environmental nutrition

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Environmental Nutrition
Author : Joan Sabate
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-07-01
ISBN 10 : 0128116617
Pages : 354 pages

Environmental Nutrition: Connecting Health and Nutrition with Environmentally Sustainable Diets explores the connection between diet, environmental sustainability and human health. Current food systems are a major contributor to our most pressing health and environmental issues, including climate change, water scarcity, food insecurity and chronic diseases. This book not only seeks to increase our understanding of the interrelatedness of these major global issues, but also aids in the creation of new solutions. Sections discuss the diet, the health and environment trilemma, food systems and their trends, environmental nutrition as an all-encompassing discipline, and the environmental nutrition model. Demonstrates how the food system, the environment and human health are inter-related Explores how dietary patterns impact food production and agriculture choices Identifies the imbalance between current food production relative to demand Addresses how the current food system negatively impacts the environment Provides practical solutions to how diets can be both healthy and sustainable

Environmental Nutrition: Understanding the Link between Environment, Food Quality, and Disease
Author : Buck Levin
Publisher : Buck Levin Publications
Release Date : 1999-03-31
ISBN 10 : 0967128307
Pages : 304 pages

Drawing upon 842 indexed journal studies from the fields of cell biology, toxicology, immunology, neurology and genetics, Environmental Nutrition offers a molecular-level understanding of the link between environment, food quality, and disease. Included in the book are in-depth explorations of controversial topics like food irradiation and pesticide use, evaluations of over 100 toxic substances commonly found in food, and a detailed cellular-level analysis of potential health implications. Strategies for the establishment of environmental standards in nutrition are outlined, including sustainable agriculture and organic food production. (304 pages, 112 tables and figures, 842 indexed journal references.)

Biblical Nutrition Forty Days of Meditations
Author : James C. Tibbetts
Publisher : Lulu.com
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 1329175824
Pages : 329 pages

Juice Fasting Simplifed a Practical Approach
Author : James C. Tibbetts
Publisher : Lulu.com
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 1329173627
Pages : 329 pages

Food and nutrition emergencies in East Africa: Political, economic and environmental associations
Author : Ruth Oniang'o
Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Release Date : 2009
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 31 pages

Conflicts have existed for generations worldwide. In sub-Saharan Africa, conflicts occur for various reasons, including inter-tribal or clanist tensions, resource disputes, and externally instigated wars. These conflicts may persist unabated for generations, and can take on different dimensions. When a major conflict breaks out in one country, refugees often move in search of security and basic services (including food), creating major spill-overs that affect the entire region, placing considerable strain on local capacities to manage the food and nutrition needs of local populations and refugees. A sizeable proportion of the land making up sub-Saharan Africa is arid or semi-arid, rendering it unable to sustain livelihoods in any meaningful manner. Furthermore, this region often suffers from political turmoil and poor governance practices. This paper focuses on East Africa, a region that suffers from political, economic and environmental fragility. Few previous papers have examined the detrimental interactions between conflict and economic policy (as represented by reduced resources and limited organizational capacity for public services) in Sub-Saharan Africa nor have many studies examined the traditional coping strategies that sub-Saharan communities may use to resolve conflict. This paper attempts to describe the underlying reasons for the repeated hunger crises on the African continent, particularly in East Africa, followed by a brief analysis of additional factors that may exacerbate such emergencies. One key question is: What can be done to prevent these types of situations, and why haven't we found a lasting solution? It seems that these problems and their lack of management are largely due to policy failures and lack of political will. In regions of the world that experience earthquakes, hurricanes and typhoons (Africa does not), help may be obtained from outside the country, but the national governments themselves oversee the reconstruction and recovery aspects. In East Africa, in contrast, external assistance is required not only for the immediate disaster response, but also for subsequent development and reconstruction. Why don't governments in this region prepare for these nearly annual events? Furthermore, given that this is an insecure region, why don't the governments enact measures aimed at maintaining peace and security, which are necessary for effective development? One means to ensure peace and security in this troubled region is through strategies aimed at enhancing food productivity and access. Furthermore, good governance based on democratic representation of all citizens is key to preventing poverty, hunger, malnutrition, disease and conflict, leading to the attainment of harmony and balance in society.

