emerging natural and tailored nanomaterials for radioactive waste treatment and environmental remediation

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Emerging Natural and Tailored Nanomaterials for Radioactive Waste Treatment and Environmental Remediation
Author : Changlun Chen
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-04-25
ISBN 10 : 0081027761
Pages : 347 pages
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Emerging Natural and Tailored Nanomaterials for Radioactive Waste Treatment and Environmental Remediation: Principles and Methodologies, Volume 29 provides an overview of the most important radionuclide sources in the environment, their interaction with environmental media, and appropriate remediation techniques. The book focuses on the assessment of radionuclide sorption behavior in contaminated sites and the synthesis of new materials for radionuclides remediation through sorption concepts. Chapters investigate the main interaction mechanisms between toxic/radioactive metal ions with natural and manmade materials, natural clay minerals and oxides, and novel nanomaterials, such as ordered mesoporous silicas, carbon nanotubes, graphene, and metal-organic framework-based materials. Techniques and models discussed include kinetics analysis, thermodynamic analysis, surface complexation models, spectroscopic techniques, and theoretical calculations. Provides a systemic discussion on the interactions between toxic and radioactive metal ions and natural and manmade materials Helps to select the best approach to remove toxic/radioactive metal ions from a surface Edited by a scientific authority in toxic/radioactive metal ion interactions

Surface Science of Photocatalysis
Author : Jiaguo Yu,Mietek Jaroniec,Chuanjia Jiang
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-02-02
ISBN 10 : 0081028903
Pages : 412 pages
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Surface Science of Photocatalysis, Volume 32, summarizes significant findings on the surface science behind various classic and novel photocatalysts for energy and environmental applications, with special emphasis on important surface/interface processes in photocatalysis, such as interfacial charge transfer, function of co-catalysts, and adsorption over photocatalyst surface. This book timely and systematically reviews the state-of-the-art of the surface science in semiconductor-based photocatalysis, serving as a useful reference book for both new and experienced researchers in this field.

Handbook of Advanced Approaches Towards Pollution Prevention and Control
Author : Rehab O Abdel Rahman,Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2021-02-02
ISBN 10 : 0128221593
Pages : 364 pages
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Handbook of Advanced Approaches towards Pollution Prevention and Control, Volume One: Conventional and Innovative Technology, and Assessment Techniques for Pollution Prevention and Control condenses all relevant information on pollution prevention and control in a single source. This handbook (Volume One of Two) covers the principles of pollution prevention and control technologies, recent advances in pollution prevention, control technologies and their sustainability, modernization in pollution prevention, and control technologies for future and next generation pollution prevention. This book is an indispensable resource for researchers and academic staff in chemical and process engineering, safety engineering, environmental engineering, biotechnology and materials engineering. Provides in-depth information on the principles and advances in pollution prevention and control practices Discusses emerging technologies and processes for advanced pollution prevention and control Presents developments on the use of the assessment models as tools to support the research and applications of different technologies and processes Provides history, fundamentals, state-of-the-art, and future trends Edited by expert team of world-class editors

Advanced Low-Cost Separation Techniques in Interface Science
Author : George Z. Kyzas,Athanasios C. Mitropoulos
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-08-24
ISBN 10 : 0128141794
Pages : 360 pages
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Advanced Low-Cost Separation Techniques in Interface Science, Volume 30 helps scientists and researchers in academia and industry gain expert knowledge on how to use separation techniques at minimal cost and energy usage. It handles a broad range of highly relevant topics, including modern flotation techniques, low-cost materials in liquid-and gas-phase adsorption, new trends in molecular imprinting, graphenes in separation, nanobubbles and biopolymers in interface science, the reuse of biomaterials, green techniques for wastewaters, and modeling in environmental interfaces. The book shows that these techniques can be both attractive for both research and industrial purposes. It is intended for chemical engineers working in wastewater treatment industries, membrane industries, pharmaceutical industries, textile or tanneries industries, hybrid-topic industries and energy industries. Focuses on cost and energy saving separation techniques in interface science Discusses multiple techniques, including flotation, adsorption, materials synthesis, and more Combines, in a single source, separation techniques, advanced methodologies, and the low-cost potential of the techniques Describes techniques that are attractive for both research and industrial purposes

