ethical considerations when preparing a clinical research protocol

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Ethical Considerations When Preparing a Clinical Research Protocol
Author : Evan DeRenzo,Eric A. Singer,Joel Moss
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-07-10
ISBN 10 : 0123869358
Pages : 370 pages
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Ethical Considerations When Preparing a Clinical Research Protocol, Second Edition, provides a foundation for improving skills in the understanding of ethical requirements in the design and conduct of clinical research. It includes practical information on ethical principles in clinical research, how to design appropriate research studies, how to consent and assent documents, how to get protocols approved, special populations, confidentiality issues, and the reporting of adverse events. The book's valuable appendix includes a listing of web resources about research ethics, along with a glossary, making it an invaluable resource for scientists collaborating in clinical trials, physician investigators, clinical research fellows, and more. Walks investigators and trainees through the identification of the ethical aspects of each section of a clinical research protocol Includes case histories that illustrate key points Contains information on conducting clinical research within the pharmaceutical industry Includes internet resources and worldwide web addresses for important research ethics documents and regulations Contains a chapter on Study Design and Methodology that is purposely expanded to explicitly address biostatistical considerations

Writing Clinical Research Protocols
Author : Evan DeRenzo,Joel Moss
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2005-09-08
ISBN 10 : 9780080454207
Pages : 320 pages
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This highly engaging guide for clinical researchers provides a foundation for improving skills in the understanding of ethical requirements in the design and conduct of clinical research. Writing Clinical Research Protocols includes practical information on ethical principles in clinical research, designing appropriate research studies, writing consent and assent documents, getting protocols approved, special populations, confidentiality issues, and the reporting of adverse events. A valuable appendix includes a listing of web resources about research ethics as well as a glossary. This is an invaluable resource for basic scientists collaborating in clinical trials, physician investigators, clinical research fellows, research nurse coordinators, residents, and anyone who wants a better understanding of the clinical trials process. Walks investigators and trainees through identification of the ethical aspects of each section of a clinical research protocol Includes a chapter containing Case Histories Contains information on conducting clinical research within the pharmaceutical industry An appendix includes internet resources and world wide web addresses for important research ethics documents and regulations Chapter on 'Study Design and Methodology' purposely expanded to explicitly address biostatistical considerations

Ethical and Regulatory Aspects of Clinical Research
Author : Ezekiel J. Emanuel,Chair of the Department of Clinical Bioethics Ezekiel J Emanuel,Christine Grady,The Poynter Center for the Study of Ethics and American Institutions Robert A Crouch,Robert A. Crouch,John D. Arras,David and Lyn Silfen University Professor Jonathan D Moreno, PhD,Jonathan D. Moreno
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2003
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 490 pages
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Professionals in need of such training and bioethicists will be interested.

Principles and Practice of Clinical Research
Author : John I. Gallin,Frederick P. Ognibene
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2007
ISBN 10 : 9780123694409
Pages : 430 pages
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The second edition of this innovative work again provides a unique perspective on the clinical discovery process by providing input from experts within the NIH on the principles and practice of clinical research. Molecular medicine, genomics, and proteomics have opened vast opportunities for translation of basic science observations to the bedside through clinical research. As an introductory reference it gives clinical investigators in all fields an awareness of the tools required to ensure research protocols are well designed and comply with the rigorous regulatory requirements necessary to maximize the safety of research subjects. Complete with sections on the history of clinical research and ethics, copious figures and charts, and sample documents it serves as an excellent companion text for any course on clinical research and as a must-have reference for seasoned researchers. *Incorporates new chapters on Managing Conflicts of Interest in Human Subjects Research, Clinical Research from the Patient's Perspective, The Clinical Researcher and the Media, Data Management in Clinical Research, Evaluation of a Protocol Budget, Clinical Research from the Industry Perspective, and Genetics in Clinical Research *Addresses the vast opportunities for translation of basic science observations to the bedside through clinical research *Delves into data management and addresses how to collect data and use it for discovery *Contains valuable, up-to-date information on how to obtain funding from the federal government

The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics
Author : Ezekiel J. Emanuel,Christine C. Grady,Robert A. Crouch,Reidar K. Lie,Franklin G. Miller,David D. Wendler
Publisher : OUP USA
Release Date : 2011-02
ISBN 10 : 0199768633
Pages : 848 pages
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The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics is the first comprehensive and systematic reference on clinical research ethics. Under the editorship of experts from the U.S. National Institutes of Health of the United States, the book's 73 chapters offer a wide-ranging and systematic examination of all aspects of research with human beings. Considering the historical triumphs of research as well as its tragedies, the textbook provides a framework for analyzing the ethical aspects of research studies with human beings. Through both conceptual analysis and systematic reviews of empirical data, the contributors examine issues ranging from scientific validity, fair subject selection, risk benefit ratio, independent review, and informed consent to focused consideration of international research ethics, conflicts of interests, and other aspects of responsible conduct of research. The editors of The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics offer a work that critically assesses and advances scholarship in the field of human subjects research. Comprehensive in scope and depth, this book will be a crucial resource for researchers in the medical sciences, as well as teachers and students.

