Essential Enzyme Kinetics: A Textbook for Molecular Life Scientists describes the theoretical basis and best-practice approaches for using initial-rate, fast reaction, and kinetic isotope effect experiments to define enzyme catalysis. Because a detailed knowledge of enzyme transition-states is the main driver for the rational design of slow, tight-binding inhibitors destined to become tomorrow's small-molecule drugs, Essential Enzyme Kinetics is the must-have reference for chemists, biochemists, and pharmacologists intent on pursuing careers in Big Pharma. Given the interdisciplinary nature of contemporary drug development, this book provides a lucid short-course that will also benefit nonspecialists seeking to understand the scope and reach of modern enzyme kinetics. Provides practical information about how to work with enzymes and design experiments to identify new inhibitors or activators Includes detailed step-by-step derivations of rate equations, showing tried-and-true ways to confirm that the equations obtained are correct Arranged for use both as a desk reference (with over 200 equations and more than 400 key references) or as a textbook (with 8-10 problems/exercises at the end of each chapter)
Now in its fourth edition, this textbook is one of the few titles worldwide to cover enzyme kinetics in its entire scope and the only one to include its implications for bioinformatics and systems biology. Multi-enzyme complexes and cooperativity are therefore treated in more detail than in any other textbook on the market. The respected and well known author is one of the most experienced researchers into the topic and writes with outstanding style and didactic clarity. As with the previous editions, he presents here steady-state kinetics and fast reactions, supplementing each chapter with problems and solutions. For the first time, this edition features a companion website providing all figures in colour www.wiley-vch.de/home/fundenzykinet
Principles of Enzyme Kinetics discusses the principles of enzyme kinetics at an intermediate level. It is primarily written for first-year research students in enzyme kinetics. The book is composed of 10 chapters. Chapter 1 provides the basic principles of enzyme kinetics with a brief discussion of dimensional analysis. Subsequent chapters cover topics on the essential characteristics of steady-state kinetics, temperature dependence, methods for deriving steady-state rate equations, and control of enzyme activity. Integrated rate equations, and introductions to the study of fast reactions and the statistical aspects of enzyme kinetics are provided as well. Chemists and biochemists will find the book invaluable.
Few scientists have the knowledge to perform the studies that are necessary to discover and characterize enzyme inhibitors, despite the vested interest the pharmaceutical industry has in this field. Beginning with the most basic principles pertaining to simple, one-substrate enzyme reactions and their inhibitors, and progressing to a thorough treatment of two-substrate enzymes, Kinetics of Enzyme Action: Essential Principles for Drug Hunters provides biochemists, medicinal chemists, and pharmaceutical scientists with numerous case study examples to outline the tools and techniques necessary to perform, understand, and interpret detailed kinetic studies for drug discovery.
Far more than a comprehensive treatise on initial-rate and fast-reaction kinetics, this one-of-a-kind desk reference places enzyme science in the fuller context of the organic, inorganic, and physical chemical processes occurring within enzyme active sites. Drawing on 2600 references, Enzyme Kinetics: Catalysis & Control develops all the kinetic tools needed to define enzyme catalysis, spanning the entire spectrum (from the basics of chemical kinetics and practical advice on rate measurement, to the very latest work on single-molecule kinetics and mechanoenzyme force generation), while also focusing on the persuasive power of kinetic isotope effects, the design of high-potency drugs, and the behavior of regulatory enzymes. Historical analysis of kinetic principles including advanced enzyme science Provides both theoretical and practical measurements tools Coverage of single molecular kinetics Examination of force generation mechanisms Discussion of organic and inorganic enzyme reactions
Essentials of Enzymology provides concise information on an important area of the subject, Biochemistry. This may serve as course material for an advanced treatise in Enzymology designed for undergraduate science degree programs, especially B.Sc. (Hons ) Biochemistry and Chemistry. The book is in 12 chapters which has been divided into four distinct sections, thus (1) Basic enzyme chemistry and physiology. (2) Enzyme Kinetics, (3) Enzyme catalysis, Mechanisms and Regulation,(4)Applications of Enzymology. The Part 1 consists of four chapters that deal with the nature of enzymes- (history, properties and classifi cation), enzyme physiology; structure of enzymes, and analytical enzymology. Part 2 deals with Enzyme Kinetics which is treated in three chapters, and Part 3, made up of three chapters discuss Enzyme catalysis, mechanisms and regulation. Lastly, Part 4 consisting of two chapters deal with the applications of enzymology. Signifi cantly, the kinetics of enzyme catalyzed reactions in diverse experimental conditions, and also under various inhibition types are presented in a simple, mathematical lucid approach. The mechanisms of action for two atypical proteins-chymotrypsin and lysozyme, so also the identifi cation of active sites of enzymes by specifi c labels are discussed concisely. Lastly, the specifi c applications of enzymes in diagnostic medicine, industry, and also the new emerging area of enzyme biotechnology and enzyme bioinformatics are presented
