epidemiology of thyroid disorders

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Epidemiology of Thyroid Disorders
Author : Jahangir Moini,Katherine Pereira,Mohtashem Samsam
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-01-08
ISBN 10 : 0128182741
Pages : 336 pages
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Epidemiology of Thyroid Disorders provides comprehensive, clinical knowledge to professionals dealing with thyroid disorders. The book focuses on the pathophysiology of thyroid disorders, the prevalence and incidence of various diseases, and their prevention. This focused analysis on thyroid disorders raises awareness of this global problem that, once diagnosed or misdiagnosed, can sometimes lead to over-treatment and cardiovascular complications, especially in the elderly. This succinct, targeted reference gives the reader excellent information on the epidemiology of global thyroid disorders, as well as up-to-date treatment data and a special focus on prevention. Serves as a starting point for medical professionals, addressing the patterns, risk factors, prevention, and treatment of thyroid disorders around the world Discusses the prevalence of thyroid disorders around the world, covering disability and cost burden Covers recent trends, technologies and advancements in the management of thyroid diseases

The Thyroid and Its Diseases
Author : Markus Luster,Leonidas H. Duntas,Leonard Wartofsky
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2019-01-08
ISBN 10 : 331972102X
Pages : 770 pages
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This book is an up-to-date and comprehensive guide to all the common thyroid disorders that may be seen by internists, endocrinologists, nuclear medicine physicians, and endocrine surgeons. While the fundamentals of thyroid hormone function and regulation in health and disease are well covered, the primary focus is on the clinical approach to thyroid disease, with detailed coverage of both initial diagnosis and management and the role of imaging. Because most endocrine diseases are chronic and lifelong, special emphasis is placed on long-term management and the common pitfalls that may be encountered by the clinician. The editors are internationally acknowledged leaders in the field of thyroid disease and have gathered an outstanding team of authors, all of whom are also highly expert in their respective areas, but who, equally importantly, write in a clear and lucid style. The numerous isotope scan and ultrasonographic images ensure that the book will serve as a valuable reference atlas to which the physician will return again and again.

Autoimmune Endocrinopathies
Author : Robert Volpé
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 1999-06-04
ISBN 10 : 1592597041
Pages : 434 pages
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Dr. Robert Volpé and his distinguished contributors comprehensively review the latest thinking about the theoretical, experimental, and clinical aspects of autoimmune endocrine disorders. These world-renowned experts examine the pathogenesis and immunogenetics of these diseases, discuss the role of sex hormones in autoimmunity, and elucidate the nature of autoantigens. They also provide clinical detail on a wide variety of autoimmune endocrinopathies, including autoimmune thyroid disease, Graves' ophthalmopathy and dermopathy, human insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, and autoimmune adrenocortical failure. Postpartum autoimmune endocrine syndromes, autoimmune hypophysitis, and the polyglandular autoimmune syndromes are also discussed in detail. Comprehensive and authoritative, Autoimmune Endocrinopathies provides today's most up-to-date understanding of the etiology and pathogenesis of autoimmune endocrine diseases.

Thyroid Diseases
Author : Fabrizio Monaco
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2012-05-29
ISBN 10 : 1439868387
Pages : 551 pages
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In recent years, the clinical evolution of thyroid diseases has been studied exhaustively as new discoveries have been made about thyroid malfunction and the effective management of patients. Thyroid Diseases presents a comprehensive exposition of a range of disorders caused by thyroid dysfunction. With contributions by well-known experts in the field, the book is the first compendium in several decades to assemble a vast amount of data and research into one volume. Following a methodological format, each chapter explores a different malady or condition. After defining the dysfunction or disease, the text presents the epidemiology, etiopathogenesis, clinical features, first and second level tests for diagnosis, first and second line therapies, prognosis, and recommendations for follow-up. Highlighted topics include: Transient forms of hyper- and hypothyroidism Subclinical hyper- and hypothyroidism Thyroid dysfunction during gestation and postpartum The influence of iodine on the thyroid during pregnancy The importance of drugs that modify thyroid function Thyroid disrupters that affect thyroid homeostasis The bimodal and/or transient development of some thyroid diseases The evolution of diagnosis, priorities of therapies, and lifelong monitoring of patients All of the contributors to this text pursued long periods of training in elite research laboratories. They are active investigators and well known in the international arena. The information presented in this volume is invaluable for practicing clinicians and those training in internal medicine, endocrinology, surgery, and other areas of medicine.