Ethical Conduct of Clinical Research Involving Children
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Clinical Research Involving Children
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2004-07-09
ISBN 10 : 9780309133388
Pages : 445 pages
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In recent decades, advances in biomedical research have helped save or lengthen the lives of children around the world. With improved therapies, child and adolescent mortality rates have decreased significantly in the last half century. Despite these advances, pediatricians and others argue that children have not shared equally with adults in biomedical advances. Even though we want children to benefit from the dramatic and accelerating rate of progress in medical care that has been fueled by scientific research, we do not want to place children at risk of being harmed by participating in clinical studies. Ethical Conduct of Clinical Research Involving Children considers the necessities and challenges of this type of research and reviews the ethical and legal standards for conducting it. It also considers problems with the interpretation and application of these standards and conduct, concluding that while children should not be excluded from potentially beneficial clinical studies, some research that is ethically permissible for adults is not acceptable for children, who usually do not have the legal capacity or maturity to make informed decisions about research participation. The book looks at the need for appropriate pediatric expertise at all stages of the design, review, and conduct of a research project to effectively implement policies to protect children. It argues persuasively that a robust system for protecting human research participants in general is a necessary foundation for protecting child research participants in particular.

Clinical Trial Methodology
Author : Karl E. Peace,Ding-Geng (Din) Chen
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2010-07-20
ISBN 10 : 9781584889182
Pages : 420 pages
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Now viewed as its own scientific discipline, clinical trial methodology encompasses the methods required for the protection of participants in a clinical trial and the methods necessary to provide a valid inference about the objective of the trial. Drawing from the authors’ courses on the subject as well as the first author’s more than 30 years working in the pharmaceutical industry, Clinical Trial Methodology emphasizes the importance of statistical thinking in clinical research and presents the methodology as a key component of clinical research. From ethical issues and sample size considerations to adaptive design procedures and statistical analysis, the book first covers the methodology that spans every clinical trial regardless of the area of application. Crucial to the generic drug industry, bioequivalence clinical trials are then discussed. The authors describe a parallel bioequivalence clinical trial of six formulations incorporating group sequential procedures that permit sample size re-estimation. The final chapters incorporate real-world case studies of clinical trials from the authors’ own experiences. These examples include a landmark Phase III clinical trial involving the treatment of duodenal ulcers and Phase III clinical trials that contributed to the first drug approved for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease. Aided by the U.S. FDA, the U.S. National Institutes of Health, the pharmaceutical industry, and academia, the area of clinical trial methodology has evolved over the last six decades into a scientific discipline. This guide explores the processes essential for developing and conducting a quality clinical trial protocol and providing quality data collection, biostatistical analyses, and a clinical study report, all while maintaining the highest standards of ethics and excellence.

Reviewing Clinical Trials
Author : Chinese University of Hong Kong,Chinese University of Hong Kong. Clinical Trials Centre,Washington, DC. Association for the Accreditation of Human research Protection Programs, Inc
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2010
ISBN 10 : 9789881904119
Pages : 153 pages
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The idea for this manual came from Pfizer in the US, which provided the Clinical Trials Centre at The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, PR China with a nonbinding grant for its development. The general project layout protocol was accepted by Pfizer in July 2009. Pfizer has not in any way interfered with the project, except for providing nonbinding comments to the final product. The entire text of this manual was written by Johan PE Karlberg. Marjorie A Speers provided considerable and essential comments on the contents and the first and subsequent drafts. A group of international human research protection experts mostly working in non-profit institutions or organisations - see Contributors for details - reviewed and provided important comments on the contents and final draft. It was solely created with the intention to promote human research protection of participants in clinical trials. This manual will be translated into numerous languages and is provided free of charge as an electronic file over the Internet (http://www.ClinicalTrialMagnifier.com) and offered in print for a fee. The objective beyond this project is to establish educational activities, developed around the manual, and jointly organised with leading academic institutions worldwide.

The Management of Clinical Trials
Author : Hesham Abdeldayem
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2018-06-06
ISBN 10 : 1789232384
Pages : 90 pages
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This concise book is addressed to researchers, clinical investigators, as well as practicing physicians and surgeons who are interested in the fields of clinical research and trials. It covers some important topics related to clinical trials including an introduction to clinical trials, some aspects concerning clinical trials in pediatric age group, and the unique aspects of the design of clinical trials on stem cell therapy.