We live in the age of science-the human and numerous other living beings' genomes have been sequenced and we are beginning to understand the capacity of the metabolic machinery responsible for life on our planet. A huge number of new genes have been discovered, a significant number of these coding for enzymes of yet obscure capacity. Understanding the kinetic behavior of an enzyme provides clues to its possible physiological role. From a biotechnological perspective, knowledge of the reactant properties of an enzyme is required for the design of immobilized enzyme-based modern processes. Biotransformations are of key importance to the pharmaceutical and sustenance industries, and knowledge of the reactant properties of enzymes, essential. This book is tied in with understanding the principles of enzyme kinetics and knowing how to use mathematical models to describe the reactant capacity of an enzyme. Coverage of the material is in no way, shape or form exhaustive. There exist many books on enzyme kinetics that offer intensive, in-depth treatises of the subject. Intracellular and extracellular physiological cascades are regulated by initiation and hindrance of different enzymes involved in these pathways. Investigating and understanding the mechanism of enzyme hindrance has become the premise of development of pharmaceutical agents. Organically active regular and synthetic inhibitors have been developed and special emphasis has been placed on investigations that define their structure-work relationships in an effort to understand the inception of their natural properties. A powerful complement to the assessment of these agents is the preparation and subsequent examination of key fractional structures, deep-seated auxiliary adjustments and the corresponding unnatural enantiomers of characteristic items. We sincerely hope that this book will represent an element in the tool kit of graduate students in applied science and chemical and biochemical engineering and furthermore of undergraduate students with formal preparing in natural chemistry, biochemistry, thermodynamics and chemical reaction kinetics.
Selected Methods in Enzymology: Contemporary Enzyme Kinetics and Mechanism provides an introduction to enzyme kinetics and mechanism at an intermediate level. This book covers a variety of topics, including temperature effects in enzyme kinetics, cryoenzymology, substrate inhibition, enol intermediates enzymology, and heavy-atom isotope effects. Organized into 19 chapters, this book begins with an overview of derivation of rate equations as an integral part of the effective usage of kinetics as a tool. This text then examines the practical aspects of initial rate enzyme assay. Other chapters consider the basic procedures used in making decisions concerning kinetic mechanisms from initial-rate data. This book discusses as well the various aspects of both the theoretical background and the applications. The final chapter deals with the importance of achieving proficiency in formulating quantitative relationships describing enzyme behavior. This book is a valuable resource for students and research workers. Enzymologists and chemists will also find this book useful.
Over the recent years, medicinal chemistry has become responsible for explaining interactions of chemical molecule processes such that many scientists in the life sciences from agronomy to medicine are engaged in medicinal research. This book contains an overview focusing on the research area of enzyme inhibitor and activator, enzyme-catalyzed biotransformation, usage of microbial enzymes, enzymes associated with programmed cell death, natural products as potential enzyme inhibitors, protease inhibitors from plants in insect pest management, peptidases, and renin-angiotensin system. The book provides an overview on basic issues and some of the recent developments in medicinal science and technology. Especially, emphasis is devoted to both experimental and theoretical aspect of modern medicine. The primary target audience for the book includes students, researchers, chemists, molecular biologists, medical doctors, pharmacologists, and professionals who are interested in associated areas. The textbook is written by international scientists with expertise in biochemistry, enzymology, molecular biology, and genetics, many of which are active in biochemical and pharmacological research. I would like to acknowledge the authors for their contribution to the book. We hope that the textbook will enhance the knowledge of scientists in the complexities of some medical approaches; it will stimulate both professionals and students to dedicate part of their future research in understanding relevant mechanisms and applications of pharmacology.