Adsorption: Fundamental Processes and Applications
Author : Mehrorang Ghaedi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2021-03-19
ISBN 10 : 0128188081
Pages : 728 pages
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Adsorption: Fundamental Processes and Applications, Volume 33 in the Interface Science and Technology Series, discusses the great technological importance of adsorption and describes how adsorbents are used on a large scale as desiccants, catalysts, catalyst supports, in the separation of gases, the purification of liquids, pollution control, and in respiratory protection. Finally, it explores how adsorption phenomena play a vital role in many solid-state reactions and biological mechanisms, as well as stressing the importance of the widespread use of adsorption techniques in the characterization of surface properties and the texture of fine powders. Covers the fundamental aspects of adsorption process engineering Reviews the environmental impact of key aquatic pollutants Discusses and analyzes the importance of adsorption processes for water treatment Highlights opportunity areas for adsorption process intensification Edited by a world-leading researcher in interface science

New Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental Remediation
Author : Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Ajay Kumar Mishra
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2018-02-19
ISBN 10 : 0128110341
Pages : 756 pages
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New Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental Remediation summarizes recent progress in the development of materials’ properties, fabrication methods and their applications for treatment of contaminants, pollutant sensing and detection. This book presents current research into how polymer nanocomposites can be used in environmental remediation, detailing major environmental issues, and key materials properties and existing polymers or nanomaterials that can solve these issues. The book covers the fundamental molecular structure of polymers used in environmental applications, the toxicology, economy and life-cycle analysis of polymer nanocomposites, and an analysis of potential future applications of these materials. Recent research and development in polymer nanocomposites has inspired the progress and use of novel and cost-effective environmental applications. Presents critical, actionable guidelines to the structure and property design of nanocomposites in environmental remediation Focuses on taking technology out of the lab and into the real world Summarizes the latest developments in polymer nanocomposites and their applications in catalytic degradation, adsorptive removal and detection of contaminants in the environment Enables researchers to stay ahead of the curve, with a full discussion of regulatory issues and potential new applications and materials in this area

Nanotechnology in Water and Wastewater Treatment
Author : Amimul Ahsan,Ahmad Fauzi Ismail
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2018-11-15
ISBN 10 : 012813903X
Pages : 408 pages
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Nanotechnology in Water and Waste Water Treatment: Theory and Applications explores the unique physicochemical and surface properties of nanoparticles and highlights the advantages they provide for engineering applications. Applications covered include the generation of fresh water from surface water and seawater, the prevention of the contamination of the environment, and the creation of effective and efficient methods for remediation of polluted waters. Each chapter covers a different nanotechnology-based approach and examines the basic principles, practical applications, recent breakthroughs and associated limitations. This book is ideal for researchers and professionals in the fields of nanotechnology, water treatment and desalination. In addition, it is also ideal for postgraduate students, industry and government professionals, managers and policymakers. Gathers together the latest research and developments in the field from journal articles and conference proceedings Discusses and evaluates the most economical and low cost treatment technologies Presents information from related fields on the applicability, strengths and weaknesses of particular nanomaterials in key applications, thus allowing for the continuation and expansion of research in a range of fields

Exploring Monte Carlo Methods
Author : William L. Dunn,J. Kenneth Shultis
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2011-05-24
ISBN 10 : 9780080930619
Pages : 398 pages
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Exploring Monte Carlo Methods is a basic text that describes the numerical methods that have come to be known as "Monte Carlo." The book treats the subject generically through the first eight chapters and, thus, should be of use to anyone who wants to learn to use Monte Carlo. The next two chapters focus on applications in nuclear engineering, which are illustrative of uses in other fields. Five appendices are included, which provide useful information on probability distributions, general-purpose Monte Carlo codes for radiation transport, and other matters. The famous "Buffon’s needle problem" provides a unifying theme as it is repeatedly used to illustrate many features of Monte Carlo methods. This book provides the basic detail necessary to learn how to apply Monte Carlo methods and thus should be useful as a text book for undergraduate or graduate courses in numerical methods. It is written so that interested readers with only an understanding of calculus and differential equations can learn Monte Carlo on their own. Coverage of topics such as variance reduction, pseudo-random number generation, Markov chain Monte Carlo, inverse Monte Carlo, and linear operator equations will make the book useful even to experienced Monte Carlo practitioners. Provides a concise treatment of generic Monte Carlo methods Proofs for each chapter Appendixes include Certain mathematical functions; Bose Einstein functions, Fermi Dirac functions, Watson functions

