Design and Manufacturing of Structural Composites provides an overview of the most common manufacturing routes for fiber reinforced composites, including the influence of the manufacturing route on mechanical properties. It discusses the intermediate steps to convert common fiber/matrix combinations into finished products and provides an insight into some of the most common research challenges for each of the chosen manufacturing processes, covering experimental, analytical and numerical analysis. Particular emphasis is placed on the various types of manufacturing routes for fiber reinforced composites, including the influence of the manufacturing route on mechanical properties, automation, additive manufacturing and recyclability, and material properties and design principles. Chapters cover introduction to composite materials, material preforming and conversion, moulding, enabling technologies, computer aided engineering, reduce, reuse and recycling, and much more. Discusses recent advances in composite manufacturing, automation, additive manufacturing and recyclability Presents various types of manufacturing routes for fiber reinforced composites, including the influence of the manufacturing route on mechanical properties Emphasizes recycling, design simulations and additive manufacturing
A practical book of value to those in the automotive, chemical, aerospace and offshore industries. Case studies are included and as well as covering flexible manufacturing systems and non-destructive evaluation, the author looks ahead to metal matrix composites and ceramic matrix composites.
Textile composites encompass a rather narrow range of materials, based on three-dimensional reinforcements produced using specialist equipment. This book describes the design, manufacture and applications of textile composites. The intention is to describe the broad range of polymer composite materials with textile reinforcements, from woven and non-crimp commodity fabrics to 3-D textiles and their applications. The book gives particular attention to the modelling of textile structures, composites manufacturing methods, and subsequent component performance. This practical book is an invaluable guide for manufacturers of polymer composite components, end-users and designers, structural materials researchers, and textile manufacturers involved in the development of new products with textile composites.
This book provides a comprehensive account of developments in the area of lightweight polymer composites. It encompasses design and manufacturing methods for the lightweight polymer structures, various techniques, and a broad spectrum of applications. The book highlights fundamental research in lightweight polymer structures and integrates various aspects from synthesis to applications of these materials. Features Serves as a one stop reference with contributions from leading researchers from industry, academy, government, and private research institutions across the globe Explores all important aspects of lightweight polymer composite structures Offers an update of concepts, advancements, challenges, and application of lightweight structures Current status, trends, future directions, and opportunities are discussed, making it friendly for both new and experienced researchers.
The primary objective of this book is to bridge this gap by presenting the concepts in composites in an integrated and balanced manner and expose the reader to the total gamut of activities involved in composite product development. It includes the complete know-how for development of a composite product including its design & analysis, manufacture and characterization, and testing.The book has fourteen chapters that are divided into two parts with part one describing mechanics, analytical methods in composites and basic finite element procedure, and the second part illustratesr materials, manufacturing methods, destructive and non-destructive tests and design.
Lightweight Composite Structures in Transport: Design, Manufacturing, Analysis and Performance provides a detailed review of lightweight composite materials and structures and discusses their use in the transport industry, specifically surface and air transport. The book covers materials selection, the properties and performance of materials, and structures, design solutions, and manufacturing techniques. A broad range of different material classes is reviewed with emphasis on advanced materials. Chapters in the first two parts of the book consider the lightweight philosophy and current developments in manufacturing techniques for lightweight composite structures in the transport industry, with subsequent chapters in parts three to five discussing structural optimization and analysis, properties, and performance of lightweight composite structures, durability, damage tolerance and structural integrity. Final chapters present case studies on lightweight composite design for transport structures. Comprehensively covers materials selection, design solutions, manufacturing techniques, structural analysis, and performance of lightweight composite structures in the transport industry Includes commentary from leading industrial and academic experts in the field who present cutting-edge research on advanced lightweight materials for the transport industry Includes case studies on lightweight composite design for transport structures
|Author||: Philippe Boisse|
|Publisher||: Woodhead Publishing|
|Release Date||: 2015-07-29|
|ISBN 10||: 1782423206|
|Pages||: 492 pages|
