Author | : Thomas W. Kerlin,Belle R. Upadhyaya |

Publisher | : Academic Press |

Release Date | : 2019-10-05 |

ISBN 10 | : 0128152621 |

Pages | : 402 pages |

Dynamics and Control of Nuclear Reactors presents the latest knowledge and research in reactor dynamics, control and instrumentation; important factors in ensuring the safe and economic operation of nuclear power plants. This book provides current and future engineers with a single resource containing all relevant information, including detailed treatments on the modeling, simulation, operational features and dynamic characteristics of pressurized light-water reactors, boiling light-water reactors, pressurized heavy-water reactors and molten-salt reactors. It also provides pertinent, but less detailed information on small modular reactors, sodium fast reactors, and gas-cooled reactors. Provides case studies and examples to demonstrate learning through problem solving, including an analysis of accidents at Three Mile Island, Chernobyl and Fukushima Daiichi Includes MATLAB codes to enable the reader to apply the knowledge gained to their own projects and research Features examples and problems that illustrate the principles of dynamic analysis as well as the mathematical tools necessary to understand and apply the analysis Publishers Note: Table 3.1 has been revised and will be included in future printings of the book with the following data: Group Decay Constant, li (sec-1) Delayed Neutron Fraction (bi) 1 0.0124 0.000221 2 0.0305 0.001467 3 0.111 0.001313 4 0.301 0.002647 5 1.14 0.000771 6 3.01 0.000281 Total delayed neutron fraction: 0.0067

Author | : British Nuclear Energy Society |

Publisher | : Thomas Telford |

Release Date | : 1992 |

ISBN 10 | : 9780727716613 |

Pages | : 203 pages |

This volume covers a wider view of the aspects of control of nuclear power stations by taking into consideration the plant as a whole and the protection systems employed therein. Authors with world-wide experience consider all the aspects of dynamics and control in the context of both fast and thermal power stations. The topics discussed include both the methods of development and applications within - analysis of plant behaviour, validation of mathematical models, plant testing, design and implementation of controls.

Author | : N.A |

Publisher | : N.A |

Release Date | : 1980 |

ISBN 10 | : 9780727750655 |

Pages | : 430 pages |

Papers are grouped into headings: 'Transients', 'Model Validation', 'Hydrodynamic Stability', 'Modelling and Computational Techniques', 'Control Systems', 'Codes', 'Data and Steady State' and 'Commissioning'.

Author | : Achintya Mukhopadhyay,Swarnendu Sen,Dipankar Narayan Basu,Sirshendu Mondal |

Publisher | : Springer Nature |

Release Date | : 2019-10-14 |

ISBN 10 | : 9811505365 |

Pages | : 526 pages |

This book presents recent advances in dynamics and control of different types of energy systems. It covers research on dynamics and control in energy systems from different aspects, namely, combustion, multiphase flow, nuclear, chemical and thermal. The chapters start from the basic concepts so that this book can be useful even for researchers with very little background in the area. A dedicated chapter provides an overview on the fundamental aspects of the dynamical systems approach. The book will be of use to researchers and professionals alike.