Sustainable Diets
Author : Barbara Burlingame,Sandro Dernini
Publisher : CABI
Release Date : 2018-12-10
ISBN 10 : 1786392844
Pages : 304 pages

This book takes a transdisciplinary approach and considers multisectoral actions, integrating health, agriculture and environmental sector issues to comprehensively explore the topic of sustainable diets. The team of international authors informs readers with arguments, challenges, perspectives, policies, actions and solutions on global topics that must be properly understood in order to be effectively addressed. They position issues of sustainable diets as central to the Earth's future. Presenting the latest findings, they: - Explore the transition to sustainable diets within the context of sustainable food systems, addressing the right to food, and linking food security and nutrition to sustainability. - Convey the urgency of coordinated action, and consider how to engage multiple sectors in dialogue and joint research to tackle the pressing problems that have taken us to the edge, and beyond, of the planet's limits to growth. - Review tools, methods and indicators for assessing sustainable diets. - Describe lessons learned from case studies on both traditional food systems and current dietary challenges. As an affiliated project of the One Planet Sustainable Food Systems Programme, this book provides a way forward for achieving global and local targets, including the Sustainable Development Goals and the United Nations Decade of Action on Nutrition commitments. This resource is essential reading for scientists, practitioners, and students in the fields of nutrition science, food science, environmental sciences, agricultural sciences, development studies, food studies, public health and food policy.

Community Nutrition
Author : Gail C. Frank
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
Release Date : 2008
ISBN 10 : 9780763730628
Pages : 936 pages

This graduate-level community nutrition textbook presents a conceptual framework for understanding the course of health and disease and matching community nutrition or applied nutrition epidemiology to the model.

Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Program, Final Report
Author : David Smallwood
Publisher : DIANE Publishing
Release Date : 2010-04
ISBN 10 : 1437926606
Pages : 22 pages

Summarizes the Food Assist. and Nutrition Research Program (FANRP) activities and accomplishments in FY 2009, including newly awarded projects and recent pub. FANRP supports research on a wide range of policy-relevant food assistance and nutrition topics. The three perennial program themes are: (1) Program Outcomes and Economic Well-Being of Participants; (2) Program Access and Economic Determinants of Participation; and (3) Program Dynamics and Efficiency. The core food and nutrition assistance programs include the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP; formerly the Food Stamp Program), the child nutrition programs, and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). Illus.

Introduction to the US Food System
Author : Roni Neff
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2014-10-08
ISBN 10 : 1118913051
Pages : 576 pages

A public health approach to the US food system Introduction to the US Food System: Public Health,Environment, and Equity is a comprehensive and engagingtextbook that offers students an overview of today's US foodsystem, with particular focus on the food system'sinterrelationships with public health, the environment, equity, andsociety. Using a classroom-friendly approach, the text covers thecore content of the food system and provides evidence-basedperspectives reflecting the tremendous breadth of issues and ideasimportant to understanding today's US food system. The book is richwith illustrative examples, case studies, activities, anddiscussion questions. The textbook is a project of the Johns Hopkins Center for aLivable Future (CLF), and builds upon the Center's educationalmission to examine the complex interrelationships between diet,food production, environment, and human health to advance anecological perspective in reducing threats to the health of thepublic, and to promote policies that protect health, the globalenvironment, and the ability to sustain life for futuregenerations. Issues covered in Introduction to the US Food Systeminclude food insecurity, social justice, community and workerhealth concerns, food marketing, nutrition, resource depletion, andecological degradation. Presents concepts on the foundations of the US food system,crop production, food system economics, processing and packaging,consumption and overconsumption, and the environmental impacts offood Examines the political factors that influence food and how itis produced Ideal for students and professionals in many fields, includingpublic health, nutritional science, nursing, medicine, environment,policy, business, and social science, among others Introduction to the US Food System presents a broad viewof today's US food system in all its complexity and providesopportunities for students to examine the food system's stickiestproblems and think critically about solutions.

