deep learning techniques for biomedical and health informatics

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Deep Learning Techniques for Biomedical and Health Informatics
Author : Dr. Basant Agarwal,Valentina E. Balas,Lakhmi C. Jain,Ramesh Chandra Poonia,Manisha Sharma
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-01-14
ISBN 10 : 0128190620
Pages : 367 pages
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Deep Learning Techniques for Biomedical and Health Informatics provides readers with the state-of-the-art in deep learning-based methods for biomedical and health informatics. The book covers not only the best-performing methods, it also presents implementation methods. The book includes all the prerequisite methodologies in each chapter so that new researchers and practitioners will find it very useful. Chapters go from basic methodology to advanced methods, including detailed descriptions of proposed approaches and comprehensive critical discussions on experimental results and how they are applied to Biomedical Engineering, Electronic Health Records, and medical image processing. Examines a wide range of Deep Learning applications for Biomedical Engineering and Health Informatics, including Deep Learning for drug discovery, clinical decision support systems, disease diagnosis, prediction and monitoring Discusses Deep Learning applied to Electronic Health Records (EHR), including health data structures and management, deep patient similarity learning, natural language processing, and how to improve clinical decision-making Provides detailed coverage of Deep Learning for medical image processing, including optimizing medical big data, brain image analysis, brain tumor segmentation in MRI imaging, and the future of biomedical image analysis

Deep Learning Techniques for Biomedical and Health Informatics
Author : Sujata Dash,Biswa Ranjan Acharya,Mamta Mittal,Ajith Abraham,Arpad Kelemen
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2019-11-14
ISBN 10 : 3030339661
Pages : 383 pages
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This book presents a collection of state-of-the-art approaches for deep-learning-based biomedical and health-related applications. The aim of healthcare informatics is to ensure high-quality, efficient health care, and better treatment and quality of life by efficiently analyzing abundant biomedical and healthcare data, including patient data and electronic health records (EHRs), as well as lifestyle problems. In the past, it was common to have a domain expert to develop a model for biomedical or health care applications; however, recent advances in the representation of learning algorithms (deep learning techniques) make it possible to automatically recognize the patterns and represent the given data for the development of such model. This book allows new researchers and practitioners working in the field to quickly understand the best-performing methods. It also enables them to compare different approaches and carry forward their research in an important area that has a direct impact on improving the human life and health. It is intended for researchers, academics, industry professionals, and those at technical institutes and R&D organizations, as well as students working in the fields of machine learning, deep learning, biomedical engineering, health informatics, and related fields.

Deep Learning Techniques for Biomedical and Health Informatics
Author : Sujata Dash,Biswa Ranjan Acharya,Mamta Mittal,Ajith Abraham,Arpad G. Kelemen
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2020
ISBN 10 : 9783030339678
Pages : 383 pages
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"This book presents a collection of state-of-the-art approaches for deep-learning-based biomedical and health-related applications. The aim of healthcare informatics is to ensure high-quality, efficient health care, and better treatment and quality of life by efficiently analyzing abundant biomedical and healthcare data, including patient data and electronic health records (EHRs), as well as lifestyle problems. In the past, it was common to have a domain expert to develop a model for biomedical or health care applications; however, recent advances in the representation of learning algorithms (deep learning techniques) make it possible to automatically recognize the patterns and represent the given data for the development of such model. This book allows new researchers and practitioners working in the field to quickly understand the best-performing methods. It also enables them to compare different approaches and carry forward their research in an important area that has a direct impact on improving the human life and health. It is intended for researchers, academics, industry professionals, and those at technical institutes and R & D organizations, as well as students working in the fields of machine learning, deep learning, biomedical engineering, health informatics, and related fields"--Publisher's description.

Computational Intelligence for Machine Learning and Healthcare Informatics
Author : Rajshree Srivastava,Pradeep Kumar Mallick,Siddharth Swarup Rautaray,Manjusha Pandey
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release Date : 2020-06-22
ISBN 10 : 3110649276
Pages : 346 pages
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This book presents a variety of techniques designed to enhance and empower multi-disciplinary and multi-institutional machine learning research in healthcare informatics. It is intended to provide a unique compendium of current and emerging machine learning paradigms for healthcare informatics, reflecting the diversity, complexity, and depth and breadth of this multi-disciplinary area.