The manufacturing processes of composite materials are numerous and often complex. Continuous research into the subject area has made it hugely relevant with new advances enriching our understanding and helping us overcome design and manufacturing challenges. Advances in Composites Manufacturing and Process Design provides comprehensive coverage of all processing techniques in the field with a strong emphasis on recent advances, modeling and simulation of the design process. Part One reviews the advances in composite manufacturing processes and includes detailed coverage of braiding, knitting, weaving, fibre placement, draping, machining and drilling, and 3D composite processes. There are also highly informative chapters on thermoplastic and ceramic composite manufacturing processes, and repairing composites. The mechanical behaviour of reinforcements and the numerical simulation of composite manufacturing processes are examined in Part Two. Chapters examine the properties and behaviour of textile reinforcements and resins. The final chapters of the book investigate finite element analysis of composite forming, numerical simulation of flow processes, pultrusion processes and modeling of chemical vapour infiltration processes. Outlines the advances in the different methods of composite manufacturing processes Provides extensive information on the thermo-mechanical behavior of reinforcements and composite prepregs Reviews numerical simulations of forming and flow processes, as well as pultrusion processes and modeling chemical vapor infiltration
This book deals with all aspects of advanced composite materials; what they are, where they are used, how they are made, their properties, how they are designed and analyzed, and how they perform in-service. It covers both continuous and discontinuous fiber composites fabricated from polymer, metal, and ceramic matrices, with an emphasis on continuous fiber polymer matrix composites.
|Author||: Vannessa Dr Goodship,Bethany Middleton,Ruth Cherrington|
|Publisher||: William Andrew|
|Release Date||: 2015-09-08|
|ISBN 10||: 0323353843|
|Pages||: 236 pages|
Design and Manufacture of Plastic Components for Multifunctionality: Structural Composites, Injection Molding, and 3D Printing presents the latest information on how plastics manufacturers are increasingly being driven towards carbon emission reduction, lightweighting, and cost savings through process integration. These technologies have the potential to revolutionize future products with built-in functionality such as sensors, smart packaging, and damage detection technology for everything from milk bottles and salad packaging to automotive bumpers and plane fuselages. This book introduces the three core manufacturing methods for multifunctional materials, composites, injection molding, and 3D printing, all processes facing challenges for the implementation of new technology. Users will find a book that brings together both process and material advances in this area, giving process engineers, designers, and manufacturers the information they need to choose the appropriate material and process for the product they are developing. Provides an introduction to the latest technologies in the area of multifunctionality, enabling engineers to implement new breakthroughs in their own businesses Gives an understanding of the processes that need to be considered in both design and manufacture of future devices, while using materials from a broader palette than used in existing manufacturing processes Includes best practice guidance and flow charts to aid in material and process selection Covers revolutionary future products with built-in functionality such as sensors, smart packaging, and damage detection technology for everything from milk bottles and salad packaging to automotive bumpers and plane fuselages
|Author||: Dai Gil Lee,Nam Pyo Suh|
|Publisher||: Oxford University Press|
|Release Date||: 2006|
|ISBN 10||: 0195178777|
|Pages||: 709 pages|
This book presents an integrated approach to the design and manufacturing of products made of advanced composites. It is designed to teach students and practicing engineers how to streamline and improve the design process for parts and machines made out of composite materials by focusing on the behavior of composites and their constitutive relationships during the design stage. The primary market for this text will be industry-sponsored courses and practicing engineers, with some potential for use in university graduate courses in the US and abroad. The book will include a CD of the authors' own analytical software, Axiomatic CLPT (Clasdsical Laminate Plate Theory) for students and self-learners. It is part of the Oxford Series on Advanced Manufacturing (OSAM).
Considered to have contributed greatly to the pre-sizing of composite structures, Composite Materials: Design and Applications is a popular reference book for designers of heavily loaded composite parts. Fully updated to mirror the exponential growth and development of composites, this English-language Third Edition: Contains all-new coverage of nanocomposites and biocomposites Reflects the latest manufacturing processes and applications in the aerospace, automotive, naval, wind turbine, and sporting goods industries Provides a design method to define composite multilayered plates under loading, along with all numerical information needed for implementation Proposes original study of composite beams of any section shapes and thick-laminated composite plates, leading to technical formulations that are not found in the literature Features numerous examples of the pre-sizing of composite parts, processed from industrial cases and reworked to highlight key information Includes test cases for the validation of computer software using finite elements Consisting of three main parts, plus a fourth on applications, Composite Materials: Design and Applications, Third Edition features a technical level that rises in difficulty as the text progresses, yet each part still can be explored independently. While the heart of the book, devoted to the methodical pre-design of structural parts, retains its original character, the contents have been significantly rewritten, restructured, and expanded to better illustrate the types of challenges encountered in modern engineering practice.
