distributed control methods and cyber security issues in microgrids

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Distributed Control Methods and Cyber Security Issues in Microgrids
Author : Wenchao Meng,Xiaoyu Wang,Shichao Liu
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-03-20
ISBN 10 : 012816946X
Pages : 400 pages

Distributed Control and Cyber Security Issues in Microgrids presents a thorough treatment of distributed control methods and cyber security issues for power system researchers and engineers. With the help of mathematical tools, this reference gives a deep understanding of microgrids and new research directions, addressing emerging concepts, methodologies and applications of monitoring, control and protection in smart microgrids with large-scale renewables. With the integration of more distributed or aggregated renewables and the wide utilization of power electronic devices, the smart microgrid is facing new stability and security challenges.

Microgrid Architectures, Control and Protection Methods
Author : Naser Mahdavi Tabatabaei,Ersan Kabalci,Nicu Bizon
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2019-08-01
ISBN 10 : 3030237230
Pages : 781 pages

This book presents intuitive explanations of the principles of microgrids, including their structure and operation and their applications. It also discusses the latest research on microgrid control and protection technologies and the essentials of microgrids as well as enhanced communication systems. The book provides solutions to microgrid operation and planning issues using various methodologies including planning and modelling; AC and DC hybrid microgrids; energy storage systems in microgrids; and optimal microgrid operational planning. Written by specialists, it is filled in innovative solutions and research related to microgrid operation, making it a valuable resource for those interested in developing updated approaches in electric power analysis, design and operational strategies. Thanks to its in-depth explanations and clear, three-part structure, it is useful for electrical engineering students, researchers and technicians.

The Energy Internet
Author : Wencong Su,Alex Huang
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2018-10-26
ISBN 10 : 0081022158
Pages : 398 pages

The Energy Internet: An Open Energy Platform to Transform Legacy Power Systems into Open Innovation and Global Economic Engines is an innovative concept that changes the way people generate, distribute and consume electrical energy. With the potential to transform the infrastructure of the electric grid, the book challenges existing power systems, presenting innovative and pioneering theories and technologies that will challenge existing norms on generation and consumption. Researchers, academics, engineers, consultants and policymakers will gain a thorough understanding of the Energy Internet that includes a thorough dissemination of case studies from the USA, China, Japan, Germany and the U.K. The book's editors provide analysis of various enabling technologies and technical solutions, such as control theory, communication, and the social and economic aspects that are central to obtaining a clear appreciation of the potential of this complex infrastructure. Presents the first complete resource on the innovative concept of the Energy Internet Provides a clear analysis of the architecture of the Energy Internet to ensure an understanding of the technologies behind generating, distributing and consuming electricity in this way Includes a variety of global case studies of real-world implementation and pilot projects to thoroughly demonstrate the theoretical, technological and economic considerations

Modeling, Control, Estimation, and Optimization for Microgrids
Author : Zhixiong Zhong
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2019-11-27
ISBN 10 : 1351032445
Pages : 379 pages

Due to increasing economic and environmental pressures, small-scale grids have received increasing attention in the last fifteen years. These renewable sources, such as solar PVs, wind turbines, and fuel cells, integrated with grid, have changed the way we live our lives. This book describes microgrid dynamics modeling and nonlinear control issues from introductory to the advanced steps. The book addresses the most relevant challenges in microgrid protection and control including modeling, uncertainty, stability issues, local control, coordination control, power quality, and economic dispatch.

Distributed Energy Resources in Microgrids
Author : Rajeev Kumar Chauhan,Kalpana Chauhan
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-08-17
ISBN 10 : 0128177756
Pages : 554 pages

Distributed Energy Resources in Microgrids: Integration, Challenges and Optimization unifies classically unconnected aspects of microgrids by considering them alongside economic analysis and stability testing. In addition, the book presents well-founded mathematical analyses on how to technically and economically optimize microgrids via distributed energy resource integration. Researchers and engineers in the power and energy sector will find this information useful for combined scientific and economical approaches to microgrid integration. Specific sections cover microgrid performance, including key technical elements, such as control design, stability analysis, power quality, reliability and resiliency in microgrid operation. Addresses the challenges related to the integration of renewable energy resources Includes examples of control algorithms adopted during integration Presents detailed methods of optimization to enhance successful integration