Medical Imaging
Author : K.C. Santosh,Sameer Antani,DS Guru,Nilanjan Dey
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2019-08-20
ISBN 10 : 0429642490
Pages : 238 pages
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The book discusses varied topics pertaining to advanced or up-to-date techniques in medical imaging using artificial intelligence (AI), image recognition (IR) and machine learning (ML) algorithms/techniques. Further, coverage includes analysis of chest radiographs (chest x-rays) via stacked generalization models, TB type detection using slice separation approach, brain tumor image segmentation via deep learning, mammogram mass separation, epileptic seizures, breast ultrasound images, knee joint x-ray images, bone fracture detection and labeling, and diabetic retinopathy. It also reviews 3D imaging in biomedical applications and pathological medical imaging.

Machine Learning and the Internet of Medical Things in Healthcare
Author : Krishna Kant Singh,Mohamed Elhoseny,Akansha Singh,Ahmed Elngar
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2021-04-01
ISBN 10 : 012823217X
Pages : 332 pages
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Machine Learning and the Internet of Medical Things in Healthcare discusses the applications and challenges of machine learning for healthcare applications. The book provides a platform for presenting machine learning-enabled health care techniques, offering mathematical and conceptual background on the latest technologies and describing machine learning techniques and the emerging platform of Internet of Medical Things used by practitioners and researchers worldwide. It includes sections on deep feed forward networks, regularization, optimization algorithms, convolutional networks, sequence modeling, and practical methodology. Finally, the book offers research perspectives, covering the convergence of machine learning and IoT, along with the application of these technologies. Provides an introduction to the Internet of Medical Things through the principles and applications of Machine Learning Explains the functions and applications of Machine Learning in various applications such as ultrasound imaging, biomedical signal processing, robotics and biomechatronics Includes coverage of the evolution of healthcare applications with Machine Learning, including Clinical Decision Support Systems, Artificial Intelligence in biomedical engineering, and AI-enabled connected health informatics that are all supported by real-world case studies

Deep Learning in Healthcare
Author : Yen-Wei Chen,Lakhmi C. Jain
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2019-11-18
ISBN 10 : 3030326063
Pages : 218 pages
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This book provides a comprehensive overview of deep learning (DL) in medical and healthcare applications, including the fundamentals and current advances in medical image analysis, state-of-the-art DL methods for medical image analysis and real-world, deep learning-based clinical computer-aided diagnosis systems. Deep learning (DL) is one of the key techniques of artificial intelligence (AI) and today plays an important role in numerous academic and industrial areas. DL involves using a neural network with many layers (deep structure) between input and output, and its main advantage of is that it can automatically learn data-driven, highly representative and hierarchical features and perform feature extraction and classification on one network. DL can be used to model or simulate an intelligent system or process using annotated training data. Recently, DL has become widely used in medical applications, such as anatomic modelling, tumour detection, disease classification, computer-aided diagnosis and surgical planning. This book is intended for computer science and engineering students and researchers, medical professionals and anyone interested using DL techniques.

Methods in Biomedical Informatics
Author : Indra Neil Sarkar
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2013-09-03
ISBN 10 : 0124016847
Pages : 592 pages
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Beginning with a survey of fundamental concepts associated with data integration, knowledge representation, and hypothesis generation from heterogeneous data sets, Methods in Biomedical Informatics provides a practical survey of methodologies used in biological, clinical, and public health contexts. These concepts provide the foundation for more advanced topics like information retrieval, natural language processing, Bayesian modeling, and learning classifier systems. The survey of topics then concludes with an exposition of essential methods associated with engineering, personalized medicine, and linking of genomic and clinical data. Within an overall context of the scientific method, Methods in Biomedical Informatics provides a practical coverage of topics that is specifically designed for: (1) domain experts seeking an understanding of biomedical informatics approaches for addressing specific methodological needs; or (2) biomedical informaticians seeking an approachable overview of methodologies that can be used in scenarios germane to biomedical research. Contributors represent leading biomedical informatics experts: individuals who have demonstrated effective use of biomedical informatics methodologies in the real-world, high-quality biomedical applications Material is presented as a balance between foundational coverage of core topics in biomedical informatics with practical "in-the-trenches" scenarios. Contains appendices that function as primers on: (1) Unix; (2) Ruby; (3) Databases; and (4) Web Services.

Machine Learning for Health Informatics
Author : Andreas Holzinger
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-12-09
ISBN 10 : 3319504789
Pages : 481 pages
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Machine learning (ML) is the fastest growing field in computer science, and Health Informatics (HI) is amongst the greatest application challenges, providing future benefits in improved medical diagnoses, disease analyses, and pharmaceutical development. However, successful ML for HI needs a concerted effort, fostering integrative research between experts ranging from diverse disciplines from data science to visualization. Tackling complex challenges needs both disciplinary excellence and cross-disciplinary networking without any boundaries. Following the HCI-KDD approach, in combining the best of two worlds, it is aimed to support human intelligence with machine intelligence. This state-of-the-art survey is an output of the international HCI-KDD expert network and features 22 carefully selected and peer-reviewed chapters on hot topics in machine learning for health informatics; they discuss open problems and future challenges in order to stimulate further research and international progress in this field.

Machine Learning with Health Care Perspective
Author : Vishal Jain,Jyotir Moy Chatterjee
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-03-09
ISBN 10 : 3030408507
Pages : 415 pages
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This unique book introduces a variety of techniques designed to represent, enhance and empower multi-disciplinary and multi-institutional machine learning research in healthcare informatics. Providing a unique compendium of current and emerging machine learning paradigms for healthcare informatics, it reflects the diversity, complexity, and the depth and breadth of this multi-disciplinary area. Further, it describes techniques for applying machine learning within organizations and explains how to evaluate the efficacy, suitability, and efficiency of such applications. Featuring illustrative case studies, including how chronic disease is being redefined through patient-led data learning, the book offers a guided tour of machine learning algorithms, architecture design, and applications of learning in healthcare challenges.

Deep Learning and Parallel Computing Environment for Bioengineering Systems
Author : Dr. Arun Kumar Sangaiah
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-07-26
ISBN 10 : 0128172932
Pages : 280 pages
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Deep Learning and Parallel Computing Environment for Bioengineering Systems delivers a significant forum for the technical advancement of deep learning in parallel computing environment across bio-engineering diversified domains and its applications. Pursuing an interdisciplinary approach, it focuses on methods used to identify and acquire valid, potentially useful knowledge sources. Managing the gathered knowledge and applying it to multiple domains including health care, social networks, mining, recommendation systems, image processing, pattern recognition and predictions using deep learning paradigms is the major strength of this book. This book integrates the core ideas of deep learning and its applications in bio engineering application domains, to be accessible to all scholars and academicians. The proposed techniques and concepts in this book can be extended in future to accommodate changing business organizations’ needs as well as practitioners’ innovative ideas. Presents novel, in-depth research contributions from a methodological/application perspective in understanding the fusion of deep machine learning paradigms and their capabilities in solving a diverse range of problems Illustrates the state-of-the-art and recent developments in the new theories and applications of deep learning approaches applied to parallel computing environment in bioengineering systems Provides concepts and technologies that are successfully used in the implementation of today's intelligent data-centric critical systems and multi-media Cloud-Big data

Terahertz Biomedical and Healthcare Technologies
Author : Amit Banerjee,Basabi Chakraborty,Hiroshi Inokawa,Jitendra Nath Roy
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-08-11
ISBN 10 : 0128185570
Pages : 262 pages
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Terahertz Biomedical and Healthcare Technologies: Materials to Devices reviews emerging advances in terahertz biomedical and healthcare technologies, including advances in fundamental materials science research, device design and fabrication, applications, and challenges and opportunities for improved performance. In addition, the improvement of materials, optical elements, and measuring techniques are also explored. Other sections cover the design and development of wide bandgap semiconductors for terahertz device applications, including their physics, device modeling, characterization and fabrication concepts. Finally, the book touches on potential defense, medical imaging, internet of things, and the machine learning applications of terahertz technologies. Reviews the latest advances in the fundamental and applied research of terahertz technologies, covering key topics in materials science, biomedical engineering and healthcare informatics Includes applications of terahertz technologies in medical imaging, diagnosis and treatment Provides readers with an understanding of the machine learning, pattern recognition, and data analytics research utilized to enhance the effectiveness of terahertz technologies

Machine Learning and Medical Imaging
Author : Guorong Wu,Dinggang Shen,Mert Sabuncu
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2016-08-11
ISBN 10 : 0128041145
Pages : 512 pages
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Machine Learning and Medical Imaging presents state-of- the-art machine learning methods in medical image analysis. It first summarizes cutting-edge machine learning algorithms in medical imaging, including not only classical probabilistic modeling and learning methods, but also recent breakthroughs in deep learning, sparse representation/coding, and big data hashing. In the second part leading research groups around the world present a wide spectrum of machine learning methods with application to different medical imaging modalities, clinical domains, and organs. The biomedical imaging modalities include ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), histology, and microscopy images. The targeted organs span the lung, liver, brain, and prostate, while there is also a treatment of examining genetic associations. Machine Learning and Medical Imaging is an ideal reference for medical imaging researchers, industry scientists and engineers, advanced undergraduate and graduate students, and clinicians. Demonstrates the application of cutting-edge machine learning techniques to medical imaging problems Covers an array of medical imaging applications including computer assisted diagnosis, image guided radiation therapy, landmark detection, imaging genomics, and brain connectomics Features self-contained chapters with a thorough literature review Assesses the development of future machine learning techniques and the further application of existing techniques

Handbook of Deep Learning in Biomedical Engineering and Health Informatics
Author : E Golden Julie,Y Harold Robinson,S M Jaisakthi
Publisher : Apple Academic Press
Release Date : 2021-08
ISBN 10 : 9781771889988
Pages : 329 pages
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This new volume discusses state-of-the-art deep learning techniques and approaches that can be applied in biomedical systems and health informatics. Deep learning in the biomedical field is an effective method of collecting and analyzing data that can be used for the accurate diagnosis of disease. This volume delves into a variety of applications, techniques, algorithms, platforms, and tools used in this area, such as image segmentation, classification, registration, and computer-aided analysis. The editors proceed on the principle that accurate diagnosis of disease depends on image acquisition and interpretation. There are many methods to get high resolution radiological images, but we are still lacking in automated image interpretation. Currently deep learning techniques are providing a feasible solution for automatic diagnosis of disease with good accuracy. Analyzing clinical data using deep learning techniques enables clinicians to diagnose diseases at an early stage and treat the patients more effectively. Chapters explore such approaches as deep learning algorithms, convolutional neural networks and recurrent neural network architecture, image stitching techniques, deep RNN architectures, and more. The volume also depicts how deep learning techniques can be applied for medical diagnostics of several specific health scenarios, such as cancer, COVID-19, acute neurocutaneous syndrome, cardiovascular and neuro diseases, skin lesions and skin cancer, etc. Key features: Introduces important recent technological advancements in the field Describes the various techniques, platforms, and tools used in biomedical deep learning systems Includes informative case studies that help to explain the new technologies Handbook of Deep Learning in Biomedical Engineering and Health Informatics provides a thorough exploration of biomedical systems applied with deep learning techniques and will provide valuable information for researchers, medical and industry practitioners, academicians, and students.

Introduction to Computational Health Informatics
Author : Arvind Kumar Bansal,Javed Iqbal Khan,S. Kaisar Alam
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2020-01-08
ISBN 10 : 1000761592
Pages : 576 pages
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This class-tested textbook is designed for a semester-long graduate or senior undergraduate course on Computational Health Informatics. The focus of the book is on computational techniques that are widely used in health data analysis and health informatics and it integrates computer science and clinical perspectives. This book prepares computer science students for careers in computational health informatics and medical data analysis. Features Integrates computer science and clinical perspectives Describes various statistical and artificial intelligence techniques, including machine learning techniques such as clustering of temporal data, regression analysis, neural networks, HMM, decision trees, SVM, and data mining, all of which are techniques used widely used in health-data analysis Describes computational techniques such as multidimensional and multimedia data representation and retrieval, ontology, patient-data deidentification, temporal data analysis, heterogeneous databases, medical image analysis and transmission, biosignal analysis, pervasive healthcare, automated text-analysis, health-vocabulary knowledgebases and medical information-exchange Includes bioinformatics and pharmacokinetics techniques and their applications to vaccine and drug development

Machine Learning in Healthcare Informatics
Author : Sumeet Dua,U. Rajendra Acharya,Prerna Dua
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-12-09
ISBN 10 : 3642400175
Pages : 332 pages
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The book is a unique effort to represent a variety of techniques designed to represent, enhance, and empower multi-disciplinary and multi-institutional machine learning research in healthcare informatics. The book provides a unique compendium of current and emerging machine learning paradigms for healthcare informatics and reflects the diversity, complexity and the depth and breath of this multi-disciplinary area. The integrated, panoramic view of data and machine learning techniques can provide an opportunity for novel clinical insights and discoveries.

Innovation in Health Informatics
Author : Miltiadis D. Lytras,Akila Sarirete
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-11-13
ISBN 10 : 0128190442
Pages : 440 pages
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Innovation in Health Informatics: A Smart Healthcare Primer explains how the most recent advances in information and communication technologies have paved the way for new breakthroughs in healthcare. The book showcases current and prospective applications in a context defined by an imperative to deliver efficient, patient-centered and sustainable healthcare systems. Topics discussed include big data, medical data analytics, artificial intelligence, machine learning, virtual and augmented reality, 5g and sensors, Internet of Things, nanotechnologies and biotechnologies. Additionally, there is a discussion on social issues and policy- making for the implementation of smart healthcare. This book is a valuable resource for undergraduate and graduate students, practitioners, researchers, clinicians and data scientists who are interested in how to explore the intersections between bioinformatics and health informatics. Provides a holistic discussion on the new landscape of medical technologies, including big data, analytics, artificial intelligence, machine learning, virtual and augmented reality, 5g and sensors, Internet of Things, nanotechnologies and biotechnologies Presents a case study driven approach, with references to real-world applications and systems Discusses topics with a research-oriented approach that aims to promote research skills and competencies of readers

