The focus of this book on the selection and application of electrical drives and control systems for electromechanical and mechatronics applications makes it uniquely useful for engineers in industry working with machines and drives. It also serves as a student text for courses on motors and drives, and engineering design courses, especially within mechanical engineering and mechatronics degree programs. The criteria for motor-drive selection are explained, and the main types of drives available to drive machine tools and robots introduced. The author also provides a review of control systems and their application, including PLCs and network technologies. The coverage of machine tools and high-performance drives in smaller applications makes this a highly practical book focused on the needs of students and engineers working with electromechanical systems. * An invaluable survey of electric drives and control systems for electromechanical and mechatronics applications * Essential reading for electrical and mechanical engineers using motors and drives * An ideal electric motors and drives text for university courses including mechatronics
Electric Drives and Electromechanical Devices: Applications and Control, Second Edition, presents a unified approach to the design and application of modern drive system. It explores problems involved in assembling complete, modern electric drive systems involving mechanical, electrical, and electronic elements. This book provides a global overview of design, specification applications, important design information, and methodologies. This new edition has been restructured to present a seamless, logical discussion on a wide range of topical problems relating to the design and specification of the complete motor-drive system. It is organised to establish immediate solutions to specific application problem. Subsidiary issues that have a considerable impact on the overall performance and reliability, including environmental protection and costs, energy efficiency, and cyber security, are also considered. Presents a comprehensive consideration of electromechanical systems with insights into the complete drive system, including required sensors and mechanical components Features in-depth discussion of control schemes, particularly focusing on practical operation Includes extensive references to modern application domains and real-world case studies, such as electric vehicles Considers the cyber aspects of drives, including networking and security
Students entering today's engineering fields will find an increased emphasis on practical analysis, design, and control. They must be able to translate their advanced programming abilities and sound theoretical backgrounds into superior problem-solving skills. Electromechanical Systems and Devices facilitates the creation of critical problem-solvin
Dynamics is a science concerned with movement and changes. In the most general approach it relates to life processes as well as behavior in nature in rest. It governs small particles, technical objects, conversion of matter and materials but also concerns people, groups of people in their individual and, in particular, social dimension. In dynamics we always have to do with causes or stimuli for motion, the rules of reaction or behavior and its result in the form of trajectory of changes. This book is devoted to dynamics of a wide class of specific but very important objects such as electromechanical systems. This is a very rigorous discipline and has a long tradition, as its theoretical bases were formulated in the first half of the XIX century by d’ Alembert, Lagrange, Hamilton, Maxwell and other prominent scientists, but their crucial results were based on previous pioneering research of others such as Copernicus, Galileo, Newton... This book in its theoretical foundations is based on the principle of least action which governs classical as well as relativistic mechanics and electromagnetism and leads to Lagrange’s equations which are applied in the book as universal method to construct equations of motion of electromechanical systems. It gives common and coherent grounds to formulate mathematical models for all lumped parameters’ electromechanical systems, which are vital in our contemporary industry and civilized everyday life. From these remarks it seems that the book is general and theoretical but in fact it is a very practical one concerning modern electrical drives in a broad sense, including electromechanical energy conversion, induction motor drives, brushless DC drives with a permanent magnet excitation and switched reluctance machines (SRM). And of course their control, which means shaping of their trajectories of motion using modern tools, their designed autonomy in keeping a track according to our programmed expectations. The problems presented in the book are widely illustrated by characteristics, trajectories, dynamic courses all computed by use of developed simulation models throughout the book. There are some classical subjects and the history of the discipline is discussed but finally all modern tools and means are presented and applied. More detailed descriptions follow in abstracts for the particular chapters. The author hopes kind readers will enjoy and profit from reading this book.