|Author||: George C. Sih,Alberto Carpinteri,G. Surace|
|Publisher||: Springer Science & Business Media|
|Release Date||: 2013-03-09|
|ISBN 10||: 9401585636|
|Pages||: 438 pages|
The last decade has seen a significant growth in the processing and fabrication of advanced composite materials. This volume contains the up-to-date contributions of those with working experience in the automotive, marine, aerospace and construction field. Starting with modern technologies concerned with assessing the change in material microstructure in terms of the processing parameters, methodologies are offered to account for tradeoffs between the fundamental variables such as temperature and pressure that control the product quality. The book contains new ideas and data, not available in the open literature.
Composite materials are engineered materials, made from two or more constituents with significantly different physical or chemical properties which remain separate on a macroscopic level within the finished structure. Due to their special mechanical and physical properties they have the potential to replace conventional materials in various fields such as the biomedical industry.
|Author||: Vijay Kumar Thakur,Manju Kumari Thakur,Michael R. Kessler|
|Publisher||: John Wiley & Sons|
|Release Date||: 2017-03-03|
|ISBN 10||: 1119224292|
|Pages||: 640 pages|
The Handbook of Composites From Renewable Materials comprises a set of 8 individual volumes that brings an interdisciplinary perspective to accomplish a more detailed understanding of the interplay between the synthesis, structure, characterization, processing, applications and performance of these advanced materials. The handbook covers a multitude of natural polymers/ reinforcement/ fillers and biodegradable materials. Together, the 8 volumes total at least 5000 pages and offers a unique publication. This 2nd volume of the Handbook is solely focused on the Design and Manufacturing of renewable materials. Some of the important topics include but not limited to: design and manufacturing of high performance green composites; manufacturing of high performance biomass-based polyesters by rheological approach; components design of fibrous composite materials; design and manufacturing of bio-based sandwich structures; design and manufacture of biodegradable products from renewable resources; manufacturing and characterization of quicklime filled metal alloy composites for single row deep groove ball bearing; manufacturing of composites from chicken feathers and poly (vinyl chloride); production of porous carbons from resorcinol-formaldehyde gels: applications; composites using agricultural wastes; manufacturing of rice wastes-based natural fiber polymer composites from thermosetting vs. thermoplastic matrices; thermoplastic polymeric composites; natural fiber reinforced PLA composites; rigid closed-cell PUR foams containing polyols derived from renewable resources; preparation and application of the composite from alginate; recent developments in biocomposites of bombyx mori silk fibroin; design and manufacturing of natural fiber/ synthetic fiber reinforced polymer hybrid composites; natural fibre composite strengthening solution for structural beam component for enhanced flexural strength; high pressure resin transfer molding of epoxy resins from renewable sources; cork based structural composites; the use of wheat straw as an agricultural waste in composites for semi-structural applications and design/ manufacturing of sustainable composites.
Composite Structures extends the focus to all the entities that participate in the successful quest for safety and demonstrates how design, manufacturing, maintenance, (inspection), operation, and requirements (regulations) all are part of successful, safe innovation and necessary to assure safe flight through the life of the vehicle. It addresses the notion that safety is a function of time and that vigilant risk management is only successful if it includes all participating entities. It is a companion to the author's first volume, Composite Structure: Design, Safety and Innovation, published by Elsevier in June 2005. Eliminates an unacceptable 'gap' in the world of safety Represents a 'new' approach to designing, manufacturing, maintaining, operating and regulating composite airplane structures Written for professionals in the aerospace structural development arena whether in indusrty, academia or government
Polymer composites are increasingly used in aerospace applications due to properties such as strength and durability compared to weight. Edited by two leading authorities in the field, this book summarises key recent research on design, manufacture and performance of composite components for aerospace structures. Part one reviews the design and manufacture of different types of composite component. Part two discusses aspects of performance such as stiffness, strength, fatigue, impact and blast behaviour, response to temperature and humidity as well as non-destructive testing and monitoring techniques.