Author | : Lynn E. Weaver |

Publisher | : N.A |

Release Date | : 1968 |

ISBN 10 | : |

Pages | : 307 pages |

Author | : Jeffery Lewins |

Publisher | : Elsevier |

Release Date | : 2013-10-22 |

ISBN 10 | : 1483278751 |

Pages | : 278 pages |

Nuclear Reactor Kinetics and Control highlights the application of classical control methods in the frequency space to the dynamic processes of a nuclear reactor. This book contains nine chapters and begins with an introduction to some important mathematical theories related to nuclear engineering, such as the Laplace and Fourier transforms, linear system stability, and the probability theory. The succeeding chapters deal with the frequency space of classical linear design. A chapter describes a stochastic model for the “lumped reactor and presents equations that measure the departure from the mean, as well as representative experiments or applications of the theory to neutron detection. The discussion then shifts to the aspects of reliability and its consequences for safety of nuclear reactors and some techniques for nonlinear studies centered on the use of the state space and its equations in the time domain. The final chapter introduces the modern electric analogue computer and derives the patching or programming rules that can be use to find solutions to problems of interest using the analogous behavior of electric circuits. This chapter also provide examples of intrinsic interest in nuclear engineering showing the programming involved and typical results, including the slower transients of xenon poisoning and fuel burn-up. This book is intended for nuclear engineers, physicists, applied mathematicians, and nuclear engineering undergraduate and postgraduate students.

Author | : David L. Hetrick |

Publisher | : Amer Nuclear Society |

Release Date | : 1993-01-01 |

ISBN 10 | : 9780894484537 |

Pages | : 542 pages |

This is a text in nuclear reactor dynamics suitable for undergraduate seniors and graduate students in science and engineering. The topic of reactor dynamics, particularly in the form necessary to understand the computation that occurs both in control system analysis and safety analysis, is treated only incompletely in previous texts. One of the book's important features is that it bridges the gap between the viewpoints of the reactor physicist and the control engineer. It brings them together in such a way that the reader will be able to communicate in the language of either persuasion.

Author | : Da Ruan |

Publisher | : Springer Science & Business Media |

Release Date | : 2000-01-14 |

ISBN 10 | : 9783790812510 |

Pages | : 479 pages |

This book is an organized edited collection of twenty-one contributed chapters covering nuclear engineering applications of fuzzy systems, neural networks, genetic algorithms and other soft computing techniques. All chapters are either updated review or original contributions by leading researchers written exclusively for this volume. The volume highlights the advantages of applying fuzzy systems and soft computing in nuclear engineering, which can be viewed as complementary to traditional methods. As a result, fuzzy sets and soft computing provide a powerful tool for solving intricate problems pertaining in nuclear engineering. Each chapter of the book is self-contained and also indicates the future research direction on this topic of applications of fuzzy systems and soft computing in nuclear engineering.

Author | : Sadik Kakaç |

Publisher | : John Wiley & Sons |

Release Date | : 1991-04-29 |

ISBN 10 | : 9780471621706 |

Pages | : 848 pages |

This up-to-date reference covers the thermal design, operation and maintenance of the three major components in industrial heating and air conditioning systems including fossil fuel-fired boilers, waste heat boilers and air conditioning evaporators. Among the distinguishing features covered are: the numerous types of components in use and the features and relative merits of each, overviews of the major technical sections of the book, with suggested approaches to design based on industrial experience, case studies and examples of actual engineering problems, design methods and procedures based on current industrial practice in the United States, Russia, China and Europe with data charts, tables and thermal-hydraulic correlations for design included, and various approaches to design based on experience in the art of industrial process equipment design.

Author | : David L. Hetrick,Lynn E. Weaver |

Publisher | : N.A |

Release Date | : 1966 |

ISBN 10 | : |

Pages | : 611 pages |

Author | : N.A |

Publisher | : Elsevier |

Release Date | : 1966-01-01 |

ISBN 10 | : 0080955320 |

Pages | : 322 pages |

In this book, we study theoretical and practical aspects of computing methods for mathematical modelling of nonlinear systems. A number of computing techniques are considered, such as methods of operator approximation with any given accuracy; operator interpolation techniques including a non-Lagrange interpolation; methods of system representation subject to constraints associated with concepts of causality, memory and stationarity; methods of system representation with an accuracy that is the best within a given class of models; methods of covariance matrix estimation; methods for low-rank matrix approximations; hybrid methods based on a combination of iterative procedures and best operator approximation; and methods for information compression and filtering under condition that a filter model should satisfy restrictions associated with causality and different types of memory. As a result, the book represents a blend of new methods in general computational analysis, and specific, but also generic, techniques for study of systems theory ant its particular branches, such as optimal filtering and information compression. - Best operator approximation, - Non-Lagrange interpolation, - Generic Karhunen-Loeve transform - Generalised low-rank matrix approximation - Optimal data compression - Optimal nonlinear filtering