|Author||: Vadim Utkin,Juergen Guldner,Jingxin Shi|
|Publisher||: CRC Press|
|Release Date||: 2017-12-19|
|ISBN 10||: 1420065610|
|Pages||: 503 pages|
Apply Sliding Mode Theory to Solve Control Problems Interest in SMC has grown rapidly since the first edition of this book was published. This second edition includes new results that have been achieved in SMC throughout the past decade relating to both control design methodology and applications. In that time, Sliding Mode Control (SMC) has continued to gain increasing importance as a universal design tool for the robust control of linear and nonlinear electro-mechanical systems. Its strengths result from its simple, flexible, and highly cost-effective approach to design and implementation. Most importantly, SMC promotes inherent order reduction and allows for the direct incorporation of robustness against system uncertainties and disturbances. These qualities lead to dramatic improvements in stability and help enable the design of high-performance control systems at low cost. Written by three of the most respected experts in the field, including one of its originators, this updated edition of Sliding Mode Control in Electro-Mechanical Systems reflects developments in the field over the past decade. It builds on the solid fundamentals presented in the first edition to promote a deeper understanding of the conventional SMC methodology, and it examines new design principles in order to broaden the application potential of SMC. SMC is particularly useful for the design of electromechanical systems because of its discontinuous structure. In fact, where the hardware of many electromechanical systems (such as electric motors) prescribes discontinuous inputs, SMC becomes the natural choice for direct implementation. This book provides a unique combination of theory, implementation issues, and examples of real-life applications reflective of the authors’ own industry-leading work in the development of robotics, automobiles, and other technological breakthroughs.
Electrical drives convert in a controlled manner, electrical energy into mechanical energy. Electrical drives comprise an electrical machine, i.e. an electro-mechanical energy converter, a power electronic converter, i.e. an electrical-to-electrical converter, and a controller/communication unit. Today, electrical drives are used as propulsion systems in high-speed trains, elevators, escalators, electric ships, electric forklift trucks and electric vehicles. Advanced control algorithms (mostly digitally implemented) allow torque control over a high-bandwidth. Hence, precise motion control can be achieved. Examples are drives in robots, pick-and-place machines, factory automation hardware, etc. Most drives can operate in motoring and generating mode. Wind turbines use electrical drives to convert wind energy into electrical energy. More and more, variable speed drives are used to save energy for example, in air-conditioning units, compressors, blowers, pumps and home appliances. Key to ensure stable operation of a drive in the aforementioned applications are torque control algorithms. In Advanced Electrical Drives, a unique approach is followed to derive model based torque controllers for all types of Lorentz force machines, i.e. DC, synchronous and induction machines. The rotating transformer model forms the basis for this generalized modeling approach that ultimately leads to the development of universal field-oriented control algorithms. In case of switched reluctance machines, torque observers are proposed to implement direct torque algorithms. From a didactic viewpoint, tutorials are included at the end of each chapter. The reader is encouraged to execute these tutorials to familiarize him or herself with all aspects of drive technology. Hence, Advanced Electrical Drives encourages “learning by doing”. Furthermore, the experienced drive specialist may find the simulation tools useful to design high-performance controllers for all sorts of electrical drives.
|Author||: Jacek Kabziński|
|Release Date||: 2016-09-30|
|ISBN 10||: 3319457357|
|Pages||: 378 pages|
This contributed volume is written by key specialists working in multidisciplinary fields in electrical engineering, linking control theory, power electronics, artificial neural networks, embedded controllers and signal processing. The authors of each chapter report the state of the art of the various topics addressed and present results of their own research, laboratory experiments and successful applications. The presented solutions concentrate on three main areas of interest: · motion control in complex electromechanical systems, including sensorless control; · fault diagnosis and fault tolerant control of electric drives; · new control algorithms for power electronics converters. The chapters and the complete book possess strong monograph attributes. Important practical and theoretical problems are deeply and accurately presented on the background of an exhaustive state-of the art review. Many results are completely new and were never published before. Well-known control methods like field oriented control (FOC) or direct torque control (DTC) are referred as a starting point for modifications or are used for comparison. Among numerous control theories used to solve particular problems are: nonlinear control, robust control, adaptive control, Lyapunov techniques, observer design, model predictive control, neural control, sliding mode control, signal filtration and processing, fault diagnosis, and fault tolerant control.
Electrical drives play an important role as electromechanical energy convert ers in transportation, material handling and most production processes. The ease of controlling electrical drives is an important aspect for meeting the in creasing demands by the user with respect to flexibility and precision, caused by technological progress in industry as well as the need for energy conser vation. At the same time, the control of electrical drives has provided strong incentives to control engineering in general, leading to the development of new control structures and their introduction to other areas of control. This is due to the stringent operating conditions and widely varying specifications - a drive may alternately require control of torque, acceleration, speed or position - and the fact that most electric drives have - in contrast to chem ical or thermal processes - well defined structures and consistent dynamic characteristics. During the last years the field of controlled electrical drives has undergone rapid expansion due mainly to the advances of semiconductors in the form of power electronics as well as analogue and digital signal electronics, eventu ally culminating in microelectronics and microprocessors. The introduction of electronically switched solid-state power converters has renewed the search for adjustable speed AC motor drives, not subject to the limitations of the mechanical commutator of DC drives which dominated the field for a century.
