light and colour can be used to enhance pest management in agricultural and medical applications by manipulating the optical responses of arthropods. Arthropods use optical cues to find food, oviposition sites and to navigate. Light also regulates their diurnal and seasonal activities. Plants use optical cues to attract or deter various species of arthropod. In this book, an international team of experts show how light can be used successfully to attract, arrest, confuse and deter arthropods as well as to disrupt their biological clocks.
|Author||: Stephen L. Clement|
|Publisher||: CRC Press|
|Release Date||: 2019-04-23|
|ISBN 10||: 9781420049336|
|Pages||: 320 pages|
An excellent reference book for plant breeders and entomologists, Global Plant Genetic Resources for Insect-Resistant Crops combines germplasm preservation with use in insect-resistant crop development and basic research. The contributions of the authors represent the efforts, cooperation, and understanding of world leaders in the conservation and use of global plant genetic resources for sustainable agricultural production. Concepts addressed include dependency of modern agriculture on chemical pest control and applications of biotechnology in use of natural plant genes for insect-resistant crops. Marketing Class Code: 1E, 1G, 9C
|Author||: David W Onstad,Philip Crain|
|Release Date||: 2019-09-02|
|ISBN 10||: 1786393670|
|Pages||: 206 pages|
The book begins by establishing an economic framework upon which to apply the principles of IPM. Then, it looks at the entomological applications of economics, specifically, economic analyses concerning chemical, biological, cultural, and genetic control tactics as well as host plant resistance and the cost of sampling. Lastly it evaluates whether the control provided by a traditional IPM system is sufficient, or if changes to the system design would yield greater benefits.
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Aphids are among the major global pest groups, causing serious economic damage to many food and commodity crops in most parts of the world. This revision and update of the well-received first edition published ten years ago reflects the expansion of research in genomics, endosymbionts and semiochemicals, as well as the shift from control of aphids with insecticides to a more integrated approach imposed by increasing resistance in the aphids and government restrictions on pesticides. The book remains a comprehensive and up-to-date reference work on the biology of aphids, the various methods of controlling them and the progress of integrated pest management as illustrated by ten case histories.
This is a series of guides to specialized information sources, dealing with pests (animals, plants and diseases) and their management. Each volume is self-contained, combining an easy-to-use introduction and a comprehensive reference section, making it essential both to newcomers to the subject and to established workers.
Plant health management in peanut production. Site selection, land preparation, and management of soil fertility. Peanut growth and development. Selection of peanut cultivars. Physiological and environmental disordes of peanut. Management of weeds. Management of insects and other arthropods in peanut. Viral diseases and their management. Managemente of foliar diseases caused by fungi.
Ecological engineering is about manipulating farm habitats, making them less favourable for pests and more attractive to beneficial insects. Though they have received far less research attention and funding, ecological approaches may be safer and more sustainable than their controversial cousin, genetic engineering. This book brings together contributions from international workers leading the fast moving field of habitat manipulation, reviewing the field and paving the way towards the development and application of new pest management approaches. Chapters explore the frontiers of ecological engineering methods including molecular approaches, high tech marking and remote sensing. They also review the theoretical aspects of this field and how ecological engineering may interact with genetic engineering. The technologies presented offer opportunities to reduce crop losses to insects while reducing the use of pesticides and providing potentially valuable habitat for wildlife conservation. With contributions from the USA, UK, Germany, Switzerland, Australia, New Zealand, Kenya and Israel, this book provides comprehensive coverage of international progress towards sustainable pest management.
|Author||: Billy R. Wiseman,James A. Webster|
|Publisher||: Entomological Society of Amer|
|Release Date||: 1999|
|Pages||: 189 pages|
Introductory remarks of the chair; IITA's commitment to biological control; The challenge os sustainable agriculture in Africa; The biological control program of IITA: from concept to reality; Major arthropd pests of food and industrial crops of Africa and their economic importance; Integrated pest management vs systems management; Biological control in the context of systems management; Organization and management constraints in the development and implementation of sustainable pest control in Africa; Economics of sustainable pest control; Assistance needed by national institutions in developing sustainable pest management capacity; Identifying pest problems in relation to implementing biological control in Africa; Problems and issues in managing and rearing natural enemies; Relevant research activities in support of sustainable pest management; Development of technologies in support of contemporary biological control; Evaluating the impact of biological control measures; Appropriate support for national programs: training, research, administration, and funding; Constraints confronting national biological control programs; Present possibilities for biological control of insect pests ans weeds in Africa; Introducing the International Organization for Biological Control of noxious animals and plant - IOBC; Recommendations for implementing future biological control in Africa.
|Author||: Akshay Kumar Chakravarthy,Shakunthala Sridhara|
|Release Date||: 2016-10-20|
|ISBN 10||: 9811015244|
|Pages||: 422 pages|
Arthropods are invertebrates that constitute over 90% of the animal kingdom, and their bio-ecology is closely linked with global functioning and survival. Arthropods play an important role in maintaining the health of ecosystems, provide livelihoods and nutrition to human communities, and are important indicators of environmental change. Yet the population trends of several arthropods species show them to be in decline. Arthropods constitute a dominant group with 1.2 million species influencing earth’s biodiversity. Among arthropods, insects are predominant, with ca. 1 million species and having evolved some 350 million years ago. Arthropods are closely associated with living and non-living entities alike, making the ecosystem services they provide crucially important. In order to be effective, plans for the conservation of arthropods and ecosystems should include a mixture of strategies like protecting key habitats and genomic studies to formulate relevant policies for in situ and ex situ conservation. This two-volume book focuses on capturing the essentials of arthropod inventories, biology, and conservation. Further, it seeks to identify the mechanisms by which arthropod populations can be sustained in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, and by means of which certain problematic species be managed without producing harmful environmental side-effects. This edited compilation includes chapters contributed by over 80 biologists on a wide range of topics embracing the diversity, distribution, utility and conservation of arthropods and select groups of insect taxa. More importantly, it describes in detail the mechanisms of sustaining arthropod ecosystems, services and populations. It addresses the contribution of modern biological tools such as molecular and genetic techniques regulating gene expression, as well as conventional, indigenous practices in arthropod conservation. The contributors reiterate the importance of documenting and understanding the biology of arthropods from a holistic perspective before addressing conservation issues at large. This book offers a valuable resource for all zoologists, entomologists, ecologists, conservation biologists, policy makers, teachers and students interested in the conservation of biological resources.
Insects and Wildlife: Arthropods and their Relationships with Wild Vertebrate Animals provides a comprehensive overview of the interrelationships of insects and wildlife. It serves as an introduction to insects and other arthropods for wildlife management and other vertebrate biology students, and emphasizes the importance of insects to wild vertebrate animals. The book emphasizes how insects exert important influences on wildlife habitat suitability and wildlife population sustainability, including their direct and indirect effects on wildlife health. Among the important topics covered are: the importance of insects as food items for vertebrate animals; the role of arthropods as determinants of ecosystem health and productivity; the ability of arthropods to transmit disease-causing agents; an overview of representative disease-causing agents transmitted by arthropods; arthropods as pests and parasites of vertebrates; the hazards to wildlife associated with using using pesticides to protect against insect damage; insect management using techniques other than pesticides; the importance of insect conservation and how insects influence wildlife conservation.