Bridging the gap between basic and clinical science concepts, the Textbook of Veterinary Physiological Chemistry, Third Edition offers broad coverage of biochemical principles for students and practitioners of veterinary medicine. The only recent biochemistry book written specifically for the veterinary field, this text covers cellular-level concepts related to whole-body physiologic processes in a reader-friendly, approachable manner. Each chapter is written in a succinct and concise style that includes an overview summary section, numerous illustrations for best comprehension of the subject matter, targeted learning objectives, and end of the chapter study questions to assess understanding. With new illustrations and an instructor website with updated PowerPoint images, the Textbook of Veterinary Physiological Chemistry, Third Edition, proves useful to students and lecturers from diverse educational backgrounds. Sectional exams and case studies, new to this edition, extend the breadth and depth of learning resources. Provides newly developed case studies that demonstrate practical application of concepts Presents comprehensive sectional exams for self-assessment Delivers instructor website with updated PowerPoint images and lecture slides to enhance teaching and learning Employs a succinct communication style in support of quick comprehension
The kinetic mechanisms by which enzymes interact with inhibitors and activators, collectively called modifiers, are scrutinized and ranked taxonomically into autonomous species in a way similar to that used in the biological classification of plants and animals. The systematization of the mechanisms is based on two fundamental characters: the allosteric linkage between substrate and modifier and the factor by which a modifier affects the catalytic constant of the enzyme. Combinations of the physically significant states of these two characters in an ancestor-descendant-like fashion reveal the existence of seventeen modes of interaction that cover the needs of total, partial and fine-tuning modulation of enzyme activity. These interactions comprise five linear and five hyperbolic inhibition mechanisms, five nonessential activation mechanisms and two hybrid species that manifest either hyperbolic inhibition or nonessential activation characteristics depending on substrate concentration. Five essential activation mechanisms, which are taxonomically independent of the mentioned basic species, complete the inventory of enzyme modifiers. Often masked under conventional umbrella terms or treated as anomalous cases, all seventeen basic inhibition and nonessential activation mechanisms are represented in the biochemical and pharmacological literature of this and the past century, either in the form of rapid or slow-onset reversible interactions, or as irreversible modification processes. The full potential of enzyme inhibitors and activators can only be appreciated after elucidating the details of their kinetic mechanisms of action exploring the entire range of physiologically significant reactant concentrations. This book highlights the wide spectrum of allosteric enzyme modification in physiological occurrences as well as in pharmacological and biotechnological applications that embrace simple and multiple enzyme-modifier interactions. The reader is guided in the journey through this still partly uncharted territory with the aid of mechanistically-oriented criteria aimed at showing the logical way towards the identification of a particular mechanism.
This enzymology textbook for graduate and advanced undergraduate students covers the syllabi of most universities where this subject is regularly taught. It focuses on the synchrony between the two broad mechanistic facets of enzymology: the chemical and the kinetic, and also highlights the synergy between enzyme structure and mechanism. Designed for self-study, it explains how to plan enzyme experiments and subsequently analyze the data collected. The book is divided into five major sections: 1] Introduction to enzymes, 2] Practical aspects, 3] Kinetic Mechanisms, 4] Chemical Mechanisms, and 5] Enzymology Frontiers. Individual concepts are treated as stand-alone chapters; readers can explore any single concept with minimal cross-referencing to the rest of the book. Further, complex approaches requiring specialized techniques and involved experimentation (beyond the reach of an average laboratory) are covered in theory with suitable references to guide readers. The book provides students, researchers and academics in the broad area of biology with a sound theoretical and practical knowledge of enzymes. It also caters to those who do not have a practicing enzymologist to teach them the subject.