evolution of vulnerability

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Evolution of Vulnerability
Author : David C. Geary
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2015-07-28
ISBN 10 : 0128017473
Pages : 444 pages
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Biologists have known for decades that many traits involved in competition for mates or other resources and that influence mate choice are exaggerated, and their expression is influenced by the individuals’ ability to tolerate a variety of environmental and social stressors. Evolution of Vulnerability applies this concept of heightened sensitivity to humans for a host of physical, social, psychological, cognitive, and brain traits. By reframing the issue entirely, renowned evolutionary psychologist David C. Geary demonstrates this principle can be used to identify children, adolescents, or populations at risk for poor long-term outcomes and identify specific traits in each sex and at different points in development that are most easily disrupted by exposure to stressors. Evolution of Vulnerability begins by reviewing the expansive literature on traits predicted to show sex-specific sensitivity to environmental and social stressors, and details the implications for better assessing and understanding the consequences of exposure to these stressors. Next, the book reviews sexual selection—mate competition and choice—and the mechanisms involved in the evolution of condition dependent traits and the stressors that can undermine their development and expression, such as poor early nutrition and health, parasites, social stress, and exposure to man-made toxins. Then it reviews condition dependent traits (physical, behavioral, cognitive, and brain) in birds, fish, insects, and mammals to demonstrate the ubiquity of these traits in nature. The focus then turns to humans and covers sex-specific vulnerabilities in children and adults for physical traits, social behavior, psychological wellbeing, and brain and cognitive traits. The sensitivity of these traits is related to exposure to parasites, poor nutrition, social maltreatment, environmental toxins, chemotherapy, and Alzheimer’s disease, among others. The book concludes with an implications chapter that outlines how to better assess vulnerabilities in children and adults and how to more fully understand how, why, and when in development some types of environmental and social stressors are particularly harmful to humans. Describes evolved sex differences, providing predictions on the traits that will show sex-specific vulnerabilities Presents an extensive review of condition-dependent traits in non-human species, greatly expanding existing reviews published in scientific journals, and more critically, extending these to humans Applies condition-dependent traits to humans to identify children, adolescents, or populations at risk for poor long-term outcomes

Exam Prep for: Evolution of Vulnerability
Author : N.A
Publisher : N.A
Release Date :
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 329 pages
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The Evolution of Risk and Vulnerability in Greater Jakarta
Author : Saut Sagala
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2013
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 18 pages
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Evolution of a Small Open Emerging Economy's External Vulnerability
Author : Gastón Chaumont,Markus Kirchner
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2013
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 54 pages
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Evolution in Health and Disease
Author : Stephen C. Stearns,Jacob C. Koella
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release Date : 2007-11-22
ISBN 10 : 9780199207466
Pages : 400 pages
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In this fully revised and updated edition, the editors have integrated a completely new set of contributions from the leading researchers in the field to describe the latest research in evolutionary medicine, providing a fresh summary of this rapidly expanding field 10 years after its predecessor was first compiled. It continues to adopt a broad approach to the subject, drawing on medically relevant research from evolutionary genetics, human behavioural ecology, evolutionary microbiology (especially experimental evolution of virulence and resistance), the evolution of aging and degenerative disease, and other aspects of biology or medicine where evolutionary approaches make important contributions. Evolution in Health and Disease describes how evolutionary thinking gives valuable insights and fresh perspectives into human health and disease, establishing evolutionary biology as an essential complementary science for medicine. Integrating evolutionary thought into medical research and practice helps to explain the origins of many medical conditions, including diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular disease, asthma, allergies, other autoimmune diseases, and aging. It also provides life-saving insights into the evolutionary responses of pathogens to antibiotics, vaccinations, and other human interventions. Why do we grow old? How can we stay healthy as we age? The book discusses these and many other fascinating questions, as well as suggesting exciting possibilities for future treatment and research. This research level text is suitable for graduate level students and researchers in the fields of evolutionary (Darwinian) medicine, evolutionary biology, anthropology, developmental biology and genetics. It will also be of relevance and use to medical researchers and doctors.

Chile: Annexes
Author : N.A
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 1997
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 329 pages
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Vulnerability
Author : Dr Anna Grear,Professor Martha Albertson Fineman
Publisher : Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Release Date : 2014-01-28
ISBN 10 : 1472421655
Pages : 236 pages
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This book draws together major British and American scholars who present different perspectives on the concept of vulnerability and Fineman's ‘vulnerability thesis’. The collection demonstrates the broad and intellectually exciting potential of vulnerability as a theoretical foundation for legal and political engagements with a range of urgent contemporary challenges. Exploring ways in which vulnerability might provide a new ethical foundation for law and politics, it is of interest to the general reader, as well as academics and students in fields such as jurisprudence, philosophy, legal theory, political theory, feminist theory, and ethics.

Integrative Approaches to Human Health and Evolution
Author : Timothy G. Bromage,Emiliano Aguirre,Anxo Vidal,Alejandro Perez-Ochoa
Publisher : Elsevier Science Health Science Division
Release Date : 2006
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 178 pages
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Contained in this book are the proceedings of the Fundacion Ramon Areces International Symposium, concerning research in human health and evolution subject areas. Their combined study represents not only scientific balance, but also the potential for profound novel insights on the human condition."

The Theoretical Evolution of International Political Economy
Author : George T. Crane,Abla Amawi
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release Date : 1991
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 302 pages
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This collection of twenty-three seminal readings in international political economy charts the historical and theoretical evolution of the field. Bringing together classic works and leading contemporary arguments, the book outlines the development of three schools of IPE thought: Liberalism, Marxism, and Realism. Recent syntheses of these approaches are also included to show how conventional theoretical categories are giving way to more eclectic conceptual schemes. The readings range from the eighteenth century to the present day and include works by Alexander Hamilton, Friedrich List, David Ricardo, Adam Smith, Lenin, Karl Marx, Richard Cooper, Robert O. Keohane, Joseph S. Nye, Theotonio Dos Santos, Christopher Chase-Dunn, Robert Gilpin, Peter Katzenstein, Mancur Olson, Richard Zeckhauser, Bruon Frey, Immanuel Wallerstein, Donald J. Puchala, Raymond F. Hopkins, and Stephen Krasner. Providing many of the most frequently cited IPE references in a single volume, The Theoretical Evolution Of International Political Economy will be a valuable resource for students and teachers of international relations and international economics.

Schizophrenia Bulletin
Author : N.A
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 1987
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 329 pages
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Evolution of Sickness and Healing
Author : Horacio Fabrega
Publisher : Univ of California Press
Release Date : 1999-01-01
ISBN 10 : 9780520219533
Pages : 364 pages
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"Establishing a theoretical base and framework for future studies in this new field of 'medical evolution,' the book is important and will be read and referred back to for years to come."--Frederick L. Dunn, University of California, San Francisco "Establishing a theoretical base and framework for future studies in this new field of 'medical evolution,' the book is important and will be read and referred back to for years to come."--Frederick L. Dunn, University of California, San Francisco

The Vulnerable Aged
Author : Zev Harel,Phyllis Ehrlich
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 1990
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 318 pages
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Papers from a conference on the title topic, held at Cleveland State U., April 1988, provide scientific and professional definitions of vulnerability in the aged and select examples of vulnerable populations. They also offer conceptual discussions and empirical data on personal, social, societal, and environmental determinants, as well as consequences of vulnerability. Acidic paper. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR