Using recycled materials in mortars helps both reduce the amount of waste sent to landfill, and the use of natural resources in mortars. Industry, however, has been slow to trust and adopt waste products as raw materials for use in mortars. Eco-Efficient Rendering Mortars focuses on the incorporation of waste materials into cement-based renders, discussing the origins, treatment processes, and properties of relevant wastes. It aims to dispel mistrust through demonstrating the technical feasibility and environmental benefits of eco-efficient rendering mortars. The book considers the characteristics of different waste products, such as aggregates, fillers, binders and additions. The functional requirements of renders are discussed, alongside the impact of wastes on these requirements. Finally, the title considers the lifecycle of and durability of modified mortars. This book offers robust support for, and clear guidance on the use of wastes as a substitute for natural aggregates and binders. Presents evidence supporting the use of wastes as a substitute for natural aggregates and binders Characterizes wastes and considers how best to incorporate different kinds of waste into renders Gives detail on the technical efficiency and environmental impact of different waste materials on mortars Analyses the impact of wastes on render performance in terms of fresh state, mechanical, water, and durability Considers the lifecycle assessment and durability of modified mortars
Eco-efficient Construction and Building Materials provides essential reading about materials for the construction industry in the twenty-first century. It covers the latest findings in the field, especially the toxicity aspects, embodied energy, construction and demolition wastes, the use of wastes in concrete, masonry units, materials reinforced with vegetable fibres, earth construction, the durability aspects, and also the importance of nanotechnology to the development of more environmentally-friendly materials. Based on more than nine hundred references, Eco-efficient Construction and Building Materials is of fundamental importance to academics, engineers and architects who are dedicated to the creation of a greener and more holistic construction industry.
|Author||: Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Jamal Khatib,Francesco Colangelo,Rabin Tuladhar|
|Publisher||: Woodhead Publishing|
|Release Date||: 2018-11-21|
|ISBN 10||: 0081027338|
|Pages||: 492 pages|
Use of Recycled Plastics in Eco-efficient Concrete looks at the processing of plastic waste, including techniques for separation, the production of plastic aggregates, the production of concrete with recycled plastic as an aggregate or binder, the fresh properties of concrete with plastic aggregates, the shrinkage of concrete with plastic aggregates, the mechanical properties of concrete with plastic aggregates, toughness of concrete with plastic aggregates, modulus of elasticity of concrete with plastic aggregates, durability of concrete with plastic aggregates, concrete plastic waste powder with enhanced neutron radiation shielding, and more, thus making it a valuable reference for academics and industrial researchers. Describes the main types of recycled plastics that can be applied in concrete manufacturing Presents, for the first time, state-of-the art knowledge on the properties of conventional concrete with recycled plastics Discusses the technological challenges for concrete manufactures for mass production of recycled concrete from plastic waste
This chapter describes the use of different polymers that can be added to fresh or hardened hydraulic cement, or used to replace the cement. The introduction of polymers can modify the characteristics and properties of concrete, and protect or repair concrete elements.