|Author||: Ever J. Barbero|
|Publisher||: CRC Press|
|Release Date||: 2010-07-07|
|ISBN 10||: 1420079158|
|Pages||: 562 pages|
Presenting a wealth of completely revised examples and new information, Introduction to Composite Materials Design, Second Edition greatly improves on the bestselling first edition. It incorporates state-of-the-art advances in knowledge and design methods that have taken place over the last 10 years, yet maintains the distinguishing features and vital content of the original. New material in this second edition: Introduces new background topics, including design for reliability and fracture mechanics Revises and updates information on polymer matrices, modern fibers (e.g., carbon nanotubes, Basalt, Vectran) and fiber forms such as textiles/fabrics Includes new information on Vacuum Assisted Resin Transfer Molding (VARTM) Incorporates major advances in prediction of unidirectional-lamina properties Reworks sections on material failure, including the most advanced prediction and design methodologies, such as in situ strength and Mohr-Coulomb criterion, etc. Covers all aspects of preliminary design, relegating finite element analysis to a separate textbook Discusses methodology used to perform damage mechanics analysis of laminated composites accounting for the main damage modes: longitudinal tension, longitudinal compression, transverse tension, in-plane shear, and transverse compression Presents in-depth analysis of composites reinforced with plain, twill, and satin weaves, as well as with random fiber reinforcements Expands the analysis of thin walled beams with newly developed examples and MATLAB® code Addresses external strengthening of reinforced-concrete beams, columns, and structural members subjected to both axial and bending loads The author distributes 78 fully developed examples throughout the book to illustrate the application of presented analysis techniques and design methodology, making this textbook ideally suited for self-study. Requiring no more than senior undergraduate-level understanding of math and mechanics, it remains an invaluable tool for students in the engineering disciplines, as well as for self-studying, practicing engineers.
Tables, Schematics, Photographs Extensive reference data is provided in tables. Diagrams and flow charts illustrate designs, design procedure and manufacturing methods. Photographs illustrate components and structures. Here is a small sampling of this material. Tables: Typical properties of fully cured cast polyester resins Typical properties of cast flexibilised . . . polyester resin Typical properties of fully cured cast epoxy resin Typical measured mechanical properties of composite materials compared with steel and aluminium alloy Details of each layer and predicted properties for a specific laminate Physical properties, occupation exposure limits and health hazards for polyester resins based on various monomers Composites process data sheet: filament winding Composites process data sheet: cold press moulding Design data for typical polymer composite material Schematics: Filament winding Cold press Pultrusion Design process for composite structures Comparative weights of sandwich structure with varying cores and skin reinforcing-resin systems
Composite materials are engineered from two or more constituents with significantly altered physical or chemical properties within the finished structure. Due to their special mechanical and physical properties they have the potential to replace conventional materials. This book, written by experts from all over the world, presents fundamentals and recent advances on ceramic matrix composites.
The Fourth Conference on Fibrous Composites in Structural Design was a successor to the First-to-Third Conferences on Fibrous Composites in Flight Vehicle Design sponsored by the Air Force (First and Second Conferences, September 1973 and May 1974) and by NASA (Third Conference, November 1975) which were aimed at focusing national attention on flight vehicle applications of a new class of fiber reinforced materials, the advanced com posites, which afforded weight savings and other advantages which had not been previously available. The Fourth Conference, held at San Diego, California, 14-17 November 1978, was the fi rst of these conferences to be jointly sponsored by the Army, Navy and Ai r Force together with NASA, as well as being the first to give attention to non-aerospace applications of fiber reinforced composites. While the design technology for aerospace applications has reached a state of relative maturity, other areas of application such as mi litary bridging, flywheel energy storage systems, ship and surface vessel components and ground vehicle components are in an early stage of development, and it was an important objective to pinpoint where careful attention to structural design was needed in such applications to achfeve maximum structural performance payoff together with a high level of reliability and attractive economics.