Nuclear Material Performance
Author : Rehab Abdel Rahman,Hosam El-Din M. Saleh
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2016-06-29
ISBN 10 : 9535124471
Pages : 172 pages
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Assessing and improving nuclear material performance is a crucial subject for the sustainability of the nuclear energy and radioactive isotope supplies. This book aims to present research efforts used to identify nuclear materials performances in different areas. The contributions of esteemed international experts have covered important research aspects in fission and fusion technologies and naturally occurring radioactive materials management. The authors introduced current and anticipated trends toward better performances and mitigating challenges for commercial application of innovative technologies, biological remediation of mine effluents, nuclear fuel performance in power and research fission reactors, gamma ray spectrometer calibration, and recent advances in understanding the performance of tungsten composite in fusion reactor environment.

Emerging Pollutants
Author : Sonia Soloneski,Marcelo Larramendy
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2018-07-04
ISBN 10 : 1789233844
Pages : 108 pages
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This edited book, Emerging Pollutants - Some Strategies for the Quality Preservation of Our Environment, contains a series of chapters providing some strategies for the preservation of our environmental quality focusing on the different categories of environmental pollutants and their negative consequences on living organisms.

Safe Management of Wastes from Health-care Activities
Author : World Health Organization
Publisher : World Health Organization
Release Date : 2014
ISBN 10 : 9241548568
Pages : 308 pages
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This is the second edition of the WHO handbook on the safe, sustainable and affordable management of health-care waste--commonly known as "the Blue Book". The original Blue Book was a comprehensive publication used widely in health-care centers and government agencies to assist in the adoption of national guidance. It also provided support to committed medical directors and managers to make improvements and presented practical information on waste-management techniques for medical staff and waste workers. It has been more than ten years since the first edition of the Blue Book. During the intervening period, the requirements on generators of health-care wastes have evolved and new methods have become available. Consequently, WHO recognized that it was an appropriate time to update the original text. The purpose of the second edition is to expand and update the practical information in the original Blue Book. The new Blue Book is designed to continue to be a source of impartial health-care information and guidance on safe waste-management practices. The editors' intention has been to keep the best of the original publication and supplement it with the latest relevant information. The audience for the Blue Book has expanded. Initially, the publication was intended for those directly involved in the creation and handling of health-care wastes: medical staff, health-care facility directors, ancillary health workers, infection-control officers and waste workers. This is no longer the situation. A wider range of people and organizations now have an active interest in the safe management of health-care wastes: regulators, policy-makers, development organizations, voluntary groups, environmental bodies, environmental health practitioners, advisers, researchers and students. They should also find the new Blue Book of benefit to their activities. Chapters 2 and 3 explain the various types of waste produced from health-care facilities, their typical characteristics and the hazards these wastes pose to patients, staff and the general environment. Chapters 4 and 5 introduce the guiding regulatory principles for developing local or national approaches to tackling health-care waste management and transposing these into practical plans for regions and individual health-care facilities. Specific methods and technologies are described for waste minimization, segregation and treatment of health-care wastes in Chapters 6, 7 and 8. These chapters introduce the basic features of each technology and the operational and environmental characteristics required to be achieved, followed by information on the potential advantages and disadvantages of each system. To reflect concerns about the difficulties of handling health-care wastewaters, Chapter 9 is an expanded chapter with new guidance on the various sources of wastewater and wastewater treatment options for places not connected to central sewerage systems. Further chapters address issues on economics (Chapter 10), occupational safety (Chapter 11), hygiene and infection control (Chapter 12), and staff training and public awareness (Chapter 13). A wider range of information has been incorporated into this edition of the Blue Book, with the addition of two new chapters on health-care waste management in emergencies (Chapter 14) and an overview of the emerging issues of pandemics, drug-resistant pathogens, climate change and technology advances in medical techniques that will have to be accommodated by health-care waste systems in the future (Chapter 15).

Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage
Author : Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Working Group III.
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2005-12-19
ISBN 10 : 052186643X
Pages : 431 pages
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IPCC Report on sources, capture, transport, and storage of CO2, for researchers, policy-makers and engineers.