Eco-efficient concrete is a comprehensive guide to the characteristics and environmental performance of key concrete types. Part one discusses the eco-efficiency and life cycle assessment of Portland cement concrete, before part two goes on to consider concrete with supplementary cementitious materials (SCMs). Concrete with non-reactive wastes is the focus of part three, including municipal solid waste incinerator (MSWI) concrete, and concrete with polymeric, construction and demolition wastes (CDW). An eco-efficient approach to concrete carbonation is also reviewed, followed by an investigation in part four of future alternative binders and the use of nano and biotech in concrete production. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Eco-efficient concrete is a technical guide for all professionals, researchers and academics currently or potentially involved in the design, manufacture and use of eco-efficient concrete. The first part of the book examines the eco-efficiency and life cycle assessment of Portland cement concrete Chapters in the second part of the book consider concrete with supplementary cementitious materials, including properties and performance Reviews the eco-efficient approach to concrete carbonation
New Trends in Eco-efficient and Recycled Concrete describes different recycled materials that have been used in eco-efficient concrete, reviewing previous publications to identify the most effective recycled materials to be applied in concrete manufacture. New trends on eco-efficient concrete are presented, filling a gap in the market. Sections cover various recycled materials applied in concrete production, present the latest on the lifecycle analysis of recycled aggregate concrete, detail new trends in recycled aggregate concrete research, and finally, present updates on upscaling the use of recycled aggregate concrete and structural reliability. Focuses on new trends in recycled aggregate concrete and its applications (rather than the more subjective ‘sustainability’ aspects) Contains very important contributions from researchers in eco-efficient concrete, including Chi Sun Poon, Jorge de Brito, Valeria Corinaldesi, Francisco Agrela, etc. Presents a ‘one stop’ reference for a graduate course on sustainable construction
Prefaced by Björn Stigson, President of the World Business Council for Sustainable Development, this book is one of the few that treats this topic by putting representatives of industry at centre stage. The book systematically addresses the drivers, the tools, and sector-specific elements that play a role in this process. The five chapters in Part I are devoted to a general introduction to eco-efficiency and the related challenges to industry in its implementation. Part II contains 23 case studies, almost all written by industrial experts who tell how they deal with the challenge: what the motivators are, what tools can be used and how they can be implemented, and what are the specific elements in sectors like building, electronics and packaging. These contributions come from multinationals like Unilever, Procter & Gamble, Akzo Nobel, Philips and Ciba-Geigy, as well as small and medium sized enterprises from such sectors as the building and furniture trades.
The special topic volume includes selected and extended papers form the Luso-Brazilian Conference of Sustainable Construction Materials. This bookcontains extended papers selected and reviewed by the Scientific Committee, in areas such as Materials and Energy, Materials and Residues, Natural Materials and Materials and Repair.
Introduces Emerging Engineering Materials Mechanical, materials, and production engineering students can greatly benefit from Engineering Materials: Research, Applications and Advances. This text focuses heavily on research, and fills a need for current information on the science, processes, and applications in the field. Beginning with a brief overview, the book provides a historical and modern perspective on material science, and describes various types of engineering materials. It examines the industrial process for emerging materials, determines practical use under a wide range of conditions, and establishes what is needed to produce a new generation of materials. Covers Basic Concepts and Practical Applications The book consists of 18 chapters and covers a variety of topics that include functionally graded materials, auxetic materials, whiskers, metallic glasses, biocomposite materials, nanomaterials, superalloys, superhard materials, shape-memory alloys, and smart materials. The author outlines the latest advancements, including futuristic plastics, sandwich composites, and biodegradable composites, and highlights special kinds of composites, including fire-resistant composites, marine composites, and biomimetics. He also factors in current examples, future prospects, and the latest research underway in materials technology. Contains approximately 160 diagrams and 85 tables Incorporates examples, illustrations, and applications used in a variety of engineering disciplines Includes solved numerical examples and objective questions with answers Engineering Materials: Research, Applications and Advances serves as a textbook and reference for advanced/graduate students in mechanical engineering, materials engineering, production engineering, physics, and chemistry, and relevant researchers and practicing professionals in the field of materials science.
Includes a free CD containing the full contents of the book.The rammed earth technique, in all its variants, is widespread all over the world. This enormously prevalent building technique harbours an important richness of varieties both in application and in materials used. Interventions on historical rammed earth buildings have also been carried o
For opportunities to change into beneficial practice, engineers, material scientists, architects, manufacturers and suppliers must focus on the changes that are required to champion concrete and maintain its dominance within the global construction industry. This conference was organised to address these changes.