Author : Nikos Hatziargyriou
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2014-03-03
ISBN 10 : 1118720687
Pages : 340 pages

Microgrids are the most innovative area in the electric power industry today. Future microgrids could exist as energy-balanced cells within existing power distribution grids or stand-alone power networks within small communities. A definitive presentation on all aspects of microgrids, this text examines the operation of microgrids – their control concepts and advanced architectures including multi-microgrids. It takes a logical approach to overview the purpose and the technical aspects of microgrids, discussing the social, economic and environmental benefits to power system operation. The book also presents microgrid design and control issues, including protection and explaining how to implement centralized and decentralized control strategies. Key features: original, state-of-the-art research material written by internationally respected contributors unique case studies demonstrating success stories from real-world pilot sites from Europe, the Americas, Japan and China examines market and regulatory settings for microgrids, and provides evaluation results under standard test conditions a look to the future – technical solutions to maximize the value of distributed energy along with the principles and criteria for developing commercial and regulatory frameworks for microgrids Offering broad yet balanced coverage, this volume is an entry point to this very topical area of power delivery for electric power engineers familiar with medium and low voltage distribution systems, utility operators in microgrids, power systems researchers and academics. It is also a useful reference for system planners and operators, manufacturers and network operators, government regulators, and postgraduate power systems students. CONTRIBUTORS Thomas Degner Aris Dimeas Alfred Engler Nuno Gil Asier Gil de Muro Guillermo Jiménez-Estévez George Kariniotakis George Korres André Madureira Meiqin Mao Chris Marnay Jose Miguel Yarza Satoshi Morozumi Alexander Oudalov Frank van Overbeeke Rodrigo Palma Behnke Joao Abel Pecas Lopes Fernanda Resende John Romankiewicz Christine Schwaegerl Nikos Soultanis Liang Tao Antonis Tsikalakis

Author : Magdi S Mahmoud
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2016-10-24
ISBN 10 : 0081012624
Pages : 398 pages

Microgrids: Advanced Control Methods and Renewable Energy System Integration demonstrates the state-of-art of methods and applications of microgrid control, with eleven concise and comprehensive chapters. The first three chapters provide an overview of the control methods of microgrid systems that is followed by a review of distributed control and management strategies for the next generation microgrids. Next, the book identifies future research directions and discusses the hierarchical power sharing control in DC Microgrids. Chapter 4 investigates the demand side management in microgrid control systems from various perspectives, followed by an outline of the operation and controls of the smart microgrids in Chapter 5. Chapter 6 deals with control of low-voltage microgrids with master/slave architecture. The final chapters explain the load-Frequency Controllers for Distributed Power System Generation Units and the issue of robust control design for VSIs, followed by a communication solution denoted as power talk. Finally, in Chapter 11, real-time implementation of distributed control for an autonomous microgrid system is performed. Addresses issues of contemporary interest to practitioners in the power engineering and management fields Focuses on the role of microgrids within the overall power system structure and attempts to clarify the main findings relating to primary and secondary control and management at the microgrid level Provides results from a quantified assessment of benefits from economic, environmental, operational, and social point-of-views Presents the hierarchical control levels manifested in microgrid operations and evaluates the principles and main functions of centralized and decentralized control

Control and Optimization of Distributed Generation Systems
Author : Magdi S. Mahmoud,Fouad M. AL-Sunni
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-05-14
ISBN 10 : 3319169106
Pages : 578 pages

This text is an introduction to the use of control in distributed power generation. It shows the reader how reliable control can be achieved so as to realize the potential of small networks of diverse energy sources, either singly or in coordination, for meeting concerns of energy cost, energy security and environmental protection. The book demonstrates how such microgrids, interconnecting groups of generating units and loads within a local area, can be an effective means of balancing electrical supply and demand. It takes advantage of the ability to connect and disconnect microgrids from the main body of the power grid to give flexibility in response to special events, planned or unplanned. In order to capture the main opportunities for expanding the power grid and to present the plethora of associated open problems in control theory Control and Optimization of Distributed Generation Systems is organized to treat three key themes, namely: system architecture and integration; modelling and analysis; and communications and control. Each chapter makes use of examples and simulations and appropriate problems to help the reader study. Tools helpful to the reader in accessing the mathematical analysis presented within the main body of the book are given in an appendix. Control and Optimization of Distributed Generation Systems will enable readers new to the field of distributed power generation and networked control, whether experienced academic migrating from another field or graduate student beginning a research career, to familiarize themselves with the important points of the control and regulation of microgrids. It will also be useful for practising power engineers wishing to keep abreast of changes in power grids necessitated by the diversification of generating methods.

Advances in Applied Science, Engineering and Technology
Author : Na Na,Zong Hua Wang,Qing Bin Yang,Yi Qian Wang,Pei Long Xu
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release Date : 2013-06-27
ISBN 10 : 3038260991
Pages : 986 pages

Selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2013 International Conference on Applied Science, Engineering and Technology (ICASET 2013), May 19-21, 2013, Qingdao, China

Microgrid Dynamics and Control
Author : Hassan Bevrani,Bruno François,Toshifumi Ise
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2017-07-18
ISBN 10 : 1119263700
Pages : 720 pages

This book discusses relevant microgrid technologies in the context of integrating renewable energy and also addresses challenging issues. The authors summarize long term academic and research outcomes and contributions. In addition, this book is influenced by the authors’ practical experiences on microgrids (MGs), electric network monitoring, and control and power electronic systems. A thorough discussion of the basic principles of the MG modeling and operating issues is provided. The MG structure, types, operating modes, modelling, dynamics, and control levels are covered. Recent advances in DC microgrids, virtual synchronousgenerators, MG planning and energy management are examined. The physical constraints and engineering aspects of the MGs are covered, and developed robust and intelligent control strategies are discussed using real time simulations and experimental studies.

Dynamics and Control of Electric Transmission and Microgrids
Author : K. R. Padiyar,Anil M. Kulkarni
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2019-02-04
ISBN 10 : 1119173388
Pages : 504 pages

A guide to the latest developments in grid dynamics and control and highlights the role of transmission and distribution grids Dynamics and Control of Electric Transmission and Microgrids offers a concise and comprehensive review of the most recent developments and research in grid dynamics and control. In addition, the authors present a new style of presentation that highlights the role of transmission and distribution grids that ensure the reliability and quality of electric power supply. The authors — noted experts in the field — offer an introduction to the topic and explore the basic characteristics and operations of the grid. The text also reviews a wealth of vital topics such as FACTS and HVDC Converter controllers, the stability and security issues of the bulk power system, loads which can be viewed as negative generation, the power limits and energy availability when distributed storage is used and much more. This important resource: Puts the focus on the role of transmission and distribution grids that ensure the reliability and quality of electric power supply Includes modeling and control of wind and solar energy generation for secure energy transfer Presents timely coverage of on-line detection of loss of synchronism, wide area measurements and applications, wide-area feedback control systems for power swing damping and microgrids-operation and control Written for students of power system dynamics and control/electrical power industry professionals, Dynamics and Control of Electric Transmission and Microgrids is a comprehensive guide to the recent developments in grid dynamics and control and highlights the role of transmission and distribution grids that ensure the reliability and quality of electric power supply.

Smart Microgrid Control
Author : Gerro J Prinsloo
Publisher : Gerro Prinsloo
Release Date : 2016-01-12
ISBN 10 : 0620686650
Pages : 120 pages

In a smart microgrid context, transactive energy is one of the more exciting developments in energy management. The concept of Transactive Energy Management (TEM) was introduced by the GridWise Architecture Council (GWAC) and has become a very important ingredient in modern smart microgrid control. Transactive control (TC) generally includes economic intelligence that use pricing signals to coordinate devices throughout the microgrid system on an economic bargaining or price bargaining principles. In this way, the smart microgrid controller can actually make decisions on energy generation and energy consumption based on time-varying pricing signals. Transactive smart microgrid Control (TsmC) use mathematical algorithms than can respond to dynamic pricing and microgrid energy demand, creating a type of interactive bargaining platform for energy users and appliances to bargain for energy purchases and usage within the microgrid. It can be viewed as a two-way transaction system in which energy can be generated, supplied and directed to where energy required. This book takes an in depth look at intelligent and smart control in a microgrid context. It deals with topics such as stochastic microgrid modelling and control optimization, smart microgrid and supply side modelling, smart microgrid demand side management and control optimization in both autonomous or islanded smart microgrids as well as grid connected microgrids.

Microgrids Design and Implementation
Author : Antonio Carlos Zambroni de Souza,Miguel Castilla
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-11-29
ISBN 10 : 3319986872
Pages : 538 pages

This book addresses the emerging trend of smart grids in power systems. It discusses the advent of smart grids and selected technical implications; further, by combining the perspectives of researchers from Europe and South America, the book captures the status quo of and approaches to smart grids in a wide range of countries. It describes the basic concepts, enabling readers to understand the theoretical aspects behind smart grid formation, while also examining current challenges and philosophical discussions. Like the industrial revolution and the birth of the Internet, smart grids are certain to change the way people use electricity. In this regard, a new term – the “prosumer” – is used to describe consumers who may sometimes also be energy producers. This is particularly appealing if we bear in mind that most of the distributed power generation in smart grids does not involve carbon emissions. At first glance, the option of generating their own power could move consumers to leave their current energy provider. Yet the authors argue that doing so is not a wise choice: utilities will play a central role in this new scenario and should not be ignored.

Energy Storage for Sustainable Microgrid
Author : David Wenzhong Gao
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2015-07-25
ISBN 10 : 0128033754
Pages : 152 pages

Energy Storage for Sustainable Microgrid addresses the issues related to modelling, operation and control, steady-state and dynamic analysis of microgrids with ESS. This book discusses major electricity storage technologies in depth along with their efficiency, lifetime cycles, environmental benefits and capacity, so that readers can envisage which type of storage technology is best for a particular microgrid application. This book offers solutions to numerous difficulties such as choosing the right ESS for the particular microgrid application, proper sizing of ESS for microgrid, as well as design of ESS control systems for proper interfacing with the microgrid. Explanations for major power electronic converters/technology required to achieve the desired interfacing Case studies on the major impacts of energy storage on microgrid Detailed solutions for choosing the right ESS for particular microgrid applications Valuable economics chapter to help evaluate entire systems

Microgrid Technology and Engineering Application
Author : Fusheng Li,Ruisheng Li,Fengquan Zhou
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-08-27
ISBN 10 : 0128036303
Pages : 198 pages

This book is based on the authors’ research and microgrid projects since 2009, and is the most up-to-date resource on the development of microgrid technologies. In addition to basic facility and network design concepts, it covers related subjects including power supply programming and energy optimization, which means it can serve as a single volume reference to the complete microgrid system implementation. Provides a systematic introduction to the basic concepts, key technologies, and practical design methods of microgrids Covers the theoretical design and implementation of microgrid facilities, including practical operational issues, monitoring and control. The balance of theoretical and applied content will be of real value to engineers who are specifying and design systems in regions with limited experience of microgrid systems Includes real-life examples and projects to help implement the content effectively

Exploring Cyber Security Issues and Solutions for Various Components of DC Microgrid System
Author : Sultana Razia Akhter
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2018
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 329 pages

Nowadays, considering the growing demand for the DC loads and simplified interface with renewable power generation sources, DC microgrids could be cost effective solution for the power supply in small scale area. the supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) system maintain the bidirectional power communication through the internet connectivity with the microgrid. However, this intelligent and interactive feature may pose a cyber-security threat to the power grid. this work aims to exploring cyber-security issues and their solutions for the DC microgrid system. To mitigate the adverse effects of various cyber-attacks such as the False Data Injection (FDI) attack, Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attack etc., two new techniques based on non-linear and proportional-integral (PI) controllers have been proposed. Simulation results obtained from MATLAB/Simulink software demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed methods in mitigating the adverse effects of cyber-attacks on the DCMG system performance. .

Borrego Springs Microgrid Demonstration Project
Author : Thomas Bialek,San Diego Gas and Electric Company,Horizon Energy Group
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2013
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 71 pages

Smart Grid Security
Author : Gilbert N. Sorebo,Michael C. Echols
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2012-02-02
ISBN 10 : 146651650X
Pages : 328 pages

The Smart Grid has the potential to revolutionize electricity delivery systems, and the security of its infrastructure is a vital concern not only for cyber-security practitioners, engineers, policy makers, and utility executives, but also for the media and consumers. Smart Grid Security: An End-to-End View of Security in the New Electrical Grid explores the important techniques, challenges, and forces that will shape how we achieve a secure twenty-first century electric grid. Includes a Foreword by Michael Assante, President and CEO, National Board of Information Security Examiners Following an overview of the components of the Smart Grid, the book delves into the evolution of security standards and regulations and examines ways in which the Smart Grid might be regulated. The authors discuss the technical details about how metering technology is being implemented and the likely threats and vulnerabilities that utilities will face. They address the home area network (HAN) and examine distribution and transmission—the foundation for the delivery of electricity, along with distributed generation, micro-grids, and operations. The book explores future concepts—such as energy storage and the use of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs)—in addition to the concomitant risk for fraud and manipulation with stored energy. Consumer-related issues are discussed as they pertain to emerging ways of receiving and generating energy. The book examines dysfunctions ranging from inadvertent outages to cyber-attack and presents recommendations on how to respond to these incidents. It concludes with speculation of future cyber-security challenges and discusses new ways that the grid can be defended, such as better key management and protection. Written in a style rigorous enough for the practitioner yet accessible to a broad audience, this comprehensive volume covers a topic that is becoming more critical to industry and consumers everywhere.

Nonlinear Digital Encoders for Data Communications
Author : Calin Vladeanu,Safwan El Assad
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2014-03-06
ISBN 10 : 111881584X
Pages : 151 pages

This book presents digital encoders for data communications. After an introduction on data communications and different sequences, the authors present the frey encoder as a digital filter followed by the trellis-coded and parallel turbo trellis-coded modulation schemes using nonlinear digital encoders. The book contains many numerical examples that complete the description of the analyzed schemes. Also, some performance simulation results are provided. Appendixes include demonstrations for the mathematical apparatus used throughout the book and some Matlab/Simulink source files used to run the simulations. Therefore, students can easily understand the concepts presented in the book and to simulate the schemes.

Security of Cyber-Physical Systems
Author : Hadis Karimipour,Pirathayini Srikantha,Hany Farag,Jin Wei-Kocsis
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-08-24
ISBN 10 : 3030455416
Pages : 323 pages

This book presents a comprehensive overview of security issues in Cyber Physical Systems (CPSs), by analyzing the issues and vulnerabilities in CPSs and examining state of the art security measures. Furthermore, this book proposes various defense strategies including intelligent attack and anomaly detection algorithms. Today’s technology is continually evolving towards interconnectivity among devices. This interconnectivity phenomenon is often referred to as Internet of Things (IoT). IoT technology is used to enhance the performance of systems in many applications. This integration of physical and cyber components within a system is associated with many benefits; these systems are often referred to as Cyber Physical Systems (CPSs). The CPSs and IoT technologies are used in many industries critical to our daily lives. CPSs have the potential to reduce costs, enhance mobility and independence of patients, and reach the body using minimally invasive techniques. Although this interconnectivity of devices can pave the road for immense advancement in technology and automation, the integration of network components into any system increases its vulnerability to cyber threats. Using internet networks to connect devices together creates access points for adversaries. Considering the critical applications of some of these devices, adversaries have the potential of exploiting sensitive data and interrupting the functionality of critical infrastructure. Practitioners working in system security, cyber security & security and privacy will find this book valuable as a reference. Researchers and scientists concentrating on computer systems, large-scale complex systems, and artificial intelligence will also find this book useful as a reference.