Author | : N.A |

Publisher | : N.A |

Release Date | : 1974 |

ISBN 10 | : |

Pages | : 329 pages |

Author | : Yoshiaki Oka |

Publisher | : Springer |

Release Date | : 2014-06-11 |

ISBN 10 | : 443154898X |

Pages | : 327 pages |

This book focuses on core design and methods for design and analysis. It is based on advances made in nuclear power utilization and computational methods over the past 40 years, covering core design of boiling water reactors and pressurized water reactors, as well as fast reactors and high-temperature gas-cooled reactors. The objectives of this book are to help graduate and advanced undergraduate students to understand core design and analysis, and to serve as a background reference for engineers actively working in light water reactors. Methodologies for core design and analysis, together with physical descriptions, are emphasized. The book also covers coupled thermal hydraulic core calculations, plant dynamics, and safety analysis, allowing readers to understand core design in relation to plant control and safety.

Author | : Yoshiaki Oka,Katsuo Suzuki |

Publisher | : Springer Science & Business Media |

Release Date | : 2013-03-01 |

ISBN 10 | : 4431541950 |

Pages | : 305 pages |

Understanding time-dependent behaviors of nuclear reactors and the methods of their control is essential to the operation and safety of nuclear power plants. This book provides graduate students, researchers, and engineers in nuclear engineering comprehensive information on both the fundamental theory of nuclear reactor kinetics and control and the state-of-the-art practice in actual plants, as well as the idea of how to bridge the two. The first part focuses on understanding fundamental nuclear kinetics. It introduces delayed neutrons, fission chain reactions, point kinetics theory, reactivity feedbacks, and related measurement techniques. The second part helps readers to grasp the theories and practice of nuclear power plant control. It introduces control theory, nuclear reactor stability, and the operation and control of existing nuclear power plants such as a typical pressurized water reactor, a typical boiling water reactor, the prototype fast breeder reactor Monju, and the high-temperature gas-cooled test reactor (HTTR). Wherever possible, the design and operation data for these plants are provided.

Author | : S R Shimjith,A P Tiwari,B Bandyopadhyay |

Publisher | : Springer |

Release Date | : 2012-08-10 |

ISBN 10 | : 364230589X |

Pages | : 138 pages |

Control analysis and design of large nuclear reactors requires a suitable mathematical model representing the steady state and dynamic behavior of the reactor with reasonable accuracy. This task is, however, quite challenging because of several complex dynamic phenomena existing in a reactor. Quite often, the models developed would be of prohibitively large order, non-linear and of complex structure not readily amenable for control studies. Moreover, the existence of simultaneously occurring dynamic variations at different speeds makes the mathematical model susceptible to numerical ill-conditioning, inhibiting direct application of standard control techniques. This monograph introduces a technique for mathematical modeling of large nuclear reactors in the framework of multi-point kinetics, to obtain a comparatively smaller order model in standard state space form thus overcoming these difficulties. It further brings in innovative methods for controller design for systems exhibiting multi-time-scale property, with emphasis on three-time-scale systems.

Author | : Xingrang Liu,Ramesh Bansal |

Publisher | : CRC Press |

Release Date | : 2016-08-19 |

ISBN 10 | : 1498708234 |

Pages | : 304 pages |

Thermal Power Plants: Modeling, Control, and Efficiency Improvement explains how to solve highly complex industry problems regarding identification, control, and optimization through integrating conventional technologies, such as modern control technology, computational intelligence-based multiobjective identification and optimization, distributed computing, and cloud computing with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) technology. Introducing innovative methods utilized in industrial applications, explored in scientific research, and taught at leading academic universities, this book: Discusses thermal power plant processes and process modeling, energy conservation, performance audits, efficiency improvement modeling, and efficiency optimization supported by high-performance computing integrated with cloud computing Shows how to simulate fossil fuel power plant real-time processes, including boiler, turbine, and generator systems Provides downloadable source codes for use in CORBA C++, MATLAB®, Simulink®, VisSim, Comsol, ANSYS, and ANSYS Fluent modeling software Although the projects in the text focus on industry automation in electrical power engineering, the methods can be applied in other industries, such as concrete and steel production for real-time process identification, control, and optimization.