Trends in Deep Learning Methodologies
Author : Vincenzo Piuri,Sandeep Raj,Angelo Genovese,Rajshree Srivastava
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-12-01
ISBN 10 : 0128232684
Pages : 306 pages
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Trends in Deep Learning Methodologies: Algorithms, Applications, and Systems covers deep learning approaches such as neural networks, deep belief networks, recurrent neural networks, convolutional neural networks, deep auto-encoder, and deep generative networks, which have emerged as powerful computational models. Chapters elaborate on these models which have shown significant success in dealing with massive data for a large number of applications, given their capacity to extract complex hidden features and learn efficient representation in unsupervised settings. Chapters investigate deep learning-based algorithms in a variety of application, including biomedical and health informatics, computer vision, image processing, and more. In recent years, many powerful algorithms have been developed for matching patterns in data and making predictions about future events. The major advantage of deep learning is to process big data analytics for better analysis and self-adaptive algorithms to handle more data. Deep learning methods can deal with multiple levels of representation in which the system learns to abstract higher level representations of raw data. Earlier, it was a common requirement to have a domain expert to develop a specific model for each specific application, however, recent advancements in representation learning algorithms allow researchers across various subject domains to automatically learn the patterns and representation of the given data for the development of specific models. Provides insights into the theory, algorithms, implementation and the application of deep learning techniques Covers a wide range of applications of deep learning across smart healthcare and smart engineering Investigates the development of new models and how they can be exploited to find appropriate solutions

Computational Intelligence in Biomedical Imaging
Author : Kenji Suzuki
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-11-19
ISBN 10 : 1461472458
Pages : 406 pages
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Computational Intelligence in Biomedical Imaging is a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art computational intelligence research and technologies in biomedical images with emphasis on biomedical decision making. Biomedical imaging offers useful information on patients’ medical conditions and clues to causes of their symptoms and diseases. Biomedical images, however, provide a large number of images which physicians must interpret. Therefore, computer aids are demanded and become indispensable in physicians’ decision making. This book discusses major technical advancements and research findings in the field of computational intelligence in biomedical imaging, for example, computational intelligence in computer-aided diagnosis for breast cancer, prostate cancer, and brain disease, in lung function analysis, and in radiation therapy. The book examines technologies and studies that have reached the practical level, and those technologies that are becoming available in clinical practices in hospitals rapidly such as computational intelligence in computer-aided diagnosis, biological image analysis, and computer-aided surgery and therapy.

Deep Learning and Convolutional Neural Networks for Medical Imaging and Clinical Informatics
Author : Le Lu,Xiaosong Wang,Gustavo Carneiro,Lin Yang
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2020-10-01
ISBN 10 : 9783030139711
Pages : 461 pages
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This book reviews the state of the art in deep learning approaches to high-performance robust disease detection, robust and accurate organ segmentation in medical image computing (radiological and pathological imaging modalities), and the construction and mining of large-scale radiology databases. It particularly focuses on the application of convolutional neural networks, and on recurrent neural networks like LSTM, using numerous practical examples to complement the theory. The book’s chief features are as follows: It highlights how deep neural networks can be used to address new questions and protocols, and to tackle current challenges in medical image computing; presents a comprehensive review of the latest research and literature; and describes a range of different methods that employ deep learning for object or landmark detection tasks in 2D and 3D medical imaging. In addition, the book examines a broad selection of techniques for semantic segmentation using deep learning principles in medical imaging; introduces a novel approach to text and image deep embedding for a large-scale chest x-ray image database; and discusses how deep learning relational graphs can be used to organize a sizable collection of radiology findings from real clinical practice, allowing semantic similarity-based retrieval. The intended reader of this edited book is a professional engineer, scientist or a graduate student who is able to comprehend general concepts of image processing, computer vision and medical image analysis. They can apply computer science and mathematical principles into problem solving practices. It may be necessary to have a certain level of familiarity with a number of more advanced subjects: image formation and enhancement, image understanding, visual recognition in medical applications, statistical learning, deep neural networks, structured prediction and image segmentation.