Medicare Coverage of Routine Screening for Thyroid Dysfunction
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Care Services,Committee on Medicare Coverage of Routine Thyroid Screening
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2003-09-01
ISBN 10 : 0309088852
Pages : 135 pages
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When the Medicare program was established in 1965, it was viewed as a form of financial protection for the elderly against catastrophic medical expenses, primarily those related to hospitalization for unexpected illnesses. The first expansions to the program increased the eligible population from the retired to the disabled and to persons receiving chronic renal dialysis. It was not until 1980 that an expansion of services beyond those required "for the diagnosis or treatment of illness or injury or to improve the functioning of a malformed body member" was included in Medicare. These services, known as preventive services, are intended either to prevent disease (by vaccination) or to detect disease (by diagnostic test) before the symptoms of illness appear. A Committee was formed "to conduct a study on the addition of coverage of routine thyroid screening using a thyroid stimulating hormone test as a preventive benefit provided to Medicare beneficiaries under Title XVIII of the Social Security Act for some or all Medicare beneficiaries."

Oxford Textbook of Endocrinology and Diabetes
Author : John A.H. Wass,Paul M. Stewart
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2011-07-28
ISBN 10 : 0199235295
Pages : 2126 pages
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This comprehensive textbook covers adult endocrinology, diabetes mellitus and paediatric endocrinology. It is specifically designed for the endocrinologist and diabetologist in training as well as for general physicians/specialists in other fields.

The Thyroid
Author : Sidney C. Werner,Sidney H. Ingbar
Publisher : HarperCollins Publishers
Release Date : 1971
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 914 pages
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Thyroid Disorders
Author : Gonzalo Díaz-Soto
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2014-05-21
ISBN 10 : 9535113844
Pages : 280 pages
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The thyroid disorders are one of the most common and exciting areas of endocrinology. Hypothyroidism, multinodular goiter, hyperthyroidism and thyroid cancer are only few of the several implications that the thyroid disorders have in health. In fact, thyroid hormones regulate not only metabolism process, but also many other molecular and physiological systems. From this point of view, hyperthyroidism complications are a good example of the significance of thyroid hormone actions. This book aims to provide a general view of thyroid disorders, and a deeper explanation of hyperthyroidism and its complications and impact in health.

Werner & Ingbar's The Thyroid
Author : Lewis E. Braverman,David S. Cooper
Publisher : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Release Date : 2012-10-08
ISBN 10 : 145112063X
Pages : 912 pages
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Werner & Ingbar’s The Thyroid: A Fundamental and Clinical Text, 10th Edition has been extensively revised and streamlined to deliver the most comprehensive coverage of the thyroid including anatomy, development, biochemistry, physiology, pathophysiology, and treatment of all thyroid disorders. Entirely new chapters on the surgical management of thyroid cancer, thyroid disruptors, and thyroid hormone analogs are in this edition. New authors and an international group of contributors elevate this classic text that includes extensive clinical coverage of thyroid dysfunction’s effects on other organ systems. Also addressed are clinical controversies regarding the ageing thyroid, subclinical hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism and thyroid disease in pregnancy. New to this edition: · Twenty-three chapters authored by new contributors and international experts · A companion website with fully searchable text for quick reference · Three new chapters discuss surgical management of thyroid cancer, thyroid disruptors, and thyroid hormone analogs to keep you up-to-date on the latest advances in the field