The PDR Family Guide to Nutrition and Health
Author : N.A
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 1995
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 782 pages

A complete guide to sensible health and nutition, covering weight-loss, heart-health, cancer prevention, stress, energy, fitness, and more, also evaluates leading cookbooks, diet plans, exercise programs, fast food, ethnic food, and junk food.

Managing the Prenatal Environment to Enhance Livestock Productivity
Author : Paul L. Greenwood,Alan W. Bell,Philip E. Vercoe,Gerrit J. Viljoen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2010-04-27
ISBN 10 : 9789048131358
Pages : 298 pages

Prenatal life is the period of maximal development in animals, and it is well recognised that factors that alter development can have profound effects on the embryonic, fetal and postnatal animal. Scientists involved in research on livestock productivity have for decades studied postnatal consequences of fetal development on productivity. Recently, however, there has been a surge in interest in how to manage prenatal development to enhance livestock health and productivity. This has occurred largely due to the studies that show human health in later life can be influenced by events during prenatal life, and establishment of the Fetal Origins and the Thrifty Phenotype Hypotheses. This book, Managing the Prenatal Environment to Enhance Livestock Productivity reviews phenotypic consequences of prenatal development, and provides details of mechanisms that underpin these effects in ruminants, pigs and poultry. The chapters have been divided into three parts: Quantification of prenatal effects on postnatal productivity, mechanistic bases of postnatal consequences of prenatal development and regulators of fetal and neonatal nutrient supply. Managing the Prenatal Environment to Enhance Livestock Productivity is a reference from which future research to improve the level of understanding and capacity to enhance productivity, health and efficiency of livestock in developing and developed countries will evolve. It is particularly timely given the development of molecular technologies that are providing new insight into regulation and consequences of growth and development of the embryo, fetus and neonate.

Biodiversity, Food and Nutrition
Author : Danny Hunter,Teresa Borelli,Eliot Gee
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2020-05-15
ISBN 10 : 0429638264
Pages : 296 pages

This book examines the challenges and impacts of poor diets and nutrition from current food systems and the potential contribution of biodiversity and ecosystem services in addressing these problems. There is a strong need for a multi-level, cross-sectoral approach that connects food biodiversity conservation and sustainable use to address critical problems in our current food systems, including malnutrition. Building on research from the Biodiversity for Food and Nutrition Project (BFN), which aims to better link biodiversity, diets and nutrition, the book presents a multi-country, cross-sectoral analysis of initiatives that have promoted local food biodiversity in four countries: Brazil, Kenya, Turkey and Sri Lanka. This book offers a comprehensive summary of the BFN Project results in each of the four countries along with lessons learned and how this work could be upscaled or applied in other regions. It argues that the strategic promotion and use of food biodiversity is critical in uniting attempts to address conservation, nutrition and livelihood concerns. The book is structured around chapters and case studies encompassing the BFN Project with specific experiences related by partners who played key roles in the work being done in each country. By offering a comparative view capable of furthering dialogue between the respective countries, it is also meant to connect the individual cases for a “greater than the sum of its parts” effect. This means consideration of how localized activities can be adapted to more countries and regions. Therefore, the book addresses global issues with a foot planted firmly in the grounded case study locations. This book will be of great interest to policymakers, practitioners and NGOs working on food and nutrition, as well as students and scholars of agriculture, food systems and sustainable development.

Epigenetics and Human Health
Author : Alexander Haslberger,Sabine Greßler
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2011-08-24
ISBN 10 : 352764475X
Pages : 316 pages

After first introducing the concept of epigenetics, this handbook and ready reference provides an overview of the main research on epigenetics. It adopts a multidisciplinary approach, involving molecular biology, molecular epidemiology and nutritional science, with a special focus of the book is on disease prevention and treatment. Of interest to all healthcare-related professionals as well as nutritionists, and the medical community focusing on disease prevention.