Integrating Clinical Research into Epidemic Response
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Board on Global Health,Committee on Clinical Trials During the 2014-2015 Ebola Outbreak
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2017-07-26
ISBN 10 : 0309457769
Pages : 342 pages
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The 2014â€"2015 Ebola epidemic in western Africa was the longest and most deadly Ebola epidemic in history, resulting in 28,616 cases and 11,310 deaths in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. The Ebola virus has been known since 1976, when two separate outbreaks were identified in the Democratic Republic of Congo (then Zaire) and South Sudan (then Sudan). However, because all Ebola outbreaks prior to that in West Africa in 2014â€"2015 were relatively isolated and of short duration, little was known about how to best manage patients to improve survival, and there were no approved therapeutics or vaccines. When the World Heath Organization declared the 2014-2015 epidemic a public health emergency of international concern in August 2014, several teams began conducting formal clinical trials in the Ebola affected countries during the outbreak. Integrating Clinical Research into Epidemic Response: The Ebola Experience assesses the value of the clinical trials held during the 2014â€"2015 epidemic and makes recommendations about how the conduct of trials could be improved in the context of a future international emerging or re-emerging infectious disease events.

Ethical Challenges in Study Design and Informed Consent for Health Research in Resource-poor Settings
Author : Patricia A. Marshall,Patricia Loomis Marshall
Publisher : World Health Organization
Release Date : 2007
ISBN 10 : 9241563389
Pages : 79 pages
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This review considers ethical challenges to research design and informed consent in biomedical and behavioral studies conducted in resource-poor settings. A review of the literature explores relevant social, cultural, and ethical issues in the conduct of biomedical and social health research in developing countries. Ten case vignettes illustrate ethical challenges that arise in international research with culturally diverse populations. Recommendations for researchers and policy-makers concerned about ethical practices in multinational studies conducted in resource-poor settings are also listed.

Handbook for Good Clinical Research Practice (GCP)
Author : World Health Organization
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2005
ISBN 10 : 9789241593922
Pages : 125 pages
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Rheumatoid Arthritis E-Book
Author : Marc C. Hochberg,Alan J. Silman,Josef S. Smolen,Michael E. Weinblatt,Michael H. Weisman
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date : 2008-11-07
ISBN 10 : 0323071023
Pages : 464 pages
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First Prize, Orthopaedics and Rheumatology, BMA Awards 2009 This state-of-the-art reference provides current insights into the etiology, diagnosis and management of rheumatoid arthritis. Leading international authorities in RA examine all of the latest scientific and clinical developments in understanding and managing this challenging disease, including new concepts in pathogenesis, epidemiology, risk factors, imaging, clinical outcomes and treatment. It’s the guidance you need to offer optimal care to your patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Presents the work of leading international experts in rheumatoid arthritis for guidance you can trust. Provides the very latest understanding of the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis, including molecular pathways/mechanisms, and genetic and environmental factors that instigate and drive the disease. Includes comprehensive coverage of clinical features of rheumatoid arthritis including articular, peri-articular and extra-articular manifestations, comorbidities, and outcome measures—disease activity, joint assessment, imaging, and more—for expert diagnosis and monitoring of disease progression. Examines evidence-based treatment options—including traditional and biologic DMARDs and combination therapies—as well as promising therapies on the horizon, placing up-to-date guidance on disease modifying or disease controlling agents at your fingertips.

Safe and Effective Medicines for Children
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Pediatric Studies Conducted Under the Best Pharmaceuticals for Children Act (BPCA) and the Pediatric Research Equity Act (PREA)
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2012-10-13
ISBN 10 : 0309225493
Pages : 432 pages
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The Best Pharmaceuticals for Children Act (BPCA) and the Pediatric Research Equity Act (PREA) were designed to encourage more pediatric studies of drugs used for children. The FDA asked the IOM to review aspects of pediatric studies and changes in product labeling that resulted from BPCA and PREA and their predecessor policies, as well as assess the incentives for pediatric studies of biologics and the extent to which biologics have been studied in children. The IOM committee concludes that these policies have helped provide clinicians who care for children with better information about the efficacy, safety, and appropriate prescribing of drugs. The IOM suggests that more can be done to increase knowledge about drugs used by children and thereby improve the clinical care, health, and well-being of the nation's children.

Surviving Your Thesis
Author : Suzan Burton,Peter Steane
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release Date : 2004
ISBN 10 : 9780415322225
Pages : 254 pages
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For those undertaking a higher degree research qualification, 'How To Survive Your Thesis' describes clearly the challenges and complexities of successfully engaging in both the research process and thesis writing.

