Fibres are used both for traditional textile applications as well as in advanced technical structures. Understanding the fatigue processes in these fibres can suggest ways of eliminating or reducing the probability of unforeseen failures. This book addresses key aspects of fatigue failure in textile fibres. Part one explains the different types of fatigue failure in textiles such as tensile, torsional and flex fatigue. It describes the mechanisms of each type of fatigue and illustrates the kinds of fatigue failure that can occur. Part two moves on to explain the factors that can affect fatigue life and fatigue behaviour. It underlines the relationship that fatigue has with the environment and looks at testing and modelling fatigue in such areas as polymer matrices. Chapters relate actual fibre fatigue failures to those of laboratory tests and the way they influence mathematical modelling to predict potential failure. With an international range of contributors Fatigue failure of textile fibres is key reading for textile engineers, academics, textile technologists, fibre scientists and all those concerned with the topic of fatigue failure in textiles and textile-based assemblies. Addresses key aspects of fatigue failure in textile fibres including tensile, flex and torsional fatigue Examines factors that can effect fatigue life and fatigue behaviour including textile processing and environmental factors
Based on over 25 years of research at the University of Manchester Institute of Science & Technology, this book contains more than 1,500 scanning electron micrographs and other pictures, offering a unique collection of documentary information. The explanatory text presents fiber and polymer scientists an explanation of fracture mechanisms and outlines way to maximize textile life span, enabling textile technologists and design engineers to manufacture improved textile products, and helping forensic scientists to identify cause of failure.
Fatigue of Textile Composites provides a current, state-of-art review on recent investigations on the fatigue behavior of composite materials, mainly those reinforced with textiles. As this particular group of composite materials is extremely important for a wide variety of industrial applications, including automotive, aeronautical, and marine, etc., mainly due to their peculiarities and advantages with respect to unidirectional laminated composites, the text presents comprehensive information on the huge variety of interlacement geometric architectures that are suitable for a broad range of different applications, their excellent drapability and versatility, which is highly important for complex double-curvature shape components and three-dimensional woven fabrics without plane reinforcement, and their main mechanical characteristics which are currently in high demand from industry. Presents the current state-of-the-art investigations on fatigue behavior of composite materials, mainly those reinforced with textiles Contains invaluable information pertaining to a wide variety of industries, including automotive, aeronautical, and marine, amongst others Provides comprehensive information on the huge variety of interlacement geometric architectures that are suitable for a broad range of different applications
First published in 1962, and now in its fourth edition, Physical properties of textile fibres has become a classic, providing the standard reference on key aspects of fibre performance. The new edition has been substantially reorganised and revised to reflect new research. After introductory chapters on fibre structure, testing and sampling, the book reviews key fibre properties, their technical significance, factors affecting these properties and measurement issues. Each chapter covers both natural and synthetic fibres, including high-performance fibres. The book first reviews properties such as fineness, length and density. It then considers thermal properties and reaction to moisture. A further group of chapters then reviews tensile properties, thermo-mechanical responses, fibre breakage and fatigue. Finally, the book discusses dielectric properties, electrical resistance and static, optical properties and fibre friction. Written by one of the world’s leading authorities, the fourth edition of Physical properties of textile fibres consolidates its reputation as a standard work both for those working in the textile industry and those teaching and studying textile science. A standard reference on key aspects of fibre performance An essential read and reference for textile technologists, fibre scientists, textile engineers and those in academia Provides substantial updated material on fibre structure and new test methods, data and theories regarding properties of textile fibres
|Author||: A. R. Bunsell|
|Publisher||: Woodhead Publishing|
|Release Date||: 2018-01-02|
|ISBN 10||: 008101886X|
|Pages||: 1052 pages|
Handbook of Properties of Textile and Technical Fibres, Second Edition introduces tensile properties and failure and testing of fibers, also examining tensile properties and the failure of natural fibers, such as cotton, hemp, flax, agave, wool and silk. Next, the book discusses the tensile properties and failure of synthetic fibers, ranging from polyamide, polyester, polyethylene and carbon fibers. Chapters provide a general background of the fiber, including its manufacture, microstructure, factors that affect tensile properties and methods to improve tensile failure. With its distinguished editor and international contributors, this book is an important reference for fiber scientists, textile technologists, engineers and academics. Offers up-to-date coverage of new and advanced materials for the fiber and textile industries Reviews structure-property relationships of high-performance natural, synthetic polymer and inorganic fibers Offers a range of perspectives on the tensile properties of fibers from an international team of authors with diverse expertise in academic research and in textile development and manufacture
|Author||: Valter Carvelli,Atul Jain,Stepan Lomov|
|Publisher||: John Wiley & Sons|
|Release Date||: 2017-05-01|
|ISBN 10||: 1786300214|
|Pages||: 212 pages|
This book covers several aspects of the fatigue behavior of textile and short fiber reinforced composites. The first part is dedicated to 2D and 3D reinforced textile composites and includes a systematic description of the damage evolution for quasi-static and tensile-tensile fatigue loadings. Acoustic emissions and digital image correlation are considered in order to detect the damage modes’ initiation and development. The acoustic emission thresholds of the quasi-static loading are connected to the “fatigue limit” of the materials with distinctions for glass and carbon reinforcements. The second part is devoted to the fatigue behavior of injection molded short fiber reinforced composites. Experimental evidence highlights the dependence of their fatigue response on various factors: fiber and matrix materials, fiber distribution, environmental and loading conditions are described. A hybrid (experimental/simulations) multi-scale method is presented, which drastically reduces the amount of experimental data necessary for reliable fatigue life predictions.
|Author||: A. R. Bunsell|
|Release Date||: 2009-10-19|
|ISBN 10||: 1845696808|
|Pages||: 696 pages|
Fibres usually experience tensile loads whether they are used for apparel or technical structures. Their form, which is long and fine, makes them some of the strongest materials available as well as very flexible. This book provides a concise and authoritative overview of tensile behaviour of a wide range of both natural and synthetic fibres used both in textiles and high performance materials. After preliminary chapters that introduce the reader to tensile properties, failure and testing of fibres, the book is split into two parts. Part one examines tensile properties and failure of natural fibres, such as cotton, hemp, wool and silk. Part two discusses the tensile properties and failure of synthetic fibres ranging from polyamide, polyester and polyethylene fibres to carbon fibres. Many chapters also provide a general background to the fibre, including the manufacture, microstructure, factors that affect tensile properties as well as methods to improve tensile failure. With its distinguished editor and array of international contributors, Handbook of tensile properties of textile and technical fibres is an important reference for fibre scientists, textile technologists and engineers, as well as those in academia. Provides an overview of tensile behaviour of a wide range of both natural and synthetic fibres Examines tensile characterisitics, tensile failure of textiles fibres and factors that affect tensile properties Discusses mircostructures and each type of fibre from manufacture to finished product
Encyclopedic in scope, this is the foremost guide and reference to the structure and physical properties of textile fibers. It covers in detail all physical properties relevant to natural and synthetic textile fibers. A 73-page foundation chapter provides a thorough introduction to fiber structure, followed by separate chapters on each of 25 physical properties. Each of these chapters provides a detailed examination of basis in theory, practical considerations in applications, experimental techniques and findings. Two chapters added to this third edition cover high performance fibers, and flex fatigue and other forms of failure The 738-page text is illustrated by more than 500 photographs, micrographs, diagrams and other schematics. The text is supplemented by more than 100 tables and graphs providing properties and performance data in convenient form.