Electric machines have a ubiquitous presence in our modern daily lives, from the generators that supply electricity to motors of all sizes that power countless applications. Providing a balanced treatment of the subject, Electric Machines and Drives: Principles, Control, Modeling, and Simulation takes a ground-up approach that emphasizes fundamental principles. The author carefully deploys physical insight, mathematical rigor, and computer simulation to clearly and effectively present electric machines and drive systems. Detailing the fundamental principles that govern electric machines and drives systems, this book: Describes the laws of induction and interaction and demonstrates their fundamental roles with numerous examples Explores dc machines and their principles of operation Discusses a simple dynamic model used to develop speed and torque control strategies Presents modeling, steady state based drives, and high-performance drives for induction machines, highlighting the underlying physics of the machine Includes coverage of modeling and high performance control of permanent magnet synchronous machines Highlights the elements of power electronics used in electric drive systems Examines simulation-based optimal design and numerical simulation of dynamical systems Suitable for a one semester class at the senior undergraduate or a graduate level, the text supplies simulation cases that can be used as a base and can be supplemented through simulation assignments and small projects. It includes end-of-chapter problems designed to pick up on the points presented in chapters and develop them further or introduce additional aspects. The book provides an understanding of the fundamental laws of physics upon which electric machines operate, allowing students to master the mathematical skills that their modeling and analysis requires.
A guide to drives essential to electric vehicles, wind turbines, and other motor-driven systems Analysis and Control of Electric Drives is a practical and comprehensive text that offers a clear understanding of electric drives and their industrial applications in the real-world including electric vehicles and wind turbines. The authors—noted experts on the topic—review the basic knowledge needed to understand electric drives and include the pertinent material that examines DC and AC machines in steady state using a unique physics-based approach. The book also analyzes electric machine operation under dynamic conditions, assisted by Space Vectors. The book is filled with illustrative examples and includes information on electric machines with Interior Permanent Magnets. To enhance learning, the book contains end-of-chapter problems and all topics covered use computer simulations with MATLAB Simulink® and Sciamble® Workbench software that is available free online for educational purposes. This important book: Explores additional topics such as electric machines with Interior Permanent Magnets Includes multiple examples and end-of-chapter homework problems Provides simulations made using MATLAB Simulink® and Sciamble® Workbench, free software for educational purposes Contains helpful presentation slides and Solutions Manual for Instructors; simulation files are available on the associated website for easy implementation A unique feature of this book is that the simulations in Sciamble® Workbench software can seamlessly be used to control experiments in a hardware laboratory Written for undergraduate and graduate students, Analysis and Control of Electric Drives is an essential guide to understanding electric vehicles, wind turbines, and increased efficiency of motor-driven systems.
Electric Motors and Drives: Fundamentals, Types and Applications provides information regarding the inner workings of motor and drive system. The book is comprised of nine chapters that cover several aspects and types of motor and drive systems. Chapter 1 discusses electric motors, and Chapter 2 deals with power electronic converters for motor drives. Chapter 3 covers the conventional d.c. motors, while Chapter 4 tackles inductions motors – rotating field, slip, and torque. The book also talks about the operating characteristics of induction motors, and then deals with the inverter-fed induction motor drives. The stepping motor systems; the synchronous, switched reluctance, and brushless d.c. drives; and the motor/drive selection are also covered. The text will be of great use to individuals who wish to familiarize themselves with motor and drive systems.
Since the beginning of the century, electrical goods have invaded our everyday lives. Now, electric power is coming to be seen as a solution to the pollution caused by cars. While this transition has remained very slow during the last ten years, it has been accelerating as the statutory constraints and needs of the market have changed. Even if the electric car itself fails to dominate the market, electric traction is taking an important place in our drive to move away from gas-powered vehicles. Another solution, hybrid vehicles, combine two sources of energy (electric and chemical), reducing the global consumption of fossil fuels. Fuel cell vehicles are also one of the most promising technologies for the future, with the capacity to use any fuel - hydrogen being the ideal fuel ecologically, but constrained by infrastructure and storage issues. This book explores all these different solutions for moving our vehicles from fossil fuel consumption to new, more environmentally-friendly power sources.