Comprehensive Handbook of Iodine
Author : Victor R. Preedy,Gerard N. Burrow,Ronald Ross Watson
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2009-03-17
ISBN 10 : 9780080920863
Pages : 1334 pages
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Over two billion people worldwide are at risk for the spectrum of disorders known as "The Iodine Deficiency Disorders." 1-10% will suffer cretinism; 5-30% will have some sort of brain damage or neurological impairment and 30-70% will be hypothyroid. The causes of iodine deficiencies can be considered from both simplistic and more complex perspectives: From the leaching of iodine from soil resulting in crops with low iodine content to malnutrition resulting in impaired iodine absorption. Poor dietary diversification and impoverished socio-economic development can also lead to iodine deficiencies. Although it is possible to diagnose and treat deficiencies, there is still an ongoing dialogue regarding the detailed molecular pathology of iodine homeostatis, how hypothyroidism impacts the body tissues, and efficient diagnosis and treatment of the Iodine Deficiency Disorders. This Handbook provides a resource of information on the various pathways and processes based on different countries or diseases. Because there is a constant flow of new information on iodine and related disorders, the goal of this Handbook is to provide a base of scientific information upon which additional knowledge can be applied. Provides important information on one of the most common micro-nutrient deficiencies in the world, the most important "single nutrient-multiple consequences" paradigm today Includes information on iodine-related diseases, including those that are common, preventable and treatable Provides insight from a broad perspective of viewpoints -- from subcellular transports to economic impact

Thyroid Diseases
Author : Paolo Vitti,Laszlo Hegedüs
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-09-09
ISBN 10 : 9783319450124
Pages : 770 pages
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This book presents the latest advances in knowledge of the pathogenesis of thyroid diseases and describes the state of the art in their diagnosis and treatment, including newly emerging management approaches. After an opening section that addresses thyroid physiology and laboratory evaluation, each of the major thyroid diseases and their subtypes is discussed, covering goiter and thyroid nodule, thyroiditis, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism and thyrotoxicosis, and thyroid carcinoma. Other conditions that affect thyroid function or induce thyroid dysfunction are also considered, e.g., pregnancy, non-thyroidal disorders, and medication use. The book is designed to assist practitioners to achieve optimal outcomes in clinical routine by providing clear guidance on clinical examination, the use of diagnostic tests, first- and second-line therapies, and follow-up. Chapter have been written by recognized experts in the field.

Thyroid Disorders with Cutaneous Manifestations
Author : Warren R. Heymann
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2010-04-08
ISBN 10 : 9781848001879
Pages : 194 pages
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Jacques Barzun, the noted Columbia University historian of ideas and culture, once described the feeling that some people experience when they come upon a new reference book. He wrote: “Hand over to one of us a new Dictionary, “Companion,” or Guide, and our eyes first light up and then turn dreamy: we have seized the volume and are off, arm in arm with the guide i or companion. ...” The book now in your hands made my eyes light up. Thyroid Disorders with Cutaneous Manifestations is that kind of book. Heymann, who has been fascinated by this sometimes controversial subject for decades, has brought not only his own expertise, but that of many experts from the fields of the skin and the thyroid gland. Steven Jay Gould wrote about overlapping and nonoverlapping magisteria—this book demonstrates just how much important overlap there is. But it also covers the basics in such a way that dermatologists can find what they need to know about the thyroid and thyroidologists can find what they need to know about the skin. Thyroid Disorders with Cutaneous Manifestations falls neatly into the tra- tion of medical monographs that become standards. They fulfill the roles of gathering, digesting, and synthesizing current knowledge, and they do so in a way that review articles cannot approach and that the scientific literature is not designed to accomplish.

Thyroid Disorders with Cutaneous Manifestations
Author : Warren R. Heymann
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2010-04-08
ISBN 10 : 9781848001879
Pages : 194 pages
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Jacques Barzun, the noted Columbia University historian of ideas and culture, once described the feeling that some people experience when they come upon a new reference book. He wrote: “Hand over to one of us a new Dictionary, “Companion,” or Guide, and our eyes first light up and then turn dreamy: we have seized the volume and are off, arm in arm with the guide i or companion. ...” The book now in your hands made my eyes light up. Thyroid Disorders with Cutaneous Manifestations is that kind of book. Heymann, who has been fascinated by this sometimes controversial subject for decades, has brought not only his own expertise, but that of many experts from the fields of the skin and the thyroid gland. Steven Jay Gould wrote about overlapping and nonoverlapping magisteria—this book demonstrates just how much important overlap there is. But it also covers the basics in such a way that dermatologists can find what they need to know about the thyroid and thyroidologists can find what they need to know about the skin. Thyroid Disorders with Cutaneous Manifestations falls neatly into the tra- tion of medical monographs that become standards. They fulfill the roles of gathering, digesting, and synthesizing current knowledge, and they do so in a way that review articles cannot approach and that the scientific literature is not designed to accomplish.