Author | : Roy Castelli |

Publisher | : Butterworth-Heinemann |

Release Date | : 2009-07-22 |

ISBN 10 | : 9781856179348 |

Pages | : 216 pages |

Corrosion in nuclear power plants cause reductions in efficiency and increases in deposit build-up on plant surfaces, making for expensive maintentance and potential radiological health hazards. This book guides studies to predict and minimize corrosion, thus making nuclear power safer and more cost effective. Too often, reliance on empirical models and on-site testing of existing plants makes study and prediction of corrosive effects in nuclear reactors into a pricey and lengthy process. Introducing the experimental procedures, set up, sample preparation and computer modeling suggested in this book will save precious time and resources in a field where the significant time and expense to get and keep plants on-line are two of the chief concerns preventing broader commerical viability. * The only book to focus exclusively on preventing nuclear corrosion * Uses computer modelling to tie together chemical engineering, civil engineering, corrosion science, and nuclear engineering into a cohesive solution to a vexing nucelar problem * Includes all fundamental equations, example data sets and experimental techniques

Author | : Jeffery Lewins |

Publisher | : Elsevier |

Release Date | : 2013-10-22 |

ISBN 10 | : 1483278751 |

Pages | : 278 pages |

Nuclear Reactor Kinetics and Control highlights the application of classical control methods in the frequency space to the dynamic processes of a nuclear reactor. This book contains nine chapters and begins with an introduction to some important mathematical theories related to nuclear engineering, such as the Laplace and Fourier transforms, linear system stability, and the probability theory. The succeeding chapters deal with the frequency space of classical linear design. A chapter describes a stochastic model for the “lumped reactor and presents equations that measure the departure from the mean, as well as representative experiments or applications of the theory to neutron detection. The discussion then shifts to the aspects of reliability and its consequences for safety of nuclear reactors and some techniques for nonlinear studies centered on the use of the state space and its equations in the time domain. The final chapter introduces the modern electric analogue computer and derives the patching or programming rules that can be use to find solutions to problems of interest using the analogous behavior of electric circuits. This chapter also provide examples of intrinsic interest in nuclear engineering showing the programming involved and typical results, including the slower transients of xenon poisoning and fuel burn-up. This book is intended for nuclear engineers, physicists, applied mathematicians, and nuclear engineering undergraduate and postgraduate students.

Author | : Igor Pioro |

Publisher | : Woodhead Publishing |

Release Date | : 2016-06-09 |

ISBN 10 | : 0081001622 |

Pages | : 940 pages |

Handbook of Generation IV Nuclear Reactors presents information on the current fleet of Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs) with water-cooled reactors (Generation III and III+) (96% of 430 power reactors in the world) that have relatively low thermal efficiencies (within the range of 32 36%) compared to those of modern advanced thermal power plants (combined cycle gas-fired power plants – up to 62% and supercritical pressure coal-fired power plants – up to 55%). Moreover, thermal efficiency of the current fleet of NPPs with water-cooled reactors cannot be increased significantly without completely different innovative designs, which are Generation IV reactors. Nuclear power is vital for generating electrical energy without carbon emissions. Complete with the latest research, development, and design, and written by an international team of experts, this handbook is completely dedicated to Generation IV reactors. Presents the first comprehensive handbook dedicated entirely to generation IV nuclear reactors Reviews the latest trends and developments Complete with the latest research, development, and design information in generation IV nuclear reactors Written by an international team of experts in the field