Plant Nutrition for Sustainable Food Production and Environment
Author : Tadao Ando,Kounosuke Fujita,Tadahiko Mae,Hideaki Matsumoto,Satoshi Mori,Jiro Sekiya
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 1997-12-31
ISBN 10 : 9780792347965
Pages : 982 pages

In the history of the International Plant Nutrition Colloquium from its first meeting in 1954, this meeting, the 13th Colloquium, is the first to be held in Asia and will be the last in the 20th century. The 20th century has seen huge changes in the number and activities of mankind. Our population has increased from around 1. 7 billion to more than 5. 8 billion and technological innovations have completely altered our way of living. As a consequence of such rapid change, we are facing many problems including changes in our environment of a global scale. But, while food shortage has been a serious concern to mankind throughout our history, serious food shortages in the 20th century have been confined to limited times and areas. As Lester Brown discusses in this volume, farmers have increased food production heroically on demand. We, the plant nutritionists should be proud of our support to the world's farmers which has helped them make their achievement possible. During the 20th century, the science of plant nutrition also has achieved great progress as described by Jack Loneragan; it became established as a discipline firmly based in science, defined the chemical elements supporting plant growth, and has contributed to improvements in plant production and environmental quality, as readers will find in many contributions in this volume.

Nutrition in Epigenetics
Author : Mihai D. Niculescu,Paul Haggarty
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2011-03-25
ISBN 10 : 9780470959800
Pages : 332 pages

The study of epigenetics, or how heritable changes in gene expression are regulated without modifying the coding DNA sequence, has become an increasingly important field of study in recent years. Rapid developments in our understanding of the way in which gene function is modulated by the environment has revolutionized the way we think about human development and health. Nutrition in Epigenetics reviews the latest research looking at the interaction between genes and nutrients and the role they play together in maintaining human health. Nutrition in Epigenetics is divided into two primary parts. The first part provides key principles such as epigenetic mechanisms, developmental epigenetics, and the role of epigenetics in disease. The second part looks specifically at the application of epigenetics to the field of human nutrition. Chapters review the role of specific nutrients in modulating epigenetic status and the effect on health and disease. Nutrition in Epigenetics is an indispensable resource for researchers, professionals and advanced students with an interest in human nutrition, epigenetics, and biomedical research.

Health Promotion and Aging
Author : David Haber, PhD
Publisher : Springer Publishing Company
Release Date : 2013-03-21
ISBN 10 : 0826199186
Pages : 536 pages

Praise for the fifth edition: I applaud Dr. Haber for addressing key concepts and issues in health promotion and aging, and making them accessible, respectful, mindful, and empowering. -Marilyn R. Gugliucci, PhD Director, Geriatrics Education and Research, University of New England Past President, AGHE David Haber has done it again! ...A must-have for students and faculty alike. -Barbara Resnick, PhD, CRNP, FAAN Substantially revised and updated, the sixth edition of this classic text continues to define healthy aging by illustrating how to prevent disease and make large-scale improvements toward health and wellness. New to this edition is current information regarding the future of Medicare, Social Security, and the Affordable Care Act, information about the Healthy People 2020 initiative supported with examples, up-to-date and comprehensive medical screening recommendations, and an extensive review of new developments in complementary and alternative medicine, geriatric mental health, community health, and public health policy. A new section on technology and aging is also included, as well as an instructor's manual. The text synthesizes current research findings with practical applications, and includes detailed and updated descriptions of the author's own programs that have been recognized by the National Council on the Aging's Best Practices in Health Promotion and Aging. New to this Edition: Up-to-date coverage of the future of Medicare, Social Security, the Affordable Care Act, and the Healthy People 2020 initiative New section on technology and aging Current developments in complementary and alternative medicine New findings regarding geriatric physical and mental health and community health Current information about exercise, nutrition and weight management Updated information on public health policy Current trends in long-term care and end-of-life-care Updated sociodemographic trends Instructor's manual

Nutritional and Environmental Influences on the Eye
Author : Allen Taylor
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 1999-03-30
ISBN 10 : 9780849385650
Pages : 304 pages

Significant advancements in nutrition's impact on the eye have occurred faster than any volume can document... until now. This book gives the background and rationale regarding the physiological damage caused by biological oxidants as well as the rationale for the protective roles for nutrient-antioxidants and how they affect the risk for cataracts. This volume also contains information on how to quantitatively assess age-related diseases of the eye including cataracts and age-related maculopathy. Smoking and light exposure as factors for age-related eye diseases as well as the utility of potential anticataract pharmaceuticals is discussed.