Thyroid Disorders and Diseases, An Issue of Medical Clinics - E-Book
Author : Kenneth Burman
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date : 2012-04-11
ISBN 10 : 1455744158
Pages : 271 pages
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This issue of Medical Clinics of North America provides the latest essential updates on thyroid disorders and diseases. Topics covered include the following: thyroid synthesis and physiology; hyperthyroidism; hypothyroidism; thyroid nodules; goiter; differentiated thyroid cancer; subacute, silent, and postpartum thyroiditis; thyroid and pregnancy; thyroid and the elderly; medications and thyroid hormones; thyroid and the heart; thyroid and lipids; and Graves’ ophthalmology.

Clinical Management of Thyroid Disease E-Book
Author : Fredric E. Wondisford,Sally Radovick
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date : 2009-06-26
ISBN 10 : 1437719694
Pages : 440 pages
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Clinical Management of Thyroid Disease is an exciting new book edited by Fredric Wondisford, MD—developer of the revolutionary new drug, Thyrotropin—and Sally Radovick, MD, with contributions from experts in the field. It fulfills the niche of a succinct, clinical resource to help you translate research into practice. This full-color volume offers valuable information on thyroid cancer and non-cancerous lesions, the effect of drugs on thyroid function, genetic disorders, and more in an accessible, easy-to-read consistent format. Presents the expertise of authors and editorial staff comprised of leaders in the field of thyroid research and clinical management for the best-qualified guidance on diagnosis and treatment. Provides a full-color, comprehensive approach that makes valuable information easy to locate and quick to read. Covers relevant topics applicable to all levels of training and expertise to serve as a detailed clinical reference on everything from the basic to the sophisticated. Captures research advances on hot topics such as thyroid cancer and non-cancerous lesions, the effect of drugs on thyroid function, and genetic disorders so that you can incorporate them into the way you treat patients.

The Parathyroids
Author : John P. Bilezikian,Robert Marcus,Michael A. Levine
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2001-07-21
ISBN 10 : 9780080525778
Pages : 881 pages
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Written by world experts, this books follows upon the monumental success of the first edition of The Parathyroids, which was universally acclaimed as the best text on the subject. An authoritative reference that spans the basic science of parathyroid hormone treatment to major clinical disorders in a superb, single compendium, The Parathyroids offers an objective and authoritative view on controversial clinical issues in this rapidly changing field. Every medical school library and virtually every major hospital library will need this book as a reference for students and clinicians. Key Features * Offers objective and authoritative reviews on controversial clinical issues * Written by world experts on parathyroid hormone and its disorders * Superb, state-of-the-art compendium in one convenient volume * Bridges basic science of parathyroid hormone to major clinical disorders * Practical information on clinical management of parathyroid hormone disorders

Thyroid Diseases in Childhood
Author : Gianni Bona,Filippo De Luca,Alice Monzani
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-07-10
ISBN 10 : 3319192132
Pages : 238 pages
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This book covers the entire spectrum of thyroid diseases in childhood, focusing on the recent advances that have been achieved, from progress in basic science research through to novel or improved approaches to diagnosis and treatment. Introductory chapters discuss thyroid embryogenesis and the role of thyroid hormones in fetal development. The two contrasting forms of thyroid dysfunction, hypo- and hyperthyroidism, are then considered in depth, with particular attention to the molecular causes of congenital hypothyroidism. Among the other topics addressed are autoimmune thyroiditis, thyroid nodules, and pediatric neoplasms. The book concludes with an overview of promising therapeutic approaches, such as stem cell therapy. Each topic is treated by an eminent expert in the field, ensuring consistently high quality. Thyroid Diseases in Childhood will be an important source of information for endocrinologists, pediatricians, oncologists, and gynecologists, as well as other professionals interested in this topic.