|Release Date||: 2000|
|Pages||: 329 pages|
As the environmental impact of existing construction and building materials comes under increasing scrutiny, the search for more eco-efficient solutions has intensified. Nanotechnology offers great potential in this area and is already being widely used to great success. Nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction is an authoritative guide to the role of nanotechnology in the development of eco-efficient construction materials and sustainable construction. Following an introduction to the use of nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction materials, part one considers such infrastructural applications as nanoengineered cement-based materials, nanoparticles for high-performance and self-sensing concrete, and the use of nanotechnology to improve the bulk and surface properties of steel for structural applications. Nanoclay-modified asphalt mixtures and safety issues relating to nanomaterials for construction applications are also reviewed before part two goes on to discuss applications for building energy efficiency. Topics explored include thin films and nanostructured coatings, switchable glazing technology and third generation photovoltaic (PV) cells, high-performance thermal insulation materials, and silica nanogel for energy-efficient windows. Finally, photocatalytic applications are the focus of part three, which investigates nanoparticles for pollution control, self-cleaning and photosterilisation, and the role of nanotechnology in manufacturing paints and purifying water for eco-efficient buildings. Nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction is a technical guide for all those involved in the design, production and application of eco-efficient construction materials, including civil engineers, materials scientists, researchers and architects within any field of nanotechnology, eco-efficient materials or the construction industry. Provides an authoritative guide to the role of nanotechnology in the development of eco-efficient construction materials and sustainable construction Examines the use of nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction materials Considers a range of important infrastructural applications, before discussing applications for building energy efficiency
This book discusses energy efficient buildings and the role they play in our efforts to address climate change, energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions by considering buildings and the construction sector's unique position along a critical path to decarbonisation from a multi-perspective and holistic viewpoint. Topics covered in the book range from daylighting, building topology comparison, building envelope design, zero energy homes in hot arid regions, life-cycle considerations and energy efficiency analysis to managing energy demand through equipment selection. Each chapter addresses an important aspect of energy efficient building and serves as a vital building block towards constructing a timely and relevant body of knowledge in energy efficient buildings.
|Author||: Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,João Labrincha,C Leonelli,A Palomo,P Chindaprasit|
|Release Date||: 2014-11-20|
|ISBN 10||: 1782422889|
|Pages||: 852 pages|
This book provides an updated state-of-the-art review on new developments in alkali-activation. The main binder of concrete, Portland cement, represents almost 80% of the total CO2 emissions of concrete which are about 6 to 7% of the Planet’s total CO2 emissions. This is particularly serious in the current context of climate change and it could get even worse because the demand for Portland cement is expected to increase by almost 200% by 2050 from 2010 levels, reaching 6000 million tons/year. Alkali-activated binders represent an alternative to Portland cement having higher durability and a lower CO2 footprint. Reviews the chemistry, mix design, manufacture and properties of alkali-activated cement-based concrete binders Considers performance in adverse environmental conditions. Offers equal emphasis on the science behind the technology and its use in civil engineering.
Smart Nanoconcretes and Cement-Based Materials: Properties, Modelling and Applications explores the fundamental concepts and applications of smart nanoconcretes with self-healing, self-cleaning, photocatalytic, antibacterial, piezoelectrical, heating and conducting properties and how they are used in modern high-rise buildings, hydraulic engineering, highways, tunnels and bridges. This book is an important reference source for materials scientists and civil engineers who are looking to enhance the properties of smart nanomaterials to create stronger, more durable concrete. Explores the mechanisms through which active agents are released from nanocontainers inside concrete Shows how embedded smart nanosensors, including carbon cement-based smart sensors and micro/nano strain-sensors, are used to increase concrete performance Discusses the major challenges of integrating smart nanomaterials into concrete composites
This book results from a Special Issue published in Energies, entitled “Building Thermal Envelope". Its intent is to identify emerging research areas within the field of building thermal envelope solutions and contribute to the increased use of more energy-efficient solutions in new and refurbished buildings. Its contents are organized in the following sections: Building envelope materials and systems envisaging indoor comfort and energy efficiency; Building thermal and energy modelling and simulation; Lab test procedures and methods of field measurement to assess the performance of materials and building solutions; Smart materials and renewable energy in building envelope; Adaptive and intelligent building envelope; and Integrated building envelope technologies for high performance buildings and cities.