Author : Gyorgy Scrinis
Publisher : Columbia University Press
Release Date : 2013-06-18
ISBN 10 : 0231527144
Pages : 368 pages

Popularized by Michael Pollan in his best-selling In Defense of Food, Gyorgy Scrinis's concept of nutritionism refers to the reductive understanding of nutrients as the key indicators of healthy food—an approach that has dominated nutrition science, dietary advice, and food marketing. Scrinis argues this ideology has narrowed and in some cases distorted our appreciation of food quality, such that even highly processed foods may be perceived as healthful depending on their content of "good" or "bad" nutrients. Investigating the butter versus margarine debate, the battle between low-fat, low-carb, and other weight-loss diets, and the food industry's strategic promotion of nutritionally enhanced foods, Scrinis reveals the scientific, social, and economic factors driving our modern fascination with nutrition. Scrinis develops an original framework and terminology for analyzing the characteristics and consequences of nutritionism since the late nineteenth century. He begins with the era of quantification, in which the idea of protective nutrients, caloric reductionism, and vitamins' curative effects took shape. He follows with the era of good and bad nutritionism, which set nutricentric dietary guidelines and defined the parameters of unhealthy nutrients; and concludes with our current era of functional nutritionism, in which the focus has shifted to targeted nutrients, superfoods, and optimal diets. Scrinis's research underscores the critical role of nutrition science and dietary advice in shaping our relationship to food and our bodies and in heightening our nutritional anxieties. He ultimately shows how nutritionism has aligned the demands and perceived needs of consumers with the commercial interests of food manufacturers and corporations. Scrinis also offers an alternative paradigm for assessing the healthfulness of foods—the food quality paradigm—that privileges food production and processing quality, cultural-traditional knowledge, and sensual-practical experience, and promotes less reductive forms of nutrition research and dietary advice.

A Perinatal Strategy For Preventing Adult Disease: The Role Of Long-Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids
Author : Undurti N. Das
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2002-05-31
ISBN 10 : 9781402070709
Pages : 192 pages

This book proposes that fetal growth retardation and low-gradesystemic inflammation can be prevented by perinatal supplementation oflong-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs). Evidence for thishypothesis is presented and discussed in detail, along with possiblemechanisms by which these substances produce beneficial actions.Finally, it is suggested that provision of adequate amounts of LCPUFAsduring the perinatal period prevents insulin resistance, obesity, type2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, CHD, and Alzheimer's disease in theadult. Means of testing the hypothesis are also presented. Thus, thebook suggests a simple and novel method of preventing diseases thatare increasing in incidence in both the developed and developingworlds.

The influence of maternal, fetal and child nutrition on the development of chronic disease in later life
Author : Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition
Publisher : The Stationery Office
Release Date : 2011-06-23
ISBN 10 : 9780108510649
Pages : 194 pages

In this final report on the 'The influence of maternal, fetal and child nutrition on the development of chronic disease in later life', the Subgroup on Maternal and Child Nutrition (SMCN) reviews the evidence that early life nutrition exerts long-term effects and influences the risk of chronic disease in adulthood, bringing together findings from both observational and experimental studies, and considering implications for maternal and child nutrition in the UK. SACN concludes that there is cause for concern about the later health consequences of compromised or excessive nutrient supply during early fetal and infant life. It notes that in the context of reproduction, the impact of current dietary patterns on women and girls is of particular concern, and considers that improving the nutritional status of women of childbearing age, infants and young children has the potential to improve the health of future generations. The Committee also offers recommendations for future research in this area, particularly emphasising the need for data which better characterise dietary patterns and patterns of pre and postnatal growth.