Rheumatology E-Book
Author : Marc C. Hochberg,Alan J. Silman,Josef S. Smolen,Michael E. Weinblatt,Michael H. Weisman
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date : 2014-06-16
ISBN 10 : 0702063037
Pages : 2112 pages
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Stay current in the ever-changing discipline of rheumatology with clear, reliable guidance from Hochberg’s Rheumatology, one of the most respected and trusted sources in the field. Designed to meet the needs of the practicing clinician, this medical reference book provides extensive, authoritative coverage of rheumatic diseases from basic scientific principles to practical points of clinical management in a lucid, logical, user-friendly manner. Track disease progression and treat patients more effectively with the information on genetic findings, imaging outcomes, cell and biologic therapies, rheumatoid arthritis, and SLE. Incorporate recent findings about pathogenesis of disease; imaging outcomes for specific diseases like RA, osteoarthritis, and spondyloarthropathies; cell and biologic therapies; and other timely topics. Remain up to date on the latest information in rheumatology through 13 brand-new chapters covering biomedical and translation science, disease and outcome assessment, new imaging modalities, early emerging disease, clinical therapeutics, patient management, and rehabilitation. Take advantage of expanded coverage of small molecule treatment, biologics, biomarkers, epigenetics, biosimilars, and cell-based therapies. Focus on the core knowledge needed for successful results with each chapter co-authored by an internationally-renowned specialist in the field. Easily find the information you need thanks to a consistent, user-friendly format with templated content and large-scale images.

Research Ethics in Africa
Author : Mariana Kruger,Paul Ndebele,Lyn Horn
Publisher : AFRICAN SUN MeDIA
Release Date : 2014-06-01
ISBN 10 : 1920689303
Pages : 224 pages
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The aim of this book is to provide research ethics committee members with a resource that focuses on research ethics issues in Africa. The authors are currently active in various aspects of research ethics in Africa and the majority have been trained in the past by either the Fogarty International Center or Europe and Developing Countries Clinical Trial Partnership (EDCTP) sponsored bioethics training programmes .

Current Topics in Public Health
Author : Alfonso J. Rodriguez-Morales
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2013-05-15
ISBN 10 : 9535111213
Pages : 744 pages
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Public Health is regarded as the basis and cornerstone of health, generally and in medicine. Defined as the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting health through the organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities and individuals, this discipline has been renewed by the incorporation of multiple actors, professions, knowledge areas and it has also been impacted and promoted by multiple technologies, particularly - the information technology. As a changing field of knowledge, Public Health requires evidence-based information and regular updates. Current Topics in Public Health presents updated information on multiple topics related to actual areas of interest in this growing and exciting medical science, with the conception and philosophy that we are working to improve the health of the population, rather than treating diseases of individual patients, taking decisions about collective health care that are based on the best available, current, valid and relevant evidence, and finally within the context of available resources. With participation of authors from multiple countries, many from developed and developing ones, this book offers a wide geographical perspective. Finally, all these characteristics make this book an excellent update on many subjects of world public health.

Clinical Trial Methodology
Author : Karl E. Peace,Ding-Geng (Din) Chen
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2010-07-20
ISBN 10 : 9781584889182
Pages : 420 pages
GET BOOK!

Now viewed as its own scientific discipline, clinical trial methodology encompasses the methods required for the protection of participants in a clinical trial and the methods necessary to provide a valid inference about the objective of the trial. Drawing from the authors’ courses on the subject as well as the first author’s more than 30 years working in the pharmaceutical industry, Clinical Trial Methodology emphasizes the importance of statistical thinking in clinical research and presents the methodology as a key component of clinical research. From ethical issues and sample size considerations to adaptive design procedures and statistical analysis, the book first covers the methodology that spans every clinical trial regardless of the area of application. Crucial to the generic drug industry, bioequivalence clinical trials are then discussed. The authors describe a parallel bioequivalence clinical trial of six formulations incorporating group sequential procedures that permit sample size re-estimation. The final chapters incorporate real-world case studies of clinical trials from the authors’ own experiences. These examples include a landmark Phase III clinical trial involving the treatment of duodenal ulcers and Phase III clinical trials that contributed to the first drug approved for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease. Aided by the U.S. FDA, the U.S. National Institutes of Health, the pharmaceutical industry, and academia, the area of clinical trial methodology has evolved over the last six decades into a scientific discipline. This guide explores the processes essential for developing and conducting a quality clinical trial protocol and providing quality data collection, biostatistical analyses, and a clinical study report, all while maintaining the highest standards of ethics and excellence.

Planning and Designing Clinical Research
Author : S.B. Martins,W.A. Zin
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-04-18
ISBN 10 : 8847029198
Pages : 48 pages
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This manuscript is an introduction to the design and planning of clinical research. Practical issues are covered with a theoretical background. The refinement of a research question, searching and critically appraising the literature and management of references are discussed. Ethical concerns are raised throughout the development of the study protocol. Study designs are described and special emphasis is given to writing a protocol of a clinical trial. Sample selection and recruitment, variable measurement, randomization, follow up, statistical analysis, sample size and bias are covered. Tips on how to successfully write and publish the research report are provided.