Endocrine Biomarkers
Author : Hossein Sadrzadeh,Gregory Kline
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2017-09-25
ISBN 10 : 0128034181
Pages : 478 pages
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Endocrine Biomarkers: Clinical Aspects and Laboratory Determination covers all the pre-analytical variables that can affect test results, both in the clinic and laboratory. Biomarkers of endocrine and bone diseases are discussed from both clinical and laboratory perspectives, and the authors elaborate on the teamwork-based app+roach between the clinician and the laboratory professional in the diagnosis and management of endocrine and bone disorders. Discussions include test utilization, laboratory measurement methods, harmonization and standardization, interpretation of results, and reference intervals. Each chapter ends with a discussion of one or two relevant cases with shared opinions from both a clinician and a clinical chemist. Each chapter also includes a summary box outlining key points and common pitfalls in the use of specific disease biomarkers and tests. Focuses on the traditional, current, and emerging clinical chemistry tests for endocrine and bone diseases, along with their application in individual clinical management Presents a brief discussion of each disorder and its respective interrelationships, along with laboratory methodologies that can be used to aid in evaluation of disorders Reviews common approaches to the measurement of the relevant hormones, with a special focus on measures that require a structured clinical testing scenario Reviews novel chemistry tests as potential means of future diagnostic tests Provides an overview of the current methodology and controversies in the concept of target lipid levels, paying particular attention to the role of clinical chemistry in helping to implement population health targets

Thyroid Cancer
Author : Leonard Wartofsky,Douglas Van Nostrand
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-09-19
ISBN 10 : 1493933140
Pages : 1049 pages
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Thoroughly revised and extensively expanded, this encyclopedic, highly acclaimed title addresses all aspects of the etiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, initial treatment and long-term management of all varieties of thyroid cancer. Expertly edited by Drs. Leonard Wartofsky and Douglas Van Nostrand, this gold standard reference is divided into 11 Parts: General Considerations on Thyroid Cancer; General Considerations on Nuclear Medicine; the Thyroid Nodule; Well-Differentiated Thyroid Cancer; Variants of Thyroid Cancer, Undifferentiated Tumors: Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma; Undifferentiated Tumors: Thyroid Lymphoma; Undifferentiated Tumors: Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer; New Frontiers and Future Directions; and Additional Resources. With exceptional breadth and depth, the book includes chapters dedicated to isotopes, isotope uptake and scanning procedures such as SPECT/CT, radioiodine ablation (with or without recombinant human TSH), stunning, dosimetry (with or without recombinant human TSH), Octreotide and FDG-PET scanning and other alternative imaging modalities. There is a valuable reference atlas of scan images and illustrations, and a scholarly summary of the side effects of radioiodine and how to avoid or minimize adverse effects of treatment. In addition to an updated section on ultrasonography of the thyroid gland, new sections have been added, including ones on ultrasonography of cervical lymph nodes and imaging for thyroid cancer employing computerized tomography (CT), positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). An indispensable reference source with chapters written by the field’s leading authoritative experts, Thyroid Cancer: A Comprehensive Guide to Clinical Management, Third Edition, will be of great interest to not only pathologists, endocrine surgeons, endocrinologists, nuclear medicine physicians, and oncologists but all clinicians with an interest in thyroid cancer.

Canine and Feline Endocrinology and Reproduction
Author : Edward C. Feldman,Richard William Nelson
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date : 2004
ISBN 10 : 0721693156
Pages : 1089 pages
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This book provides complete, current information on pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of endocrine, metabolic, and reproductive diseases in dogs and cats. It also discusses the importance of testing procedures in endocrine and reproductive diseases, as well as cost-effective and expedient diagnostic protocols. A complete review of reproduction is presented with the endocrine material, making this text the most inclusive resource overall on the topic. Expansive sections on Canine Male and Female Reproduction. The book is divided into nine sections for an organized and accessible approach to information. Discussions of testing procedures in endocrine and reproductive diseases. Explains cost-effective and expedient diagnostic protocols. Logical, step-by-step guidelines aid in accurate decision-making and diagnosis. A new chapter in the Adrenal Gland section (Section 3) addresses feline hyperadrenocorticism. The chapter on diabetes mellitus in the canine and feline has been divided into two chapters in order to explore the specific aspects of the disease in each species. All material has been extensively revised and brought up to date for this edition. Additional tables and algorithms throughout the book summarize and clarify information.